Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given statement/conclusion. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

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Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
Artem Kaznatcheev's user avatar
8 votes
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304 views

How do people choose at random?

This question is inspired by one asked at MathOverflow. (These questions at Cognitive Sciences and at Cross Validated might also be relevant.) Are there any studies on what choices humans commonly ...
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Using Vagus Nerve Stimulation to treat Depression

I came across an article written recently concerning the use of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) to treat difficult-to-treat depression (DTD) and other mood disorders (Sackeim, et al. 2020). However, ...
Chris Rogers's user avatar
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Why do certain activities seem to co-occur with well learnt skills?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
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Are there any cutting edge techniques that would enable one to acquire a foreign language at a relatively fast pace?

I am aware of immersion methods as well as mnemonics such as the one Daniel Tammet mentioned in Born on a Blue Day. I read that Kim Peek's lack of corpus callosum enabled his brain to absorb ...
Sniper Clown's user avatar
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Research showing short-term memory interferes with motor planning

Has research shown that keeping information in short-term memory, like two words or two numbers, make planning and completing a physical task more difficult?
Lynne 's user avatar
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Is it conceivable that even basic human behavior is genetically determinined only to a very limited extent?

I'm wondering whether even basic human behavior (beyond what appears to be directly wired into our nervous systems, like swallowing and face-related mirror neurons) are indeed facilitated by ...
Lenar Hoyt's user avatar
5 votes
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What is the neurobiological basis of Spearman general factor of intelligence?

I found a brief intro to the genetic factor of human intelligence: "Biology of human intelligence" by J A Böök (1976). Also it is known that gyrus hipocampii is basis of STM which have role ...
ICanFeelIt's user avatar
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Balanced Introduction to CBT and the Science Behind It

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a solid introduction to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - i.e. what it is and the science behind it. I'm having trouble finding anything that isn't written by ...
nothingIsMere's user avatar
4 votes
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What is the state of the art on the wiring optimisation problem?

One of the earliest neuroscientists, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, postulated that brains are arranged to minimise wire length [1]. In [1] Dmitri Chklovskii and Charles Stevens formulate this problem as ...
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Recognizing facial expressions

I seem to recall reading an article some number of years ago on a study or set of studies that examined the impact that a story has on the interpretation of facial expressions. Something along the ...
Malachi's user avatar
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Is there research on the effects of praise on the person giving the praise

I've seen a lot of research on the effects of praise on the person receiving the praise. I have not seen anything on the effects of praise on the person providing the praise. Does such research ...
Elliott's user avatar
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Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of Western ...
matyyyy's user avatar
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Are Reality Checks in Groups More Effective?

Reality checks are recommended to train the capability for lucid dreaming. Are there studies on the effectivness of reality checks done together with a partner or within a group of people? I think ...
draks ...'s user avatar
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Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
Seanny123's user avatar
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What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form of ...
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Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of ...
darshandzend's user avatar
4 votes
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Does a baby go for the most hard-to-get out of two presented objects?

I'm searching for some reliable source for the following experiment: A baby is placed in front of two identical fruits, one of which is covered by a transparent box. I think I've read that babies ...
PetaspeedBeaver's user avatar
4 votes
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In what order do people notice another person's attributes (race, age, gender, etc.)

I seem to recall reading some research years ago about what people notice in the first second or so of seeing someone else, and in what order they notice those things. It's something like gender, ...
Oliver Hulett's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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Analysis of psychology/sociology of fashion?

I'm looking for some good place to start read about sociology of fashion. I guess there are some researches about why people "invented" fashion and is it some natural for human as a biological species ...
Paul's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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What happens with stress, if there's distraction before a story reaches it's end?

I remember reading of a study where children were told stories. During the telling of the story tension rose and the heart rate increased. After the story was over the heart rate went back to normal. ...
Christian's user avatar
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On performing threshold-free-cluster-enhancement permutation tests--in combination with SPM--and then displaying the results on an MNI template

I'm trying out numerous comparison correction methods on my fMRI dataset and I've encountered multiple papers which used threshold free cluster enhancement, which I'd like to incorporate, but I'm ...
Parry's user avatar
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Bouba/Kiki effect - computer-generated 3D shapes

I have seen a research project, where the subjects were presented with shapes to classify in two categories. The shapes were 3D models, some that were "pointy" and some that were "rounded". The ...
Stefan's user avatar
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Study purportedly proving psychedelics induce a "heightened state of consciousness"

The Guardian headlines on 28 Nov 2017: "Psychedelic drugs induce 'heightened state of consciousness', brain scans show". Healthy volunteers who received LSD, ketamine or psilocybin, a ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
71 views

Is there a model for designing a tracklist to get the most engaged reaction from a crowd at a rock concert?

At a recent rock concert, I noticed that the "headliner" is almost always preceded by several bands whose job it is to "warm up the crowd," and that during those "opener acts," the crowd does indeed ...
Caleb Jay's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is there research that estimates when people think something supposedly random is rigged?

Let’s say you flip a coin three thousand times. If it comes up heads two thousand times, I think it’s safe to say that people will assume this is a rigged coin in spite of the fact that each outcome ...
Zenon's user avatar
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payoff matrix design for games of chance

I am trying to get a foothold into a new area for me. In games of chance (e.g., the lottery or roulette) I would like to understand how to setup the payout matrix. For example, in roulette, there are ...
StrongBad's user avatar
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3 votes
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Classic 1960s experiment on "post hoc" / "obvious after the fact" bias

There was a study in the 1960s that presented alternately two plausible hypotheses, I think about the influence of socioeconomic class on something. The subjects were shown fake experimental evidence ...
puslet88's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
60 views

How accurate is a person's estimate of their social networks knowledge?

A lot of studies have been performed on the nature of fake news and it's spread on social media sites: "Perceived social presence reduces fact-checking" "Echo chamber and trench warfare dynamics in ...
Seanny123's user avatar
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3 votes
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Effectiveness of audio / video feedback

Hattie & Timperley (2007) mention a meta-analysis about video or audio feedback with a mean effective size of .64 (Table 2 on page 84). They state that this analysis was part of the meta-analysis ...
Stephan Kulla's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
84 views

Is there evidence that heterosexual males make 'romantic advances' more often than heterosexual females?

Background: I have constructed a game theoretic model of romantic advances. There are a number of Nash equilibria in this model, distinguished by the frequency with which each sex makes romantic ...
user12858's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
77 views

Good academic books on temperament theory?

I'm looking for a few books that provide an academic or at least "well-researched" perspective on temperament theory. This could include material on the OCEAN model, or other research into the ...
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3 votes
0 answers
55 views

In what areas is kindergarten most effective developmentally?

I expect that state-funded kindergarten and pre-kindergarten would be most effective in areas where there is no state-funded day-care. Additionally, I would expect it to be most beneficial to the ...
Seanny123's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
87 views

How does neurotransmitter distribution and usage vary thought the brain?

I understand that neurotransmitters are used to send signals between neurons in the brain and that some are used for rather specific functions. However, is the exact distribution/concentration/...
Seanny123's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
26 views

Can abstract object representations be associated with a wider range of sounds in comparison to everyday object representations?

I'm looking for some peer reviewed evidence that abstract visuals can be associated with a wide range of sounds when compared to more recognisable visual representations pertaining to everyday objects....
user1423893's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
14 views

Do psychological effects of sex discrimination have measurable effects on police-officer safety or productivity?

I would assume that sexual harassment and discrimination in the workplace are correlated with workers' productivity and self-reported sense of well-being. I am not particularly familiar with the ...
bdb484's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Do messages joking about suicide increase likelihood of suicide?

I remember a time (back in high school) where it was considered normal for someone to joke about suicide (themselves or others) when something mildly annoying happened. Eventually as we grew up, it ...
user400188's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
12 views

Research on building associations through sensory cues for practical applications in the literature

I recently came across an episode of Crowd Control where the showrunners placed distinct visual, aural, and olfactory clues in zones of a parking lot to assist individuals in locating their cars more ...
Hyperbo Lee's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
44 views

Are humans more attracted to numbers or words, and what can that tells us about how we communicate?

I'm wondering if there's any peer-reviewed evidence which suggests whether humans scan numbers or words first when both are presented at the same time. For instance, if we had a sheet of paper where ...
inesrebelop's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
68 views

Effect of philosophy on mental health

Philosophy involves trying to understand the world around us, and our thoughts, and ideas in general rigorously. This would lead to a lot of thinking about our ideas and feelings. This feels similar ...
Ishan Kashyap Hazarika's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

Recent cognitive science research on ambiguity and learning mathematics?

I am taking a graduate cognitive science course, but cognitive science is not my main area of focus. The methods I primarily use to study mathematics learning/education are within the realm of ...
user31861's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
71 views

What is a good introductory textbook for neuroscience at the advanced undergraduate or early graduate level?

I'm interested learning about the brain from a multifaceted perspective, i.e. I would like to learn about the basics of structure (anatomy) as well as function, and also a little bit of the ...
Joebevo's user avatar
  • 449
2 votes
0 answers
63 views

Reducing self-selection bias by controlling for motivation to fill in the survey

The self-selection bias refers to the overrepresentation of people willing to participate in research among studies' participants. The bias could be particularly relevant in surveys relevant to ...
Probably's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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In what order are details of a learnt subject forgotten over time?

Consider the following fairly common experience: You take a course on a subject in university or on an educational website such as Coursera. Immediately before or after taking the final exam or ...
PKG's user avatar
  • 273
2 votes
0 answers
41 views

Risk of mental disability from Fetal Alcohol Syndrome without a postpartum diagnosis

My wife and I are considering adoption of a child whose mother binged alcohol during pregnancy. Part of this very complex and emotional decision for us is understanding the risks that the child will ...
quant's user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Non-binary scores for backward digit span (BDS)

A common test of memory span is to display or utter a sequence of numbers and then request that a candidate being assessed repeat that sequence of numbers in reverse order. Typically, the candidate's ...
Rodrigo de Azevedo's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
16 views

Reliable sources for society trust score?

It seems like that the general public [1,2,3] and some academics [4,5] believe that China is an exemplar society of low-trust. Most of my friends share the same beliefs. However, one data source ...
High GPA's user avatar
  • 171
2 votes
0 answers
51 views

System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
Imesh Waasala's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
64 views

What recreational drugs have especially negative interactions with bipolar disorder?

I'm trying to find out which recreational drugs have the biggest negative interactions with BD (bipolar disorder types I and II) but haven't been able to find strong research. I especially ...
Jeremy Hadfield's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
24 views

~20% threshold for perceiving minority populations as "others"?

Many years ago I read an article that said something along the lines of minority populations stop being "noticed" when they cross a threshold of something like 20%. Below 20% or so they are perceived ...
emmby's user avatar
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