Questions tagged [memory]

For questions about the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in the brain. This tag encompasses research all the way from the molecular level in model organisms to abstract mathematical representations, and includes applied learning paradigms and tasks.

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Non-binary scores for backward digit span (BDS)

A common test of memory span is to display or utter a sequence of numbers and then request that a candidate being assessed repeat that sequence of numbers in reverse order. Typically, the candidate's ...
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Regarding a subconscious memory faculty [duplicate]

I 've been fascinated by the following technique which I read some time ago. It goes as follows: If you forget something and you can't remember it e.g. somebody's name, try with full intention and ...
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Why is my memory composed of so many flashbulb memories? [closed]

I recently learned about flashbulb memories from Reddit and I seem to have a large amount of them in my memory. Yet they are just isolated bubbles. I don’t have a consistent hyperthemsia, just spurts. ...
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What nutrients are involved in memory formation?

What nutrients are involved in the physical process of memory formation? Another way of asking this might be: What nutrients can be removed from the diet without adversely affecting memory formation ...
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If a person with Parkinson's disease is young at 20 years of age [closed]

If a person with Parkinson's disease is young at 20 years of age, what should he do to get rid of it and what are its causes?
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Why do some memories have a closer 'feeling' in time than others?

There are some memories in my head which seems to have occured much more far away than it actually has happend, that is there is a feeling of disconnect between the actual timeline of events which has ...
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2answers
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Improving backward item retention

I am trying to improve my performance in auditory backward retention tests. The task consists in trying to repeat in the reverse order the longest possible series of digits after hearing a series of ...
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1answer
41 views

Does nostalgia contribute to overrating past experiences?

We all have something in our lives that we are sentimental about, and even a glimpse of that object/idea can bring back happy memories. And nostalgia makes the remembrances of those experiences feel ...
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Is it generally accepted idea that a memory associated with strong olfactory stimuli will be kept longer?

Question: If you go to see flowers and don't smell them, is it likely that you will forget the event easier than when you do smell them? assuming all the other factors are constant. Here's the story. ...
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1answer
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What caused psychologists to be so wrong about the size of working memory?

They used to think that the size of working memory was 7 items, on average. Now, according to fMRI, it's believed to be only 4. Source: In his TED talk, around 5:20, Peter Doolittle says the estimate ...
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1answer
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Memory Retention of [submininal] information

How effective is memory retention of [subliminal] information when specifically focusing your attention on a different focal point? I.e... If I attempt to retain information from a lecture by playing ...
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Is there a benefit for humans to lose memory access when under elongated periods of stress?

Long term anxiety causes memory loss. Sources: https://www.calmclinic.com/anxiety/signs/memory-loss and https://now.uiowa.edu/2014/06/stress-hormone-linked-short-term-memory-loss-we-age Are there ...
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1answer
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Is Orwellian Double-think Psychologically Possible?

In George Orwell's 1984, a great deal of space is devoted to explaining "Double-think," part of The Party's method of "reality control." Here's a particularly clear passage: ...
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Neuroscience of dreaming and thinking

When we dream while sleeping, our brain is still buzzing with neural activity. My question is, while my whole body sleeps and rest, what changes take place in cellular activity throughout my body? ...
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1answer
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Are there “place cells” for temporal encoding?

First of all, I have to say I am not a neuroscientist but I like to learn about neuroscience. I understand there are sets of neurons called "place cells" and "grid cells" which ...
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1answer
63 views

What do psychologists call the ability to quickly revise and remember things that a person had previously learnt

I am someone very far away from psychology, actually an engineering student, but I came up with this curiosity a few days ago. To be specific, let's assume someone is learning physics. He previously ...
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Differences between Visual Paired Associate Subtests 1 and 2 of the “Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised”

I am reading a paper in which the Visual Paired Associate Subtests 1 and 2 of the "Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised" are used to assess cognitive function. There is a significant difference in ...
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2answers
53 views

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
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From a general perspective, why are we more likely to remember wanting to do something, but not specifically what it is?

I have experienced several mind pops and instant recalls based on triggered events, and some might come suddenly, or they might gradually appear. Sometimes, though, I remember something that I would ...
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1answer
28 views

Is it possible to memorize the sound of a certain pitch?

Those how have an absolute pitch can name the note when they hear it. For those who don't have this ability is it possible to remember a pitch of at least one note?
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To what extent are testimonies of “spiritual experiences” reliable?

After reading/watching hundreds of testimonies of people sharing their own personal spiritual experiences, and after analyzing how different skeptics react to these testimonies, I've come to the ...
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What lies at the core of human brain's processing, is it a simple retrieval from memory or actual computation?

For example, let's say I am solving a tough Calculus problem, as is my friend. I have practised calculus problems for several months now. While my friend is new to it. So, I solve it easily while my ...
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Is the mechanism behind how historians “edit history” and how human beings “edit memory” similar or even the same?

We know that people's memories are fluid and are edited over time (subconsciously). We also know that accounts of history -- the "memory of human kind" -- have been edited and shaped by ...
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Difficulties in recollecting memory, when execution speed of an action is slow

I learnt to solve Rubik's cube 2 - 3 years ago, I used to practice once in a while, I can solve Rubik's cube within a minute. One day, I went to my uncle's house, my nephew had a Rubik's cube, I ...
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Measure of short term memory

I'm doing a study on the impact of video quality and memory. The subject groups are going to watch a video of someone reciting 20 or so facts, and then will be asked to recall the facts or answer ...
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1answer
91 views

Why do we sometimes forget the retrospective component of a particular task?

I'm sure everyone experienced it quite a few times before. For example, sometimes when we go to the kitchen to grab something the moment we get to the kitchen you forget what you were trying to get. ...
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Contextual freezing decline after exposure to CS (Fear Conditioning)

I am trying to find the literature or a phenomenon name to explain the following condition, Animals are trained with cued fear conditioning (Context A), then at testing, they have two consecutive ...
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Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test- item 19- Belongings Delayed Recall scoring

OT student here scoring the RBMT and for the Belongings Delayed recall section the manual does not describe a common situation I have encountered: The client requires prompting to recall there are two ...
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How can we make the most of a cramming session?

While spaced repetition would be ideal, if we are forced into a situation requiring cramming, how can we maximize the short term benefit? Consider a hypothetical scenario: I am locked in an isolated ...
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Neurotically, what is the difference between learning/memorizing and understanding?

I'm trying to understand how our brains - neurons or other chemical processes work in regards to learning/ memorizing and understanding. I found a lot of "theoretical" discussions on the topic- e.g. ...
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Which are some good books to research spaced repetition and long term memory?

I am developing an application to help students remember what they learn. But I need deeper and more grounded research in topics of: Spaced repetition / Revision Forgetting Curve Long term memory ...
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Does Ativan / lorazepam ever cause unconsciousness, or only memory loss? [closed]

An Ativan injection, probably 20-min after the event, erased my memory starting 30-min prior to the event until (maybe 1-hour or so?) after the event. Because of memory loss, the injuries were the ...
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Most efficient (highest-bandwidth) memory encoding scheme?

Memory competitions have different events; most of them revolve around memorizing digits, cards, faces, etc. over a defined period of time. However, world champions use established techniques like ...
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Does PTSD related courage (coping mechanisms) run parallel with bad memory in patients? [closed]

From Hayes, et al. (2012) Some researchers have suggested that patients with PTSD have an enhanced ability to forget information, which may explain amnesia for important details of their ...
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Can one neuron denrdite be involved in different memories?

It's clear that neurons are involved in whatever memory. Suppose I see the image of a bird taking off over and over again. The image becomes imprinted in my memory. So when I think about this ...
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Neocortical potentiation vs slow wave memory consolidation in narcolepsy

Activity in the neocortex of the brain is significantly reduced during slow wave sleep. The general theory is that during that during this period of time memory consolidation occurs. Individuals with ...
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Are memories stored as patterns of chemicals/emotions?

Lately, I (as someone with no experience or prior knowledge in the topic) have been thinking about...thinking. The part that intrigues me the most is memory. As a computer-y type person, I tend to ...
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Why some people can't see color in memory or dreams

Some of my friends told me they never see color in memory or dreams, is this some kind of symptom? Does it have a name in psychology? I did some search on internet, but seems most pages did not ...
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1answer
131 views

Why can't we remember being babies?

I once watched a YouTube video explaining that it was because it was an evolutionary disadvantage to remember it better because you might do something like electrocute yourself with an electrical ...
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59 views

How is a memory lost?

Firstly, I have an incredibly rudimentary understanding of how neurons interact etc. My understanding of memory representation is that it's a group of interconnected neurons that fire in some ...
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28 views

Common latent feature among all “memory techniques”

So I've been delving into "memory techniques" and people who compete in memory competitions(memorizing and reciting a poem in a small amount of time, memorizing a deck of cards, memorizing pi, etc). I'...
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Are there disadvantages to spaced repetition?

In his essay Michael Nielsen talks about his way of learning about new field of study. He's using spaced-repetition to remember things he learned. It seems that he adds a lot of information into his ...
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Memory Retention : isolated information vs emphasized information in a heap

I have observed that when learning new words (vocabulary building), if we are presented with, say, 5 new words in these 2 manners: only 5 words presented in isolation 40 words presented, with 5 words ...
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2answers
103 views

Inability to associate a face with a name

I know there is a medical condition called "Prosopagnosia" that is described as: a cognitive disorder of face perception in which the ability to recognize familiar faces, including one's own face (...
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Why are some specific names / items harder to remember

I will take an example specific to myself to illustrate: Having a very solid music culture and a quite good one about movies, a few cues usually help me remember the works in question. Sometimes I ...
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1answer
40 views

How do different dendritic spines experience a correlated/coupled calcium signaling?

The following quote from the discussion in a review paper by Higley and Sabatini: Finally, several studies demonstrate the ability of dendritic Ca transients to herald near-synchronous and ...
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154 views

Importance of memory on learning?

I've been studying into the important of memory and learning. I think it's undeniable that part of learning is requiring the retrieval of information at the relevant times, but the counter argument I'...
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1answer
82 views

What's the memory capacity of the human brain? [duplicate]

This article, Human brain can store.. claims the memory has a capacity of around 1 petabyte or quadrillion bytes. This other one, What's the memory capacity of the human brain claims the memory ...
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N-Back implementation?

I'm a programmer writing a small n-Back test/game app,and certain things are still ambiguous to me: 1-is there a standard implementation used in research(for example displaying a sequence of pictures ...
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71 views

Can repetitive music help remember by increasing theta waves?

Can repetitive music (minimal) help remember by increasing theta waves? As far as I understand theta waves are involved in memory tasks. If correct, can I try increase theta waves with audio neuro-...

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