Episode #125 of the Stack Overflow podcast is here. We talk Tilde Club and mechanical keyboards. Listen now

Questions tagged [neuroscience]

For questions on the structure and function of the nervous system.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Due to Gestalt Psychology, is the face an illusion?

Gestalt Psychology maintains that we perceive a whole from parts, and that we fill in missing gaps. The "whole" we perceive is more than the sum of parts we perceive - it also involves what our minds ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

What is an explaination for the light-headed and slow-motion feeling after a long hard mental exam?

Question After taking a long final exam, people often report feeling like the world is moving in slow motion. I've heard this exam effect jokingly called "zombie feeling" or "brain-fog". I describe ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Why are there few studies in the literature regarding human's pheromones?

Pheromones are thought to be the biological underpinning of the social behaviour. They have been extensively studied in animals. Pheromones are chemical factors that trigger a social response in ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Is it true that old people loose the ability think creatively/ formulate new ideas

My friend said something about that people get older than 50 loose the ability to think creatively and formulate new ideas. There is also a saying like “stuck in his ways” and people say the “older ...
3
votes
1answer
435 views

Can you give an example of automatic appraisal process?

I was reading this slide provided by my prof. of Affective Neuroscience. I've read that appraisal is considered a constitutive component of emotion by most of the actual theories. Appraisal is defined ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

Do men, on average, have a higher general intelligence score?

I'm aware of this study that was linked during an argument: "Sex differences in brain size and general intelligence (g)" and this question Gender differences in IQ among undergraduate psychology ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Why does a higher post-synaptic cell resistance lead to a higher voltage change when current is applied?

In the "Principles of Neural Science" 5th edition in the discussion about electrical synapses it says: During excitatory synaptic transmission at an electrical synapse, voltage-gated ion channels ...
5
votes
1answer
180 views

Why are empty spaces around hippocampus and striatum not filled with astrocytes?

I understand that, generally, when a neuron dies, the vacated, empty space will form a scar in the form of an astrocyte. Basically, the astrocyte thus replaces that neuron. Why then are there empty ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the frequency range of electrotactile stimulation?

I have been trying to find out what the (human) electrotactile frequency range is. Since this is a much more experimental method (and more unpleasant) than the traditional vibrotactile method, the ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Why is Biological plausibility in Machine Learning important?

I have found that many authors of machine learning papers, that employ the Hebbian learning rule, refer to the biological plausibility of it, as one of the arguments to use it instead of the well ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Neural field application question

I am following a class where we have just learned about so-called neural fields (the prof called them recurrent neural networks and said they are used to model large populations of real neurons). Now ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Task-based vs task-positive networks

Do the terms "task-positive network" and "task-based network" refer to the same thing, such as the Fronto-Parietal Control Network (FPCN), as distinct from the task-negative networks such as the ...
8
votes
1answer
850 views

Is this brain map scientifically correct?

I'm not an expert in neuroscience but always read about information that seems conflicting to me. On one side I hear that the idea of single brain functions localized in specific brain areas is ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Do antipsychotics have a delayed onset of action similar to (monoamine) antidepressants?

I've been trying to understand the position of Steve Hyman (a former NIMH director), who has been amply quoted in an recent article in Quartz, saying among ohter things that There’s not “an iota of ...
4
votes
1answer
256 views

How exactly does transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) work?

The method of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) involves the flow of electric charge from a positive electrode to a negative one. This method is not exactly a stimulation method because ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Neurogensis in CNS invloves apoptosis of scar cells?

Say there's neurogensis in a brain area that seems to "allow" it, like the Hipocampus, Striatum, and so forth. Does this neurogensis might be preceded in the apoptosis of scar cells, and then, in the ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Calculating brain-part volume percentage?

How is the approximate volume occupied by a brain component calculated? For example, how would you know the approximate brain volume percentage of both hippocampi or both parts of the striatum, or ...
1
vote
1answer
222 views

Which possible methods can be used to determine if a certain part of the brain is active?

The question goes back to this tweet: Julia‏ @JuliaHass I just learned that elephants think humans are cute the way humans think puppies are cute (the same part of the brain lights up when ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Does the brain's architecture change while growing up?

If we are somehow able to record and store all the neural connection in the brain of a child and also the brain of the same individual when he is old will there be difference between the two ? Is the ...
2
votes
1answer
948 views

Euphoria from oxygen deprivation

Plane & Pilot have an article saying: Altitude-chamber tests have shown that as oxygen deprivation increases, some victims experience a sense of increasing well-being, even euphoria, while they’...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

Is V1 involved in visual imagery?

It's well known that mental imagery shares the neural substrates of its respective modality, despite dissociable multivariate patterns. For example, visual imagery can be decoded across the ventral ...
1
vote
2answers
386 views

Why do people like to listen to sad songs?

Why do people like to listen to sad songs? Sadness is not a positive feeling, so people should avoid it, right? Listening to sad songs is like inflicting some pain to yourself just for pleasure. Did ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

What does 'Mean Diffusivity' tell me about the connectivity of cortical areas?

I am reading an article about changes in thalamic volume and connections in relation to age and I understand that thalamic volume decreases with age. The authors find that mean diffusivity (MD) in ...
1
vote
0answers
204 views

Do central pattern generators control musical performance?

Are the sometimes very fast and complicated rhythmic movements and often long lasting patterns a musician performs while playing a piece of music generated by central pattern generators (in the sense ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Are inhibitory synapses governed by different chemicals than excitatory synapses?

If a neuron has both excitatory and inhibitory chemical synapses providing it with input, is it true in all organisms that the chemicals that cause the inhibition are distinct from those that cause ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What is “synaptic polarity” in a chemical synapse?

I'm reading a paper and they are discussing modelling the neural networks of an organism. One of the key things they are interested in is finding out the synaptic polarity of chemical synapses. What ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Representations of negated propositions

The following question is quite hypothetical, and just to get an idea. Assume any model of how positive propositions $p$ are actively (opposed to synaptically) represented in a neural network, e.g. "...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Does a comparable metaphor exist for cognition that exists for slow & fast twitch muscle fibers?

Skeletal muscles have slow and fast twitch fibers that differ in their rate of fatigue. Is there an analogue in the subject of cognition? For example I might be very quick at doing coding but very ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

I am omitting some words when typing unintentionally [duplicate]

When I type mostly I omit word / words. e.g. I wanted to if it is correct -> I wanted to know if it is correct. It should background task -> It should be done in background task. etc. Because of ...
6
votes
1answer
524 views

Why our brain can't fool itself to constantly produce dopamine?

There are experiments [1] showing that our brain tries to maximize amount of dopamine. At the same time it is the brain who controls the dopamine level, because the reward system is located in the ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Can sport be used as a counselling tool to help one deal with negative life events?

I found studies on how leisure activities can positively affect well-being, e.g. stress reduction. My question is more specific as I want to research how participation in sport can help one deal with ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Do action potential thresholds vary in “capacity” significantly, and if so, does input frequency correspond to action potential thresholds?

To clarify, I'm asking if the level of stimulation / polarization required for a neuron to reach action potential / excite the neuron varies significantly from neuron to neuron- even differing in ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does handwriting change?

In New York magazine it is stated: [I]t’s strange that your handwriting changes over time; scientifically speaking, there’s no reason it should. At a certain point, you’ve learned all there is to ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

How to cope with the problem of noise in fMRI?

The sounds and noises that a typical MRI scanner produces are problematic for several reasons: they give - annoying as they are - a strong feel of uncomfortableness to any subject or patient they are ...
5
votes
2answers
110 views

What are the temporal limits of the auditory system?

I would like to know what the time scale is of the human ear. I mean, what is the shortest duration of a sound that a human ear can notice and what is the longest duration of a sound that a human ear ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

What are the definitions of 'multi-channel coding' and 'opponent channel coding'?

I am looking for the definitions of Multi-channel coding Opponent-channel coding And specifically in the context of visual adaptation. I have searched for information on the web and in books, but ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Simultaneous extracellular recording from different distant sites (in rodents)

I wonder whether it is technically possible today to have simultaneous extracellular recording in awake rodents (e.g., mice) from different non-proximate sites (e.g., V1 and frontal cortex). I mean to ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

are serotonin levels higher or lower in dominant vs. non-dominant primates and humans?

On page 242 of The Moral Animal, Robert Wright states that In vervet monkey societies, dominant males have more of the neurotransmitter serotonin than do their subordinates. And one study found ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Why do only about 20% of the people with a heart attack report a near-death experience?

It has been shown that only around 20% of people who get a cardiac arrest and revived could tell something about a near death experience (NDE). But if an NDE is considered to be something with the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How does speed listening work?

I've recently gotten into listening to podcasts. Over time, as I get accustomed to the speaker's voice, I'm able to increase the speed of the podcast to as high as 3x speed. It still feels "normal" to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

LSD and tryptamines harmless or neurotoxic? [closed]

It's commonly stated by numerous people that LSD and trytamines like DMT and psilocin are physically harmless and not neurotoxic. Is there evidence for this? I recently read 5-meo-Dipt which is a ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Conceptual representations in brain by distributed groups of neurons

It seems generally agreed upon that semantic concepts are distributedly represented by groups and groups of groups of neurons spread over the cortex. Disregarding the localizations, shapes and ...
6
votes
2answers
80 views

Spike-timing-dependent plasticity versus Homeostatic plasticity

How can spike-timing-dependent plasticity and homeostatic plasticity both be right? If spike-timing-dependent plasticity consistently tries to strengthen connections, but homeostatic plasticity ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

What are the names of the white matter tracts in the cortico-ventral basal ganglia circuit?

I am looking at diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data. The data is clustered by regions of interest (ROIs). The clusters have locations with names, which I have listed below. Which location names ...
6
votes
1answer
303 views

Is it dangerous to take an antipsychotic drug irregularly?

I've read the case of Witty Ticcy Ray: a 24 years old man with disabling Tourette’s syndrome. The first Dr. Sacks's treatment, with Haldol, provokes a strong change in Ray's behavior: from tics and ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Does the wrist have more neurons than the finger? [closed]

Once upon a time, I felt an ant crawling on my hand. I couldn't feel it initially, until it reached my wrist. Then I tried to let the ant crawl on my skin; what I found was that I couldn't feel the ...
2
votes
1answer
914 views

Can brain zaps be demonstrated by EEG?

Brain zaps are explained as an electrical buzz in the head and the symptoms occur while withdrawing slowly from an SSRI antidepressant medication. Is it possible to detect brain zaps by placing EEG ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Does increased neural complexity slows down brain operation speeds?

If a sensory input is perceived, one needs to process this input from the sensory end organ (sensation) up to the brain (perception). Does a more more complex neural network consume more time than a ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

The role of high-performance in neuropsychology

As far as I understand, neuropsychology gains most of its insights from the reconciliation of lesions of the brain and cognitive impairments. Normal functioning (both of the brain and the mind) plays ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

What is the computational role of the cortical column?

The cortex is supposedly composed of semi uniform cortical columns that are interlinked. Many of the resources on cortical columns I found using a Google search do not discuss what a column computes (...