Questions tagged [philosophy-of-mind]

For questions about this branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, consciousness and their relationship to neurobiology.

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What happens inside our brain when we concentrate?

What happens inside our brain when we concentrate(meditate) and why a person find difficult to continuously concentrate for a long time I mean why one need break after working/studying for a given ...
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Calibrated levels of lower mind consciousness and it’s role on the physical experience of ego emotions

As you ascend through lower levels of consciousness your perception is dominated by the ego mind. Since you can experience different negative emotional states at the same point in the evolution of ...
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Concept of shared experience

Michael Stevens/VSauce summarized one aspect he realized after a 3 days isolation experiment as follows: .. being able to talk to people and share my experiences - I realized how important that ...
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How a living being (a huge collection of atoms) perceive things? [duplicate]

How a series of physical and chemical events leads to a very non physical/ intangible perception? For example, let's say a certain wavelength of light falls on the retina of my eyes, then the sensory ...
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61 views

Could bioinfomatics explain consciousness?

There's a theory that consciousness is the result of information processing. Many speculate based on this that the brain is conscious because it is processing information. If this theory of ...
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Would Newspeak actually work for what the Party intends it for?

In George Orwell's novel 1984 the ruling Party is creating a "new version" of English, called Newspeak, which focuses on removing any and all parts of the language which can be used to express any ...
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2answers
63 views

What can coma patients report about their experiences - if anything?

Coma is correlated to a significant inactivity of the cerebral cortex and the reticular activating system, while other parts of the brain - e.g. the limbic system - might still show considerable ...
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1answer
119 views

Does monism imply that computers can have consciousness?

According to The Basic Theory of the Mind, the mind is not a different entity from the brain, but an emergent property of the brain. Based on this assertion, can it be concluded that computers and ...
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why we failed to convince our own mind by reasoning and rational arguments over mental illness like depression, anxiety, phobia?

For example, one of my friend has fear of heights, even if there is a strong glass window and no reason for him to fall off. He is even aware and admits his fear is irrational. Many may say it’s in ...
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Can one use self-hypnosis or subliminal messages to wipe out selected memories from my brain (i.e. selective permanent amnesia)?

Is it possible to use self-hypnosis or subliminal messages to completely forget certain memories from one's brain, to cure from mental disorders as PTSD, if such memories are troubling one's life?
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50 views

Are our human brains programmed as materialistic as one can be?

First of all, not all human beings are materialistic. I strongly believe that. We tend to not be happy with what we have but what we want. We desire for more. There is a saying that says that the ...
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1answer
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Mind uploading & its constituents: Theoretically possible?

Is it possible to remove the mind from the rest of the body and have it "alive" somehow as in its former known form? Mind uploading would be computerizing a mind to preserve data, memories and etc. ...
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Does the informational content of the mind determine its structure?

I have been thinking for several years that maybe the mind could be described as a space, in the mathematical sense, of information and that similarly to the relativistic case of the spacetime whose ...
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Imagining unreal stuff [closed]

This is probably the most adequate stackexchange for this question. Is it possible to imagine something that does not exist, explicitly or implicitly, in our universe? Exclude things such as a ...
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Is it possible to be entirely impartial?

I am writing a paper for my English class about flaws in the justice system. One of the biggest problems I believe exists is the humans' natural instinct to judge people before we even know them. Is ...
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102 views

Differentiations of Imposter Syndrome

How can Imposter Syndrome be differentiated from actually possessing its symptoms? For example, one of the symptoms is the feeling that the person does not possesses extra intelligence, but that they ...
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152 views

How do we imagine? How do images have qualia?

After reading a bit about qualia and hard problem of consiousness, I came up to theoretical solution. The reason why we have this problem is because we can imagine. We can imagine an object visible to ...
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What might be the daily experience of someone who does not have an orientation association area?

The orientation association area gives us a sense of our body in time and space. What would it be like without this part of the brain assuming everything else works normally? Can the brain separate ...
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1answer
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Is there an explanation for concepts or situations that are repeated within a short amount of time? [duplicate]

I know that the title is not really clear. That's because I don't know what i'm searching for, unfortunately. Let me explain with an example: Yesterday i was watching a youtube video , more precisely ...
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1answer
331 views

Is Behaviorism a type of Functionalism?

Behaviorism separates itself from other psychological views in that it doesn't care about the psyche. Rather, it focuses on how the mind behaves, how outside factors can manipulate it, and so on. ...
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Knowability of “repressed” in Freud's theory

Both Popper and Grünbaum took issue with Freud's theory, but they critiqued it for different reasons, in which the main difference seems (to me) to come down to this: Popper interprets Freud as ...
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Is there any evidence that less thinking about future improves mental health?

Recently I've heard a lecture about the philosophy of minimalism and the rethor argued that it's better not to think much about what you're going to do in the near future for example in form of ...
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What is the point of living a life if we're all going to eventually die? [closed]

So I've had this question over the past week since New Years. I am currently 21 years old and yea, time flies so fast. New years just feels like one year closer to death. Can you believe it? The ...
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1answer
219 views

What are the differences between Orch OR and Hartley's vibratiuncles?

Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff have a theory called Orgastrated Objective Reduction or Orch OR, and they claim this has been confirmed. The article says: "The origin of consciousness reflects ...
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Why is IIT “unmotivated”?

I'm trying to understand Searle's reply to Tononi and Koch's objections to Searle's characterization of their Intergrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness. Although I do understand why IIT ...
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1answer
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What is a belief, and how does it differ from an opinion?

While many theories in cognitive science rely on the concept of a "belief" I do not see much on the definition of a belief or how it compares to other mental states. What is a belief, and how does it ...
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Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

Philosopher Wittgenstein says that "the limit of my language means the limit of my world". One theory that supports this statement is that people couldn't see the blue colour until they have the word ...
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Is a network of neurons the only factor in memory?

Background I'm actually writing a science fiction novel set a couple decades in the future. Brains are not my field. I've done as much research as I could. In the story, the protagonist finds out he ...
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419 views

Is prior experience necessary to perceive the Kanizsa triangle illusion?

We know the Kanizsa Triangle. Kanizsa Triangle I was socialized in a "western" world, where I learned mathematics for about 13 years; I have designed products surrounding me using geometric forms ...
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What does pregnancy dreams mean? [closed]

I had a weird dream about my boobs being as hard as a morning stiffy oh and for some reason thinking of my fiancee in the same dream made me pregnant and I was still stuck ...
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Is there a difference in the perception of time in animals of different size?

Do small animals see the events surrounding them as going faster or slower in comparison to bigger creatures, such as us humans? Are those surrounding events appear to happen at a different speed for ...
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Can curiosity be described as an emotion?

Can curiosity be described as an emotion? On one hand it is definitely an emotion in the sense that is a feeling. IT feels like you want to know something. Furthermore, it can be pleasant or ...
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Consciousness and neural grafting [closed]

You have two friends: Alice and Bob. Suppose you have a way to remove a healthy neuron from Alice's brain and conserve it in some safe place. And, viceversa, suppose you have a way to graft this ...
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793 views

How can a persons good or bad be accurately measured?

The majority of people who think certain people are bad people are usually because they have been exposed to the bad things they do or also because they measure how bad they are based on only the bad ...
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191 views

Disprove that Humans are selfish

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
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Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
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167 views

A list of books on the big ideas of psychology [closed]

Can anyone give a list of all the books one should read in order to have a fairly general understanding of psychology, and with somewhat of an emphasis cognitive and evolutionary psychology. I realize ...
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1answer
71 views

If we do not consciously perceive a sound at a time, can we sometimes still later consciously recall it?

You all probably know the thought experiment, 'If a tree falls in the forest and no one is their to hear it, does it make a sound?'. But if we take that one step further and ask 'If we are not ...
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How to display Talairach Image in AFNI correctly?

I am using AFNI to display Talairach image, that is anat+tlrc.BRIK & anat+tlrc.HEAD . But the AFNI only shows part of the image. It looks like this: AFNI is ...
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1answer
1k views

Does anyone know how to explain Quinian bootstrapping process by Carey to a layperson (like me)?

I've been trying my best to understand what Quinian bootstrapping is, by reading scientific articles on this topic, but I come across more and more philosophical concepts like "sortals" or similar. ...
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1answer
72 views

is it true that people who code think differently? [duplicate]

I code websites and I believe the way I think is totally different from most of the others. Not that I think in a better way(a possibility though) but I'm only saying "differently". Do you think it's ...
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Are action potentials necessary for experience?

We know that, for example, during brain surgery, electrical stimulation in certain parts of the cortex is sufficient for experience, and result in reportable experiences in human subjects. We also ...
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3answers
108 views

Is spiritual enlightenment a valid way attempting to understand the universe and consciousness [closed]

Are traditional methods of spiritual enlightenment such as Zen, Buddist, etc accepted by psychologists as valid ways of further understanding the workings of consciousness, Or is it considered too ...
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Paradox or contradiction? [closed]

If someone does not believe in ghosts, for example, why do they experience feelings of fear at the thought of such things? Is such thinking paradoxical?
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186 views

Has the inverted spectrum thought experiment ever been conducted (and if not, why)?

The inverted spectrum thought experiment posits that you (the subject) wake up one morning to find that your colour spectrum (or some part of it anyway) has inverted. This experiment has important ...
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How does the physical brain know about qualia?

Qualia are phenomenological (the subjective experience of the physical activity of the brain). But how does phenomenology feed back into the activity of the brain? That is, how can the physical ...
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1answer
91 views

How close is it to reality in future of consciousness to be transferable as shown in the movie Chappie?

This question was inspired by the most creative thing ever to come up in a movie, namely the transfer of a consciousness from one body to another (may it be biological, or via non-biological methods). ...
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268 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
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386 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
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Brain Theory and Paradigm

In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...