Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given topic. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

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15 views

Feynman's Cargo Cult Science: Young's Rat Experiment Study

In the book Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman, the physicist Richard Feynman tells a great short story about bad science being done by scientists who should know better in Cargo Cult Science (which is ...
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19 views

Which paper was it that defined addiction as a release?

I read somewhere that a psychologist in 1949 (or somewhere around that) described sexual addiction as a release. I don't remember the author's name nor the title of the paper. The gist of that ...
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What recreational drugs have especially negative interactions with bipolar disorder?

I'm trying to find out which recreational drugs have the biggest negative interactions with BD (bipolar disorder types I and II) but haven't been able to find strong research. I especially ...
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24 views

Is there any categorization of cognitive abilities based on brain structure and biology?

I'm pretty sure that the answer to the following question is yes : Is there any categorization of cognitive abilities based on brain structure and biology? However, because I'm a newbie, I'm kind of ...
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17 views

Do we humans have an innate perception of what are secure behaviors? If yes, to what extent?

Recently, I heard in a podcast that people enjoy booths or corners in restaurants because we have a natural preference for spaces we deem more secure (e.g. in this case, we can see the rest of the ...
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~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as “others”?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
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25 views

True activity maps of the brain

In a video on the effects of music on the brain Oliver Sack's brain is shown when listening to Bach as opposed to listening to Beethoven: Jokes are made from the off: "Sorry, Beethoven, there's not ...
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1answer
33 views

List of research paper meta information sites

Note: So-called "big-list" questions are occasionally tolerated here; I'm hoping this one will pass muster. I'm looking to compile a list of existing post-publication meta-sites. These would be ...
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11 views

Research on success of guessing the numbers in a sequence

A while ago I read about research (in some blog post) that was proving that people are able to guess numbers from time sequences (to some non-random extent) even though they are unable to explain/...
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36 views

Whole brain death diagnosis and false positive

In view of the increasing need for organ transplants( possibly because of the greater ability of the surgeons and physicians to both execute the transplant, prevent a rejection, and/or diagnose the ...
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19 views

Functional neuronal units that occupy the same brain region

[Thanks to Bryan Krause's advice, I edited the question.] Definition: Let two functional units be two sets of neurons, A and B, such that the probability of being connected (synaptically or by ...
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17 views

How well is biofeedback understood?

From an answer to the question Research suggesting conscious control over brain region activation? I have learned: »[S]ubjects become better at up-regulating or down-regulating activation in ...
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6 views

What are the formal definitions of meaning in the context of psychology and neuroscience according to recent research?

Do the sciences psychology and neuroscience handle the term "meaning" and what are its formal definitions according to recent research?
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1answer
33 views

Neurotransmitters by neuron types

I'm looking for a concise overview table of all types of neurons (whose number is at least in the hundreds) indicating which neurotransmitters they use pre- and post-synaptically (of which there are ...
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26 views

Accuracy of visual distance and size perception

Generally speaking it is known that human observers’ perceptions of distances in depth are generally inaccurate. I guess that the accuracy is sometimes a very large degree. To be more specific I am ...
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1answer
155 views

What challenges the ideasthesia balance theory has to answer?

Ideasthesia "can be defined as a phenomenon in which activation of concepts produces phenomenal experience". The examples vary from the Kiki/Bouba phenomenon applied to (possibly) everyone to actually ...
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2answers
149 views

Summary of meta-analytic correlations between self- and other-report measures

It is well known that the correlation between personality measures obtained from self-ratings and ratings by others are imperfect. There are many different traits that could be rated (e.g., well-being,...
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11 views

Is there a high-quality, academic reference material analyzing the culture of specific peoples?

If I wanted to get a very detailed, nitty-gritty analysis of a culture, say, Turkish, or Swedish, with a discussion of how people in this culture think and act, is there a reference material ...
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33 views

Reason for experiencing electric current flowing through body during sleep from top to bottom [closed]

I know about sleep paralysis and there is several information about it, available over literature. Sleep paralysis is a temporary inability to move or speak that occurs when you're waking up or ...
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2answers
355 views

Relationship between cognitive load and self-indulgent behavior in simple task completion

Background A subject in an office-building setting is asked to memorize a list of numbers and to write them down on a whiteboard in another room on the opposite side of the building. The subject ...
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4answers
2k views

What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the state of the art research of the conscienceness level for high-level cognitive activity?

Everybody knows situations where activities requiring concentration and high level consciousness can over time become a "background" task. For example: you read a text aloud but think about other ...
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38 views

Neuralink in depression treatment

In this article there is a statement that Neuralink can help people with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and depression by promptly sending electric pulses into the areas responsible for their ...
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4answers
16k views

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation or a mental disorder?

There are some different claims being made that pedophilia is a sexual orientation rather than a mental disorder. At the moment there seems to be a growing group of psychologists advocating that ...
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2answers
108 views

Are there some discussions about Buddhism in science?

Buddhists are masters in observing what occurs on their minds, i.e what we call subjective as feelings, thoughts and more first-person stuff. They really seem to understand how inmaterial world works ...
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34 views

Balanced Introduction to CBT and the Science Behind It

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a solid introduction to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - i.e. what it is and the science behind it. I'm having trouble finding anything that isn't written by ...
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9 views

Is there any evidence of like/dislike buttons to society polarization and populism?

Many of us get attracted by number of likes and the easiness of like/dislike information on social media. Is there any research to put this behavioral patterns in context with society polarization ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the effect of mindfulness practice on cognition?

The following article by ScienceDaily reported on a paper in Psychological Science (Mrazek et al., 2013), claiming that mindfulness training led to improved working memory and GRE scores. These ...
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1answer
57 views

Which brain areas are linked to Hyperactivity in ADHD?

I'm looking for some research identifying which brain areas or biological processes are behind specifically the hyperactivity symptoms of ADHD? I have done a preliminary search but most of the ...
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1answer
203 views

Is Jordan Peterson correct when he states that “as societies become more egalitarian, personality differences across genders maximize”?

There are many videos (for example, here, here, and here) where Jordan Peterson claims that as societies become more egalitarian, personality differences across genders increase. He is often stating ...
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3answers
3k views

“Give me a child…” Quote from Skinner?

B.F. Skinner has been quoted all over the place on the internet (e.g. PsychologyDegreeGuide) to say Give me a child and I'll shape him into anything I am starting to think he didn't as I am yet to ...
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1answer
27 views

Categorisation of attributes according to OCEAN

I've read about OCEAN (or The big five or FFM) on Wikipedia and I'm intrigued. I would like to have a categorisation of attributes describing a personality according to the model. Since we have a lot ...
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1answer
55 views

Visual Cortex percentage

Could somebody help please in providing some research papers or a resource book that states how much the visual cortex occupies of our cortex? I am trying to find some reliable source but I couldn't ...
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1answer
12 views

Papers/Resources on the source/process of shame and empathy

I am an economist, and almost all work on shame (very little work has been done on empathy in economics, we typically just jump to some form of altruism) has simply been on observed outcomes. That ...
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3answers
111 views

Please recommend a book about codependency that is not in regards to substance abuse

I would like to find a book that would be helpful to a codependent person with the following criteria. The book focuses on relationships with needy people who don't care for themselves, instead of ...
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15 views

Averaging features in NetStation

Does anyone know any resources on how to look at the averages of first and the second part of an ERP experiment?
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1answer
1k views

What science or psychology is behind the Landmark Forum's coursework?

The Landmark Forum is a self-help seminar focusing on helping individuals to make positive changes in their lives by chaing their point of view and using logic to break down emotions to change the way ...
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64 views

What is the state of the art on the wiring optimisation problem?

One of the earliest neuroscientists, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, postulated that brains are arranged to minimise wire length [1]. In [1] Dmitri Chklovskii and Charles Stevens formulate this problem as ...
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2answers
498 views

Correlation between “mechanical aptitude” and IQ

I am an economist working in labour market issues. It is common in my field to divide jobs between those who are intensive in "manual" tasks and those who are intensive in "cognitive" tasks (e.g. here)...
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28 views

In Transactional Analysis, how can one kill or at least voice down the “Critical Parent” ego state?

The Parent ego state is like a tape recorder full of pre- judged, prejudiced, pre-programmed statements. These "taped" statements can get activated while we are in our Adult or Child and then we can ...
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0answers
63 views

Understanding/Helping an Entrenched “Conspiracy Theorist”

I'm currently interested in gathering information and knowledge related to advanced "conspiracy theorists" to help with challenging/talking/helping them recover. To define a severe/entrenched "...
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0answers
18 views

Looking for a paper: Fear response in a computer generated VR environment

I am writing a paper on why people ascribe certain qualities to certain places. I seem to recall an experiment where the subjects used a virtual reality system to navigate a completely fictional ...
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2answers
149 views

Are there any tests for one's belief or philosophy?

I know of the varying types of personality tests and I find them interesting (specifically HEXACO due to it having multiple facets to expand its 6 main factors and I believe it is open-source or free ...
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0answers
32 views

Does studying multiples subjects in parallel effect performance?

Researches shown that multitasking is really bad. But, does studying multiple subjects in parallel comes under it? Is it okay to switch between the subjects (mathematics, physics, biology, ....) In ...
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1answer
46 views

What time range between 2 measures for test-retest reliability?

How much time between 2 measurements is needed (at least / at most) to be called test-retest reliability? Concrete casus: I am planning a meta-analysis on reliability of various loneliness scales. We ...
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1answer
88 views

How to measure the correlation between “spirituality” and the susceptibility to false memories?

Is there a measurement to correlate "spirituality" (how religious one is) to susceptibility to false memories? What papers or keywords should we look for?
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2answers
149 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
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1answer
70 views

Questions of the type “What do you think he/she would think?”

For a study in the adoption of new technology, my student and I are developing a questionnaire that will poll respondents on their opinions of what their colleagues would think about benefits/problems ...
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1answer
33 views

Looking for a paper: AI in human host

I am searching for a paper where participants were confronted with a (female) person, who gave answers according to a computer algorithm. She had an earpiece that gave her the answers and was trained ...
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1answer
33 views

How fast can stimuli be administered for evoked potentials?

I'm looking for a reference about the ability for sensory stimuli to generate separate evoked potentials in the brain. What is the maximum repetition rate for sensory evoked potentials?

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