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Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

For questions about this branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, consciousness and their relationship to neurobiology.

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The possible purpose or benefit of psychedelic drugs on the psyche

The purpose or benefits of psychedelic drugs (LSD, Mushrooms, Mescaline, DMT, etc) could well be the same as dreaming. Traveling in the unconcious and bringing to surface every unprocessed experience ...
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96 views

Differentiations of Imposter Syndrome

How can Imposter Syndrome be differentiated from actually possessing its symptoms? For example, one of the symptoms is the feeling that the person does not possesses extra intelligence, but that they ...
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How do we imagine? How do images have qualia?

After reading a bit about qualia and hard problem of consiousness, I came up to theoretical solution. The reason why we have this problem is because we can imagine. We can imagine an object visible to ...
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What might be the daily experience of someone who does not have an orientation association area?

The orientation association area gives us a sense of our body in time and space. What would it be like without this part of the brain assuming everything else works normally? Can the brain separate ...
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Is there an explanation for concepts or situations that are repeated within a short amount of time? [duplicate]

I know that the title is not really clear. That's because I don't know what i'm searching for, unfortunately. Let me explain with an example: Yesterday i was watching a youtube video , more precisely ...
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1answer
140 views

Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
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Knowability of “repressed” in Freud's theory

Both Popper and Grünbaum took issue with Freud's theory, but they critiqued it for different reasons, in which the main difference seems (to me) to come down to this: Popper interprets Freud as ...
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Is there any evidence that less thinking about future improves mental health?

Recently I've heard a lecture about the philosophy of minimalism and the rethor argued that it's better not to think much about what you're going to do in the near future for example in form of ...
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What is the point of living a life if we're all going to eventually die? [closed]

So I've had this question over the past week since New Years. I am currently 21 years old and yea, time flies so fast. New years just feels like one year closer to death. Can you believe it? The ...
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1answer
87 views

What are the differences between Orch OR and Hartley's vibratiuncles?

Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff have a theory called Orgastrated Objective Reduction or Orch OR, and they claim this has been confirmed. The article says: "The origin of consciousness reflects ...
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Our brain and mirror? [closed]

What actually happens in our brain or mind when we see our own self in mirror? How our brain responds to seeing ourselves in mirror? Are their any positive effects of this action towards our mind?
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Why is IIT “unmotivated”?

I'm trying to understand Searle's reply to Tononi and Koch's objections to Searle's characterization of their Intergrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness. Although I do understand why IIT ...
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1answer
176 views

What is a belief, and how does it differ from an opinion?

While many theories in cognitive science rely on the concept of a "belief" I do not see much on the definition of a belief or how it compares to other mental states. What is a belief, and how does it ...
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5answers
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Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

Philosopher Wittgenstein says that "the limit of my language means the limit of my world". One theory that supports this statement is that people couldn't see the blue colour until they have the word ...
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1answer
138 views

Is a network of neurons the only factor in memory?

Background I'm actually writing a science fiction novel set a couple decades in the future. Brains are not my field. I've done as much research as I could. In the story, the protagonist finds out he ...
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3answers
276 views

Is prior experience necessary to perceive the Kanizsa triangle illusion?

We know the Kanizsa Triangle. Kanizsa Triangle I was socialized in a "western" world, where I learned mathematics for about 13 years; I have designed products surrounding me using geometric forms ...
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What does pregnancy dreams mean? [closed]

I had a weird dream about my boobs being as hard as a morning stiffy oh and for some reason thinking of my fiancee in the same dream made me pregnant and I was still stuck ...
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129 views

Is there a difference in the perception of time in animals of different size?

Do small animals see the events surrounding them as going faster or slower in comparison to bigger creatures, such as us humans? Are those surrounding events appear to happen at a different speed for ...
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Can curiosity be described as an emotion?

Can curiosity be described as an emotion? On one hand it is definitely an emotion in the sense that is a feeling. IT feels like you want to know something. Furthermore, it can be pleasant or ...
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Consciousness and neural grafting [closed]

You have two friends: Alice and Bob. Suppose you have a way to remove a healthy neuron from Alice's brain and conserve it in some safe place. And, viceversa, suppose you have a way to graft this ...
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3answers
277 views

How can a persons good or bad be accurately measured?

The majority of people who think certain people are bad people are usually because they have been exposed to the bad things they do or also because they measure how bad they are based on only the bad ...
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3answers
161 views

Disprove that Humans are selfish

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
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2answers
103 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
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1answer
118 views

A list of books on the big ideas of psychology [closed]

Can anyone give a list of all the books one should read in order to have a fairly general understanding of psychology, and with somewhat of an emphasis cognitive and evolutionary psychology. I realize ...
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1answer
62 views

If we do not consciously perceive a sound at a time, can we sometimes still later consciously recall it?

You all probably know the thought experiment, 'If a tree falls in the forest and no one is their to hear it, does it make a sound?'. But if we take that one step further and ask 'If we are not ...
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How to display Talairach Image in AFNI correctly?

I am using AFNI to display Talairach image, that is anat+tlrc.BRIK & anat+tlrc.HEAD . But the AFNI only shows part of the image. It looks like this: AFNI is ...
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1answer
779 views

Does anyone know how to explain Quinian bootstrapping process by Carey to a layperson (like me)?

I've been trying my best to understand what Quinian bootstrapping is, by reading scientific articles on this topic, but I come across more and more philosophical concepts like "sortals" or similar. ...
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1answer
61 views

is it true that people who code think differently? [duplicate]

I code websites and I believe the way I think is totally different from most of the others. Not that I think in a better way(a possibility though) but I'm only saying "differently". Do you think it's ...
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2answers
104 views

Are action potentials necessary for experience?

We know that, for example, during brain surgery, electrical stimulation in certain parts of the cortex is sufficient for experience, and result in reportable experiences in human subjects. We also ...
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3answers
91 views

Is spiritual enlightenment a valid way attempting to understand the universe and consciousness [closed]

Are traditional methods of spiritual enlightenment such as Zen, Buddist, etc accepted by psychologists as valid ways of further understanding the workings of consciousness, Or is it considered too ...
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41 views

Paradox or contradiction? [closed]

If someone does not believe in ghosts, for example, why do they experience feelings of fear at the thought of such things? Is such thinking paradoxical?
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1answer
158 views

Has the inverted spectrum thought experiment ever been conducted (and if not, why)?

The inverted spectrum thought experiment posits that you (the subject) wake up one morning to find that your colour spectrum (or some part of it anyway) has inverted. This experiment has important ...
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1answer
189 views

How does the physical brain know about qualia?

Qualia are phenomenological (the subjective experience of the physical activity of the brain). But how does phenomenology feed back into the activity of the brain? That is, how can the physical ...
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1answer
84 views

How close is it to reality in future of consciousness to be transferable as shown in the movie Chappie?

This question was inspired by the most creative thing ever to come up in a movie, namely the transfer of a consciousness from one body to another (may it be biological, or via non-biological methods). ...
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1answer
213 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
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1answer
315 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
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Brain Theory and Paradigm

In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...
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4answers
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Why do humans need emotions?

If the emotions' only purpose is to stimulate certain behavior, why can't this task just as effectively, or even more effectively be done by the reasoning part of the brain? Are emotions really ...
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1answer
236 views

Is volition a reality or an illusion?

Keeping religious sentiments aside, here is a question raised on the Buddhism SE that attempts to answer a similar question from the Buddhist point of view. You see, Buddhism has a concept of anatman ...
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1answer
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Are there any studies (fMRI scans, etc) showing why some people (supposedly) are more open to hypnotism?

In this article published in Harper's magazine back in 1996, journalist David Foster Wallace described his experience with hypnotist Nigel Ellery (see the last section of the article, titled "THE ...
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1answer
286 views

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature?

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature or do some 'mental' components ( that is some form of conceptual 'conditioning' caused directly or indirectly or 'subconsciously' by the ...
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1answer
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Regarding the mind and what it can affect

About the question 'Can the mind mind affect the brain?': Some responses are 'no' because the mind is a physical 'thing' or structure (if I read it correctly). Yet if the Mind is only a physical ...
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10answers
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Can the mind affect the physical brain? - a simple thought experiment

Scientists maintain that "a physical action requires a physical cause". However, if I am in deep thought about my dead spouse, for example, and a tear comes to my eye, how is it that the mind (thought)...
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2answers
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Is the consciousness currently in oneself the same as the consciousness that used to be or in the future will be in oneself?

People seem to believe that one's consciousness is a "different" consciousness than that of others, but the "same" consciousness as the one that has been in one's body in the past and the one that ...
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1answer
179 views

Is meaning-seeking behavior a biological optimization problem?

In short, I'm interested in cognitive, neuroscientific, biological and/or computational perspectives on what we vaguely refer to as meaning seeking. Of course, this is a large topic, but any ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the most comprehensive system of describing human emotions or states of mind?

Reading about the human mind, I sometimes come across attempts to classify human emotions using various scales. The one that comes to mind most often is the 6 scale circle model shown below. Is ...
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1answer
4k views

Why do we see unknown people and places in dreams?

People often see unknown things, places, and people in their dreams. How is it possible to have such perceptions in our dreams that go beyond our actual experiences and memories?
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1answer
61 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore neuro-...
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668 views

How does subjective experience arise from matter?

Forgive me for lacking rigor, but if what I know is correct, it is established that consciousness and other higher functions characteristic of humans are a consequence of our cortex, specifically ...
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375 views

Why aren't Connectionism and Dynamicism considered part of the Computational Theory of the Mind?

In the Wikipedia article for Computational Theory of the Mind (NOT to be confused with Computational Representational Understanding of Mind which includes Connectionism), it is mentioned that ...