Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...
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Name the bias when one attributes all group successes to the individual they're in contact with the most

This is the fallacy when one assumes that all successful outcomes were most likely thanks to that one individual that they always communicate with, and fail to recognize (consciously or subconsciously)...
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What is bispectrum?

I am working on a project that uses EEG signals of the brain to identify emotional states. While surveying the literature, I came across several references where "derived features of bispectrum" are ...
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201 views

How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
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What happens with stress, if there's distraction before a story reaches it's end?

I remember reading of a study where children were told stories. During the telling of the story tension rose and the heart rate increased. After the story was over the heart rate went back to normal. ...
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How could you define this variable?

The procedure of one experiment includes the next sequence: The anagram is presented for several seconds; The "special word" is presented for 90 ms; The same anagram is presented again; The anagram ...
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What does 'Taxonimize' mean here?

I was reading a news article about increasing IQ and one psychologist wrote Many of the changes in IQ are correlated to changes in schooling. One way that school increases IQ is to teach children ...
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Why are core beliefs often phrased as opposites?

I was reading about core beliefs (here and here). While I get the definition, the examples seem very simple to me. For example "I'm ugly" vs "I'm beautiful". Don't most people accept that things exist ...
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74 views

Term for remembering the location/position of text on a page as part of the memory recall process?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of remembering the position on a page or location in a book as part of the process of recalling a memory? For example, knowing that something was on the left side ...
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33 views

Does there exist a theatre effect?

In a lecture by a Chinese CEO with a consulting background I learned an effect called 剧场效应 (can be transliterated into 'theatre effect' in English) and I can explain that a bit in the following story: ...
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Any academic research/term for (some) men's preference for muscular female bodies?

While I was searching for articles on the correlates of attraction to female "feminine" faces I ran into some non-academic discussions on the attraction that some men apparently have for muscular ...
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Why we do what we aren't allowed to do

Don't touch the red button, or don't touch that chocolate cake while I'm gone. Why is it that we most likely will touch them anyway?
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372 views

How to prevent falling for Jingle-Jangle fallacies?

What are some ways to avoid the Jingle-Jangle fallacies when it comes to choosing a form of measurement in psychology research?
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532 views

Is there a name for people who don't listen and talk a lot

Is there a word representing the behavior of people who talk a lot about what they like and use what you say to get back to a topic they want to talk about?
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Low agreeableness on argumentations with people confident in rethoric

In many discussions people show confirmation bias, self serving bias and mental rigidity. Assume one of the actor is very confident with rhetoric and shows really low agreeableness and a passive ...
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645 views

What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on: J. P. Carvalho, "On the Semantics and the Use of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Social Sciences" (WCCI, 2010 -- PDF) and Richard Dagan's web page Cognitive Mapping. A cognitive map consists of ...
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339 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
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What to call variables that measures human's random preferences to select a given experimental stimuli?

I understand that in some cases, given a set of objects, human subjects asked to randomly select one will tend to favor one over others. We all know the situation where "37" will be favored when ...
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Phrase for: Something needs a name before it can be perceived

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for the phenomenon that after something (that is often more or less complex, mostly abstract) has a name, it becomes recognisable and usable? An example where this ...
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148 views

Why does SCID call itself “Structured” when by many accounts it's semi-structured?

The "S" in SCID officially stands for "Structured" as in Structured Clinical Interview for DSM. But as far as I can tell for the last three editions (5, IV and III), non-official sources (research ...
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What is the rule that describes sufficiently large groups will have bad actors?

I once heard of a rule/law/number that described any group sufficiently large enough will have "bad" people in it. It is most often used to describe how online communities will have to deal with ...
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Does difficulty of task increase perceived authority?

I'm writing a research paper and I'm wondering if someone can help me out by throwing out a few terms. I'm looking for a theory that talks about how the more difficult a task is, the more ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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Avoidant behaviour and ego boosting

Amateur here. Let's suppose I know a person who is an expert on a certain subject, say history. Since I like history myself, I will ask him/her a number of questions on subjects that I know only ...
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Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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Is there a name or term for the concept of wanting someone to want something?

I listened to a talk given by a relationship therapist and she had mentioned the concept of wanting others to want something. I’ve tried to arrange a google search to find more info on that specific ...
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Inabilty to integrate

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!
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What is the term for a person who no longer associates foreign words with their native language

So generally speaking, when someone learns a foreign language and they begin to communicate in that foreign language, they tend to translate the foreign words into the corresponding word in their ...
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What is the term covering psychology disorders and language acquiring?

I have a research article aimed for popular audience, whose bibliography contains: 3 works on borderline personality disorder 1 works on language (Hirsh, David, and Paul Nation. “What Vocabulary Size ...