Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given topic. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Ground a student survey in academic literature

I'm planning to do a survey with students (age around 16) with questions/answer-possibilities that have been 'proven' to be significant indicators of student success/good grades. So, I'm not really ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Which theories explain that given a choice of hard and easy tasks one would pick the easy one?

Which theories deal with cost benefit analysis? For example, given a binary choice of hard and easy tasks (eg. Picking low hanging fruit, stealing what is not bolted down, cheating on a test, taking a ...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

Valence conveyed in simple geometric shapes

I've seen neuroscience and facial recognition studies that give evidence for this idea of simple geometric shapes causing emotional responses or quicker recognition of negative affect. Are there ...
5
votes
3answers
296 views

Which paper or book from cognitive science do you think everyone should read or know about, and why?

I have created a community wiki question to encourage/enable users to share the books or paper from cognitive science that you think is most important for others to read and know about. Please just ...
4
votes
2answers
189 views

Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...
6
votes
2answers
78 views

Provable ROI for call center rest periods?

Think you can help make life better for a nation of call center workers? At a large insurance company, I used to work in the call center for both Auto Claims and then Homeowner Claims, before I was ...
2
votes
1answer
845 views

Are a lot of highly logical people (such as mathematicians) prone to depression? [closed]

In my math and physics classes, half the students are seeing or have seen psychologists because of depression. Based on my experiences I feel that there is a huge correlation between logical people ...
5
votes
3answers
924 views

Can anyone provide a modern source for the average college student IQ of 115?

I've read in various places that the average college student IQ is about 115, and the various estimations of IQ by college major reached by converting SAT to IQ all use 115 as the starting point for ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Text-to-brain literature?

Herff et. al. demonstrate in "Brain-to-text: decoding spoken phrases from phone representations in the brain" a brain-to-text system to map intracranial electrocorticographic recordings to text. I'...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

Cognitive Techniques to train Working Memory?

What are some practical techniques/methods which can be used to train/improve your working memory and what studies have been done on this subject?
3
votes
2answers
76 views

How do mammals estimate the speed of moving objects?

Has there been any research on how mammals predict the speed of moving objects? In particular, how do they integrate top-down information? For instance, do they have greater difficulty estimating the ...
2
votes
1answer
780 views

Bootstrapping in Psychology

I am interested in bootstrap, especially how it's entering the psychologist's world. Boostrapping is used to 'omit' classical assumptions to get statistics. Bootstrapping starts with creating new ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Understanding/Helping an Entrenched “Conspiracy Theorist”

I'm currently interested in gathering information and knowledge related to advanced "conspiracy theorists" to help with challenging/talking/helping them recover. To define a severe/entrenched "...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What are the original paper(s)/reference(s) using lateral inhibition to explain simultaneous contrast? [closed]

I've seen a lot of textbooks and papers explain how lateral inhibition can account for simultaneous lightness contrast, but what is the original theory/papers that I could cite?
1
vote
1answer
148 views

A list of books on the big ideas of psychology [closed]

Can anyone give a list of all the books one should read in order to have a fairly general understanding of psychology, and with somewhat of an emphasis cognitive and evolutionary psychology. I realize ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

Searching for a gender stereotype questionnaire

Reviewing the literature there are certainly several inventories to measure gender stereotype values as, for example, the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975), the Sex-Role ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

Children's progression from counting to addition

How do children progress from counting to addition? I understand that an grasp of counting is achieved before an understanding of cardinality (size of a set of objects). Thus, there does seem to be ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Effect of enactive cognition on gender

I'm doing a PhD in archaeology and assyriology (cuneiform writing; Sumerian language), exploring the process of gendering that deities underwent during the 3rd millennium BC. I'm looking into using ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Are there studies about religious belief similar to the ones about superstition among animals? [closed]

In this question they talk about how animals can develop rituals that they thing have some influence in a particular outcome, when in reality there isn't a real connection whatsoever between the ...
5
votes
1answer
61 views

Neurophysiological mappings of empathy

What biologically plausible models are there of empathy? I know there has been a significant amount of work in defining emotion on a neurophysiological basis using models (I'm currently reading "...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Reinforcement learning for combining production rules

I'm trying to create a system that learns the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The system I'm working off of uses a production system (similar to ACT-R), but uses hard-coded production rules. I know that Neil ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

Moral Foundations Theory and trigger word combinations

Moral foundations theory splits morality into six categories. In his book, The Righteous Mind, Haidt mentioned that looking at church sermons of southern baptist vs less conservative christian Church ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Is it conceivable that even basic human behavior is genetically determinined only to a very limited extent?

I'm wondering whether even basic human behavior (beyond what appears to be directly wired into our nervous systems, like swallowing and face-related mirror neurons) are indeed facilitated by ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Cognitive arguments as rationalizations of emotional processes that preceded them? [duplicate]

I heard the following argument on German talk radio: Modern cognitive science indicates that our conscious arguments are only rationalizations of emotional processes that preceded them. Where ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Which intervention improves the ability to remember names the most?

Is there research about psychological interventions to help the average person remember names? If so, which intervention or interventions have the best evidence base to support them? Are there good ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Transmission of beliefs through networks

I recall seeing references to studies about the spreading of true/false beliefs through social networks. I think this research tends to be grounded in game theory or evolutionary theory (like gene ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Let me preface this with I am a Software Engineer, NOT a neuro-scientist. Please forgive me if my terminology isn't spot on. I am obsessed with using my skills as a computer scientist to help ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

In what areas is kindergarten most effective developmentally?

I expect that state-funded kindergarten and pre-kindergarten would be most effective in areas where there is no state-funded day-care. Additionally, I would expect it to be most beneficial to the ...
7
votes
2answers
97 views

How does oxygen deprivation affect neural activity?

It is increasingly common for someone to regain a heartbeat after a cardiac arrest. During the time that the person is without a heartbeat, and so without circulation, the brain is deprived of oxygen. ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
10
votes
1answer
124 views

Does a recent general review of recurrent neural networks exist?

Does anyone know of a comparatively recent paper reviewing the literature on psychological applications of recurrent neural networks? I'm looking for a paper which provides a general overview of the ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
10
votes
2answers
175 views

What research has been done on brain-to-brain interfaces?

Is there an existing research area focusing on brain to brain interfaces? If so, what are some papers that have been published in this area?
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Continuous Basic EEG analysis [closed]

So, I have continuous EEG data from a control group and a test group. The recording was done while the participants were at rest, so no task was performed. I want to start with some basic analysis, ...
6
votes
2answers
191 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

How does the brain physically get tired?

When engaging in physical work-outs, people often research how regular muscles store energy, how to eat and exercise cleverly so that the exercises actually make them stronger and more healthy instead ...
8
votes
1answer
877 views

How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first sight,...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Evidence for different learning applied to negative and positive feedback [duplicate]

I was consulting a friend of mine while building a cognitive model for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and he mentioned that it's important to note that people respond differently to to positive ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Name this partner selection experiment where participants can see the value of others but not themselves and seek to pair with high value others?

A group of students is given playing cards to put on their head. They do not know the value of their card but can see the value of others. The goal of each student is to partner with the highest ...
10
votes
3answers
383 views

Which area of the brain was first correctly associated with a specific function?

I have read on this website that Broca's area was the first area of the brain to be associated correctly with a specific function, in that case language. But I couldn't find any other source for the ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Do studies exist that can map specimens of neocortex to the functions they perform(ed) in vivo?

Much brain research has proposed that the brain (the neocortex, esp.) is set up in areas - an area for faces, an area for language, etc.. The experiments typically go 1) damage an area 2) observe ...
4
votes
1answer
598 views

best book for cognitive science [closed]

I am computer science student and I have a limited knowledge about cognitive science. What books would give me a good introduction to the area?

1 2 3 4 5 7