Questions tagged [vision]

For questions regarding the visual system, which serves to transduce light energy into neural impulses, or regarding visual perception, how we interpret such incoming visual information.

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117 views

Is there a hierarchy of gestalt visual stimuli processing?

Let's say that we have a set of shapes. They can be grouped according to the different Gestalt laws of grouping. However, different Gestalt principles will divide the set into different groups, e.g. ...
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571 views

Has there been a neuroscientific explanation of the color phi phenomenon?

The color phi phenomenon is a perceptual illusion in the visual domain which was demonstrated in an experiment by Kolers and von Grunau (1976). The experiment is as follows. A sequence of coloured (...
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Grating orientation & frequency which induces highest gamma

I am doing some research on perception and gamma activity in V1 area. To check some of my results I need to find an experimental result, from which I would know which orientations and frequencies of ...
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86 views

Is the perception of drawings an acquired skill?

Most descriptions of visual perception explain how our brains interpret incoming visual stimuli (via feature detection, monocular depth cues, etc.). They then assume that the same process works for ...
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214 views

The accuracy & malleability of memory for color

How accurate is colour memory for the standard person? It would seem most people are quite good at remembering the colour of objects by visualising the object. But in some cases peoples visualisation ...
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84 views

Evidence for a 2-component framework of visual attention distribution

As part of my bachelor thesis on eyetracking-based gaze guidance, I've done quite a bit of reading (again) on visual attention and visual attention distribution. What caught my attention (haha) ...
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38 views

Region of Interest Proposal in Vision

In machine learning, Region of Interest (ROI) proposal is a method for subsampling an image to identify "interesting" subregions. A canonical example is from Region Convolutional Neural Networks, ...
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174 views

What functions does the brain perform to recognize a familiar object unconsciously?

Let's say a person's brain experiences how a vehicle/object looks for the very 1st time. It would require lot of attention/focus/processing to analyse the object, extract features and train its neural ...
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119 views

What is the source for the W3C's Contrast Ratio formula?

The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a formula for the contrast ratio of any two arbitrary colors, which they use to set minimum standards for text legibility: http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20-TECHS/G18....
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76 views

Does the subjective experience of artificial light brightness vary for people, if so, by how much?

I'm thinking about human perception and particularly the experience of how bright artificial light is. I'm talking about dusk, when the sun has set and only street lamps and light reflecting off ...
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22 views

SAD Therapy Light Specifications?

I keep running into alternative theories and facts about what specification of light to use in sun lamps for light therapy treatment. Many actual afflicted people seem to just swear by just pumping as ...
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22 views

Objectively defining the image parameters for facial detection, recognition, and identification in digital imagery

Axis communications have given guidelines on minimum operational requirements of a camera to allow a human observer to identify, recognise, and detect human subjects (https://www.axis.com/en-ca/...
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28 views

How does number sense develop in blind people?

From what I understand about number sense and numerical cognition, the visual system is heavily involved in the approximate number system and the object tracking system, which are at the root of ...
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43 views

Relaxing your concepts in meditation

I am using the app Waking up from Sam Harris. A lot of his guided meditations tell you to perceive the world as the raw data of experience, instead of perceiving objects and concepts. To illustrate ...
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43 views

Is there some cognitive test besides (visual) working memory in which some animals are superior to humans?

Assuming the research of Matsuzawa et al. (2007) (see also BBC video (2013)) isn't misleading, are there any other cognitive areas where chimpanzees (or other primates) have been observed to surpass ...
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47 views

Convolutional Operations in the Visual Cortex

One of the fundamental operations in image neural networks is the operation of convolution, where a filter slides across the receptive field, activating on particular features. This is incredibly ...
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55 views

How do different emotional intensity ratings within a condition influence the comparison across different conditions in an event-related fMRI task?

I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated expressions. For this, we recorded videos of 4 different actors posing fearful ...
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113 views

To what extent is face-detection achieved in peripheral vision?

I'm trying to find out to what extent mere detection of faces (i.e. determining that something is a face, as opposed to recognition of specific individuals) is favored in the central vision vs ...
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91 views

Use of the visual cortex in mathematical thinking?

In modern computers (and programming) one makes alienated use of the high powers of graphical processing units (GPU) for non-graphics-related tasks, enhancing drastically the power of the general ...
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49 views

How bright must a light bulb to be noticed in a room?

If one has say an 800 lumen bulb, how many lux are necessary in order for a human to detect when it's suddenly turned on in a room with brightness levels of 30 Lux 50 Lux 100 Lux 1.-How many Lux ...
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410 views

Progress on Arnheim's perceptual forces in vision

In the second edition of Rudolf Arnheim's Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye, published in 1974, (Google Books Preview available here) the opening chapter on "balance&...
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27 views

A new kind of optical illusion?

By accident, I stumbled over this optical illusion: It is not a strong one, and maybe you don't experience it, but I see the size of the circles in the second last row decrease from left to right. I ...
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45 views

Parallel target search and serial blank search

Wolfe (1991) reports an example of a search that seems to be parallel for target trials and serial for blank trials: Here's another example from Wang et al., 1994 Strangely, In Treisman's seminal ...
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27 views

Retinotopic mapping to higher visual cortex

I know visual stimuli from retina presented in Cartesian coordinate is mapped to V1 as a form of polar coordinates. Wikipedia, Scholarpedia But I wonder whether this spatial representation in polar ...
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40 views

Accuracy of visual distance and size perception

Generally speaking it is known that human observers’ perceptions of distances in depth are generally inaccurate. I guess that the accuracy is sometimes a very large degree. To be more specific I am ...
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1answer
49 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
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31 views

Ability to identify an “average” vs a maximum (or minimum)?

I have a hypothesis that humans are better able to identify the largest (or smallest) in a set of objects, compared to their ability to identify an average object, i.e. the one closest to the mean. ...
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104 views

Random-dot kinematograms implementation in javascript/HTML

I am looking for a "random-dot kinematograms" implementation in javascript/HTML that I can use in web-based experiments. Something like this, where the user can specify the direction using a mouse or ...
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14 views

Searching for literature on cognition of flyover animations

I'm rewriting a journal article on flyover animations: the virtual camera moves in a 3D map environment (e.g. a flyover of the Grand Canyon showing off the topography). The paper describes our user ...
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55 views

Could one use priming (from realistic images to drawings thereof) to help teach the conventions of line drawing?

Line drawing is a very stylised form of art. There are no lines in nature, and artists have to learn the conventions to be used when drawing in line. I am interested in whether one could help them ...
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59 views

What is it about Ken Reid's style of drawing lumps on surfaces [shown here] that makes our visual system so easily interpret it?

Ken Reid was an artist who drew for the Beano and other comics, and was known for strips such as Frankie Stein and Queen of the Seas. And for The Nervs, about the little men who run our brains, but ...
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21 views

Requirements and development of depth and spatial orientation sensing

I'm trying to understand from the signal processing perspective how the perception of depth and the ability of spatial orientation is calculated by our brains. One possible explanation seems to be ...
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15 views

Why does an image seem smaller through a pinhole when viewing with human eye

I was chewing gum when I took the Trident gum wrapper and rolled it into an open cylinder with a diameter of about 1.5mm (give or take 0.15mm). When I look through the gum wrapper (I have to put it ...
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42 views

Decussation of Cranial Nerves

Which cranial nerves decussate apart from the few nerve fibers of the optic nerve that do and how to easilly remember the cranial nerves that do? Here is a paper for the Trochlear Nerve But I have ...
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40 views

Model of human estimation of correlation tasks

I am looking for a model (bayesian or not) on how people would estimate the correlation between two variables from a given scatter plot. Any one knows of such model?
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23 views

Conscious versus Visual Representation Update

In their paper "A cortical network that marks the moment when conscious representations are updated" Stottinger et al claim that there is a network in the anterior insula, medial and inferior frontal ...
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119 views

What creates the experience of “erasure” in visual perception?

When I was reading about object substitution masking, the author mentioned that sometimes we experience "erasure" of masked object. I sometimes have this kind of experience myself. It looks like the ...
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14 views

I see through objects close to my eye?

Standing in the shower, asking myself how I should interpret what I thought was a transgressively inconsiderate act by my girlfriend, with some wet locks of medium-long hair hanging over my eyes, with ...
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29 views

Is there a double dissociation between face and object processing?

We know of the condition called prosopagnosia in which the processing of faces is impaired. Is there a condition in which the processing of faces is intact and the processing of objects is impaired, ...