Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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64 views

Collective term for fun, relaxation and escapism

I'm pondering the nature and relationship of several things that I think are at least loosely related: fun, rest/relaxation and escapism. They are all things that might be loosely described as "...
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1k views

Is self-actualization really a need?

Abraham Maslow's original hierarchy of needs placed self-actualization at the very top of the list. As I understand it, self-actualization can be roughly defined as realizing one's full potential. ...
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Technical term for "hidden addictions"

In The Forbidden Keys to Persuasion, Blair Warren discusses seven “hidden addictions”: the need to feel needed; the need for hope in difficult situations; the need for a scapegoat (to believe our ...
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Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
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144 views

What is the term for the "knowing what you think but can't explain it" phenomenon?

I think we all experience this phenomenon once in a while, and I am experiencing it right now. It's the feeling that whatever word one tries to say it seems to be wrong (for them) or confusing (for ...
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242 views

Term for when the more you invest yourself in something, the less you agree to drop it

I have got a few examples:: For instance when someone buys something and it turns out that it wasn't worth it, and this person tries to convince himself that he made a good choice or that the product ...
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69 views

Experiments demonstrating irreligious people spontaneously developing superstitious rituals?

I saw a video in which four adults were led into a room with a digital counter on the wall (see below), and a collection of random objects on the floor: small boxes, hand tools, stuffed animals, ...
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Why we do what we aren't allowed to do

Don't touch the red button, or don't touch that chocolate cake while I'm gone. Why is it that we most likely will touch them anyway?
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812 views

How do Terence Tao's "three stages of rigorousness" relate to cognitive science?

This is an excerpt from There’s more to mathematics than rigour and proofs of Terrence Tao: The “pre-rigorous” stage, in which mathematics is taught in an informal, intuitive manner, based on ...
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130 views

Bias of finding others guilty of own shortcomings

I haven't been in cognitive sciences for long, but in my work I have noticed a curious pattern: Individuals who overwhelmingly attribute the responsibility of their own actions to external causes, ...
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256 views

Term for Sudden Change in Beliefs

I'm familiar with terms and concepts like cognitive dissonance, confirmation bias, conformism and belief systems (a political term). I'd like to learn more about what some might call an "awakening." ...
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What is the rule that describes sufficiently large groups will have bad actors?

I once heard of a rule/law/number that described any group sufficiently large enough will have "bad" people in it. It is most often used to describe how online communities will have to deal with ...
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What does 'Taxonimize' mean here?

I was reading a news article about increasing IQ and one psychologist wrote Many of the changes in IQ are correlated to changes in schooling. One way that school increases IQ is to teach children ...
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61 views

What would be the Term for this Character Trait?

This might be the wrong place or way to ask this question but I'll give it a shot. It could be more related to literature but it does deal with a form of character or personality. In Nathaniel ...
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142 views

What's a simple definition for reactive attachment disorder?

I read an article on Reactive Attachment Disorder. Here's what I know so far Reactive means to react in response to something. Action = reaction. Attachment is the act of bonding or connecting with ...
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What's the difference between cognitive distortions and logical fallacies?

I'm doing some reading on said topics, but I struggle to really make a difference between them. I've gathered that logical fallacies are flaws in reasoning, or arguments that serve poorly to arrive ...
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Word for naming your negative self-talk to overcome it

I'm trying to find some research - or at least a professional analysis - on the concept of naming your negative self-talk so that you can "take away its power" - that is, separate it from yourself and ...
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62 views

The origin of the term "construct" in the cognitive sciences

So, I was just wondering - who can be attributed as originating the idea of a "construct" in psychology? Does the general concept of an epistemic "construct" feed directly into the way the term is ...
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956 views

In psychiatry, what does double-bookkeeping mean?

TL;DR What does double bookkeeping mean? +1 for sharing stories about your Tappy Tappy (Talbott) has always been a tad odd, but who'd blame him, right? The guy took a whole bunch of tropane ...
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How to prevent falling for Jingle-Jangle fallacies?

What are some ways to avoid the Jingle-Jangle fallacies when it comes to choosing a form of measurement in psychology research?
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520 views

What is the psychological term for reframing that uses false statements?

I want to know if there is an established psychology term for this pattern of behavior: A person does something, an action That something becomes known to one or more people, and the action is seen ...
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Does psychology have a name for emotions that a person can feel but cannot name?

This is sort of an inverse of this other question. To explain what I am looking for, I had this experience when I was a teenager that a much older friend (who wanted me to feel as part of a group of ...
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620 views

What does "unconscious memory" mean?

Is there a single notion in the cognitive sciences for "unconscious memory"? For example a in a 2015 Northwestern University press release, we find that Scientists retrieve unconscious memories ...
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86 views

What was creativity called before the 1950s, i.e. before Guilford coined the term?

It is known that Guilford coined the term, but the concept is much older. What did people in Freud's time call it? Genius? innovation? Something else?
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Precise term for a sort of social pressure

Context: It is known that some pubs and the like usually offer free drinks for females. The owner of the place expects then that more males will come and pay for a drink for themselves because a ...
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Is there a survey regarding the meaning of distress in the definition of mental disorder?

Although without a doubt discussed in professional circles for a long time before, the definition of mental disorder has been recently brought to the limelight by Trump narcissism debate: “Everyone ...
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What did Freud intend as the referent of 'Das Es' (Latin: 'id')? Why didn't he name with the referent?

Wikipedia states: The terms "id", "ego", and "super-ego" are not Freud's own. They are latinisations by his translator James Strachey. Freud himself wrote of "das Es",[5] "das Ich",[19] and "das ...
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Term for Plotting (as in behavior)

I watched a video (First Man) on the evolution of humans that suggested the birth of language was probably the key to "plotting" and politics. I'd like to learn more about plotting, but it's a hard ...
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164 views

A formal term for overcoming something, or getting over something

I am trying to find a correct psychological term for a specific type of behavior. When a person is trying to distance themselves from past suffering by projecting an idea of "I'm over it" to others. ...
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159 views

What's the technical name for this cognitive bias?

I'm pretty sure I've seen this cognitive bias described in the literature, but I can't find its official name, so I'll provisionally call it "the used-book finder's bias", based on the following ...
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155 views

Name of the bias towards not seeing small harm of many as important?

I observe this kind of thinking especially in politics, for instance when someone brings up that "It is fine to take a few dollars from a lot of people if it helps the country". I think the reason we ...
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Is "gaslighting" a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The term "gaslighting" (referring to abusive manipulation of the facts to confuse victims) is common in pop-psychology sources, and I have friends who report that their psychologists or psychiatrists ...
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What is the name of the "Things are more visible once you learn about them" phenomenon?

(Excuse the horrible title of this question. I just can't find the proper (?) words. Please edit as pleased.) It happens many times to me that when I learn about something (e.g. a word, a concept, ...
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What is a phobia against babies or kids called?

I have heard about people that experience fears for other people, or groups of people; for example a fear for babies. Is this a recognized pathologocal condition, or is it just a form of antisocial ...
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What is the difference between work engagement and flow?

Work engagement has three aspects: vigor, dedication, and absorption. Flow according to wikipedia "is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a ...
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What happens with stress, if there's distraction before a story reaches it's end?

I remember reading of a study where children were told stories. During the telling of the story tension rose and the heart rate increased. After the story was over the heart rate went back to normal. ...
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What is the term of having a high perceived confidence while having limited knowledge?

What is the term of the state in which one acts to be very experienced even though he does not appear to know everything. And, because of his confidence, is able to persuade people that he/she is ...
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768 views

Is there a conventional use of the term "empirical grounding"?

Background The notion of grounding theory in empirical data, originates from the work by Glaser & Strauss (1967). At present, while reputable scholars, for instance Eisenhardt and Graebner (2007),...
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108 views

What is the bias called when listening to the same sound repeatedly?

When people are made to listen to the same sounds repeatedly, it can trigger placebo effects, i.e., they think they've heard something new or different the $ Nth $ time around, when in fact they haven'...
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572 views

"Cognify". Does it describe awareness or confusion?

I understand that the term "Cognify" in cognitive psychology means that you are made aware of something but not yet have sufficient insight to act. Does the term describe the insufficiency of insight ...
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Need a perspective on science, philosophy, religion, etc [closed]

Consider the following five "things": science | philosophy | religion | spirituality | politics I have no training in psychology beyond high school Psych 101 long ago. I would like to know how a ...
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Is there a central collection of information about the often called right brain phenomena? [closed]

There are mental states that some have termed right brain e.g. "Drawing on the right side of the brain" but which may be incorrectly described. Is there a site that specializes in information on ...
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332 views

What is the term for two mutually exclusive, contrasting emotions

I am a psychology student and I vaguely recall a term being used to describe two emotions that cannot be expressed simultaneously. The example was fear and relaxation in terms of Systematic ...
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103 views

What is this stratagem called when someone talks to you like you're a slow-witted kid?

What is this conversational stratagem called when someone wants to fish out certain information from you but, because they don't want to ask you about it directly (as they expect you might get ...
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2k views

What is the difference between facets and factors?

I am wondering whether there is a difference between factors and facets. Concretely, I am doing a research about transformational leadership. My questionnaire has 8 factors which is based on a ...
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277 views

What do you call sensations without stimuli?

Sometimes, when you close your eyes in the dark, you see what looks like sparks or flashes. Sometimes when you are tired, your vision seems to shift sideways and realign, like someone bumped into a ...
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39 views

Two time points, control and experimental groups: What design is it? [closed]

I managed to get myself confused on this one. So I am planning to conduct an experiment within an organization. I want to explore effects of recognition on people's motivation. Recognition will be in ...
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What is the difference between affect and feeling?

What exactly is the difference between affect and feeling? Affect seems to refer to conscious experience: Affect is the experience of feeling or emotion. And confusingly, so does feeling: In ...
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141 views

Term for using hyperbole to make a softer argument seem more palatable?

Say that I wanted to convince a person that oranges tasted nice. One particular method I could use would be to go on an hour long spiel, where I take on two voices - a hyperbolic voice (which says ...
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261 views

How do you form a rationale to justify choice of time windows in ERP analysis?

Event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect the electrophysiological phenomena behind perception & attention. Often, certain time windows are applied for the analysis of ERP peaks (components). I ...

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