Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

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9
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3answers
496 views

What is the psychological term for disregarding correct but unwanted information?

Sometimes people seem to be very resistant to information that is in conflict with prior beliefs, even when this new information is very plausible. For example, a patient might change a doctor, ...
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1answer
789 views

Is Type A personality and being an alpha (male) the same thing?

The question in final jeopardy tonight was "(What is) type A personality". My response was "alpha (male)", which I maintained was the same thing. Later, when I typed in "...
24
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1answer
13k views

Is there a term for trying to remember a word, but only remembering its first letter?

This happens to me frequently. I'll say, "Oh you know that guy... uhh... I can't remember his name. But he starts with a 'Z'." You can remember part of the word but not the whole word. Is there a ...
2
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1answer
49 views

What is it called when the brain creates an alternative reality?

I recently heard of a phycological phenomenon where someone's brain can create its own ongoing reality. someone can go through a traumatic situation and their brain creates a whole new life without ...
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0answers
12 views

Name for the effect where people cause others to fulfill their expectations

I recall hearing a social cognition lecture a number of years ago in which the lecturer described a particular idea that centered around the role of self-fulfilling prophecies in relationships. For ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Is "Schizophrenic" considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Is there a term/name for the feeling you get when trying to pat your head and rub your tummy?

I often hear the phrase "It's like patting your head and rubbing your tummy/belly" when referring to trying to perform two seemingly simple actions that inexplicably conflict with each other,...
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0answers
19 views

How would you describe someone who has 1001 rules?

I’m looking for a good clinical definition of someone who has 1001 rules that s/he is convinced must be followed. A DSM-like diagnosis would be great. I have come across people with this trait and ...
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0answers
37 views

Relation and differences between Awe, Aha moment and Flow [closed]

Relation and differences between Awe, Aha moment and Flow? From my reading, Awe is defined as 'Awe refers to an intense emotional response people may have when they encounter an object, event, or ...
7
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1answer
3k views

What are presynaptic puncta?

What are presynaptic puncta? And what makes them different from presynaptic terminals? I encountered the term puncta in the following article: Molofsky AV, Kelley KW, Tsai HH, Redmond SA, Chang SM, ...
4
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1answer
140 views

What's a simple definition for reactive attachment disorder?

I read an article on Reactive Attachment Disorder. Here's what I know so far Reactive means to react in response to something. Action = reaction. Attachment is the act of bonding or connecting with ...
3
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1answer
374 views

Term for remembering the location/position of text on a page as part of the memory recall process?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of remembering the position on a page or location in a book as part of the process of recalling a memory? For example, knowing that something was on the left side ...
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0answers
83 views

Is Mark Manson's meta-feeling table based on any theory?

Mark Manson from the article Fuck Your Feelings introduces this table of what he calls "meta-feelings": Feeling Bad About Feeling Bad (Self-Loathing)Excessive self-criticismAnxious/Neurotic ...
3
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2answers
94 views

Does there exist a theatre effect?

In a lecture by a Chinese CEO with a consulting background, I learned an effect called 剧场效应 (can be transliterated into 'theatre effect' in English, here is a reference) and I can explain that a bit ...
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0answers
13 views

Is there a word/phrase to describe instances when you meant to write one thing, but write another but read back as what you initially meant to write? [duplicate]

Is there a word/phrase to describe instances when you meant to write one thing, but write another but when you read it back you interpret it as what you initially meant to write? I often find that ...
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0answers
15 views

Is losing faith the same with learned helplessness?

According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of Lose Faith In is: to no longer believe that (someone or something) can be trusted For example: lost faith in government, in love, in humanity, in ...
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1answer
34 views

Effect of having false confidence because of confusion of familiarity and knowledge

What is the name of the effect which causes one to skip information that feel familiar during learning due to the confusion of familiarity and knowledge?
2
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1answer
85 views

Is there a clinical definition for the psychological disorder/personality disorder for people who like to get under people’s skin?

I have noticed in my 50+ years of life that there are people who take joy (sometimes great joy) out of “getting under” another person’s skin. Is there a clinical definition for this behavior? ...
7
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2answers
193 views

Term for behaviour of transfering personal problems to other people and trying to solve them there?

I think my question is a little tricky to express, but I have observed this kind of behaviour pattern many times, and would like to know if it is coined in cognitive science. As an example, consider ...
4
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0answers
26 views

Is the displacement of frustration a studied phenomenon?

I'm currently looking into frustration-aggression theory. There is a lot of ancillary research on the displacement of the aggression generated via this theory, but I'm trying to find research on the ...
3
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2answers
64 views

Term for the tendency to relate events that occurred in proximity?

What is the correct scientific term for the tendency to wrongfully relate arbitrary observations to a significant event, just because they occurred in temporal or spatial proximity? Most recently I ...
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2answers
48 views

Bias distrusting area of expertise while implicitly trusting other domains?

I've run across descriptions of this bias before, but cannot find it right now... I checked Wikipedia's list of cognitive biases to no avail. Basically, people working in some domain and having ...
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0answers
11 views

Meaning of "specific restraint form record" in a paper about management of psychomotor agitation

From Figure 3 in Protocol for the management of psychiatric patients with psychomotor agitation: I wonder what the meaning is of Specific restraint form record - is it "record in a specific form&...
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4answers
2k views

Is there a specific term for false justifications?

I'm not sure "false justifications" is the right term, but it's the closest I can think of. I'm referring to a situation in which a person has already made up his mind for reasons he won't publicly ...
0
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1answer
74 views

How are related self-confidence and self-esteem?

What is the difference between self-confidence and self-esteem? Is it that self-confidence is more about feeling secure concerning one's own capacity to address problems, while self-esteem is more ...
2
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1answer
66 views

What is the difference between recurrent and feedback synapses?

In the paper proposing recurrent convolutional neural networks (RCNN), "Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network for Object Recognition", it is stated that "recurrent synapses typically ...
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2answers
3k views

What is a phobia against babies or kids called?

I have heard about people that experience fears for other people, or groups of people; for example a fear for babies. Is this a recognized pathologocal condition, or is it just a form of antisocial ...
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1answer
56 views

What is meant by "serotonergic" in "serotonergic psychedelics"

"Serotonergic psychedelics" is apparently a sub-class of psychedelics. Now, I believed that the pharmacological definition of psychedelics is that they all agonise 5HT receptors, especially ...
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0answers
38 views

Difference between temperament and nature?

Is there any difference between "nature"and "temperament"? Although both appear to be same ,but former(nature) appears to be permanent while latter(temperament) isn't? Is my ...
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8answers
16k views

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Depending upon its activity, the brain emits waves, which represent the summation of individual neurons firing. Are these waves electromagnetic waves?
5
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1answer
104 views

Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
14
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2answers
9k views

Motivation vs Goal Oriented Behavior

What's the difference between these two terms when used in the context of cognitive psychology? To the best of my knowledge, research on 'Goal Oriented Behavior' refers to the subset of motivation ...
2
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1answer
315 views

What are higher-level and lower-level brain functions?

The human brain can be described as a "Russian nesting doll" in the sense that the most ancient areas of the brain responsible for lower functions are located at its centre while newer ...
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0answers
14 views

Term/theory of psychological effect: asking for counter-arguments without (ever thinking of) considering them in decision [duplicate]

Is there a known psychological effect or theorie that describes and explains this phenomenon: Someone facing a (buying)decision asks another person about the cons of buying, but instead of evaluating ...
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0answers
22 views

Term for inability to relate to struggle due to privelege?

Is there a word or term that identifies the inability of those who have lived a privileged life to relate or understand those who have had to struggle to get where they are?
11
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3answers
52k views

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

I read that neural networks are of two types: a) Biological neural networks b) Artificial neural networks (or ANN) I read, "Neural Networks are models of biological neural structures," and the ...
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3answers
47 views

What is the scientific term for the erroneous inversion of cause and effect?

What is the correct scientific term for the - erroneous - inversion of cause and effect?
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2answers
61 views

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
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1answer
43 views

When a person is unable to recognize their own emotions, what is the name for it?

What is the name for inability to recognize one's own (not other's) emotions?
10
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2answers
689 views

What is the difference between solving a problem and acquiring a skill?

Within the confines of cognitive psychology, what is the difference between these two tasks? In the literature, playing chess is generally seen as the exemplar of problem solving. But recently (thanks ...
3
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0answers
32 views

What is the medullary bulb transition?

Does "medullary bulb transition" make sense in neuroanatomy internattionally or is it a Brazilian invention and there is no term like that in English? What is then the difference of the &...
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0answers
36 views

Using rationalisations to fit your specific, unconscious beliefs - how is that process called?

Introdution: Sometimes we build our reasoning and decisions on more or less rational reasoning which consists of logical steps of thought. Let's say, it basically follows this path: problem >> ...
7
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2answers
7k views

Is there an audio equivalent of eidetic memory?

In this YouTube video by The Blaze it is claimed that Ted Cruz has "audiographic" memory. He does seem to have quite a good memory based on videos I've seen of him, but I'm not sure if Glenn Beck is ...
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2answers
82 views

What is the name for this form of "influence"?

I have found that people are often "roused to action," activism and even zealotry by attributing either extreme of "nobleness" or "despicability" to their self or group ...
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1answer
4k views

Is "haptodysphoria" an urban legend or is there another term under which this studied?

I was googling for something like why some people don't like to touch velvet, and the top hit was https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/haptodysphoria where it's defined as An odd, disagreeable sensation ...
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0answers
70 views

How would you explain the relationship between "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts"? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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5answers
2k views

What is the difference between a psychopath and sociopath?

The Internet is of course full of memes from Sherlock Holmes show, based on one of the episodes having Sherlock self-diagnose: I'm not a psychopath, I'm a highly functioning sociopath But what ...
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1answer
24 views

Term for emotional distancing?

Is there a medical/psychological term for changing one's vantage from 1st person to 3rd person? An example would be focusing one's eyes on an object while working out to partly distract them from the ...
2
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0answers
119 views

What is the opposite of 'curse of knowledge' or reverse of Zen 'Shoshin'?

I'm trying to see if there is a term for someone that assumes because they have some level of expertise in a given field, they refused to listen to others (who do not have similar pedigrees) who have ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Vigilance is an emotion?

I've always loved pondering emotion theories and usually agree with them, but Plutchik describes the intense form of anticipation to be Vigilance, and this is quite confusing to me. Vigilance as ...

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