Episode #125 of the Stack Overflow podcast is here. We talk Tilde Club and mechanical keyboards. Listen now

Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the psychology & neuroscience literature.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Inabilty to integrate

I'm looking for a professional term that describes the problem of someone who has difficulties in fitting in / integrating in a given group, eg: a child in school. Thanks in advance!
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Is there a diagnostic term for a person who impulsively keeps secrets?

Almost like an addiction, similar to the way a pyromaniac feels about fire or burning... I don't know if there's even a word for this, seeing as it's not a common experience, but if there is, it ...
26
votes
4answers
16k views

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation or a mental disorder?

There are some different claims being made that pedophilia is a sexual orientation rather than a mental disorder. At the moment there seems to be a growing group of psychologists advocating that ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What is the name for this form of “influence”?

I have found that people are often "roused to action," activism and even zealotry by attributing either extreme of "nobleness" or "despicability" to their self or group identity. I don't know if ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Cingulate cortex vs Limbic lobe are they same or slightly different?

I've read the wikipedia article on Cingulate cortex and the article about limbic lobe. Also did web search but it is not clear to me whether they are synonymous or there are slight differences in the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a neutral term for people who tend to avoid face-to-face or video/audio communication?

Imagine a person who: Mostly prefers written communication (email, instant messaging) to making phone/video calls or seeing face-to-face Hardly ever watches videos on the internet. Prefers reading At ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

What is this stratagem called when someone talks to you like you're a slow-witted kid?

What is this conversational stratagem called when someone wants to fish out certain information from you but, because they don't want to ask you about it directly (as they expect you might get ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Is “gaslighting” a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The term "gaslighting" (referring to abusive manipulation of the facts to confuse victims) is common in pop-psychology sources, and I have friends who report that their psychologists or psychiatrists ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Cognitive bias believing you are good at the things you are bad at, as successes are more vivid?

What is the name for this cognitive bias? Scenario I am bad at socializing with people. For 95% of the time I talked to people, I was very awkward. Yet, mostly only 5% of the opposite time stuck to ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Is there a name for the natural human guilt complex?

Humans tend to have guilt complexes, which prevents them, for example, from taking too many samples from Costco. Is there a name for this phenomenon?
1
vote
1answer
568 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Myelin and Myelin Sheath

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002261.htm Why is Myelin used as a term to mean the Myelin Sheath as opposed to the proper term? It is apparent to me that Myelin is the substance itself ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How is the term “affect” different from “emotion”?

I have encountered a vast variety of definitions for affect, each of which contrasts it with the term "emotion" in a whole different way. Here are a few: Affect denotes the visible/objective ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What is the term for a person who no longer associates foreign words with their native language

So generally speaking, when someone learns a foreign language and they begin to communicate in that foreign language, they tend to translate the foreign words into the corresponding word in their ...
8
votes
4answers
776 views

Is there a specific term for false justifications?

I'm not sure "false justifications" is the right term, but it's the closest I can think of. I'm referring to a situation in which a person has already made up his mind for reasons he won't publicly ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

How could you define this variable?

The procedure of one experiment includes the next sequence: The anagram is presented for several seconds; The "special word" is presented for 90 ms; The same anagram is presented again; The anagram ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Term for remembering the location/position of text on a page as part of the memory recall process?

Is there a name for the phenomenon of remembering the position on a page or location in a book as part of the process of recalling a memory? For example, knowing that something was on the left side ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Which psychological word describes this situation best?

A few years ago, I’ve heard that people have to be in the center if they want to truly enjoy something. For example, when someone really want to enjoy a concert, he or she needs to go to the center of ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

“_______________” Variables"

I understand that in some cases, given a set of objects, human subjects asked to randomly select one will tend to favor one over others. We all know the situation where "37" will be favored when ...
11
votes
7answers
11k views

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Depending upon its activity, the brain emits waves, which represent the summation of individual neurons firing. Are these waves electromagnetic waves?
1
vote
1answer
88 views

“High-conflict people”

While having a look at a recent question here, I ran into some (non-peer reviewed) articles with a description like High-conflict people (HCPs) have high-conflict personalities. This means they ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

What term is used to define long duration sexual intercourse addiction/hunger?

Sexual need between partners/couples often grows time to time. Sometimes it crosses the usual duration like it takes more than an hour to satisfy and it may grow more as they continue. But that ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Phrase for: Something needs a name before it can be perceived

Is there a word or a (catch) phrase for the phenomenon that after something (that is often more or less complex, mostly abstract) has a name, it becomes recognisable and usable? An example where this ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What does it mean to “accept my shortcomings”?

The need to accept one's faults and shortcomings; or accept oneself in whole, with all faults and shortcomings; or self-acceptance is being repeatedly stressed by psychologists. However, I've always ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is “haptodysphoria” an urban legend or is there another term under which this studied?

I was googling for something like why some people don't like to touch velvet, and the top hit was https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/haptodysphoria where it's defined as An odd, disagreeable sensation ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

What is the difference between “target” and “foil” in experimental design?

What is the difference between "target" and "foil" in experimental design in psychology? And how is a foil different from a distractor?
3
votes
2answers
325 views

Why don't the Big 5 personality traits have more neutral names?

Lots of different areas of study appropriate common-language terms as jargon words with a specific meaning in the context of that particular field, but the names of the Big 5 personality traits have ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Does there exist a theatre effect?

In a lecture by a Chinese CEO with a consulting background I learned an effect called 剧场效应 (can be transliterated into 'theatre effect' in English) and I can explain that a bit in the following story: ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Is there a technical term for “fear of the unknown”?

I'm writing paper about climate change and its economic impacts on society. Is there a generally accepted technical term for "fear of the unknown" in psychology?
1
vote
3answers
90 views

Is there a term for simulated irrationality?

When 2 rational people want to accomplish their goals, they'll get compromise by meeting their goals halfway. But if one of them seems irrational, his opponent will go much farther in his concessions ...
6
votes
1answer
811 views

What is the definition of pathology?

While trying to get more information for my previous question, I found several different definitions for the terms "pathology" and "pathological." While under normal circumstances I'd be inclined to ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

What is the most accurate name for the effect where people find excuses for flaws by leaders?

A lot of the time, especially in political behaviour, people are likely to ignore the flaws of a leader or in some cases to somehow spin some bizarre positive angle. For example, corruption of public ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the name of this common anti-pattern

When you work on a project, for instance a program in the computer science field, many people pause or "bypass" work on it to work on a side project, often smaller and often a "helper" project, ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Is this dissociation, depersonalization, or is there a better term? [closed]

I am attempting to find the term that describes a bizarre and terrifying experience I recently had. As background: I was the subject of a severe violent assaulted at age 12, now 30 years ago. I have ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

What is it called to attack a person then say something uplifting?

Say a manager emailing the people under her in a way that to them feels degrading, and putting down. But at the end of the email its encouraging/uplifting type saying I know you are intelligent and ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

How to measure the correlation between “spirituality” and the susceptibility to false memories?

Is there a measurement to correlate "spirituality" (how religious one is) to susceptibility to false memories? What papers or keywords should we look for?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Term for “That feeling that in a game you don't get items that you really need”

I've heard people in games mention that the game is programmed so that when you really need an item the game will not give it to you. You only get items that you don't currently need. I think this is ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Name for a condition where one with their limited knowledge thinks of a problem as bigger than it really is?

I know about Dunning-Kruger... where to put it bluntly, one overestimates oneself. I am looking for a definition/name, to further research and reference in discussions with my peers, for a bias, that ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What is the term for mimicking other behaviors? [closed]

Say you see an actor playing someone insane, for the next few hours you feel kind of crazy too, especially if you are tired. You may feel annoyed and overwhelmed and mad for no reason, and kind of ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Motivation vs Goal Oriented Behavior

What's the difference between these two terms when used in the context of cognitive psychology? To the best of my knowledge, research on 'Goal Oriented Behavior' refers to the subset of motivation ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the “static” in human vision called?

Sort of like a cheap digital Camera, the human eye has certain feedback that's perceived but doesn't actually exist in the real world; a little layer of Static that's especially noticeable in pitch ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an audio equivalent of eidetic memory?

In this YouTube video by The Blaze it is claimed that Ted Cruz has "audiographic" memory. He does seem to have quite a good memory based on videos I've seen of him, but I'm not sure if Glenn Beck is ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between IQ and Executive Function?

I was reading an article today that stated that people with high IQ's that have trouble with social skills, memory, being punctual (on time), emotional control, and "growing up" are likely to have ...
6
votes
3answers
208 views

Is there a difference between ADD and ADHD?

These terms are often used interchangeably. Is there a difference?
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the term for “What has been seen cannot be unseen” in cognitive sciences?

During a discussion with my officemate I told him that I read somewhere that the gas pillar in Carina nebula looks like a cat punching the dog; ever since then, every time my wallpaper slideshow ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the term for the “knowing what you think but can't explain it” phenomenon?

I think we all experience this phenomenon once in a while, and I am experiencing it right now. It's the feeling that whatever word one tries to say it seems to be wrong (for them) or confusing (for ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between principal neurons and pyramidal cells?

I am reading Kandel's "Principals of Neural Sciences". There the book sometimes refers to excitatory neurons as principal cells, and sometimes as pyramidal cells. Can anyone tell me the difference? ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
2
votes
3answers
68 views

What is the term for doing things or behaviors that contrast to what you really feel?

For instance a person who is racist wanting to hire black people because they want to project an image that they aren't racist. Or if they doesn't like obese people but still interacts with them to ...