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Questions tagged [memory]

For questions about the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in the brain. This tag encompasses research all the way from the molecular level in model organisms to abstract mathematical representations, and includes applied learning paradigms and tasks.

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Does studying multiples subjects in parallel effect performance?

Researches shown that multitasking is really bad. But, does studying multiple subjects in parallel comes under it? Is it okay to switch between the subjects (mathematics, physics, biology, ....) In ...
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Is there a reliable memory-retention guidance chart?

As discussed here reliability of some charts are dubious. I would like to use such a chart for studying purposes and am looking for something peer-reviewed or as factual as possible. Does it exist?
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How to measure the correlation between “spirituality” and the susceptibility to false memories?

Is there a measurement to correlate "spirituality" (how religious one is) to susceptibility to false memories? What papers or keywords should we look for?
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How can different ion channels of the same type have different cell responses?

The NMDA receptor is an ion channel and contributes to synaptic plasticity and memory. It is said that calcium ion flux through the receptor is critical for this mechanism. However, there are other ...
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1answer
86 views

Why can't human thoughts be stored in metals?

As metals are good conductors of electricity and they can be charged by the electrical activity of thoughts, why can't human thoughts be stored in metals? Why thoughts cannot be stored in the form of ...
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1answer
19 views

Term/phrase for remembering the negative over the positive

I work in UX (user experience) which involves a lot of psychological principles to various degrees and came across an interesting thought about bad experiences. My question is, is there some kind of ...
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1answer
46 views

In which way does what you do right after class affect knowledge retention?

For example going for a walk in the woods right after the class sounds like a much better idea than to binge watch 5 Rick & Morty episodes... but why? In which way do your right-after-class ...
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61 views

How to train/develop photographic memory?

In this older post, @Beofett asked whether photographic memory (I don't really know if this is the correct term) was even possible... For me, photographic memory is the impressing ability to remember ...
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Stress vs. Testing

I was reading somewhere and found that there are various levels of stress depending on time. It said that when under stress for 30 mins, memory is not as efficient. So I have two questions here. A- Is ...
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1answer
117 views

Is is possible to “delete” a memory permanently?

If cognitive memory is compared to computer memory, then is it possible to purposefully and permanently forget a specific memory, using known technologies and methodologies?
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1answer
92 views

Why do we forget what we try to remember?

Almost everybody has had an experience where someone asks them what their favorite book is, and they immediately forget every single book they have ever read. This infuriating consequence of ...
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1answer
37 views

Is it fair to categorize the neurons in the output layer of artificial neural networks as grandmother cells?

I'm interested in how memory is distributed in the brain. That inevitably leads one to think about grandmother cells. Under my interpretation, a neuron (or a small ensemble) would classify as a ...
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I’m doing a research project requiring participants to look at a photo for ten seconds and then answer questions about small details in the photos

I want to read up on some past studies that might’ve done something similar. Has anybody seen anything like this? For example, one picture depicts a woman with a large, distracting necklace. A ...
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Why do we feel the present moment has already happened? [closed]

When I'm with my friends at some place doing something or talking about something, suddenly a thought comes to my mind that this present moment has already happened previously. But when I try to ...
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1answer
64 views

How do we imagine? How do images have qualia?

After reading a bit about qualia and hard problem of consiousness, I came up to theoretical solution. The reason why we have this problem is because we can imagine. We can imagine an object visible to ...
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Can dreams predict the future? [duplicate]

On Quora there is a discussion that dreams can predict the future. I have experienced the feeling that things happening to me in real-life had occurred in my dreams, before these events actually ...
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56 views

How does the brain’s visual memory work?

I have read a lot about people who are good memorizing images (visual type memory), music, words, numbers, etc. but I have never read a lot about how all these things are "saved" in our brain. I am ...
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2answers
670 views

Is there an audio equivalent of eidetic memory?

In this YouTube video by The Blaze it is claimed that Ted Cruz has "audiographic" memory. He does seem to have quite a good memory based on videos I've seen of him, but I'm not sure if Glenn Beck is ...
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1answer
64 views

What happens in the brain that allows access to a previous unavailable memory?

What happens in the brain that allows you access to a memory previous unavailable? For example I forgot the name of someone I've known for years. Two weeks later, without notice, "Diana" popped up. ...
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Definition of cognitive load

Wikipedia's page on cognitive load starts with In cognitive psychology, cognitive load refers to the effort being used in the working memory. Cognitive load theory differentiates cognitive load ...
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How convincing is the evidence that LTP underlies memory formation?

(Yeah, I'm aware this question probably is rather close to being opinion based, but I'll ask anyway.) A (widely cited) 2004 review by Lynch was somewhat reserved on the topic, noting that some ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the learning/memory type which requires active contribution called?

I observed I best memorize information when I actively compile it into meaningful hierarchy. That encompasses creating PowerPoint presentations, explaining the topic to someone or writing summaries. I ...
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Are facial muscles activated in verbal thought? [duplicate]

In this video, Dr Russel Barkley states the following: I can put electrodes all over your face and I can ask you to cite your Canadian pledge of allegiance in your mind. You still move your face. ...
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Are There Any Customizable Working Memory Tests?

I've found many working memory tests online, but they all use either the digits 0-9, or the alphabet. Is there a working memory test that lets one choose the characters? Ex.: If I input the ...
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1answer
60 views

How is memory structured (from a modeling perspective)?

My understanding is that memory is neither purely associationist (fully connected graph with weights) nor purely hierarchical (tree). What structure does biological evidence point towards? I'm ...
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305 views

What would happen to the human brain after running out of memory?

According to this answer humans have enough memory to store 300 years of TV shows. However, of course, it is disputable, as storage system would be completely different from storing TV shows (videos) ...
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1answer
125 views

Is short term memory ability inherited?

Have any studies been done on the inheritability of different mental abilities such as short-term-memory, long term memory and so on. Many studies, if at all, seem to rely on an over-all IQ. This ...
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I can sometimes 'erase' an active thought - how does that work? [closed]

When I'm trying to sleep but still awake, I sometimes get dream-like thoughts. I still twist and turn in bed, consciously moving (thus not sleeping) and hearing sounds in the room, but these thoughts ...
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47 views

What are science-based methods to memorize large sets of best practices?

I am a writer. In every book about writing fiction there are some recommendations, which I need to remember during the process of writing. Examples of best practices may include: In every scene, it ...
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76 views

How the Brain Does Garbage Collection in Real Time [duplicate]

When we read a sentence we don't "pay attention to" each letter and the structure of each letter and the placement of the letter and color and lighting and all that. We just "end up with" the meaning ...
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1answer
28 views

Fitting equal-variance signal detection model to ROC data

I posted this question in the programming forums but think I might get some answers if I post here as well... hope that's ok. I'm trying to follow the steps in this paper to reproduce the excel table ...
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141 views

Hermann Ebbinghaus and spaced repetition algorithms

I was reading about Hermann Ebbinghaus. He became interested in experimental psychology which led him to conduct memory experiments on himself which then resulted in the publication of his book: "...
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161 views

What is a Good Working Memory Test Online (or overall if none)?

By good, I mean three things: Accepted by professional doctors/psychologists/psychiatrists. Has supporting research. Has an established norm and can tell you where you are relative to the ...
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1answer
86 views

Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
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1answer
78 views

Why is the hopfield network a model of associative memory?

I'm struggling to understand the meaning of the term associative memory in the context of Hopfield networks. I'm not sure if associative learning is the same thing or a different thing. In associative ...
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2answers
117 views

What is the term for the “knowing what you think but can't explain it” phenomenon?

I think we all experience this phenomenon once in a while, and I am experiencing it right now. It's the feeling that whatever word one tries to say it seems to be wrong (for them) or confusing (for ...
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1answer
38 views

Long-Term (Not WM) Memory Norms

Is there research on how long it takes an "average" person to memorize a piece of information? Say a word or a license plate. Something along the lines of: "Given a license plate, and 100 repetitions ...
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1answer
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Why do I perform better at rhythm games after a long period of not playing?

Every once in a while I decide to play Phase Shift (very similar to Guitar Hero). I might go weeks or months between plays, but when I return, I often break a high score within the first few songs I ...
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1answer
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How many items in a list can a human create without repetition?

Consider the question "Name as many animals as you can." An average person could no doubt list off about 20-30 animals without repetition. This is odd seeing as we have a 7-9 item maximum short term ...
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114 views

Is it possible to recall old memories without altering them?

I want spend some time reminiscing about the past and I want to go deep. Upon Googling techniques on how to help memory recall I ran into an old fact I had forgotten about (ironically). The fact is ...
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Do memories cease to exist? [duplicate]

Do memories ever cease to exist? For example, did the memories I had 20 years go (which I can't remember) disappear? If a machine that could access and show memories existed, could it bring back ...
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Study claims that human brain does not produce new brain cells?

Neurogenesis is one of the most fascinating subjects to discuss. However, it seems like scientific community has difference of opinion about whether neurogenesis is possible or not in adult humans. ...
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68 views

Does associative recognition retrieve target when given re-paired foil?

Context In "Tracking cognitive processing stages with MEG: A spatio-temporal model of associative recognition in the brain" by Borst et. al., MEG is used to show the existence of discrete stages ...
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why can't we override memory priority?

Is it known why certain information cant be retained by some people even when it's important to do so? I've read that our ability to remember things is based on every memory accessed before, ...
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Memorising phone numbers with symmetrical digit arrangement (e.g. 321 123)

I have noticed, by chance, but I would very easily remember a phone number, if it has some digits symmetry, e.g. "540 045" (and mind you, I have very hard time memorizing numbers in general). At the ...
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313 views

What does “unconscious memory” mean?

Is there a single notion in the cognitive sciences for "unconscious memory"? For example a in a 2015 Northwestern University press release, we find that Scientists retrieve unconscious memories ...
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1answer
89 views

How can we determine if a traumatic event in our youngest days can influence our present behaviour?

Suppose that a little kid found him/herself in a traumatic situation at an age of which he or she has no conscious memories (let's say between 1 and 3 years old). For example, the kid was put in a ...
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285 views

Eyewitness testimony study from Power of Habit

In his book The Power of Habit, Charles Duhigg refers to some study from the University of Western Ontario: STEP THREE: ISOLATE THE CUE About a decade ago, a psychologist at the University of ...
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80 views

How to detect which memory is being used when answering a yes or no question?

I am asking participants some questions on a form. I have to know which kind of memory they are using when answering these questions. I am having difficulty deciding this. Is there any special ...
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What is the term covering psychology disorders and language acquiring?

I have a research article aimed for popular audience, whose bibliography contains: 3 works on borderline personality disorder 1 works on language (Hirsh, David, and Paul Nation. “What Vocabulary Size ...