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Questions tagged [perceptual-learning]

For questions about learning improved skills of perception from simple sensory discrimination to complex categorizations of spatial and temporal patterns relevant to real-world expertise.

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Is the visual cortex of a newborn baby immediately capable of object detection or is this skill learned over time, and if so, how?

Is the visual cortex of newborn babies right off the bat capable of making sense of raw visual data, for instance, converting the constant stream of raw RGB images perceived by the eyes into a ...
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The Art of Teaching: What are the most effective & proven methods for successfully imparting a concept/idea to another

I'm aware this is a bit of a general question & subjectively broad. It's that way on purpose. It felt like cogsci was the best place for this question and I couldn't find anything really like it ...
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What is the neural adaptation underlying the habituation to reversed visual images? [closed]

When a person wears glasses that reverse the image upside-down, it is possible to adjust your vision in a matter of days. What are the suggestions behind the neurological process?
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Can we learn to adapt to image-reversal when being intermittently exposed to them?

I know that human vision can get accustomed to reverse vision when wearing reverse glasses for several days. But does it work when we see the reverse image just in certain moments throughout the day? ...
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Do workers retain information from audio lectures when working in a physically demanding job? [closed]

If I were to start listening to lectures instead of music will I retain the information? I've attempted to do this myself once with Assembly Language but I worked in a loud environment (sand ...
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Can you learn a skill by observing someone else?

For instance, does watching an artist draw improve your drawing skill, even if you're not drawing along with them?
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Mathematical models of learning [closed]

Looking for a list of the most common mathematical models of learning. In particular, I am interested in models that explain behavior such as "learning by doing" or "learning from others".
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Are animal instincts and preferences based on some brain micro structures?

I'm thinking about the mechanism by which an animal has built in preferences for some visual objects in the real world. The most well known example is the seagull chicks and pecking at a red dot or ...
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How can neuronal networks with local learning rules predict their future inputs?

Local learning rules like Contrastive Hebbian Learning, XCAL, etc. are based on the idea of strengthening edges when the neurons they connect fire simultaneously. This causes frequent patterns in the ...
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2answers
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What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information? Let me given you a simple example for clarity's sake: In high school, you learn that electrons orbit around a nucleus, ...
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1answer
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Is cortical magnification in the visual system related to synaptic pruning, or is it a separate developmental or learning process?

I'm primarily interested in learning about current computational models that explain cortical magnification in the visual system. With this in mind, my specific questions are: (1) Is this phenomenon ...
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1answer
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How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

How long does it take the average person (either sighted or blind) to learn to use the guide cane successfully for mobility purposes? Source: Lions. Because required training times will depend on ...
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What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?
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Trying to understand equations in Karl Friston article

I am trying to understand a neuroscience article by Karl Friston. In it he gives three equations that are, as I understand him, equivalent or inter-convertible and refer to both physical and Shannon ...
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0answers
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How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
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3answers
548 views

How does the brain learn what something is for the first time?

I'm trying to understand how the idea of what a thing is originates in humans. For example, in computer science, it is possible to know what an object is and what it does, by examining its "parent/...
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Are there shapes defined by 3 (or more) generative parameters whose mapping to psychological similarity space is known?

I am trying to generate 4 shapes that are equidistant in psychological similarity space - meaning that they are all equally discriminable from one another - which differ in 3 parameters, such that ...
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1answer
162 views

How to test effectiveness of a children's museum in improving cognitive function?

For those who have never heard of a Children's Museum before, there is a national association in the US with some information. The basic idea stems from Vygotsky-like paradigms of learning through ...
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1answer
3k views

What types of sounds do young infants prefer?

I've learned through course lectures that infants can recognize faces shortly after birth (Slater & Quinn, 2001), and have a visual preference for human features as young as 1-month-old (Sanefuji ...
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Why is training better when following an easy-to-difficult schedule?

As suggested in the answer to this question, experimental results show that training is most effective when it follows an easy-to-difficult schedule. What theories and specifically computational ...
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1answer
511 views

How does task difficulty schedule affect the rate and efficiency of perceptual learning?

In perceptual learning (line length/orientation discrimination, visual target detection, tone frequency discrimination, etc), when training people or animals to perform a task better, is there an ...