Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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14 views

What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
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What is the name of the condition of Humbert towards Lolita?

In the Lolita movie, when Humbert was 14 years old he had a relationship with a 14-year-old girl, but then she gets sick and dies, and this marks him for life, because we see that even at 50 he still ...
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27 views

Avoidant behaviour and ego boosting

Amateur here. Let's suppose I know a person who is an expert on a certain subject, say history. Since I like history myself, I will ask him/her a number of questions on subjects that I know only ...
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23 views

Is there a term in psychology that describes being involved in something to a point of finding beauty in it?

More appropriately I am Looking for a word that describes fetishizing(placing too much importance in) something that you are involved with to a point of finding beauty in it i.e. the illusion of ...
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1answer
38 views

Cognitive bias with trial and error problem solving

I found through self-observation that while solving some problem I am more inclined sometimes to first try and manipulate the variables that require the least amount of effort to manipulate, rather ...
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As adjectives, not in a math context: 'different' vs 'differential'

I looked up differential, but still don't savvy why the books below use 'differential' rather than 'different' and vice versa. Zoltan Dornyei. The Psychology of Second Language Acquisition - Oxford ...
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Is there a name or term for the concept of wanting someone to want something?

I listened to a talk given by a relationship therapist and she had mentioned the concept of wanting others to want something. I’ve tried to arrange a google search to find more info on that specific ...
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1answer
58 views

Special treatment of youngest member of a group

In the German language, there is a term for the youngest member of a family: "Nesthäkchen". Unfortunately, on Wikipedia I can't find any more details - only the book/film with the same title has a ...
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Why are core beliefs often phrased as opposites?

I was reading about core beliefs (here and here). While I get the definition, the examples seem very simple to me. For example "I'm ugly" vs "I'm beautiful". Don't most people accept that things exist ...
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38 views

Seeking a standard term for the “Where's Waldo?” effect

Here is a commonly observed effect: Some things are very hard to find because they're embedded in surroundings where they don't stand out, but after you've found one, it's easy to find it again—and it'...
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Inabilty to integrate

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!
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Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
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Cingulate cortex vs Limbic lobe are they same or slightly different?

I've read the wikipedia article on Cingulate cortex and the article about limbic lobe. Also did web search but it is not clear to me whether they are synonymous or there are slight differences in the ...
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Is there a neutral term for people who tend to avoid face-to-face or video/audio communication?

Imagine a person who: Mostly prefers written communication (email, instant messaging) to making phone/video calls or seeing face-to-face Hardly ever watches videos on the internet. Prefers reading At ...
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Cognitive bias believing you are good at the things you are bad at, as successes are more vivid?

What is the name for this cognitive bias? Scenario I am bad at socializing with people. For 95% of the time I talked to people, I was very awkward. Yet, mostly only 5% of the opposite time stuck to ...
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What is the name for this form of “influence”?

I have found that people are often "roused to action," activism and even zealotry by attributing either extreme of "nobleness" or "despicability" to their self or group identity. I don't know if ...
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37 views

How is the term “affect” different from “emotion”?

I have encountered a vast variety of definitions for affect, each of which contrasts it with the term "emotion" in a whole different way. Here are a few: Affect denotes the visible/objective ...
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69 views

Myelin and Myelin Sheath

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002261.htm Why is Myelin used as a term to mean the Myelin Sheath as opposed to the proper term? It is apparent to me that Myelin is the substance itself ...
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What is the term for a person who no longer associates foreign words with their native language

So generally speaking, when someone learns a foreign language and they begin to communicate in that foreign language, they tend to translate the foreign words into the corresponding word in their ...
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28 views

Is there a name for the natural human guilt complex?

Humans tend to have guilt complexes, which prevents them, for example, from taking too many samples from Costco. Is there a name for this phenomenon?
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How could you define this variable?

The procedure of one experiment includes the next sequence: The anagram is presented for several seconds; The "special word" is presented for 90 ms; The same anagram is presented again; The anagram ...
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28 views

What to call variables that measures human's random preferences to select a given experimental stimuli?

I understand that in some cases, given a set of objects, human subjects asked to randomly select one will tend to favor one over others. We all know the situation where "37" will be favored when ...
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62 views

Term for remembering the location/position of text on a page as part of the memory recall process?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of remembering the position on a page or location in a book as part of the process of recalling a memory? For example, knowing that something was on the left side ...
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1answer
123 views

What term is used to define long duration sexual intercourse addiction/hunger?

Sexual need between partners/couples often grows time to time. Sometimes it crosses the usual duration like it takes more than an hour to satisfy and it may grow more as they continue. But that ...
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24 views

Phrase for: Something needs a name before it can be perceived

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for the phenomenon that after something (that is often more or less complex, mostly abstract) has a name, it becomes recognisable and usable? An example where this ...
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65 views

What does it mean to “accept my shortcomings”?

The need to accept one's faults and shortcomings; or accept oneself in whole, with all faults and shortcomings; or self-acceptance is being repeatedly stressed by psychologists. However, I've always ...
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227 views

What is the difference between “target” and “foil” in experimental design?

What is the difference between "target" and "foil" in experimental design in psychology? And how is a foil different from a distractor?
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90 views

Which psychological word describes this situation best?

A few years ago, I’ve heard that people have to be in the center if they want to truly enjoy something. For example, when someone really want to enjoy a concert, he or she needs to go to the center of ...
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Does there exist a theatre effect?

In a lecture by a Chinese CEO with a consulting background I learned an effect called 剧场效应 (can be transliterated into 'theatre effect' in English) and I can explain that a bit in the following story: ...
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148 views

“High-conflict people”

While having a look at a recent question here, I ran into some (non-peer reviewed) articles with a description like High-conflict people (HCPs) have high-conflict personalities. This means they ...
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88 views

What is the most accurate name for the effect where people find excuses for flaws by leaders?

A lot of the time, especially in political behaviour, people are likely to ignore the flaws of a leader or in some cases to somehow spin some bizarre positive angle. For example, corruption of public ...
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Is there a term for simulated irrationality?

When 2 rational people want to accomplish their goals, they'll get compromise by meeting their goals halfway. But if one of them seems irrational, his opponent will go much farther in his concessions ...
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39 views

What is the name of this common anti-pattern

When you work on a project, for instance a program in the computer science field, many people pause or "bypass" work on it to work on a side project, often smaller and often a "helper" project, ...
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Is this dissociation, depersonalization, or is there a better term? [closed]

I am attempting to find the term that describes a bizarre and terrifying experience I recently had. As background: I was the subject of a severe violent assaulted at age 12, now 30 years ago. I have ...
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1k views

What is it called to attack a person then say something uplifting?

Say a manager emailing the people under her in a way that to them feels degrading, and putting down. But at the end of the email its encouraging/uplifting type saying I know you are intelligent and ...
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1answer
88 views

How to measure the correlation between “spirituality” and the susceptibility to false memories?

Is there a measurement to correlate "spirituality" (how religious one is) to susceptibility to false memories? What papers or keywords should we look for?
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36 views

Term for “That feeling that in a game you don't get items that you really need”

I've heard people in games mention that the game is programmed so that when you really need an item the game will not give it to you. You only get items that you don't currently need. I think this is ...
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Name for a condition where one with their limited knowledge thinks of a problem as bigger than it really is?

I know about Dunning-Kruger... where to put it bluntly, one overestimates oneself. I am looking for a definition/name, to further research and reference in discussions with my peers, for a bias, that ...
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30 views

What is the term for mimicking other behaviors? [closed]

Say you see an actor playing someone insane, for the next few hours you feel kind of crazy too, especially if you are tired. You may feel annoyed and overwhelmed and mad for no reason, and kind of ...
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129 views

What is the difference between principal neurons and pyramidal cells?

I am reading Kandel's "Principals of Neural Sciences". There the book sometimes refers to excitatory neurons as principal cells, and sometimes as pyramidal cells. Can anyone tell me the difference? ...
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What is the term for doing things or behaviors that contrast to what you really feel?

For instance a person who is racist wanting to hire black people because they want to project an image that they aren't racist. Or if they doesn't like obese people but still interacts with them to ...
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52 views

Terminology: why do psychologists use “positive” and “negative”?

In a lot of places in psychology - for example in operant conditioning and in describing symptoms of psychological disorders - various things are described as "positive" and "negative". Positive ...
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1answer
29 views

Exact Medical situation name for Guided Meditation/Visualization to “Re-live a moment”

There are lots of videos & audios for Guided Visualization for particular things like forest, beach, sky etc.. But what should I exactly search to get result for "ReLive past Moment". Is there ...
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43 views

What is an empirical proof that two concepts are not independent/orthogonal?

Given there are two psychological concepts A and B that are considered to be independent/orthogonal. Would the following empirical results proof the opposite? If not why? In the first experiment A ...
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Why is the theory of mind named as such?

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions,...
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Is there an audio equivalent of eidetic memory?

In this YouTube video by The Blaze it is claimed that Ted Cruz has "audiographic" memory. He does seem to have quite a good memory based on videos I've seen of him, but I'm not sure if Glenn Beck is ...
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What does “affect component” mean in this article on well-being?

Previous research lends support to the view that the negative affect component of well-being is strongly associated with neuroticism and that positive affect component has a similar association with ...
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Relationship and differences between psychosomatic, somatoform and idiopathic disorders

I'm really confused because it seems to me these terms overlap to some extent. Psychosomatic disorder psychosomatic adj. 1. of or pertaining to a physical disorder that is caused or notably ...
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109 views

“Dependence” in DSM-5

I've read with some interest and amusement the following first-hand account (2006) on the confusion surrounding the DSM-IV meaning of "dependence" : One of us (C.O.) was a member of the committee ...
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Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...

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