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Questions tagged [sleep]

For questions pertaining to the physiology and pathophysiology of sleep in humans and animals (e.g., sleep stages and their EEG patterns, sleep disturbances), along with psychological effects of sleep deprivation or fatigue.

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1 answer
13k views

Why might sleeping on the floor alleviate PTSD symptoms?

Question: Does sleeping on the floor have similar neurotransmitter effects, as sleeping under a weighted blanket might? Psychiatrically, would it be expected that a person having PTSD would find ...
0 votes
0 answers
54 views

How are dreams "experienced" if recall is correlated with waking during a specific cycle of sleep (REM sleep)?

My understanding of dreams, from some basic research, seems to be that they occur during REM sleep and are likely forgotten unless waking happens during REM sleep, which is correlated with dream ...
2 votes
0 answers
32 views

Does being rocked in a cradle or sleeping on a ship improve sleep quality in the same way?

As we all know, mothers tend to rock the child in a cradle or in their hands. Is there any research finding that supports the claim that rocked babies sleep better than ones only held still in their ...
2 votes
0 answers
34 views

Which sleep stage(s) account(s) for synaptic consolidation the most?

I learnt that long-term consolidation of memories happens vastly while we are asleep, and it is accompanied by synaptic changes. But exactly which stage(s) of our sleep account for the synaptic ...
6 votes
0 answers
231 views

Can our dreams tell us anything useful about ourselves?

This question is related to What is the current "accepted" science behind dream interpretation?, but here I am asking something more specific. Dream reports, also known as sleep mentation ...
2 votes
1 answer
32 views

How are participants kept awake in total sleep deprivation studies?

I've been searching around Google Scholar (e.g., https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00767.x, and https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2F0894-4105.21.6.787), ...
2 votes
0 answers
25 views

Does varying evening exposure to blue light sabotage a consistent sleep/wake schedule?

Sleep hygiene measures include keeping a consistent bed time and, more importantly, wake time (Chaput et al., 2020). It is also suggested to minimize exposure to evening blue light (Chellappa et al., ...
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

How are people able to wake themselves up after a pre-specified amount of time?

Auto-suggestion seems to work. Several people I know seem to be able to tell themselves "I'll wake up after 'N' hours/minutes", and do so within a minute or two of that duration. I thought for a ...
10 votes
3 answers
663 views

What causes dreamers to accept dreams as reality?

I have long had interest in dreaming, and one of the defining features of ordinary dreams is that the dreamer either accepts the dream as "real life", or does not question the surroundings. Compare ...
12 votes
1 answer
111k views

Why do we wake up when we die in our dreams?

A lot of people had some experience with dying in their dreams. They all confirm they remember the whole story until the precise moment of death and it is the death itself what woke them up - not ...
3 votes
1 answer
5k views

Does our consciousness die when we go to sleep or fall into a coma?

I have sometimes wondered if our consciousness dies when we go to sleep at night or perhaps when we enter a deep coma, like from brain damage, for example. When we wake, or are woken, a new ...
0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Mean brainwave amplitude

When measuring nocturnal sleep for a person that has narcolepsy using an EEG a distinctive lack or reduction of slow wave sleep activity is indicated. Slow wave sleep brainwaves are the brainwaves ...
4 votes
0 answers
183 views

Can somnambulism be self-induced?

Can somnambulism be self-induced? By "self-induced" I mean when a person starts in the waking state, induces sleep, and then takes themselves down into a deep sleep where somnambulism occurs,...
3 votes
1 answer
54 views

Are brainwaves from an EEG meaningful measurements?

I realized that research describing the different stages of sleep all rely on the assumption that we can accurately determine the stage of sleep using an EEG. I wondered if brainwaves are anything ...
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

Why don't we wake up from thirst?

Usually, we sleep up to 7-10 hours. A healthy human drinks 2-3 cups per hour. Why don't we wake up from thirst if during the day, it is normal to drink so much? I don't think that this is because you ...
2 votes
0 answers
54 views

What happens when a person lowers their sleep to less than 3 hours a day? [duplicate]

If 6-8 hours would be required for a adult, how would less than 3 hours affect the person long term? If they can function well with less than 3 hours of sleep in the short term.
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

Why past events reappear in dreams after a certain delay?

I know that Freud in his "Interpretation of dreams" provides a number of examples of events influencing dreams several days to several months after the event has occurred. For example, a ...
3 votes
1 answer
202 views

Is being a morning person vs a night person actually a real thing or just a preference?

Are there real physical differences between a morning person vs a night person that can be measured and used to explain the difference? Or is it just an adapted preference randomly varying from person ...
0 votes
1 answer
80 views

Near-dream states producing closed-eye visual rendering of the environment

Sometimes when I'm about to fall asleep, or have slept but not fully awakened, I experience a weird phenomenon. I'll describe it with a recent example: I had come home from school, and it was still ...
8 votes
4 answers
5k views

Is it possible to become addicted to sleep deprivation?

Background: After staying awake for an entire night without sleeping medication, some individuals report feeling tired while others report feeling euphoric and at some point begin to hallucinate with ...
1 vote
0 answers
305 views

Reason for experiencing electric current flowing through body during sleep from top to bottom [closed]

I know about sleep paralysis and there is several information about it, available over literature. Sleep paralysis is a temporary inability to move or speak that occurs when you're waking up or ...
1 vote
0 answers
370 views

Change in perceived direction of body when laying in bed [closed]

Sometimes when I lie in bed, with my eyes closed, I get the sense that my head is actually at the bottom of the bed, where my feet usually are, when I know it is still resting on the pillow on the top ...
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

Sleep/Dream and Logical Decisions

I discovered that sleep tends to mitigate the 'stress' that one gets by trying to deal with logical problems like work related tasks and general daily life tasks. Does sleep do this by removing the ...
7 votes
1 answer
199 views

Is mindfulness meditation an effective method to fall asleep?

It's my understanding that brain activity in the prefrontal cortex is suppressed during sleep and that mindfulness stimulates activity in that region. Based on this, it seems counterintuitive to think ...
9 votes
0 answers
508 views

If stimulus triggers dopamine release, can dopamine release trigger memory recall of stimulus?

Modern science of sleep is starting to lean towards a viewpoint that dopamine has an important function in dreaming, and that dopaminergic pathways - mesolimbic and mesocortical are activated during ...
2 votes
1 answer
84 views

What evidences this technique of visualizing different color words in sequence, to help you sleep?

What's this technique called? Any evidence? I'll make it easier. Visualize the word Red. In big red letters. Examine your creation but don't judge harshly. After a few seconds, switch to the word ...
1 vote
0 answers
48 views

Effects of Red vs. Green ambient lighting on sleep

I would like to know if there has been study on the difference of effect of red vs green ambient light on human sleep. This is specifically in the interest of choosing between red or green alarm clock ...
8 votes
1 answer
45k views

If you sleep during the day, do you need less sleep at night?

If, say, you sleep 2-3 hours during the day (in the afternoon) - Do you need less sleep at night? After all, subjects feel less tired in the evening after sleeping during day. Can sleep hours be ...
2 votes
0 answers
74 views

Is there research evidence to suggest that waking up slowly is more beneficial than waking up abruptly?

There are several articles I've found which seem to anecdotally back up the suggestion that waking up slowly is better than waking up abruptly, in terms of combatting sleep inertia: https://www....
5 votes
1 answer
117 views

Is Melatonin necessary to sleep?

Consider a scenario where a person's melatonin secretion gets inhibited (and that person also don't get external melatonin); Will this person feel sleepiness and a desire to sleep? Or, since that ...
2 votes
1 answer
162 views

Does sleep-talking typically happen during NREM or REM sleep?

I have observed some of my mother's sleep-talking and have even attempted to reply / speak to her during such episodes. In my experience, I have found sleep-talking to be a part of her dream. In some ...
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Is our sense of smell heightened when we are asleep?

My question is whether our sense of smell is stronger when we sleep? From an evolutionary perspective this could have been beneficial in terms of runaway camp fires, marauding saber tooth tigers or ...
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

How effective is lying down with eyes closed as a substitute for sleep?

Resting, as opposed to sleeping, helps with physical recovery and relaxation, but much of the benefit of real sleep is mental. If I can't sleep, how much, if any, sleep-related benefit is gained by ...
3 votes
0 answers
147 views

How does Free Running Sleep Disorder (FRSD) in humans get treated as of 2020s?

From reading accessible information about Free Running Sleep Disorder (FRSD) in humans, I understand it is a chronic and cyclic sleep disorder of a totally unentrained 24-hours circadian rhythm. ...
11 votes
1 answer
25k views

Do lucid dream eyemasks work?

There seems to be a few eyemasks available that claim to help the wearer achieve lucid dreaming. For example: The NovaDreamer lucid dream mask works by detecting Rapid Eye Movement (REM) while ...
2 votes
0 answers
151 views

How does a nap affect nighttime sleep duration?

How does a nap of the kind that is often recommended – that is, early afternoon and no more than 30 minutes – affect nighttime sleep, especially the duration of nighttime sleep, but also its quality? ...
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Research shows that doing anything in bed other than sleeping can disrupt sleep. What if these other things are done on another bed?

I read this and some other articles stating that you should not do anything in bed except sleep. This includes studying, eating, and watching T.V, because your brain will have a difficult time ...
7 votes
2 answers
181 views

Is there any scientific data showing one can learn while sleeping?

Time is short in the days of learning for me but I like listening to lectures and case studies about code in my field. I've thought about getting a Bluetooth Sleep Headphone to possibly listen to ...
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Why people feel more sleepy while doing something that's not interesting even when they are not actually tired?

We often see people and students yawning while reading a boring course book. But, when told about something interesting, their sleepiness vanishes. Why and how does this happen? What are the exact ...
3 votes
1 answer
121 views

Can meditation be associated to lucid dream?

The principal reason of this question is that I know people that can willingly enter in lucid dream (and so do what they want in it, and wake up when they want). Some of then use EEG (not ...
11 votes
3 answers
580 views

Can lucid dreaming detract from the recuperative effect of REM sleep?

Imagine you mastered lucid dreaming, so you have a lucid dream every night. You might want to use this phase to do creative work or problem solving. Would this have a negative influence on the ...
1 vote
0 answers
81 views

What thoughts should one contemplate to minimize sleep latency?

While trying to fall asleep on night, I was wondering what my strategy would be if I was challenged to a competition where the goal was to fall asleep as fast as possible once I was lying in bed. The ...
3 votes
1 answer
74 views

Is there consciouness when a person is sleeping and not dreaming?

According to Consciouness Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness or of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. I suppose dreaming qualifies as "being aware ...
1 vote
1 answer
8k views

Why didn't I wake up after dying in a dream? [closed]

So I found a lot of articles about the facts why death in dream wakes us up, like that our brain doesn't know what happens after death, or because of the adrenaline and so on... I had two dreams in my ...
24 votes
2 answers
11k views

How long do dreams last?

What is the relationship between time perceived in a dream and time in the external world? Is time running in dreams always faster than the time running in the real world? Is it ratio of real time ...
4 votes
1 answer
171 views

How can someone asleep recognize a very brief sound?

I have a snoring girlfriend. To interrupt her snoring, I make a sound similar to the very brief sound gas makes when opening a soda can or bottle (had a snoring brother, I know this technique works ...
6 votes
0 answers
31 views

While dreaming, are memories replayed faster or slower? [duplicate]

In Chapter 3 of his book Why We Sleep: Unlocking the Power of Sleep and Dreams, Matthew Walker explains "time dilation in dreams": One last temporal distortion deserves mention here—that of time ...
9 votes
1 answer
223 views

Can adults adapt to less sleep?

I am asking whether adults, especially in circumstances like a monastery or Zen center, can become able long-term to sleep only about 4 to 5 hours a night? So, that would mean: no children to care for,...
-1 votes
1 answer
140 views

NREM sleep and REM sleep

Why is the first stage of sleep non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, and why does rapid eye movement (REM) not happen during this first stage, although we remain partially awake?
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

What causes the lack of focus due to sleep deprivation? What are the outcomes of this?

When one is sleepy and one attempt's to work on something cognitively demanding, such as doing algebra in one's head, or trying to imagine a house's interior in detail, what causes the "resistance" to ...