Questions tagged [personality]

For questions about the individual patterns of behavior, emotion, or attitude that humans display.

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45
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4answers
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Is the Myer Briggs Type indicator (MBTI) a reasonable scientific theory?

Background: MBTI stands for Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It's a theory that suggests that people can be divided into 16 types, based on the way they percieve and analyse information (whether they make ...
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3answers
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Are there any personality theories that use the scientific method?

Background I have come across a number of personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
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9answers
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Can we change our personalities?

In psychology, a difference is made between personality attributes as a state or as a trait. For example, a usually outgoing and sociable person might find himself uncommonly shy in the presence of a ...
18
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1answer
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How to measure dominance and submissiveness?

Introduction Interpersonal dimensions of personality (Sullivan, 1953) have been described in a circular model, the interpersonal circumplex, since Leary (1957). The two dimensions that define this ...
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5answers
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Is there an open-source / free official Myers-Briggs assessment I can adopt? [closed]

Background I've got an idea for a web site that uses one's Myers-Briggs type as part of the value. I've seen various web sites offer "quick quizzes" to assess one's MBTI, but I'm not sure how ...
17
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1answer
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Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand?

There are some articles on the web that recommend learning to write with your non-dominant hand to get in touch with your inner child or a higher power, increase your creativity and be more open-...
17
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1answer
455 views

Do personality survey responses correlate to the success or failure of minimum wage employees?

I recently watched a friend fill out a personality survey for a minimum wage job. These surveys generally have a few dozen to as many as a couple hundred statements with which the applicant must agree,...
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2answers
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What is the support for a global personality factor?

The Big 5 is a popular framework for describing major factors of individual differences in personality. More recently, I've been hearing people talking about the utility of conceptualising personality ...
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3answers
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Do measures of Big 5 personality have a positive bias towards extraverted, conscientious, emotionally stable, ageeable and open individuals?

Background: One free measures of the Big 5 is the IPIP. I have noticed that IPIP items seem to have a positive bias towards items loading on the extraversion (EX), emotional stability (ES), ...
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2answers
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Is there a reasonable scientific backing for Carl Jung's type theories?

I have read a lot on how most psychologists reject the Myers Briggs Type Indicator for its lack of scientific backing, but I have yet to find much information on the acceptance of Carl Jung's theories,...
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3answers
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How to predict romantic attraction

Dating websites and psychological researchers attempt to find those factors that predict the fit between potential romantic partners. Examples for factors taken into consideration are the "big five" ...
14
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1answer
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Can autism spectrum disorders be acquired or are they inherited traits only?

Can autism spectrum disorders be acquired or are they inherited traits only, especially in the case of Asperger syndrome or pervasive developmental disorders where they lie on the lower end of the ...
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2answers
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Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
14
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1answer
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Do the Jungian Cognitive Functions/ Processes really exist?

Background Many of us must have come across personality theories like MBTI which use part of Carl Jung's concepts to make a theoretical system used to divide people into types. For example, MBTI says ...
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3answers
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What is the relationship between rejection sensitive dysphoria and ADHD?

I discovered something called Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria (RSD). If you google it, the first page will show pages that talk about it in relation to ADHD. What is it about ADHD that causes "nearly ...
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1answer
4k views

Are there recent theories on physiognomy?

What are recent theories on the relation between personality and facial or body shape, and are there studies to support them? See Wikipedia on physiognomy and somatotypes & constitutional ...
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1answer
708 views

Is dissociative identity disorder a medical condition or artifact of psychotherapy?

The popular media has offered such examples as "Eve" (based on Chris Costner-Sizemore) and "Sybil" (based on Shirley Ardell Mason) as sufferers of dissociative identity disorder (at one point known as ...
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Does masturbation in men negatively affect cognitive processes?

Gary Wilson has mentioned that porn and masturbation is an addiction that negatively affect mental performance. Moreover, there is some "pseudo-science" claiming that abstaining from masturbation ...
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3answers
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Is there a correlation between facial features and personality?

Background: From block buster movies, to Snow White and the Seven Dwarf's, characters with certain personality and mental traits are portrayed looking a certain way. For example, the clumsy one has ...
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3answers
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Why are trans-women more common than trans-men?

Before I begin, note I have no animosity nor prejudice against anyone. Please keep the answers scientifically motivated. Various surveys on trans populations have shown male to female transitions are ...
10
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1answer
173 views

Which statistical test should I use when there are multiple latent predictors and multiple latent outcomes?

Which statistical method should I use when Predicting organization commitment (composed of 3 latent variables) using the five factors of personality? Its a cross-sectional design with survey data. ...
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2answers
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What free scientific measures of Big 5 personality are available?

I'm aware of a few freely available scientific measures of Big 5 personality. IPIP: Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) Questions: What other free scientific Big 5 personality tests are ...
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1answer
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Do the motivations and fears behind Enneagram have any scientific reasoning?

Background The Enneagram personality typing system defines set of motivations and basic fears for its nine personality types among people. The system seems to be aimed at personal development of a ...
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4answers
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Why do people have different personalities when speaking different languages?

Edit: This study is much more relevant in terms of the question. This study suggests (according to article linked below) that a multilingual person can have multiple personalities, each tied to one ...
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Are mentally ill people more violent?

A lot of people are afraid of people with mental illnesses because they think they're more violent but is that true? I think it's wrong even though I don't really understand the pages I found on ...
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Is there a psychological condition which promotes literal and overly complicated thinking?

Quote from Sheldon Cooper, Big Bang Theory IMDB Leonard: You convinced me. Maybe tonight we should sneak in and shampoo her carpet. Sheldon: You don't think that crosses the line? Leonard: ...
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2answers
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Innate personality tests: do they exist? If not, why?

A personality is developed by innate factors and by the things that happen in your life, but how would your personality be if you either had received the same amount of positive and negative stimuli ...
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1answer
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What makes some things more fun than others universally?

Recently I have been presented with the question, "What makes something addictive, and why are some activities more addicting than others?" This question intrigues me, as logically, the answer would ...
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1answer
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What are the main causes of whether a person becomes introverted or extraverted?

Genetics is obviously an important cause of whether someone becomes extraverted or introverted. But what percentage is genetics and what percentage is the environment? What factors in the environment ...
9
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1answer
193 views

How can we be formed by our childhood's environment if we don't remember much of it?

Studies with rats have shown that how much a pup is licked during their early childhood predicts their adult personality [1]. Also, many psychologists say that early childhood is the part of our lives ...
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1answer
703 views

How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?

Successful leadership appears to depend on the personality of the leader. Judge et al. (2002) found the following correlations with the "big five" personality factors in a meta-analysis: ...
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1answer
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What personality traits moderate the effects of trauma on empathy?

Logically there are three ways trauma can affect a person's propensity for empathy. increase decrease no change What are the key personality traits that can be used as predictors of this outcome?
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1answer
138 views

Why does appreciation make us happy?

Why does one crave facebook likes or a pat on the back. Our actions are always governed by this phenomenon, and I don't understand why.
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1answer
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Do introverts engage in too much self-control or do they lack impulsivity?

Regardless of whether people are extraverts or introverts, if they are asked to act in an extraverted way, this improves their mood (for example Zelenski and others 2012). My question is concerns the ...
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1answer
400 views

What is understood about interactions between personality types or traits?

There are several psychological tests based on Jungian typology (e.g., MBTI, Insights & DISC) which extrapolate findings about personality into how those types interact (e.g., interaction styles). ...
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1answer
354 views

What, if any, objective tests were designed for the assessment of altruism?

In an article by Santacreu et al. (2006) there is a mention of altruism assessment within the framework of the Character Education Inquiry (CEI): If we return to the first half of the last century, ...
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1answer
302 views

How do the correlations between Big 5 personality change in studies examining "faking bad"?

I have conducted several studies that get participants to complete the IPIP personality test while role play going for a job. A common finding is that the average correlation (i.e., $\bar{r}$ between ...
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3answers
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What correlation research has been done on MBTI vs Big5?

Big5 is probably the most used personality model in research, while MBTI has not gained status of being scientifically supported. What exact research has been done on correlating the two models? ...
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2answers
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How to recognize people with high need for cognition?

In my own little study I am trying to describe the personalities of different persons I know personally, by adding traits to them. Among other traits, I am looking for those who have a high need for ...
8
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1answer
223 views

What are the effects of negative self image on cognition and brain function?

All other things considered equal, what are the effects of a negative self image, on cognition and brain function? Are there any studies that would have specific data supporting cognitive outcomes (...
8
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1answer
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Quantifying the Dunning-Kruger Effect

The Dunning-Kruger effect states that people unexperienced in a certain field or subject generally perceive themselves as having greater aptitude than in reality they do. Dunning and Kruger were able ...
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3answers
925 views

Jung - Anima and Animus

In the book Man and His Symbols Jung discusses the Anima and Animus extensively. As I understand it they are the two primary anthropomorphic archetypes of the collective unconscious. The Anima is ...
8
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1answer
277 views

What projective tests are available for a child and family assessment?

I’m thinking about introducing to my practice some new tests for family relationship evaluation. There are not so many projective tests in this matter. I'm particularly interested in Family Relation ...
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2answers
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How exactly are socionics and MBTI different?

Socionics superficially looks exactly as MBTI. 8 functions, 16 personality types. There's even a table, perfectly corresponding socionics types with MBTI types. Then what makes socionics and MBTI ...
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1answer
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What is the relationship between Big 5 personality and the theory of planned behaviour?

The theory of planned behaviour is a popular model of human behaviour. I.e., Broadly the model suggests that intentions to act are a function of attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural ...
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1answer
165 views

Is there a name for a person who looks for a name for another person's supposed faults?

Every few days there is a new question here at Cognitive Sciences asking for a scientific term to describe a behavior that the inquirer finds fault with. Examples include: Is there a term for a ...
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2answers
785 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
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3answers
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Can an extravert suffer from social anxiety disorder?

Extraversion is a personality trait that, as the Wikipedia article describes, causes people "to enjoy human interactions", to be sociable, outgoing and love crowds. Social anxiety disorder (SAD), on ...
7
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3answers
416 views

How does parental expectation lead a child from adaptive perfectionism to rebelliousness?

I find many sources saying that parents with perfectionist ideals can ultimately push a child to shed his or her attitude of wanting to please their parents and become rebellious. What I cannot find ...
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1answer
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What is the correlation between self-monitoring and the Big 5 factors of personality?

Self-monitoring as a trait refers to a tendency "to closely monitor an audience in order to ensure appropriate or desired public appearances". It is commonly measured using the Revised Self-Monitoring ...

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