Questions tagged [methodology]

For questions about experimental and theoretical methods, procedures, and tools used while conducting research in the cognitive sciences.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. Bays et al., 2009 use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color of an object by ...
29
votes
12answers
10k views

Open source software for running Internet psychological experiments that collect reaction time data

I've often used Inquisit to run psychological experiments online. The software enables delivery of stimuli (e.g., text, images, etc.) and collection of reaction times. Obviously general purpose ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Does the wording of official ethnicity questions influence perceptions in the longer term?

It is well known that the sequence in which questions are asked in a survey can affect answers as earlier questions can influence the frame of mind in which a respondent answers a subsequent question. ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Are dedicated response boxes really better in precision than regular keyboards?

There are various (very pricey) commercial response boxes or pads (perhaps most notably Cedrus) that purportedly offer higher precision than regular keyboards. (Note that my question focuses on ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

What software to use for psychology questionnaire?

I'm doing a schoolwork about Spiral Dynamics and last part is doing practical research and everything is completed except we yet didnt found any digital platform with which we can conduct our research....
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Slope of psychometric function too steep?

I am in a project where we are preparing a visual decision making experiment which requires participants to detect vertical grating in a patch of dynamic noise (the noise pattern is updated on every ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

What is the most robust method for peer grading?

I intend to provide a group task for 30 people, split into 5 or 6 groups. Ultimately, I want them to assess which group delivered the best result (after presenting results in front of other groups) ...
2
votes
3answers
87 views

What statistical tests should be performed to test effect of trials on response times where each subject has different number of data points?

I am running a behavioral experiment where a number of subjects (=20 in my case) perform a simple cognitive task. The experiment consists of a fixed number of trials (say, 40 in my case). During each ...
4
votes
1answer
503 views

At what impedances should one gold plate 12.5-µm diameter nichrome wire tetrodes for targeting different brain areas?

Extracellular electrophysiological recordings of rodent brains using tetrodes requires plating them with gold solution in order to achieve appropriate impedances. How does the ideal plating ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

In an experiment with animated stimuli, should I accept answers during Animation Time and count it into the Response Time?

In an experimental task where the response time is an important variable to compare two groups with different conditions, and there are animated stimuli (movement), should the response be accepted ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

How to measure confidence in non-binary (e.g. ordinal) choice tasks?

In metacognition literature, why is confidence, regardless of scale (Likert-type or continuous) and definition (e.g. decision confidence as a subjective probability of a decision being correct), ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Can the administration of self-report measures of craving prompt participants with addiction to experience craving during the experiment?

My research focuses on measuring the neural correlates (through resting-state EEG) pre-post an improvisational music therapy session (MT sessions) in clients with substance misuse. One of my variable ...
24
votes
2answers
8k views

Free online intelligence test with norm table, high reliability, and must be printable?

I am looking for a general intelligence test which meets the following requirements: available online for free there is a table which translates "points" to IQ (I don't want a hidden online ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Can you prove a psychological theory on a one-person research design?

Famous psychologists have proven their theories on a few subjects (really small sample sizes, like n = 3). Yet, now, we are taught that to prove any psychological theory right, we need to gather data ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

How to determine nerve conduction velocity?

Can anyone suggest good sources or papers to understand about experimental setup and procedure for measuring nerve conduction velocity for various types of neurons? I wish to learn how such ...
7
votes
2answers
199 views

Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
4
votes
1answer
403 views

How to fit averaged data to obtain a single psychometric function?

I have psycho-physical data from a motion discrimination task in order to obtain PSE (point of subjective equality). I am using psignifit and have constructed individual psychometric logistic ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to know whether a methodological technique is quantitative or qualitative?

How do you classify NASA TLX, ANOVA, Matched Pair T-Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and System Usability Scale? Are these types of data analysis considered quantitative or qualitative? Please answer ...
18
votes
4answers
4k views

Public domain scientific intelligence test available for use in research

The IPIP is an example of a public domain scientific personality inventory that can be used for research. Are there any good public domain scientific measures of intelligence? Requirements Do not ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

What tools are available for EEG analysis on the R platform?

I'm starting some EEG studies on attention, and would really like to use R for preprocessing (filtering/artifact rejection), visualization, and analysis, but I can find very little in the way of tools....
4
votes
2answers
416 views

Raven Progressive Matrix: why's my chosen square wrong?

Source: Intelligence and How to Get It: Why Schools and Cultures Count (2009). pp. 7-8.   The example that the problem-solver must follow is set up by the two figures in the top row of the left panel....
2
votes
1answer
35 views

How can I determine which of Brainwave is dominant as one state by EEG data?

I am a student working on EEGs. I have a EEG data of Brainwave in 4 emotional states, namely anger, sorrow, joy and pleasure. Is there any method for determining the difference between these emotional ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Correlation used as explanatory device in ''The neuroscience of Intelligence'

I am currently reading Dr. Richard Haier's book The Neuroscience of Intelligence. I have a base knowledge of statistics, but I am confused about the following extract from page 80 (chapter 2.4): ...
12
votes
2answers
554 views

Fitting a psychometric function when data does not lend itself to a sigmoidal fit

I'm fitting a psychometric function to a range of data. The majority of this data lends itself to a sigmoidal fit (i.e. participants can do the task), but some individuals are absolutely unable to do ...
6
votes
5answers
289 views

Which function to use for fitting learning curves?

Background I am fitting learning curves for cochlear implant (CI) users. These folks get a CI, and then need to start learning to understand speech again. They keep on improving for years. Along the ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Is there a term for a situation when questions in an anonymous survey may alienate the answers of the survey?

A friend was complaining to me the other day about a anonymous survey that they started to answer online which made them feel as if the survey was making negative presumptions about them which led to ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

How can we eliminate the effect of psychiatric medication on neuropsychological research with schizophrenic patients?

It is delicate to conduct studies with schizophrenic patients, considering that the results may be altered by the medication factor. What strategies should be used to counteract this effect?
16
votes
8answers
1k views

Software for online psychological experiments that don't require users to download anything

We are currently using Inquisit to conduct Internet experiments. Ideally, we would like to implement something that is strictly browser-based, without any extra plug-ins or downloads. We also ...
9
votes
1answer
408 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

How exactly should the items in the MEC-SPQ be rotated?

citing from the usage instructions of https://academic.csuohio.edu/kneuendorf/frames/MECFull.pdf "The MEC-SPQ was designed for immediate assignment after media exposure. Starting with ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Books on Statistics in R for behavioral data analysis

Are there any statistics books geared towards teaching behavioral data analysis especially in psycholinguistics?
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Terror management theory: Is this a valid conclusion based on the conducted experiment?

I am currently reading the book ‘The Worm at the Core: On the Role of Death in Life’. I have to say that I am a bit skeptical about many of the statements posed, and I’m trying to identify why that is,...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Whole brain death diagnosis and false positive

In view of the increasing need for organ transplants( possibly because of the greater ability of the surgeons and physicians to both execute the transplant, prevent a rejection, and/or diagnose the ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Principles of grouping neurons

This is an overview question. I wonder which principles of grouping neurons into higher units are there, and which principles I have overseen. neurotransmitter systems: all neurons that release or ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

How to determine which scale to use: Nominal vs Interval?

I am currently working on immersion and how it can be quantified. One of the problems I have run into is how to determine which scale to use? I have performed a literature review but have not ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Psychological Diagnostic Test

Can a person sway the results of their Psychiatric diagnosis test? Say a person has a mental illness that is more serious that they want to accept, if they know enough about Psychology, can they gear ...
6
votes
0answers
566 views

Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment with women

In the (in)famous experiment by psychologist Zimbardo at Stanford, also called the Stanford Prison Experiment, my understanding is that only males were selected. Is there any other analogous ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Can some one operate 15 points lower during some part of the day and then return to normal?

Few days back I took an IQ test (online mensa norway) and found my IQ score to be 85. I actually had my IQ professionally tested 16 months ago by a psychologist when I was 18, and found out that I am ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

How can one detect ACC, PCC or any other medial cortical activity with MEG or EEG if it's inside the brain?

Been reading some research involving various brain imaging techniques and it's not my strong point. Really, if the electrodes or SQUIDS measure surface activity, how does one measure what's going on ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Open-source software for analyzing Electrodermal activity

Electrodermal activity (EDA) is a measure of the sympathetic activity, typically caused by stress or an emotional state. Analysis not a straightforward process like analysing reaction times. It ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Excluding psychometry and interview methods, is there any physical or molecular method that can confirm mild autism?

ASD is a set of very much heterogeneous symptoms with some common characteristics like lack of eye contact, lack of social guesswork, difficulty in learning unwritten social norms or conventions, ...
3
votes
2answers
234 views

correction for multiple comparison over many ROIs

I would like to know how to correct a p value of a stiatistic when the same test was run over multiple regions of interest. The modality is MEG. So, I have 4 Regions Of Interests, and I ran the same ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Recommended resources (journals, blogs, etc) for nurturing a background of statistical/methodological rigour in behavioural science research?

Background : There seems to considerable debate regarding the output of psychological research lacking a) appropriate, rigourous statistical treatment of data b) replicability As a second year ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Methods to find patterns or correlations in MEA spike trains

I am looking for methods currently used to analyze micro-electrode arrays spike trains and figure out patterns, as repeated sequences of activation or spacial correlations. I know about ISI ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

What are the pros and cons of the hot sauce paradigm to measure aggression?

The hot sauce paradigm is a way to measure aggressive behavior in the lab. Participants are asked to give a portion of hot sauce to another person (who they know hates hot sauce) and who will have to ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Is there a list of large-scale, free datasets with psychological variables?

Psychologists are not using large, existing, free data to its potential. We don't know what exists, what it contains, or how to use it without a huge investment. Secondary analysis of large, open ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

May somebody use oddball paradigm solely for psychophysical studies?

I'm an undergraduate linguistics student with a strong interest in cognitive psychology of visual attention. Nowadays, I'm studying on an undergraduate research project in which I'm planning to use ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Averaging features in NetStation

Does anyone know any resources on how to look at the averages of first and the second part of an ERP experiment?
5
votes
2answers
885 views

How do you randomize within a Qualtrics form without breaking timing?

My current survey has a number of blocks. Each of those blocks contains a bunch of questions, each on their own page with a page break, and each with an associated timing question to limit time spent ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

What time range between 2 measures for test-retest reliability?

How much time between 2 measurements is needed (at least / at most) to be called test-retest reliability? Concrete casus: I am planning a meta-analysis on reliability of various loneliness scales. We ...

1
2 3 4 5 6