Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given statement/conclusion. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

88 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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12
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170 views

Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
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222 views

How do people choose at random?

This question is inspired by one asked at MathOverflow. (These questions at Cognitive Sciences and at Cross Validated might also be relevant.) Are there any studies on what choices humans commonly ...
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166 views

Are there any cutting edge techniques that would enable one to acquire a foreign language at a relatively fast pace?

I am aware of immersion methods as well as mnemonics such as the one Daniel Tammet mentioned in Born on a Blue Day. I read that Kim Peek's lack of corpus callosum enabled his brain to absorb ...
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62 views

Using Vagus Nerve Stimulation to treat Depression

I came across an article written recently concerning the use of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) to treat difficult-to-treat depression (DTD) and other mood disorders (Sackeim, et al. 2020). However, ...
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44 views

Research showing short-term memory interferes with motor planning

Has research shown that keeping information in short-term memory, like two words or two numbers, make planning and completing a physical task more difficult?
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71 views

Is it conceivable that even basic human behavior is genetically determinined only to a very limited extent?

I'm wondering whether even basic human behavior (beyond what appears to be directly wired into our nervous systems, like swallowing and face-related mirror neurons) are indeed facilitated by ...
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115 views

Why do certain activities seem to co-occur with well learnt skills?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
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164 views

What is the neurobiological basis of Spearman general factor of intelligence?

I found a brief intro to the genetic factor of human intelligence: "Biology of human intelligence" by J A Böök (1976). Also it is known that gyrus hipocampii is basis of STM which have role ...
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40 views

Balanced Introduction to CBT and the Science Behind It

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a solid introduction to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - i.e. what it is and the science behind it. I'm having trouble finding anything that isn't written by ...
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67 views

What is the state of the art on the wiring optimisation problem?

One of the earliest neuroscientists, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, postulated that brains are arranged to minimise wire length [1]. In [1] Dmitri Chklovskii and Charles Stevens formulate this problem as ...
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46 views

Recognizing facial expressions

I seem to recall reading an article some number of years ago on a study or set of studies that examined the impact that a story has on the interpretation of facial expressions. Something along the ...
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22 views

Is there research on the effects of praise on the person giving the praise

I've seen a lot of research on the effects of praise on the person receiving the praise. I have not seen anything on the effects of praise on the person providing the praise. Does such research ...
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363 views

Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of Western ...
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65 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
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119 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form of ...
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69 views

Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of ...
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47 views

Does a baby go for the most hard-to-get out of two presented objects?

I'm searching for some reliable source for the following experiment: A baby is placed in front of two identical fruits, one of which is covered by a transparent box. I think I've read that babies ...
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327 views

In what order do people notice another person's attributes (race, age, gender, etc.)

I seem to recall reading some research years ago about what people notice in the first second or so of seeing someone else, and in what order they notice those things. It's something like gender, ...
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1answer
56 views

Analysis of psychology/sociology of fashion?

I'm looking for some good place to start read about sociology of fashion. I guess there are some researches about why people "invented" fashion and is it some natural for human as a biological species ...
4
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1answer
57 views

What happens with stress, if there's distraction before a story reaches it's end?

I remember reading of a study where children were told stories. During the telling of the story tension rose and the heart rate increased. After the story was over the heart rate went back to normal. ...
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24 views

On performing threshold-free-cluster-enhancement permutation tests--in combination with SPM--and then displaying the results on an MNI template

I'm trying out numerous comparison correction methods on my fMRI dataset and I've encountered multiple papers which used threshold free cluster enhancement, which I'd like to incorporate, but I'm ...
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227 views

Feynman's Cargo Cult Science: Young's Rat Experiment Study

In the book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman, the physicist Richard Feynman tells a great short story about bad science being done by scientists who should know better in Cargo Cult Science (which is ...
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65 views

Bouba/Kiki effect - computer-generated 3D shapes

I have seen a research project, where the subjects were presented with shapes to classify in two categories. The shapes were 3D models, some that were "pointy" and some that were "rounded". The ...
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Study purportedly proving psychedelics induce a "heightened state of consciousness"

The Guardian headlines on 28 Nov 2017: "Psychedelic drugs induce 'heightened state of consciousness', brain scans show". Healthy volunteers who received LSD, ketamine or psilocybin, a ...
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Is there a model for designing a tracklist to get the most engaged reaction from a crowd at a rock concert?

At a recent rock concert, I noticed that the "headliner" is almost always preceded by several bands whose job it is to "warm up the crowd," and that during those "opener acts," the crowd does indeed ...
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Is there research that estimates when people think something supposedly random is rigged?

Let’s say you flip a coin three thousand times. If it comes up heads two thousand times, I think it’s safe to say that people will assume this is a rigged coin in spite of the fact that each outcome ...
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87 views

payoff matrix design for games of chance

I am trying to get a foothold into a new area for me. In games of chance (e.g., the lottery or roulette) I would like to understand how to setup the payout matrix. For example, in roulette, there are ...
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44 views

Classic 1960s experiment on "post hoc" / "obvious after the fact" bias

There was a study in the 1960s that presented alternately two plausible hypotheses, I think about the influence of socioeconomic class on something. The subjects were shown fake experimental evidence ...
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59 views

How accurate is a person's estimate of their social networks knowledge?

A lot of studies have been performed on the nature of fake news and it's spread on social media sites: "Perceived social presence reduces fact-checking" "Echo chamber and trench warfare dynamics in ...
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55 views

Effectiveness of audio / video feedback

Hattie & Timperley (2007) mention a meta-analysis about video or audio feedback with a mean effective size of .64 (Table 2 on page 84). They state that this analysis was part of the meta-analysis ...
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71 views

Is there evidence that heterosexual males make 'romantic advances' more often than heterosexual females?

Background: I have constructed a game theoretic model of romantic advances. There are a number of Nash equilibria in this model, distinguished by the frequency with which each sex makes romantic ...
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67 views

Good academic books on temperament theory?

I'm looking for a few books that provide an academic or at least "well-researched" perspective on temperament theory. This could include material on the OCEAN model, or other research into the ...
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85 views

Are Reality Checks in Groups More Effective?

Reality checks are recommended to train the capability for lucid dreaming. Are there studies on the effectivness of reality checks done together with a partner or within a group of people? I think ...
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54 views

In what areas is kindergarten most effective developmentally?

I expect that state-funded kindergarten and pre-kindergarten would be most effective in areas where there is no state-funded day-care. Additionally, I would expect it to be most beneficial to the ...
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85 views

How does neurotransmitter distribution and usage vary thought the brain?

I understand that neurotransmitters are used to send signals between neurons in the brain and that some are used for rather specific functions. However, is the exact distribution/concentration/...
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26 views

Can abstract object representations be associated with a wider range of sounds in comparison to everyday object representations?

I'm looking for some peer reviewed evidence that abstract visuals can be associated with a wide range of sounds when compared to more recognisable visual representations pertaining to everyday objects....
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17 views

In what order are details of a learnt subject forgotten over time?

Consider the following fairly common experience: You take a course on a subject in university or on an educational website such as Coursera. Immediately before or after taking the final exam or ...
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34 views

Risk of mental disability from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome without a postpartum diagnosis

My wife and I are considering adoption of a child whose mother binged alcohol during pregnancy. Part of this very complex and emotional decision for us is understanding the risks that the child will ...
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49 views

Non-binary scores for backward digit span (BDS)

A common test of memory span is to display or utter a sequence of numbers and then request that a candidate being assessed repeat that sequence of numbers in reverse order. Typically, the candidate's ...
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Reliable sources for society trust score?

It seems like that the general public [1,2,3] and some academics [4,5] believe that China is an exemplar society of low-trust. Most of my friends share the same beliefs. However, one data source ...
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39 views

System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
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53 views

What recreational drugs have especially negative interactions with bipolar disorder?

I'm trying to find out which recreational drugs have the biggest negative interactions with BD (bipolar disorder types I and II) but haven't been able to find strong research. I especially ...
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21 views

~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as "others"?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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44 views

Accuracy of visual distance and size perception

Generally speaking it is known that human observers’ perceptions of distances in depth are generally inaccurate. I guess that the accuracy is sometimes a very large degree. To be more specific I am ...
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90 views

Neuralink in depression treatment

In this article there is a statement that Neuralink can help people with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and depression by promptly sending electric pulses into the areas responsible for their ...
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42 views

Are there any documented cases of a delusion remitting when it is allowed to play out?

Shutter Island is a 2010 movie featuring Leonardo DiCaprio in the role of a delusional character who develops and lives an elaborate narrative to avoid facing a harsh truth following a traumatic event....
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71 views

Caffeine any-dose tolerance study

Lifehacker says: A 1995 study suggests that humans become tolerant to their daily dose of caffeine—whether a single soda or a serious espresso habit—somewhere between a week and 12 days. They don'...
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What is an appropriate background for cognitive modeling?

Awhile back, I picked up Cognitive Modeling by Thad A. Polk (published in 2002 by MIT Press - and yes, before anyone points it out, I do realize that that's probably somewhat out of date at this point ...
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67 views

Shipbuilding experiment about leader selection

I heard about an international research that was conducted more than 25 years ago. The following was the experiment: 25 teams, eight members per team, each team member with the same nationality had ...
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67 views

Experiments showing adaptation to growing task complexity

I'm looking for experiments measuring how people manage growing task complexity. For example, consider a task, which on the surface resembles a Go No-go task, with the first instruction: Given ...