Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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Term for expectation of early defection in a collusion situation?

My background is in economics, so my apologies if my description here is unclear. In a paper, Dong (2019) mentions that: On the other hand, the anticipated costs of collusion could decrease if firms ...
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Is there any research on predictions of future deja vus?

Since I can remember, I occasionally have a spontaneous feeling which feels like deja vu. However, the difference is that I can clearly say that such event has not happened before (or at least I don't ...
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Isn't fluid intelligence necessarily influenced by crystallized intelligence?

In this article, it is said: Conversely, Gf [general fluid intelligence] represents the ability to employ a type of mental operation to independently reason and solve novel problems; it does not ...
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1answer
62 views

What is the name of this bias or phenomenon?

He lied. You changed your mind. I reconsidered my decision. What is the name for this type of cognitive bias where you are easier on yourself when you describe your behavior, but harder on the second ...
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41 views

What is the name of the cognitive bias about groups of people with the same beliefs about others?

Last year I read an interesting magazine article about some papers on a cognitive bias about group beliefs. The papers highlight the fact that we tend to judge in a stronger way the same behavior if ...
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"Polysemous heuristics": people trusts Tesla Inc more if they already trusted Nikola Tesla, even though those two are unrelated

For example, because of massive number of films and online short videos, the population is convinced that Tesla is a great inventor. The population is more likely to give a positive opinion (or ...
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39 views

Name for the effect where people cause others to fulfill their expectations

I recall hearing a social cognition lecture a number of years ago in which the lecturer described a particular idea that centered around the role of self-fulfilling prophecies in relationships. For ...
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47 views

Is there a term/name for the feeling you get when trying to pat your head and rub your tummy?

I often hear the phrase "It's like patting your head and rubbing your tummy/belly" when referring to trying to perform two seemingly simple actions that inexplicably conflict with each other,...
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Relation and differences between Awe, Aha moment and Flow [closed]

Relation and differences between Awe, Aha moment and Flow? From my reading, Awe is defined as 'Awe refers to an intense emotional response people may have when they encounter an object, event, or ...
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What is it called when the brain creates an alternative reality?

I recently heard of a phycological phenomenon where someone's brain can create its own ongoing reality. someone can go through a traumatic situation and their brain creates a whole new life without ...
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What is it called, when people lean forward in the real world while moving forward in a Virtual Environment?

A test subject wears a Virtual-Reality-Headset (like the HTC-Vive). When the test subject moves forward in the virtual world and stands still in the real world, the subject tends to lean forward in ...
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Is there a word/phrase to describe instances when you meant to write one thing, but write another but read back as what you initially meant to write? [duplicate]

Is there a word/phrase to describe instances when you meant to write one thing, but write another but when you read it back you interpret it as what you initially meant to write? I often find that ...
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Is Mark Manson's meta-feeling table based on any theory?

Mark Manson from the article Fuck Your Feelings introduces this table of what he calls "meta-feelings": Feeling Bad About Feeling Bad (Self-Loathing)Excessive self-criticismAnxious/Neurotic ...
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Is losing faith the same with learned helplessness?

According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of Lose Faith In is: to no longer believe that (someone or something) can be trusted For example: lost faith in government, in love, in humanity, in ...
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Effect of having false confidence because of confusion of familiarity and knowledge

What is the name of the effect which causes one to skip information that feel familiar during learning due to the confusion of familiarity and knowledge?
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Is there a clinical definition for the psychological disorder/personality disorder for people who like to get under people’s skin?

I have noticed in my 50+ years of life that there are people who take joy (sometimes great joy) out of “getting under” another person’s skin. Is there a clinical definition for this behavior? ...
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Is the displacement of frustration a studied phenomenon?

I'm currently looking into frustration-aggression theory. There is a lot of ancillary research on the displacement of the aggression generated via this theory, but I'm trying to find research on the ...
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2answers
63 views

Bias distrusting area of expertise while implicitly trusting other domains?

I've run across descriptions of this bias before, but cannot find it right now... I checked Wikipedia's list of cognitive biases to no avail. Basically, people working in some domain and having ...
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Meaning of "specific restraint form record" in a paper about management of psychomotor agitation

From Figure 3 in Protocol for the management of psychiatric patients with psychomotor agitation: I wonder what the meaning is of Specific restraint form record - is it "record in a specific form&...
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78 views

How are related self-confidence and self-esteem?

What is the difference between self-confidence and self-esteem? Is it that self-confidence is more about feeling secure concerning one's own capacity to address problems, while self-esteem is more ...
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What is the difference between recurrent and feedback synapses?

In the paper proposing recurrent convolutional neural networks (RCNN), "Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network for Object Recognition", it is stated that "recurrent synapses typically ...
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1answer
58 views

What is meant by "serotonergic" in "serotonergic psychedelics"

"Serotonergic psychedelics" is apparently a sub-class of psychedelics. Now, I believed that the pharmacological definition of psychedelics is that they all agonise 5HT receptors, especially ...
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41 views

Difference between temperament and nature?

Is there any difference between "nature"and "temperament"? Although both appear to be same ,but former(nature) appears to be permanent while latter(temperament) isn't? Is my ...
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
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514 views

What are higher-level and lower-level brain functions?

The human brain can be described as a "Russian nesting doll" in the sense that the most ancient areas of the brain responsible for lower functions are located at its centre while newer ...
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Term/theory of psychological effect: asking for counter-arguments without (ever thinking of) considering them in decision [duplicate]

Is there a known psychological effect or theorie that describes and explains this phenomenon: Someone facing a (buying)decision asks another person about the cons of buying, but instead of evaluating ...
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Term for inability to relate to struggle due to privelege?

Is there a word or term that identifies the inability of those who have lived a privileged life to relate or understand those who have had to struggle to get where they are?
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What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
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Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
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46 views

When a person is unable to recognize their own emotions, what is the name for it?

What is the name for inability to recognize one's own (not other's) emotions?
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Term for the tendency to relate events that occurred in proximity?

What is the correct scientific term for the tendency to wrongfully relate arbitrary observations to a significant event, just because they occurred in temporal or spatial proximity? Most recently I ...
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What is the medullary bulb transition?

Does "medullary bulb transition" make sense in neuroanatomy internattionally or is it a Brazilian invention and there is no term like that in English? What is then the difference of the &...
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1answer
973 views

Is Type A personality and being an alpha (male) the same thing?

The question in final jeopardy tonight was "(What is) type A personality". My response was "alpha (male)", which I maintained was the same thing. Later, when I typed in "...
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How would you explain the relationship between "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts"? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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Using rationalisations to fit your specific, unconscious beliefs - how is that process called?

Introdution: Sometimes we build our reasoning and decisions on more or less rational reasoning which consists of logical steps of thought. Let's say, it basically follows this path: problem >> ...
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1answer
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Term for emotional distancing?

Is there a medical/psychological term for changing one's vantage from 1st person to 3rd person? An example would be focusing one's eyes on an object while working out to partly distract them from the ...
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Definition associated with being attached to your own decisions, even when they are proven bad [duplicate]

There is a psychological effect I read about that I'm trying to remember the name of regarding people being overly attached to their decisions as being the best, because they made that decision, even ...
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1answer
21 views

Definitions of the alpha wave in the revised glossary by Clinical Neurophysiology Practice?

I am a novice in EEG, and also not a native speaker of English. I am reading through the article A revised glossary of terms most commonly used by clinical electroencephalographers and updated ...
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1answer
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What is the condition called when someone believes that robots should be treated as though they are human?

There is a movement calling for the "humanitarian treatment of robots" where robots must not be "sexually molested", must be spoken to with kind words and be treated, generally, like sensitive humans. ...
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Is there a commonly used term for 'informal' cognitive screening?

I am looking for a Psychology term (not a test procedure, just a term) that describes cognitive testing not based on a questionnaire, or a standard operating procedure. Here is the situation - in ...
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133 views

What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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Avoidant behaviour and ego boosting

Amateur here. Let's suppose I know a person who is an expert on a certain subject, say history. Since I like history myself, I will ask him/her a number of questions on subjects that I know only ...
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Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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1answer
72 views

Special treatment of youngest member of a group

In the German language, there is a term for the youngest member of a family: "Nesthäkchen". Unfortunately, on Wikipedia I can't find any more details - only the book/film with the same title has a ...
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Why are core beliefs often phrased as opposites?

I was reading about core beliefs (here and here). While I get the definition, the examples seem very simple to me. For example "I'm ugly" vs "I'm beautiful". Don't most people accept that things exist ...
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56 views

Seeking a standard term for the "Where's Waldo?" effect

Here is a commonly observed effect: Some things are very hard to find because they're embedded in surroundings where they don't stand out, but after you've found one, it's easy to find it again—and it'...
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Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
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51 views

Cingulate cortex vs Limbic lobe are they same or slightly different?

I've read the wikipedia article on Cingulate cortex and the article about limbic lobe. Also did web search but it is not clear to me whether they are synonymous or there are slight differences in the ...

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