Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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2
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1answer
37 views

Two time points, control and experimental groups: What design is it? [closed]

I managed to get myself confused on this one. So I am planning to conduct an experiment within an organization. I want to explore effects of recognition on people's motivation. Recognition will be in ...
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3answers
5k views

What is the difference between affect and feeling?

What exactly is the difference between affect and feeling? Affect seems to refer to conscious experience: Affect is the experience of feeling or emotion. And confusingly, so does feeling: In ...
3
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1answer
121 views

Term for using hyperbole to make a softer argument seem more palatable?

Say that I wanted to convince a person that oranges tasted nice. One particular method I could use would be to go on an hour long spiel, where I take on two voices - a hyperbolic voice (which says ...
5
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1answer
164 views

How do you form a rationale to justify choice of time windows in ERP analysis?

Event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect the electrophysiological phenomena behind perception & attention. Often, certain time windows are applied for the analysis of ERP peaks (components). I ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Who first proposed using ROC curves in a psychological context?

On Wikipedia it is written that In the 1950s, ROC curves were employed in psychophysics to assess human (and occasionally non-human animal) detection of weak signals. Green and Swets (1966) is ...
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1answer
37 views

what does “dominants” mean in psychology

I am reading the book "The Psychedelic Experience". In the following two sentences word "dominants" is used ...
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1answer
110 views

What's the term in psychology for the way people think of concepts using examples?

I learned about this but forget its name. The idea is that when people hear a word or think of a concept they tend to come up with certain examples that fit the idea more than others. For example, if ...
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2answers
854 views

Vigilance is an emotion?

I've always loved pondering emotion theories and usually agree with them, but Plutchik describes the intense form of anticipation to be Vigilance, and this is quite confusing to me. Vigilance as ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How do you call a study in which subjects were deceived about the real purpose?

Is there any “official” term to describe a study in which subjects were deceived about the real purpose of the research? I am talking about studies that purposefully hide the real research questions ...
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7answers
11k views

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Depending upon its activity, the brain emits waves, which represent the summation of individual neurons firing. Are these waves electromagnetic waves?
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2answers
9k views

What is the difference between Avolition and Laziness?

What is the difference between Laziness and Avolition? They seem behaviorally similar. Is the difference cognitive perhaps?
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1answer
3k views

Social loafing vs. Free riding

In different papers I see these terms with very close definitions. Are they different things? If yes, how one can differentiate them?
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1answer
28 views

Does work exist on relative valuations versus numeric valuations?

I've been trying to use Google Scholar to find something on this issue, but I fear I may not have found anything due to using incorrect terms. I am looking for any work which looks at rating systems ...
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1answer
95 views

Is there a technical term for someone being burnt out on something they enjoy?

What I mean is like how one might tire of a typical everyday activity they enjoy if they indulge in it too much, like how if you listen to your favorite album too many times you eventually won't be ...
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0answers
455 views

Is there a name for people who don't listen and talk a lot

Is there a word representing the behavior of people who talk a lot about what they like and use what you say to get back to a topic they want to talk about?
3
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1answer
58 views

Voltage sensitive dyes technique: What is the underlying measure?

I just discovered voltage sensitive dyes technique: I have seen that figures are labelled with dF/F0, what does it stands for?
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0answers
33 views

Does difficulty of task increase perceived authority?

I'm writing a research paper and I'm wondering if someone can help me out by throwing out a few terms. I'm looking for a theory that talks about how the more difficult a task is, the more ...
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2answers
58 views

Is there a term for a measure in which an extremely high or low score is considered bad?

I'm writing up the results of a measure of emotional management, and I'm hypothesising that under- or over-management of emotions leads to negative consequences. I'm looking for a term which ...
4
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1answer
577 views

Official term for the tendency to associate with like-minded people?

I want a term for the tendency of individuals to confirm their existing biases/opinions by seeking out and reinforcing their opinions with like-minded individuals (as far as I know, this is distinct ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Which personality theories do belong to humanistic?

I went through literature and I am confused which theories of personality belong to humanistic, in literature there is often just Rogers (who is sometimes also considered to be phenomenologic) and ...
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0answers
57 views

Low agreeableness on argumentations with people confident in rethoric

In many discussions people show confirmation bias, self serving bias and mental rigidity. Assume one of the actor is very confident with rhetoric and shows really low agreeableness and a passive ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is the definition of a receptive field?

I have read the wikipedia article on receptive fields (RFs). There, a receptive field is defined as: The receptive field of an individual sensory neuron is the particular region of the sensory ...
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1answer
584 views

Why being ignored is 'painful' for human beings?

Ignoring someone is a manipulatory technique used at times. Ignoring the attacks of someone else through emotional detachment has a very strong effect on the attacker. Is there a name for this kind ...
4
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1answer
99 views

Are there distinct visual perception themes that have been recognized in dreams?

I'm not aware of a distinct term for what I'm trying to describe, so I will attempt to describe this in hopes that someone can help me find if there's a term or research done in this direction. I ...
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1answer
417 views

What do depressants treat? Are they used in bipolar to treat mania?

I don't understand the Wikipedia article on depressants. This is what I have gathered: Depression and anxiety disorders are treated by antidepressants. Narcolepsy, ADHD, obesity, smoking addiction, ...
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0answers
102 views

Name the bias when one attributes all group successes to the individual they're in contact with the most

This is the fallacy when one assumes that all successful outcomes were most likely thanks to that one individual that they always communicate with, and fail to recognize (consciously or subconsciously)...
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2answers
74 views

Technical term for the displaying of 'bad' traits to seem more likeable

What is the technical name for the public display of personal traits that are unproductive or unhealthy as an attempt to make oneself seem more likeable or relatable? (e.g procrastination)
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1answer
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Does sleep = consciousness, unconsciousness or something else?

Among the various definitions of the word consciousness is awareness, with wakefulness a general synonym. If someone hits you over the head, knocking you unconsciousness (though still alive), then ...
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2answers
1k views

Does Stockholm syndrome have an equivalent for victims of stalking?

According to Wikipedia, Stockholm syndrome is: a psychological phenomenon in which hostages express empathy and sympathy and have positive feelings toward their captors, sometimes to the point of ...
6
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1answer
353 views

What psychological disorders have frequent and rapid anger outbursts? [closed]

I'm interested in the mechanism behind a personality that can outburst anger rapidly and consistently for a long period. I've done some research and stumbled upon this issue described by multiple ...
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1answer
567 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
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3answers
207 views

Is there a difference between ADD and ADHD?

These terms are often used interchangeably. Is there a difference?
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1answer
718 views

Is there a term for behaving to the opposite extreme of a way one has been forced to behave?

I believe I'm having so much trouble figuring this out because I'm not sure what question to ask. As a few examples, A child of an extremely religious family engaging heavily in behaviors considered ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the name for the cognitive bias that ignores that extreme symptoms always tend to get less extreme?

There are some long term diseases where the severity of your symptoms tend towards a 'normal'. So imagine plotting out the severity of the symptoms say, every day or every week, then drawing a line of ...
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4answers
767 views

Is there a specific term for false justifications?

I'm not sure "false justifications" is the right term, but it's the closest I can think of. I'm referring to a situation in which a person has already made up his mind for reasons he won't publicly ...
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2answers
370 views

What is the psychological term for disregarding correct but unwanted information?

Sometimes people seem to be very resistant to information that is in conflict with prior beliefs, even when this new information is very plausible. For example, a patient might change a doctor, ...
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2answers
527 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
4
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1answer
109 views

What is the proper term: optical Illusions or visual illusions?

I answered the question "Why aren't optical illusions called visual illusions?" and would like to get more information to improve my answer. In doing a search on Ngram for occurrences of the ...
3
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1answer
60 views

How is gender variance classified in the cognitive sciences?

I'm trying to do a quick, informal literature survey of current language pertaining to gender variant/trans* people. Do any important texts still use Gender Identity Disorder, or other language that ...
3
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1answer
301 views

How many diagnosable mental disorders are included in the DSM?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
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5answers
3k views

Is psychology a science?

I've read some books from behavioral economy to emotional intelligence, and it kind of makes sense, but when it comes to psychology it feels to me a bit like astrology, where there are some things ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What is the opposite of the Bandwagon Effect?

Is there a name denoting the psychological bias where a person prefers obscure methods, things, opinions, etc. over a more popular alternative?
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2answers
239 views

Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as “brain zaps”?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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1answer
703 views

What is “perceptual competence”?

I have no idea what perceptual competence is? Does anyone know about it? I found no information about it on the web.
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1answer
2k views

What can clinical psychologists do that psychiatrists can't do?

From Yahoo Answers: For example, I know that psychiatrists can prescribe medicine and psychologists CAN'T, but are there any things that clinical psychologists are specialised in that ...
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0answers
148 views

What is this forward-looking Déjà Vu-like phenomenon? [closed]

In the past I've always thought deja vu was a feeling of having done something before because you actually had done something quite like it before and the current environment is bringing that to mind ...
2
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1answer
321 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
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2answers
375 views

Is there a term for not recognizing that other people think differently, or projecting your thought patterns on others?

For example I might make the argument that 'Women don't face discrimination in the workplace' or that 'There isn't actually any racism anymore'* because I myself don't think in an explicitly racist or ...
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1answer
61 views

What cognitive bias is it when an (ideally objective) evaluation is influenced by the prior opinion of another person?

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that describes the following phenomenon: Person A asks person B to evaluate and give feedback on a certain topic (a student, a manuscript etc), ...
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1answer
50 views

Word for the opposite of “hypochondriasis”

This question was posted in English.stackexchange. Is there a word for the opposite condition of hypochondriasis? For example, someone who denies being sick when they clearly are? I would ...