Questions tagged [neuroimaging]

For questions about techniques to directly or indirectly image the structure, function, or pharmacology of the brain.

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3
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1answer
108 views

Slices and aquisition of fMRI

Is a slice obtained with functional MRI (fMRI) always 3-dimensional, i.e., x-y-z? I thought that a typical fMRI scan's total imaged volume would be 4D, i.e., made up of 3D slices plus time.
3
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1answer
42 views

What does “they tend within and between classes” mean in 'The Irreducible Mind'?

I am a philosophy student but I'm also interested in philosophy of mind, a field that overlaps issues in psychology and neuroscience these days. This passage is taken from a similar multidisciplinary ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Publicly accessible database for the Autistic brain under MRI and/or fMRI

American neuroscientist James H. Fallon released many of the images of MRIs from diagnosed psychopaths and was able to identify a pattern when compared to the average individual. Is there a database ...
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1answer
1k views

LAURA/LORETA source localization in Matlab

Is there a Matlab toolbox for doing source localization using LAURA or sLORETA within Matlab (not requiring additional software like LORETA-KEY, etc.)?
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39 views

Can the administration of self-report measures of craving prompt participants with addiction to experience craving during the experiment?

My research focuses on measuring the neural correlates (through resting-state EEG) pre-post an improvisational music therapy session (MT sessions) in clients with substance misuse. One of my variable ...
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43 views

Relaxing your concepts in meditation

I am using the app Waking up from Sam Harris. A lot of his guided meditations tell you to perceive the world as the raw data of experience, instead of perceiving objects and concepts. To illustrate ...
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0answers
50 views

Task-based vs task-positive networks

Do the terms "task-positive network" and "task-based network" refer to the same thing, such as the Fronto-Parietal Control Network (FPCN), as distinct from the task-negative networks such as the ...
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0answers
89 views

NiftyReg reg_resample results in strange artifacts when registering MNI-ICBM-152 atlas

I'm using NiftyReg for image registration, and I have several artifacts when applying the warp from a non-linear registering of de facto standard MNI-ICBM-152 atlas. Here are a few slices showing the ...
3
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1answer
71 views

What are the main differences between the FreeSurfer volumetric approach and the statistical parametric mapping from SPM?

In modern research of brain volume and function there are two main players. FreeSurfer which is free of cost and open source and the older, but more frequently used, statistical parametric mapping ...
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76 views

Diagram of the peripheral nervous system of different animals? [closed]

Can anyone recommend a good resource (free or paid) for finding detailed images of the nervous systems of various animals? In particular I am looking for images of the peripheral nervous system of ...
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1answer
76 views

Have the effects of MRIs and other electromagnetic devices on human psychology been studied?

What are the effects of MRIs and other electromagnetic devices on the human brain? Naturally they could move metals to or through the brain cell's membrane. I can also see the experience of being in a ...
2
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2answers
267 views

Neurotransmitter control via biofeedback?

According to this thread, certain regions of the brain, and even some distributed activation patterns can be up/down regulated via bio-feedback. Is it possible in theory and is there any research ...
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1answer
58 views

Have EEG signals in auditory speech perception task have ever been analyzed for correlation with auditory stimuli itself?

This can be useful for getting a better grip on understanding the link between actual stimuli, brain processing, and EEG data.
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1answer
40 views

Temporally truncate BOLD data

I'm analyzing some resting-state data and some of the scans are 10 min while others are 7 min. I need to cut the last 3 min off of those with 10 min scans so everyone has 7 min of resting-state data. ...
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2answers
1k views

How to install MARSBAR toolbox in SPM12?

I am trying to install MARSBAR toolbox into SPM12, but I am running into different problems. Initially they were all related to directory ownership and permissions (using Ubuntu 14.04), which I ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Where can I find good references about the neuronal connections in various areas in the cortex?

As an example, I would like to know which Brodmann areas innervate the layer IV of area 10 in the brain. To which degree are these connections known? What are good books or other kinds of resources ...
2
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1answer
323 views

What is the difference between an Atlas and a Parcellation?

I come from a computer science background and am just starting out in the area of analyzing brain imaging data (fMRI predominantly) and while going through some of the literature, I am kind of ...
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1answer
159 views

Finding the anterior comissure to set origin in a SPECT image using SPM/ISAS

I am learning how to use SPM and ISAS to analyze ictal and interictal SPECT. However I am stuck at a point of their tutorial. In the item 1.2 one has to set the origin for the SPECT image. That is, ...
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0answers
76 views

Opening an aparc+aseg.nii.gz file programmatically in Python

How do you programmatically in Python open and read segmentation data in an aparc+aseg.nii.gz file programmatically? Is this correct? ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Measuring postsynaptic potential vs action potential at axon hillock?

I have been reading literature regarding Neuronal potential measurement. Conventionally, researchers use electrode-based method to measure action potential. However, as it's of high invasiveness and ...
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0answers
24 views

Can a CT scan have advserse cognitive effects on the brain? [closed]

If the normal Xrays scans, despite the low amount of radiation (equivalent to a few hours of background radiation, can be sufficient to cause a burning sensation, then I wonder if the much higher dose ...
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0answers
63 views

Is synchronization between the MRI scanner and the stimulus presentation necessary for every trial?

I'm planning an event-related fMRI-experiment to investigate the difference in processing natural and computer-generated facial emotion expressions. I've seen a lot of studies that synchronize the ...
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0answers
35 views

Compute single patient Z-Scores from atlas anatomical zone

I have one brain image from a single patient. I have a set of normal pateints. Both, single patient and normal patients are normalised to an SPM template and the NMI space. I also have a brain atlas (...
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0answers
24 views

(Flavours of) Psychophysiological Interactions

The paper by Fischmeister et al. 2016 (Cortex) analysed fMRI task-related connectivity patterns, for two tasks that relied vs did not rely on recursive reasoning. Namely, they found "increased ...
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0answers
138 views

EEG electrode cluster selection

Is there a good review paper on electrode selection in EEG analysis to avoid the problem of double dipping (Kilner, 2013)? This is a well documented issue in neuroimaging (Kriegeskorte et al, 2009; ...
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0answers
286 views

Is there an equivalence table between the Desikan-Killiany atlas to brodmann areas?

FreeSurfer makes inferences about volume, through the calculation of the surface of the brain. The parametric method (used in SPM) is a voxel-based statistics. FreeSurfer analysis does not map the ...
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0answers
74 views

Brain structures related to risk-taking behavior

I did a preliminary research on brain structures in which activity might underlie risk-taking behavior. I came to two research that described right prefrontal cortex (Knoch et al., 2006), or ...
2
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1answer
160 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? [closed]

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
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2answers
93 views

Can we identify specific emotions on the basis of fMRI scans?

I am looking for fMRI studies in which the emotional response of a person listening to music is visible in the fMRI scans, paralleled by a retrospective think aloud report of the person describing his/...
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1answer
93 views

How can consumers obtain an image and analysis of their own brain?

What resources are there for consumers who wish to get a detailed analysis of their personal brain function? (besides consumer EEG machines...) That is, how do I get access to an fMRI scan? What's ...
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1answer
388 views

Jung's Anima and Neurological Basis in Split-Brain Patients; Left-Persona and Right-Anima

So, having skimmed some studies on split-brain patients, it makes me wonder about the whole "left-brain/right-brain" dichotomy that made its rounds in public perception some time ago. I'm not sure ...
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1answer
57 views

Find volume of lesion mask

I have drawn a lesion mask using FSLeyes on a T1-weighted image for MS patients. Is there tool to get the lesion volume from the mask?
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1answer
121 views

Are there any studies that were able to localize Fusiform Face Area (FFA) for face processing using EEG source localization algorithms?

I am looking for references where people were able to collect 128-256 channel EEG data during face perception task and the map it onto FFA or OFA using source localization algorithms?
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1answer
79 views

Which characteristics of neural activity patterns underlie conscious experience?

Which specific characteristics of neural activity patterns are unique for the cortex and neocortex as the presumed "seat of consciousness" and can only be observed there? Activity patterns having ...
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2answers
54 views

Does the duration of the epoch of interest in fMRI need to be a multiple of TR?

I am designing an fMRI experiment whereby, for each trial, subjects need to listen to an auditory stimulus (of arbitrary duration), and subsequently give a rating for each stimulus. I intend to ...
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1answer
29 views

task-fMRI to determine TMS site (online stimulation with that same task)?

I am planning an experiment whereby rTMS would be administered to subjects while they perform a language task, with the hopes of improving performance on this task as compared to sham stimulation. ...
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0answers
16 views

Is there any maping between the AAL to Brodmann areas (BA)?

I am trying to find any correspondence between BA6 (Premotor cortex) and AAL, but there are no information about it. Is there any equivalence table for Brodmann areas and other related anatomic labels?...
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0answers
24 views

Has anyone tried using functional near-infrared spectropathy to quantitively measure sodium concentrations in the brain?

Functional near-infrared spectropathy "fNIRS", is a biophysics/medical technique that uses the near-infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum (around 680nm to 810nm in wavelength) to ...
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0answers
17 views

Choice of reference/mid-slice during SPM slice-timing-correction

I'm trying to figure out the simultaneous-multi-slice (SMS) factor for my MR acquisition, to use during slice-timing correction, in SPM12. The DICOM header obtained during conversion (with the ...
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0answers
21 views

How well is biofeedback understood?

From an answer to the question Research suggesting conscious control over brain region activation? I have learned: »[S]ubjects become better at up-regulating or down-regulating activation in ...
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0answers
115 views

Noise ceiling estimate is lower than model prediction in RSA?

I am using representational similarity analyses (RSA) to compare models to some fMRI data. As part of this analysis I have computed noise ceilings for each of my regions of interest (ROIs). What's ...
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0answers
26 views

Active Sources Extraction

I am using the LORETA-KEY software for source localization, which gives as an output the current density of each voxel. No voxel has zero current density, so which method should be used to decide the ...
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0answers
31 views

What is the term for mimicking other behaviors? [closed]

Say you see an actor playing someone insane, for the next few hours you feel kind of crazy too, especially if you are tired. You may feel annoyed and overwhelmed and mad for no reason, and kind of ...
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0answers
15 views

What methods exist for converting channel-wise directed (effective) connectiviy estimates to ROI-wise connectivity estimates?

I am reading up on directed connectivity estimates (e.g. Granger causality, DTF, dDTF) in an attempt to find a method that allows me to appropriately convert channel-wise connectivity estimates into ...
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0answers
23 views

Has there been any substantive neuroimaging done to study Gendler's belief/alief distinction?

Tamar Gendler proposed a distinction between the concept of "belief" and "alief", "belief" being the more commonly held, intuitive conception of a certain type of propositional attitude and "alief" ...
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0answers
107 views

ROI analysis of a Z-Score map [closed]

I have a brain z-score image wich is the result of some test. The image is in the SPM space. How can I perfrom a ROI analisis of different zones? And obtain some statistics for each place.
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0answers
25 views

Does MEG measure the sum of neural activity or the maximum?

According to Wikipedia, neurons give a response that generates a readable MEG signal when they are firing in a relatively synchronized manner and their current carrying dendrites/axons are all aligned....
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0answers
46 views

How to cope with the problem of noise in fMRI?

The sounds and noises that a typical MRI scanner produces are problematic for several reasons: they give - annoying as they are - a strong feel of uncomfortableness to any subject or patient they are ...
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0answers
54 views

Single person with largest number of fMRI scans [closed]

Is there a known single test person of whom the largest number of fMRI scans (while performing different tasks) have been recorded? Are these publicly available? I assume some overarching patterns ...
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0answers
30 views

How does processing of T1 images affect tractography after registering the DWI to T1?

At the moment I believe that registering (aligning) Diffusion Weighted Images (DWI) to T1 images only allows for the DWI to have a parcellation basis, and otherwise it does not give much information. ...