Questions tagged [theory-of-mind]

The ability to understand that others have mental states such as beliefs, desires and intentions that are different from one's own.

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why we failed to convince our own mind by reasoning and rational arguments over mental illness like depression, anxiety, phobia?

For example, one of my friend has fear of heights, even if there is a strong glass window and no reason for him to fall off. He is even aware and admits his fear is irrational. Many may say it’s in ...
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Why does human mind tend to understand everything in terms of duality or binary states rather than continuum of states?

We can understand things much quickly when things are defined as a duality. Like good and bad, happy and sad, positive and negative, slow and fast etc. When two things are distinguishable distinctly ...
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How can I learn Integrated information Theory

I'm looking for a syllabus for Integrated Information Theory that could help a non-scientists learn all the fundamental concepts required to fully understand IIT It looks like it involves statistics, ...
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What is it called when you imagine what other people would say or do in a certain situation?

For example, some Christians say that to know how to act, we just need to "imagine how Jesus would act in this situation." The same goes for people we know personally, as in: "What will my boss say ...
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What are the thoughs of a blind and deaf person? [duplicate]

I've always asked myself of what are made the thoughs of a blind and deaf person... Are they made of concepts? Sensations? Ideas? Have we ever asked a blind and deaf person about that?
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Psychopathy, conscientiousness, selfishness

Having read a miniscule amount about concepts like secondary psychopathy and conscientiousness, I am wondering about how and why psychologists have decided (or maybe the field of psychology has) that ...
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Hypotheses about neural coding and neural correlates of concepts and reasoning - at the level of neurons and synapses

Are there some hypotheses about neural coding of language, concepts and logical reasoning in the brain, about neural correlates of thoughts? When I search the books, then I find lot of books about ...
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What does “The brain has its own language for testing the structure and consistency of the world.” refer to?

The late Dr. Carl Sagan is famous for many different contributions to both scientific research and science education. One memorable line is discussed in Are we really star-stuff from the interior of ...
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Are there any significant alternatives to the theory that the mind exists?

Are there any psychological models which do not presuppose the existence of the mind? In the same way that there are theories of physics which do not presuppose the existence of a luminiferous ...
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Is theory of mind formation accelerated by bilingualism?

Kovács (2009) reported that bilingual children were better at solving a false belief task critical to the fully developed theory of mind (ToM). Has this study been replicated or criticized by others? ...
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Why is the theory of mind named as such?

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions,...
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Differences in Cognition, Theory of Mind and their criteria

I´m writing an essay about the ToM in animals. My Problem is that there are a few hints of ToM in animals but there are also some interferences. I tried to set up a conclusion which uses Morgan's Law ...
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Is the phenomenom of “subjective consciousness” or “qualia” formally captured by any state-of-the-art Theoretical Model in Neuroscience?

Is the phenomenon of "subjective consciousness" or "qualia" formally captured or defined by any state-of-the-art Theoretical Model in Neuroscience? If so, can you share a brief summary of such ...
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What is the consequences to be a person who works in theory of science?

this question rises into my head this day. First I read the comment by @mikeazo he says Do you learn best by reading or doing? That will make a difference. Also, today I had a class in ...
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Does the split brain disprove a materialistic mind?

According to materialism, the conscious mind is the product of the brain. Thus, if the brain is split in half such that the two hemispheres cannot communicate with each other, then there are three ...
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How neural mechanisms lead to the creation of habits or destructive behaviours? [closed]

You get horny, and you don't prevent yourself. You just go after satisfying your need. Another time you do this. Again another time, and more and more. A time comes when you feel like you can't ...
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Why is IIT “unmotivated”?

I'm trying to understand Searle's reply to Tononi and Koch's objections to Searle's characterization of their Intergrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness. Although I do understand why IIT ...
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Can humans be reduced to a function?

Based on an article by UK Essays, we are nothing more than robots that operate based on our past experience and other factors like amount of neurotransmitters, hormones, and other chemicals, trying to ...
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Using Cognitive biases for behavior change?

I'm interested in using cognitive biases as basis for behavior change, similar to what we see in gaminfication (e.g. instant gratification to hook people to continue playing). I'm new to the field and ...
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Is there any objective proof of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs [duplicate]

Abraham Maslow posited a whole lot of things in the theory that is called Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Among the things that he posited was the progression from more "basic needs" like physiological ...
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What Cognitive/Psychology Theories Are Behind The “Mind Control” Magics? [closed]

I have seen a TV program talking about an interesting 'mind control' magic/experiment. I cannot find this video clip online so I have to describe what I saw in words. The video (some sort of ...
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is it true that people who code think differently? [duplicate]

I code websites and I believe the way I think is totally different from most of the others. Not that I think in a better way(a possibility though) but I'm only saying "differently". Do you think it's ...
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Are there any conditions or disorders not related to intelligence that might prevent an adult human from possessing a theory of mind?

I am familiar with studies in which children are tested for theory of mind. In one such experiment, a story is told: Betty is playing with her doll in the bedroom. Then she has to go to school, so ...
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Which animals are thought to possess some degree of a theory of mind?

Most dog owners would insist that their dogs have a strong theory of mind, and I have read abstracts that support this idea - for instance, a dog who knows better than to snatch a piece of forbidden ...
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Is spiritual enlightenment a valid way attempting to understand the universe and consciousness [closed]

Are traditional methods of spiritual enlightenment such as Zen, Buddist, etc accepted by psychologists as valid ways of further understanding the workings of consciousness, Or is it considered too ...
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Brain Theory and Paradigm

In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...
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Is meaning-seeking behavior a biological optimization problem?

In short, I'm interested in cognitive, neuroscientific, biological and/or computational perspectives on what we vaguely refer to as meaning seeking. Of course, this is a large topic, but any ...
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What is the correlation between the development of the sense of self and the senses?

Children develop different senses of self at a couple of different ages. Normally developing children pass the 'Sally-Anne' test at about 4 years of age and the 'Mirror test' at around 18 months. My ...
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Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
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What is a scientifically plausible method by which people might in the future be able to read minds? [closed]

I am writing a book. It will be post-apocalyptic, and the apocalypse I'm thinking of will involve people being able to read each other's mind. Can any of you give me a slightly plausible reason that ...
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How does the mind build a model of reality?

I'm interested if there has been any research or experiments that deal with how the human mind creates and perpetuates the idea of knowing something. I'm struggling to concisely express the question, ...
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Do porn and other remotely perceived entertainments work because of Mirror Neurons?

As you might have known, Mirror Neurons are hypothetically the neuron pair - each of which is carried by other person - that make people to share their feeling although one of them just observes the ...
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What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
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Does language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity?

Some languages have multiple expressions to identify, address, comprehend, and interpret a single concept and/or experience. Are limits placed on understanding and describing aspects of cognition due ...
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Has the neuro-linguistic programming visual model been scientifically tested?

According to the NLP visual model, fast flickers of the eyes in left/right and the 4 diagonal directions map to simple cues related to how a person is thinking. Thease are "visual constructed", "...