Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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9
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2answers
12k views

What is the difference between Avolition and Laziness?

What is the difference between Laziness and Avolition? They seem behaviorally similar. Is the difference cognitive perhaps?
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1answer
5k views

Social loafing vs. Free riding

In different papers I see these terms with very close definitions. Are they different things? If yes, how one can differentiate them?
3
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1answer
32 views

Does work exist on relative valuations versus numeric valuations?

I've been trying to use Google Scholar to find something on this issue, but I fear I may not have found anything due to using incorrect terms. I am looking for any work which looks at rating systems ...
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1answer
100 views

Is there a technical term for someone being burnt out on something they enjoy?

What I mean is like how one might tire of a typical everyday activity they enjoy if they indulge in it too much, like how if you listen to your favorite album too many times you eventually won't be ...
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0answers
589 views

Is there a name for people who don't listen and talk a lot

Is there a word representing the behavior of people who talk a lot about what they like and use what you say to get back to a topic they want to talk about?
3
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1answer
77 views

Voltage sensitive dyes technique: What is the underlying measure?

I just discovered voltage sensitive dyes technique: I have seen that figures are labelled with dF/F0, what does it stands for?
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0answers
33 views

Does difficulty of task increase perceived authority?

I'm writing a research paper and I'm wondering if someone can help me out by throwing out a few terms. I'm looking for a theory that talks about how the more difficult a task is, the more ...
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2answers
63 views

Is there a term for a measure in which an extremely high or low score is considered bad?

I'm writing up the results of a measure of emotional management, and I'm hypothesising that under- or over-management of emotions leads to negative consequences. I'm looking for a term which ...
4
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1answer
942 views

Official term for the tendency to associate with like-minded people?

I want a term for the tendency of individuals to confirm their existing biases/opinions by seeking out and reinforcing their opinions with like-minded individuals (as far as I know, this is distinct ...
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1answer
2k views

Which personality theories do belong to humanistic?

I went through literature and I am confused which theories of personality belong to humanistic, in literature there is often just Rogers (who is sometimes also considered to be phenomenologic) and ...
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0answers
62 views

Low agreeableness on argumentations with people confident in rethoric

In many discussions people show confirmation bias, self serving bias and mental rigidity. Assume one of the actor is very confident with rhetoric and shows really low agreeableness and a passive ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the definition of a receptive field?

I have read the wikipedia article on receptive fields (RFs). There, a receptive field is defined as: The receptive field of an individual sensory neuron is the particular region of the sensory ...
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1answer
649 views

Why being ignored is 'painful' for human beings?

Ignoring someone is a manipulatory technique used at times. Ignoring the attacks of someone else through emotional detachment has a very strong effect on the attacker. Is there a name for this kind ...
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1answer
107 views

Are there distinct visual perception themes that have been recognized in dreams?

I'm not aware of a distinct term for what I'm trying to describe, so I will attempt to describe this in hopes that someone can help me find if there's a term or research done in this direction. I ...
1
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1answer
440 views

What do depressants treat? Are they used in bipolar to treat mania?

I don't understand the Wikipedia article on depressants. This is what I have gathered: Depression and anxiety disorders are treated by antidepressants. Narcolepsy, ADHD, obesity, smoking addiction, ...
4
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0answers
102 views

Name the bias when one attributes all group successes to the individual they're in contact with the most

This is the fallacy when one assumes that all successful outcomes were most likely thanks to that one individual that they always communicate with, and fail to recognize (consciously or subconsciously)...
3
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2answers
74 views

Technical term for the displaying of 'bad' traits to seem more likeable

What is the technical name for the public display of personal traits that are unproductive or unhealthy as an attempt to make oneself seem more likeable or relatable? (e.g procrastination)
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1answer
2k views

Does sleep = consciousness, unconsciousness or something else?

Among the various definitions of the word consciousness is awareness, with wakefulness a general synonym. If someone hits you over the head, knocking you unconsciousness (though still alive), then ...
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2answers
2k views

Does Stockholm syndrome have an equivalent for victims of stalking?

According to Wikipedia, Stockholm syndrome is: a psychological phenomenon in which hostages express empathy and sympathy and have positive feelings toward their captors, sometimes to the point of ...
6
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1answer
370 views

What psychological disorders have frequent and rapid anger outbursts? [closed]

I'm interested in the mechanism behind a personality that can outburst anger rapidly and consistently for a long period. I've done some research and stumbled upon this issue described by multiple ...
3
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1answer
799 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
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3answers
239 views

Is there a difference between ADD and ADHD?

These terms are often used interchangeably. Is there a difference?
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1answer
856 views

Is there a term for behaving to the opposite extreme of a way one has been forced to behave?

I believe I'm having so much trouble figuring this out because I'm not sure what question to ask. As a few examples, A child of an extremely religious family engaging heavily in behaviors considered ...
2
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1answer
63 views

What is the name for the cognitive bias that ignores that extreme symptoms always tend to get less extreme?

There are some long term diseases where the severity of your symptoms tend towards a 'normal'. So imagine plotting out the severity of the symptoms say, every day or every week, then drawing a line of ...
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4answers
2k views

Is there a specific term for false justifications?

I'm not sure "false justifications" is the right term, but it's the closest I can think of. I'm referring to a situation in which a person has already made up his mind for reasons he won't publicly ...
9
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3answers
496 views

What is the psychological term for disregarding correct but unwanted information?

Sometimes people seem to be very resistant to information that is in conflict with prior beliefs, even when this new information is very plausible. For example, a patient might change a doctor, ...
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2answers
551 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
4
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1answer
128 views

What is the proper term: optical Illusions or visual illusions?

I answered the question "Why aren't optical illusions called visual illusions?" and would like to get more information to improve my answer. In doing a search on Ngram for occurrences of the ...
3
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1answer
63 views

How is gender variance classified in the cognitive sciences?

I'm trying to do a quick, informal literature survey of current language pertaining to gender variant/trans* people. Do any important texts still use Gender Identity Disorder, or other language that ...
3
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1answer
315 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are included in the DSM?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
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5answers
3k views

Is psychology a science?

I've read some books from behavioral economy to emotional intelligence, and it kind of makes sense, but when it comes to psychology it feels to me a bit like astrology, where there are some things ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the opposite of the Bandwagon Effect?

Is there a name denoting the psychological bias where a person prefers obscure methods, things, opinions, etc. over a more popular alternative?
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2answers
427 views

Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as "brain zaps"?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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1answer
914 views

What is "perceptual competence"?

I have no idea what perceptual competence is? Does anyone know about it? I found no information about it on the web.
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1answer
2k views

What can clinical psychologists do that psychiatrists can't do?

From Yahoo Answers: For example, I know that psychiatrists can prescribe medicine and psychologists CAN'T, but are there any things that clinical psychologists are specialised in that ...
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2answers
193 views

Term for behaviour of transfering personal problems to other people and trying to solve them there?

I think my question is a little tricky to express, but I have observed this kind of behaviour pattern many times, and would like to know if it is coined in cognitive science. As an example, consider ...
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0answers
201 views

What is this forward-looking Déjà Vu-like phenomenon? [closed]

In the past I've always thought deja vu was a feeling of having done something before because you actually had done something quite like it before and the current environment is bringing that to mind ...
2
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1answer
366 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
6
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2answers
387 views

Is there a term for not recognizing that other people think differently, or projecting your thought patterns on others?

For example I might make the argument that 'Women don't face discrimination in the workplace' or that 'There isn't actually any racism anymore'* because I myself don't think in an explicitly racist or ...
2
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1answer
71 views

What cognitive bias is it when an (ideally objective) evaluation is influenced by the prior opinion of another person?

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that describes the following phenomenon: Person A asks person B to evaluate and give feedback on a certain topic (a student, a manuscript etc), ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Word for the opposite of “hypochondriasis”

This question was posted in English.stackexchange. Is there a word for the opposite condition of hypochondriasis? For example, someone who denies being sick when they clearly are? I would ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Mental illness vs mental condition vs mental disorder

I posted this at English.SE, but I'm wondering if you guys can also shine some light here. Is there perhaps a distinction between mental conditions that are disruptive and mental conditions that just ...
4
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2answers
283 views

Brain-computer interface with EEG: how to name imaginary movement of a non-self object?

I am working on Brain-Computer interfaces. In my project we try to control the movement of a robot in three directions, namely forward, right and left. We have done an EEG experiment where we have ...
3
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2answers
119 views

What is the correct scientific term of having a short-term or long-term mindset (in the field of health and healthy lifestyle)?

For research on changing lifestyle behaviours to prevent future disease, I am looking for literature on what the influence is of having a short-term versus a long-term oriented mindset. However, I ...
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1answer
128 views

How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

It has a name. I thought it was called 'collective' memory. .. But I cant find any articles or information about it.. So I guess it has a different name. There were a few cases where children were ...
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2answers
10k views

What is the difference between behavioral science and cognitive science?

Is cognitive science a part of behavioral science or vice versa?
5
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1answer
68 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
3
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1answer
456 views

What's the difference between simultanagnosia and neurological extinction?

Both of these terms describe the inability to perceive more than one object at a time. I'm not too sure what the big difference is between them. Note that I'm referring to 'extinction' as used in ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?

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