Questions tagged [neuroscience]

For questions on the structure and function of the nervous system.

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How is Pain Subjective and Different from Nociception

So pain is the sensory feeling that tells indiviual that something bad at some part of the body has happened. What I fail to understand is how is pain subjective? If we have touch receptors in the ...
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What is the size, volume, dimensions etc. of the central lateral nucleus in the anterior intralaminar thalamus in humans?

I have been searching extensively on the internet and journal articles for the size, volume, dimensions, etc. of the central lateral nucleus in the anterior intralaminar thalamus in humans but have ...
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112 views

Is pleasure synonymous to positive reinforcement?

I'm thinking about what pleasure is from the perspective of the integrated information theory of consciousness. As I understand it, according to the appraisal theory of emotions, the orientation on ...
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Is there any correlation between conection and function?

I have been searching why different functions exist in even a similar structure cortex. The first reason is differences in cortical neuron density. The neuronal density contour plot (Fig. 1D) reveals ...
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2answers
59 views

Is it true that mirror neurons can make a man with an amputated arm feel sensation just by looking at someone else's arm, like Ramachandran said?

In this Ted Talk Ramachandran sais that mirror neurons can make a person with an amputated arm feel sensation, is it true? And if so, why doesn't the brain feel a sensation by looking at someone else'...
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What has changed in your brain after electroconvulsive “therapy” (ECT)?

From this Wikipedia article: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures in the brain (without muscular convulsions) are ...
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101 views

Is there visual focus during a saccade?

Has anyone succeeded in measuring where the focus is between saccades? Through some kind of nonintrusive brainscan perhaps? I would like to be able to draw with my thought :) (Something similar would ...
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A new kind of optical illusion?

By accident, I stumbled over this optical illusion: It is not a strong one, and maybe you don't experience it, but I see the size of the circles in the second last row decrease from left to right. I ...
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2answers
522 views

Does the mind create the body?

Everything we perceive is through the 5 senses. That means the body which is perceived through sense of feeling and seeing is also formed as an image in mind or brain? Is it correct that it is either ...
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84 views

Is unconsciousness actually superior to the conscious mind?

In Blindsight by peter watts, the author mentions something called a "neurological bureaucracy", in which the conscious mind has little purpose other than acknowledging what has already been ...
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What is the neurological basis for the association between Bipolar type 2 and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)?

Bipolar disorder type 2 and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is regularly seen together. What is the neurological explanation for this?
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How does the brain amplify signals without interfering with pattern recognition?

Signals in the brain normally excite neurons only if they are well known, i. e. because synapses pass them on that grew during learning. But even for well-known patterns I could imagine that without ...
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Difficulties in recollecting memory, when execution speed of an action is slow

I learnt to solve Rubik's cube 2 - 3 years ago, I used to practice once in a while, I can solve Rubik's cube within a minute. One day, I went to my uncle's house, my nephew had a Rubik's cube, I ...
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What are the factors that make the membrane more permeable to Potassium ions than Sodium or Chloride (or any other ions)?

I'm just into my first week of Neuroscience and reading about membrane/action potential. It is my understanding that when the membrane potential changes, it is more K+ ions move across the membrane ...
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64 views

What degree of control do we have on eye movements?

When something "new" and "interesting" enters our visual field it can usually happen that our eyes move toward the new target. How "intentional" and "controllable&...
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Function of the Left Medial Prefrontal Cortex

I am searching for a specific (as specific as is currently known) region of the brain that has a known(?) large role in deductive and inductive reasoning. My research has narrowed me down to the Left ...
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Can Neuralink really be used for memory implantation?

I think you heard about a company called Elon Musk Neuralinnk. The ultimate goal of Neuralink is to achieve human memory implantation. Doctors were prepared to implant the first bionic eye in a human....
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Is there a specific part of the brain that, as far as we can tell, is used for logic?

I am writing a story which includes a surgical procedure to enhance a persons logic. I am looking for a specific part of the brain that, as far as we can tell with decent science, directly influences ...
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83 views

Neurological disorders affecting body language

Are there neurological disorders which do not affect the emotions per se but affect how they are expressed by the body? Say, normally positive emotions are associated with the tips of the lips facing ...
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24 views

What is the neuroscience behind copying dialect?

So everybody raised in the same area speaks with the same dialect, why is it so? What is the neuroscience behind this phenomenon?
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1answer
56 views

Is there a Brain Mechanism for Reluctance of Studying?

For example, it could be the case that a person has less Acetylcholine, a key hormone that enables/helps to establish connection between neurons, so, the person has to go through more hardship to ...
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17 views

Calibrate noise dependent on the membrane potential

I would like to introduce current noise into the Hodgkin Huxley model to better represent the natural firing behavior of neurons - now I know that there are several approaches, but I would like to ...
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2answers
363 views

Can LSD connect sensory regions in the brain?

How is it possible that after using LSD you can hear sounds and see colors? I have my own experience with this phenomenon. When I´m lying totally relaxed in bed and suddenly a door is closed loudly, I ...
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1answer
34 views

How to view or download an open access article from ARVO journals?

I would like to read or download this ARVO Journal's article, but I just cannot find any button on the website with this functionality: https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2139676 I ...
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1answer
48 views

Can two neurons stimulate each other?

Is it possible that two neurons stimulate each other in an everlasting two neuron circuit?
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What does it mean if you are in a sleeping state and you hear a sound that your brain is immediately aware of?

When you are in a sleeping state ,i.e.lying in bed before your alarm clock rings, and you hear a noise or a voice that is not too loud and is not continuous but impulsive, and your brain immediately ...
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148 views

Is adrenaline rush the real cause behind feelings of “electricity”, “fire”, “heat” or “burning all over” reported in certain religious groups? [duplicate]

Doing my own independent research, I've noticed a clear pattern of religious people reporting feelings and sensations that they usually describe with expressions such as "waves of electricity&...
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1answer
19 views

Difference between conditioned freezing, shock sensitization to startle and conditioned fear potentiation to startle?

I am reading paper-listed below-that talks about three terms, Conditioned freezing; Shock sensitization to startle; Conditioned fear potentiation to startle. I understand that conditioned freezing ...
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Neuron specialization in the Visual System

Can someone point me to a good resource to explain how neurons in the visual system become sensitive to visual features? I understand that specific neurons fire for things like direction of motion, ...
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66 views

How would you explain the relationship between “ideas”, “beliefs”, “mental images” and “thoughts”? [closed]

I'd really like to know how psychology and neuroscience are working with the concepts of "ideas", "beliefs", "mental images" and "thoughts" nowadays. I'm ...
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Any neuroscience related intelligence theories?

Correlations between biological measurements and intelligence has been made in the past, e.g. blood flow or metrics like cortex size, though are there any specific neuroscience related intelligence ...
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Is serotonin conclusively linked to depression?

Some highlights from the article "The Depressing News about Anti-Depressants": ever since a seminal study in 1998, whose findings were reinforced by landmark research in The Journal of the ...
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46 views

Can a student being asked a question trigger a true fight-or-flight response?

I have a professor who, in a lecture, briefly describes the neurophysiology of the "fight-or-flight" response. She states "in the hierarchy of information processing, emotional data ...
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Do people who experience heautoscopy become unable to see their reflected image in a mirror?

I understand that people who experience autoscopy can see their body image outside them without a mirror. I had read many years back in a paper that people who experience the inverse phenomenon called ...
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Is the fight or flight response considered voluntarily or involuntarily?

I look in my rearview and see someone feet from me still speeding up and my heart rate feels like it doubles. It stayed like that for an hour. Had troubles concentrating and working well into the ...
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1answer
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Why is the occipital lobe behind instead of in front?

These are regions of our brain: Our eyes are in front below our forehead, however, the visual area Occipital Lobe is behind. Are there any biological reasons for this? why shouldn't Occipital Lobe be ...
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Why do Na+/K+ ion pumps in neurons have a ratio of 3 to 2

As I understand it the resting potential is maintained due to the different permeabilities of K+ and Na+ and in fact at the resting potential the sum of the Na+ and K+ currents is zero. The pump's job ...
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Alternative hypotheses to Hebb's rule

I was reading on wikipedia that there are exceptions to the hebbian rule, and I was curious about the possibilities of other hypotheses of how learning occur in the brain. So I would like to know: ...
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1answer
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What are ERP components such as N400?

A lot of research uses ERP, which is time-locked EEG. I am reading about semantic and syntactic anomalies. So when a semantic anomaly occurs there is supposed to be a negative peak in ERP at 400ms. I ...
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Why does mental work cause fatigue?

In Mental Fatigue: Costs and Benefits, Boksem and Tops advance that mental fatigue results from the brain's decision to save energy: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/...
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Progressing Emotional Regulation through the 4 stages of competence

As you activate the parasympathetic nervous system through meditation your overall emotional regulation drastically improves. But as you activate the PNS in this aspect are you accelerating your ...
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1answer
45 views

How action potential is generated while dreaming

I would like to know what generates the action potential in the brain areas that is relevant to dreaming, since our sensory nervous systems don't work (or do they?). What else can generate the action ...
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262 views

What exactly are the X and the Y axis of a brainwave?

I can't seem to wrap my head around how a bunch of organic transistors (neurons) could possibly produce a wave? What exactly is a brain wave? If you graph a brain wave what exactly would your X and Y ...
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788 views

Can I still get involved in psychology/neuroscience with a computer science degree from several years ago? [closed]

In the three years since getting my B.S. in Computer Science I have become more interested in biology again (my original major) and also in psychology and neuroscience. My current job -- which is more ...
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What effect does the size of the soma have on firing characteristics?

For example, cells in layer 5 of the neocortex have a larger soma than do other layers. I'm wondering what the functional difference is between smaller and larger soma. On one hand, I can imagine that ...
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Question about the role of the sensory receptors compared to the sensory cortoces

I have two questions regarding the fact that each sensory receptor has its specific ion channels that open in response to a specific stimulus (for example, ion channel that opens when streching for ...
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Do I report all anatomical regions in a large significant cluster identified in functional connectivity seed-to-voxel analysis?

I am conducting a resting-state functional connectivity seed-to-voxel analysis on the 25 participants from the NYC test-retest dataset using the CONN toolbox with the Posterior Cingulate Cortex of the ...
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4answers
7k views

Is it possible to increase the capacity of human brain like “Lucy”?

I saw the film "Lucy" in 2015. The film says that humans can use 100% percent of the capacity of their brains. According to my personal ideas, the capacity of the brain will changed based on the ...
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How a signal is generated by the brain when we want to move a body [duplicate]

I've read tons of articles about how moving our bodies is going on. BUT I've found some part of topic just IGNORED. ALL authors just pass the part "our brain generates the signal". I have been trying ...
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121 views

Probiotics and Mental Health

While trying to find research articles within the realm of Psychosynthesis, I have been looking at the "collective unconscious" Image Source: Wikipedia Commons - (CC BY-SA 3.0) Lower Unconscious ...

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