Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given topic. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

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6
votes
2answers
904 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?
0
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0answers
25 views

The 'self' and partitioning of the brain [duplicate]

I would be very grateful if someone could direct me towards any literature on the following thoughts: I have always wondered if my brain were split into 2 and separated while being kept alive and ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What study examined the effect of number of traumatic life events on falling into poverty?

I recall a study that concluded the risk of falling into poverty / homelessness increases dramatically after experiencing 5 (or 7?) traumatic life events, such as Death of a loved one Abandonment by ...
15
votes
3answers
191 views

Is there any study on the effectiveness of taking notes in a lecture vs taking notes on written materials?

In many lectures I heard, I basically copied the lecture notes of the professor from the board into my notebook (I study mathematics). For me those lectures are comparable with going into the library, ...
8
votes
1answer
495 views

Are there any theories suggesting mindfulness is the opposite mental state to self-regulation?

Meditation practice focuses on emotional acceptance (Teper & Inzlicht, 2013), and self-regulation is related to emotional control (Braumeister, 2003). Could someone provide me with pointers to ...
6
votes
1answer
71 views

Reference request for creator of heuristic for processing fMRI data (T.Nichols)

I am using nilearn and nipy package for python processing FMRI data. When computing mask, it says: Compute and write the mask of an image based on the grey level This is based on an heuristic ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Is this Auditory Processing Delay?

Would a person exhibiting some of these symptoms be a candidate for Auditory Processing Delay, or does it possibly suggest some other sort of diagnosis? Some basic symptoms/examples: A seeming ...
11
votes
1answer
204 views

Is there a report of a successfully EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) using image training?

Currently I am involved in constructing an EEG-Based BCI. The goal of the BCI is to control which light in a series of lightbulbs lights up. The plan is to use different images (i.e. a flower versus ...
9
votes
0answers
141 views

Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Brain areas active while learning hierarchical structure of a problem

There are multiple examples in the machine learning literature of trying to learn the hierarchical structure of a reinforcement learning problem, however have there been any papers tying this learning ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the most unified functional model of the hippocampus?

There are many different incremental models of the hippocampus and it's role in learning as shown by a quick search. However, have there been any efforts to combine these various models into a single ...
6
votes
3answers
382 views

Dynamical systems theory as a metaphor in psychology: is it useful or not?

Dynamical systems theory as it is used in the context of developmental psychology, and by some psychoanalysts as in this article or in this video by the first speaker can be described as an attempt to ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Does the brain stop processing data when the eyes move?

I was reading this question and remember back to the 70s when our local newspaper changed formats. In an article about why they made the changes that they did, one of the points they mentioned was ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

How does neurotransmitter distribution and usage vary thought the brain?

I understand that neurotransmitters are used to send signals between neurons in the brain and that some are used for rather specific functions. However, is the exact distribution/concentration/...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Reference request in Circuit and Signals for Computational Neuroscience

In the area of computational neuroscience, there are basic theories from electric circuits and signal processing to be applied. For background study, which reference will be more suitable ? ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there anything in Freudian psychoanalytic theory that is scientifically sound?

I guess this question is quite context dependent, and here in Sweden there is a general movement for more evidence-based psychology. I think one of our biggest medical universities recently abandoned ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Study of recollection of drawings based on labels

I remember stumbling across a very interesting study/experiment a few months ago. Now I want to try to find it again. Unfortunately I cannot for the life of me recall the name of the experiment nor ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the violin)...
6
votes
3answers
211 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form of ...
5
votes
1answer
788 views

How common are visual hallucinations in Schizophrenics?

The typical "Hollywood" representation of Schizophrenia involves vivid visual hallucinations. However, in practice, the dozen or so people with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia I have worked with have ...
6
votes
2answers
580 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
1
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2answers
255 views

does getting top marks and ranks in school or college make one intelligent?

Please do not discuses about IQ tests that have problems like: 2,4,8,16,... what is the next number? having the answer as 32, because one can relate any number of random numbers mathematically! ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

What study showed that humans can successfully detect objects within images once they are able to recognize those objects?

A professor in an online lecture I was watching referenced a study which he said showed that our ability as humans to detect objects within scenes (especially complex scenes) was very much connected ...
10
votes
1answer
487 views

Importance of Neural Synchrony to Cognition

Is there a consensus on whether computation using Neural Synchrony is reasonable or not? In "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmisth cites Yuko Munakata and R. C. O'Reilly as saying that "the ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

What article looked at the relationship between bedtime stories and national productivity?

I've been told of an article about the effects of bedtime stories. The findings of this article are that countries in which the more popular bedtime stories are active were more productive than the ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Where does instinctual knowledge come from?

From Wikipedia: Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. The example that I find is the easiest to touch upon is the ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Who are the main authors who studied meditation with scientific methods?

I wold like to know who are the main authors (and texts) which studied meditation using a scientific method and reported their results in a text that I can use for reference when I'm talking about ...
13
votes
1answer
275 views

Food sharing and mutual aid among the homeless

Since the time of Peter Kropotkin, it's been observed and theorized that cooperation and mutual aid are more common in austere environments. A classic biological example would be slime mold spore-...
10
votes
2answers
149 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
5
votes
2answers
305 views

Where does Freud say, “The unconscious mind can only wish?”

Where does Freud say, "The unconscious mind can only wish?" I've been tasked with either agreeing or disagreeing with this statement, but I cannot find exactly where Freud is said to have made this ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the DSM requirements for 'Paranoid Personality Disorder'?

What are the requirements for Paranoid Personality Disorder as specified by the current revision of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual?
6
votes
1answer
215 views

Book about Asperger's for Asperger's

Is there a book that people with Asperger's can read to better understand their diagnosis and how to cooperate with people?
5
votes
1answer
539 views

Why does optogenetics not mean that perfect brain-computer interfaces are possible?

There have been multiple articles and videos circulating on the Internet claiming that optogenetics has made it possible to have perfect input/output to the brain from a computer. This is obviously ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of ...
0
votes
3answers
111 views

A good place to start learning Behaviorism for a Newbie?

I've developed an interest in Behavioral Psychology. I don't have any background and I'm not taking any Psychology course or anything. I just want to learn. I was wondering if there's a good "...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Reference for beginners: psychology [closed]

I am looking for a book that is not too rigorous but provides a good introduction to psychology as a preparation for a university-level course. Any suggestions? It is an introductory course.
5
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0answers
113 views

Why do certain activities seem to co-occur with well learnt skills?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Book review for “Qualitative Mathematics for the Social Sciences” [closed]

Has anyone read/reviewed this book - Qualitative Mathematics for the Social Sciences? I have been trying to find a credible review on the reliability of the book.
3
votes
1answer
30k views

Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they used....
4
votes
1answer
356 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Does cognitive & behavioral schools have any analysis for “sympathy” & “compassion”? [closed]

The Cambridge Dictionaries define the word compassion as: a strong feeling of sympathy and sadness for the suffering or bad luck of others and a wish to help them A sample might be when you see a ...
1
vote
0answers
939 views

“Please enter alphanumeric characters” or “Please enter letters and numbers”? [closed]

In form entries, what is most commonly understood? "Please enter alphanumeric characters" or "Please enter letters and numbers"
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Muscle tone and default heart rate - psychological conclusions?

I know that muscle tension and heart rate goes up as we get stressed, but what if in normal conditions some have a lower heart rate and muscle tension while others higher? Does this say something ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Is workaholism similar to any addiction or are there other neurological mechanisms at play?

Some people are seemingly 'addicted' to their work and by doing work itself, almost to the point of precluding all other activities and interactions (usually social). By this question, I mean when ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Articles about model of eye movements and trajectories

I need to work with data from an eye tracker. I have raw data about eye coordinates. I need to reconstruct trajectories of eye movements. Since I know modern science has several methods for this task, ...
3
votes
1answer
346 views

What is the psychology of notification colour?

After reading the question What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user, it occurred to me that many notifications (certainly not all) are red, two examples being ...
5
votes
1answer
463 views

Is “Biophysics of Computation” still a good book?

Currently I'm studying mathematics (2nd year) and I think I'm pretty into neuroscience. To "test" this, I purchased Principles of Computational Modelling in Neuroscience and am considering to get ...

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