Questions tagged [signal-detection]

For questions concerning the area of psychophysics that deals with discernment of information-bearing stimuli from background noise or other distractions.

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37 views

How to determine an unbiased estimate of threshold in a single-stimulus forced choice experiment?

Objective I need to estimate the unbiased threshold of detectable speed difference in a car-following task. The details are as follows: Experiment Design This experiment was performed in a driving ...
35 views

Is it possible to calculate d prime if no catch trials were done?

I am new to Psychology, particularly the signal detection theory (SDT). Before understanding SDT, I performed an experiment to measure what speed difference between a subject's car and the front ...
31 views

how to correctly determine false alarm rate (in a specific experimental setup)

i have a specific experimental setup (at least i think so :) It's a replication and i don't know how to correctly determine the false alarm rate for the visual fields since in the article i replicate ...
61 views

conservative vs liberal: not related to rate of yes vs no

I am not a psychology major, so forgive me if I'm misusing terms. So on an exam, we had a question about signal detection, and it defined a conservative person as someone who always tend to reply ...
73 views

Independence of criterion and d-prime (psychophysics)

I am reading here, page 5 that d' (d-prime) does not vary with criterion (in contrast to hit rate for instance which does vary with criterion, and which can be a biased measure of a subject's ...
119 views

Understanding the concept behind d-prime

I know that sensitivity (d') is typically calculated as follows: d' = z(Hit Rates) - z (False Alarm Rates) I understand this as the idea is to standardize both distributions, and to then calculate ...
35 views

How to control subject's response bias in 2-interval force choice task

I am using a two-interval force choice (2IFC) task to estimate detection threshold and choose an appropriate signal level for my following experiment, by estimating sensitivity ($d'$) for each signal ...
68 views

59 views

Upwards of what d' values constitute “good” sensitivity?

In signal detection theory, d' (sensitivity) is computed in terms of z-scores, to allow comparison (subtraction) of hit rates from false alarm rates. Even so, the interpretation of the d' is not ...
215 views

Applying signal detection theory to single-stimulus presentations

Normally, signal detection theory (SDT) is applied to data that involves giving two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) responses to pairs of stimuli, for instance saying whether stimulus B was the same ...
112 views

Calculate criterion values for each confidence level (within SDT)

Take a 2AFC task, where people also give a measure of confidence. In the framework of signal detection theory, the criterion values for each confidence level are simply additional criteria, placed on ...
349 views

What are proper EEG frequency bands and electrode placements for imagined speech?

I am doing an EEG experiment about imagined speech recognition. Which frequencies will have the most relevant information? I chose the frequency band [4-40] Hz as a start, mainly because of signal ...
150 views

What are some good references for preprocessing and analysis of the P300 response from EEG data in Python?

I have just started to work on problems in neuroscience on my own. I sought to analyze the P300 response from EEG data because I was trying to understand a Kaggle.com challenge that used it. I found ...
63 views

Is it necessary to read signals and systems before statistical signal processing/ detection theory [closed]

For one who is interested in computational neuroscience and brain computer interface, in university curriculum (e.g. BCCN Berlin), it requires a course in statistical signal processing / signal ...
114 views

What is bispectrum?

I am working on a project that uses EEG signals of the brain to identify emotional states. While surveying the literature, I came across several references where "derived features of bispectrum" are ...
389 views

How to compare brain waves?

I'm a Java developer completely naive of brain waves and such. Could anyone tell me how to compare them? For instance, how can I compare: and this: What fields of study should I focus on? I ...
75 views

Dependency EEG signals from regions of the brain

When we record an EEG signals, we apply an ICA on it. This algorithm assumes that the sources of signals are independent. Could I assume that each region in the brain works independently, i.e., the ...
485 views

Are staircases more efficient than the method of constant stimuli?

A Bayesian Quest adaptive procedure (Watson and Pelli 1983) is the theoretically most efficient procedure for estimating thresholds under a certain, potentially unrealistic, set of constraints. In my ...
365 views

Detect an imagination EEG signal

Is there an EEG brain signal that has specific features resulting from imagination? For example, if a subject sees a car and imagines that the car is moving left. Could we capture this signal and ...
149 views

reading an EEG dataset using EEGLAB

When I'm reading the documentation of importing events in EEGLAB from a file here I have noticed that when we used a stimulus , we must know which time we will apply it , since in the dataset file , ...
126 views

Reference request in Circuit and Signals for Computational Neuroscience

In the area of computational neuroscience, there are basic theories from electric circuits and signal processing to be applied. For background study, which reference will be more suitable ? ...
195 views

Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals

I want to Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals , but it need to make a quiscent periods of recording , So how to make this quiescent periods(i.e the signal has a zero amplitude at ...
6k views

Two different values for criterion in signal detection theory?

I'm a signal detection theory newbie. I have data with a classical SDT design: the participants can answer YES or NO to a question where the correct answer is YES or NO, depending on the presence or ...
1k views

Is there some hierarchy of the human senses?

What I mean by this is to ask if each of the sensory inputs can be quantified by the amount of information the brain is receiving: For example, Brain says: currently receiving 10 packets of visual ...
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In SDT, are there other measures of detection sensitivity besides d'?

The reason I ask is that I often hear of alternate measures of response bias besides β, but have never heard of an alternate measure of detection sensitivity to d'. If there is no other measure of ...
73 views

In SDT, how is an increase in detection sensitivity conceptualised in terms of the movement of the distributions?

Is it conceptualised as the signal distribution moving rightward, or as the noise distribution moving leftward?
100 views

Is there sub-conscious error correction in interpreting heard language?

My personal experience suggests there is a background process taking place when interpreting a partially heard utterance. The sound is taken in, the conscious part of my mind begins the process of ...
682 views

Is there a lot of redundancy in written and spoken language?

I read years ago in a pop science book that written and spoken language can be shown to have a high level of redundancy. The speculation was that this served to allow error correction because language ...