Questions tagged [psychiatry]

The discipline of medicine which focuses on the treatment of mental disorders, using a combination of pharmacotherapy, behavioral ("talk") therapy, and innovative experimental therapies (e.g., transcranial magnetic stimulation).

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599 views

What does “oddly related” mean in a mental status exam?

Mental Status Exams done by psychiatrists often include a description of the "relatedness" of a patient. Sometimes, patients are described as "oddly related." What is "...
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What is the neurological basis for the association between Bipolar type 2 and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)?

Bipolar disorder type 2 and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is regularly seen together. What is the neurological explanation for this?
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Can people fake mental illness to gain sympathy?

In the last decade, a lot of famous personalities and celebrities have opened up about suffering from mental disorders, largely depression. This has caused the younger generation to accept and seek ...
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Can anticholinergics like benztropine be used to treat Catatonia?

I found an old paper describing a case study where a catatonic patient was successfully treated with benztropine (Cogentin). However, I can't find any modern guidelines that calls for this treatment (...
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Do SSRIs have dose-dependent efficacy?

According to First Aid for the Psychiatry Clerkship 5e on SSRIs: There is no correlation between plasma levels and efficacy or side effects. However, according to Psychiatry 3e by Cutler: A general ...
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Are there any sources on how many of patients with mental illness were hospitalized several times?

I was wondering how likely it is for someone with an mental illness like depression that after he is released is hospitalized again. Could you expect that someone who is released is never in the need ...
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What mental health corpuses exist for natural language processing research?

Is there a corpus (a labeled collection of documents) for the forms used in various psychiatric tests (Beck Depression Inventory, Addiction Severity Index, PTSD Checklist, etc) and their item-level ...
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Could a psychiatrist have their license revoked for using a new type therapy procedure on patients?

I'm a writer and, in this story I'm currently writing, a psychiatrist researches a new therapy method before finally testing it on his patients. My plan, however, was to eventually have his license ...
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recommendations for good books focusing on the reward system, motivation and addiction

As the title states, I would like to get recommendations for some good reads about the brain's reward system, motivation and addiction. In particular I'm looking for a book that assumes no ...
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Is a return to previous personality possible in Schizophrenia?

I'm reading Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice by German E. Berrios and John R. Hodges (2000). The section on The Ganser Syndrome has this table (from page 449) contrasting Schizophrenia and ...
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On what basis do professionals who recognize gender dysphoria support risky and permanent medical intervention for those seeking gender re-assignment?

Before I pose my question, here are some statements from a slideshow on "Understanding Gender Nonconformity in Childhood and Adolescence" by Robert Garofalo, attributed to the Children's ...
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Relationship and differences between psychosomatic, somatoform and idiopathic disorders

I'm really confused because it seems to me these terms overlap to some extent. Psychosomatic disorder psychosomatic adj. 1. of or pertaining to a physical disorder that is caused or notably ...
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Can we change a particular addiction into another addiction?

My current knowledge about dopamine and serotonin came from a series of articles and web pages, a few videos also. As per my knowledge and readings I know that addiction is about reward, a person’s ...
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Is pedophilia a sexual orientation or a mental disorder?

There are some different claims being made that pedophilia is a sexual orientation rather than a mental disorder. At the moment there seems to be a growing group of psychologists advocating that ...
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Can SSRI make things worse in the long term or cause delayed depression?

I found two articles that mention that taking SSRI for depression can actually make the depression worse. "Now Antidepressant-Induced Chronic Depression Has a Name: Tardive Dysphoria" on Psychology ...
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Is “gaslighting” a mainstream concept in the cognitive sciences?

The term "gaslighting" (referring to abusive manipulation of the facts to confuse victims) is common in pop-psychology sources, and I have friends who report that their psychologists or psychiatrists ...
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204 views

Is there a mental health disorder related to a harmful lack of anxiety and stress?

Ataraxia is the freedom from distress or worry in ancient Greek philosophy. However, emotions play a vital role in motivation and decision making. Many disorders relate to having excessive emotional ...
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Is there a known reason why people feel a bit bad after other people do something for them?

There's an Thai word: kreng jai (the feeling of not wanting to disturb/inconvenience another person, or feeling uneasy due to your own request of someone) Likewise in Burmese the word "anade" which ...
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Is it possible for a “false positive” medical diagnosis to be voided or expunged later? [closed]

In general, if a diagnosing clinician makes a grave error in diagnosis, is it possible to later invalidate the diagnosis on the basis of insufficiency, lack of evidence, poor judgment, or other ...
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Do schizophrenics tend to believe they were gaslighted?

It would seem to me that it would be hard for a single person to manipulate a mentally stable into thinking they have schizoid problems. One might quickly become suspicious if the supposed delusions ...
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Patterns in psychosomatic pains

In the case of somatoform disorders, when considering such a disorder where seeing the scenes of the surroundings and sensing a series of psychosomatic pains in a specific way, is there a name for ...
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Do psychiatrists and researchers themselves don't have an idea how antidepressants work?

This question may be seen as an extension of my previous question, here. I was talking to a person online where s/he mentioned that psychiatrists themselves don't have an idea as to how SSRIs work. ...
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Sadistic personality disorder, psychopathy and correlation with violence

Going through some article, it seems the differences between the descriptions for sadistic personality disorder and psychopathy is minimal, if at all existent. In the first article it appears the ...
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Understanding/Helping an Entrenched “Conspiracy Theorist”

I'm currently interested in gathering information and knowledge related to advanced "conspiracy theorists" to help with challenging/talking/helping them recover. To define a severe/entrenched "...
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Is there any empirical support to “chemical imbalance theory” for mental illness?

Has it been proved by measurement of chemicals in the brain that psychiatric disorders have either their origin or continuance due to chemical imbalance in the brain? I saw the documentary Diagnostic &...
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Popular science books introducing therapeutic use of psychedelic drugs

I'm not a psychologist nor a psychiatrist, but I have the impression that research of therapeutic use of psychedelic drugs (MDMA, LSD, DMT, etc) is undergoing a revival and is very slowly being ...
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Is there a mental disorder in which one is unable to determine personal preferences, and as a result, is a cause of great distress?

I know that our preferences and tastes help shape our behaviors and what activities we willingly engage in, but I also know that being faced with indecision is a common feature of the human experience....
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Day and month of 1980 DSM-III publication

I cannot for the life of me find the exact date -- day, month, year -- for the original DSM-III publication. The Google Citation, Amazon info, APA page, and others only list 1980. Does anyone know? ...
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Can a person with delusions completely acknowledge their delusions

I wanted to ask a question for a story I'm writing; Can a person with delusions completely acknowledge that they have delusions? For example, if someone claims that for a long time he believed ...
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Meditation for patients with neuroleptic induced tension

Patients taking antipsychotic (neuroleptic) drugs often suffer from some kind of discomfort or tension. This can manifest as a neuroleptic induced dysphoria, akathisia, or some kind of anxiety. Is ...
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Sex With Ghosts - Possible Clinical Diagnoses

Spectrophilia, is described by Wikipedia as the sexual attraction to ghosts or sexual arousal from images in mirrors, as well as the phenomenon of sexual encounters between ghosts and humans. A quick ...
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Unknown unit/mL

In the book Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: Clozapine. Clozapine (Clozaril) levels are trough levels determined in the morning before administration of the morning dose of medication. ...
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154 views

Can bipolar develop in childhood?

Is it possible to develop bipolar in childhood? Does the same diagnostic criteria for bipolar in adults apply for children?
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What personality disorders is schema therapy successfully used for?

Schema therapy is a cognitive therapy based on people developing so-called "schemas" (as far as I understand, patterns of cognition and behavior) early in their lives and then using these schemas to ...
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What percentage of those diagnosed with schizophrenia didn't have brain abnormalities?

Scientists in a wide study of subcortical brain abnormalities from the ENIGMA Consortium, Schizophrenia Working Group, published in Molecular Psychiatry, analyzed the brain scans of more than 2,000 ...
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Have there been followups to the Rosenhan Experiment?

The famous Rosenhan experiment of 1973 showed that doctors in asylums routinely misdiagnosed normal people with various psychiatric disorders. Have any followup studies been done to confirm these ...
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486 views

Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed by any amount of counselling/self-help?

I am asking this question because I recently observed something within myself:- I think I used to be a Borderliner plus Bipolar. I was very sensitive, and slightest of events will either induce mania ...
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What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
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Names of branches of neuroscience and related fields dealing with hunger, taste, attachment, and digestion, and their relationship to other perception

I would like to know what the branches of neuroscience, cognitive science, psychology, and psychiatry related to what happens when the tongue touches and other possible related mouth sensors, touch, ...
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60 views

Criteria for Something to be Considered a Mental Disorder

I know this will probably be closed for being broad, but I think it certainly has an answer. What are the criteria for something to be considered a mental disorder? Does a disorder need to be ...
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How many diagnosable mental disorders are included in the DSM?

This Wikipedia page says: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is the American Psychiatric Association's standard reference for psychiatry which includes over 450 ...
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Why aren't any advancements being made in physically diagnosing Bipolar and other psychiatric disorders?

I was involved in a discussion where somebody had asked if others had thoughts of doing risky things during their manic episodes. Two people commented, including myself. I worried that only relying on ...
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How do auditory and visual hallucinations differ within the brain?

I asked this question. It occurs to me that auditory hallucinations may well be generated in a different part of the brain to visual hallucinations. From my understanding, some hallucinations involve ...
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Difference between panazep and lupizep

When panazep did not work to reduce anxiety in me the psychiatrist prescribed lupizep. Since both contained the same ingredients Paroxetine and Clonazepam in the same amount I asked the doctor about ...
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Is getting trapped in an asylum a realistic scenario?

In various movies, most recently Unsane (2018), a scenario is painted in which a healthy person gets committed and trapped in an insane asylum and the caretakers there are more or less indifferent to ...
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Name of sound-induced-hunger condition

When I was a student I used to notice that towards supper time, whenever I would go from my quiet study space to a place where people were talking, it people started to tell in my quiet space, i would ...
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360 views

What psychological disorders have frequent and rapid anger outbursts? [closed]

I'm interested in the mechanism behind a personality that can outburst anger rapidly and consistently for a long period. I've done some research and stumbled upon this issue described by multiple ...
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In psychiatry, what does double-bookkeeping mean?

TL;DR What does double bookkeeping mean? +1 for sharing stories about your Tappy Tappy (Talbott) has always been a tad odd, but who'd blame him, right? The guy took a whole bunch of tropane ...
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Why is schizophrenia a thought disorder and bipolar a mood disorder?

Examining two major mental illnesses that are, loosely, grouped by mood and thought. Schizophrenia is regarded as an illness associated with thought disorder. Bipolar is regarded as a mood ...
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Do the feelings related to Transference always originate from parents?

As I understand, Transference is a phenomenon which is related to human behavior where humans unconsciously redirect/transfer their feelings about a subject in the past to apply it to a subject in ...