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Questions tagged [measurement]

For questions about techniques for measuring psychological and neural properties. Includes the measurement of knowledge, abilities, attitudes, and personality traits, as well as neural structure, organization, activity, and complexity.

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Is the Myer Briggs Type indicator (MBTI) a reasonable scientific theory?

Background: MBTI stands for Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It's a theory that suggests that people can be divided into 16 types, based on the way they percieve and analyse information (whether they make ...
17
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3answers
2k views

Are there any personality theories that use the scientific method?

Background I have come across a number of personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
14
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2answers
3k views

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
14
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1answer
6k views

Do the Jungian Cognitive Functions/ Processes really exist?

Background Many of us must have come across personality theories like MBTI which use part of Carl Jung's concepts to make a theoretical system used to divide people into types. For example, MBTI ...
15
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2answers
858 views

What is the support for a global personality factor?

The Big 5 is a popular framework for describing major factors of individual differences in personality. More recently, I've been hearing people talking about the utility of conceptualising personality ...
22
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3answers
12k views

How to reliably measure working memory capacity?

The capacity of human working memory is subject to individual differences. The number of items or chunks a person can retain in their memory may, have profound effects on a variety of other cognitive ...
7
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3answers
1k views

What exactly is IQ, and how to develop or improve it?

Some people are said to have exceptionally high IQ. What exactly is that supposed to mean? Is it possible to develop high IQ if one doesn't have it? If yes, then how?
28
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2answers
2k views

What is an effective metric of complexity for an Artificial Neural Network?

After asking the question What is the most complex neural network... I realized I don't really have a good metric of "complexity" in a general sense. The simplest measure would likely be count of ...
12
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4answers
3k views

How valid are reaction times collected from online studies?

Online studies promise the possibility of greatly increased numbers of and variability in populations to study, but there are many potential concerns and need for validation, and diving in head first ...
8
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2answers
4k views

What free scientific measures of Big 5 personality are available?

I'm aware of a few freely available scientific measures of Big 5 personality. IPIP: Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) Questions: What other free scientific Big 5 personality tests are ...
5
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4answers
738 views

Getting started with EEG data

I want to get started with getting signals from EEG and learning on how I can read data. I have some programming skills, so designing a database and manipulating data with ruby (python seems also cool,...
19
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2answers
4k views

How long does it take to refocus after context switching?

Context switching has been highlighted for the toll it takes on productivity at great length, particularly by people who work in software and project management. Are there any psychology/...
14
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3answers
20k views

How can we scientifically measure love?

I want to understand the psychology of love, and I found the Triangular Theory of Love on Wikipedia from this question, which I think is very believable. However, there is a big section on mixed ...
22
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3answers
8k views

Free online intelligence test with norm table, high reliability, and must be printable?

I am looking for a general intelligence test which meets the following requirements: available online for free there is a table which translates "points" to IQ (I don't want a hidden online ...
11
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2answers
12k views

Which neurotransmitters can be measured in a living human brain?

I'm interested in learning more about the modern techniques that are used for scientific studies of neurotransmitters in the living human brain. As far as I know, there are 4 neuromodulator systems ...
11
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1answer
2k views

How to measure group differences incorporating reaction time / accuracy trade-off?

In a psychological experiment I am measuring subjects' reaction time as well as their error rate. Now I would like to compare two groups (males & females). There might be a bias in the sense that ...
9
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2answers
274 views

How do cognitive scientists measure creativity?

Einstein said once something like creativity is more important than intelligence. Intelligence as it is measured is really one's speed and efficiency at processing information. How one processes the ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
15
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3answers
3k views

Public domain scientific intelligence test available for use in research

The IPIP is an example of a public domain scientific personality inventory that can be used for research. Are there any good public domain scientific measures of intelligence? Requirements Do not ...
16
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3answers
1k views

Longitudinal mobile mood tracking app with random reminders

The goal is to take simple measurements of mood using Likert scale over an extended period of time (e.g. two months). I know there is a large number of mobile apps for tracking mood on every ...
17
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1answer
2k views

How to measure dominance and submissiveness?

Introduction Interpersonal dimensions of personality (Sullivan, 1953) have been described in a circular model, the interpersonal circumplex, since Leary (1957). The two dimensions that define this ...
11
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2answers
558 views

What computerized EEG analysis algorithms are there?

I got a commercial-grade EEG headband and am trying to look at the data it outputs. The headband quantifies raw EEG signal from a single forehead dry sensor into a range of EEG bands (alpha, beta, etc)...
12
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2answers
213 views

Measuring the adoption of norms

I'm trying to make a survey and I'm having trouble to find a scale to measure the adoption of norms. The people who fill in the survey have to think about a situation in which they were ashamed. For ...
9
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1answer
347 views

What is understood about interactions between personality types or traits?

There are several psychological tests based on Jungian typology (e.g., MBTI, Insights & DISC) which extrapolate findings about personality into how those types interact (e.g., interaction styles). ...
8
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3answers
292 views

Freeware for measuring keystroke duration

I am searching for freeware to measure the duration of a keystroke or mouse-click, both would work. Does anyone have an idea? Matlab toolboxes are, unfortunately, of no use to me.
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2answers
1k views

Is it possible to quantify cognitive bias?

We know that bias exists, and that it affects our judgment and perception. This effect has to do with user's experience in life. That experience is taken care of by the brain, and if you counter a ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Do the motivations and fears behind Enneagram have any scientific reasoning?

Background The Enneagram personality typing system defines set of motivations and basic fears for its nine personality types among people. The system seems to be aimed at personal development of a ...
8
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1answer
1k views

How to measure stress quantitatively?

I am wondering what the most straightforward way is to measure stress levels objectively and quantitatively *, and specifically, cognitive load. I am open to suggestions, but my understanding is that ...
7
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1answer
190 views

What was her/his name again…ahh got it!

You all know the situation described in the title. You forgot something and start to search your memory and then after quite a while it jumps right in front of you, out of nowhere. My questions are: ...
7
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1answer
136 views

A measure of creativity from mind maps

I have an experiment with 500 students who where asked to solve a general problem. Each student had the assignment to find as many solutions as possible to the problem in 15 minutes. Solutions where ...
6
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1answer
424 views

What does fMRI measure exactly

It is true that blood flows to wherever the brain is most activated and does fMRI measure the blood flow inside of the brain through oxygen content?
4
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1answer
131 views

Connections between different theories of personality

There are a several theories on personality: the Big Five personality traits, Watson en Clark's extraversion en neuroticism, Grey's Behavioural Inhibition & Behavioural Activation (BIS/BAS), ...
4
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2answers
146 views

How do psychologists ensure they are measuring innate intelligence and not just education?

Certain groups perform worse on IQ tests than other. How do psychologists ensure that those differences aren't purely related to differing levels of education between those groups? How do we know ...
12
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2answers
14k views

To what extent is time to complete an intelligence test incorporated into the IQ score?

In this previous question on scoring IQ tests the OP asked about the effect of speed of test, but it was a bit peripheral to the core question. So I thought I'd ask it as a separate question. To ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Is there a database of emotional stimuli available?

For my research I need to use emotional stimuli to use for habituation to certain emotion. Are there any databases available (preferably free or not expensive) of non-linguistic stimuli I could use? (...
7
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2answers
137 views

Accuracy of psychopy keystroke duration measurement

I am using Psychopy and this code for measuring keystroke duration as suggested in this answer for my previous question: ...
5
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2answers
358 views

Component naming of MEG vs. EEG

My question is why we use P and N for naming positive and negative EEG component(for instance N170 or P100) but for MEG data we use M in both case, I mean M170 and M100 in this example?
4
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2answers
625 views

List of affective states for a study?

I am putting together a study that attempts to assess whether people assign particular affective or emotional states to images--specifically, animated GIFs. Is there a "standard" list of emotional ...
4
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1answer
56 views

Manipulating the difficulty of guessing a correlation

I am trying to generate correlations between random variables (two dimensional) with a defined linear relationship (in the $r$ sense), but with different visual patterns when plotted. I am trying to ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Why are the Big Five factors of personality correlated?

One of main characteristics of Five Factor Model is that factors are not orthogonal as in some other personality models. Why it is tolerated that those factors are not independent? Is it possible to ...
4
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1answer
3k views

What are the pros and cons of the hot sauce paradigm to measure aggression?

The hot sauce paradigm is a way to measure aggressive behavior in the lab. Participants are asked to give a portion of hot sauce to another person (who they know hates hot sauce) and who will have to ...
9
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1answer
771 views

Why are disorders discrete?

Disorders are usually discrete. For example, if you are given a test for, say, ADHD, they are usually only two results "you have ADHD" or "you don't have ADHD". Autism is treated as a spectrum, but ...
8
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1answer
476 views

Are presence questionnaires valid in a between-subjects design?

Usoh et al. (PDF) applied presence questionnaires (which are usually designed to measure one's feeling of presence in a virtual environment) in both a virtual and a real world environment in a between-...
7
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3answers
222 views

Suggestion for wearable EEG headset

We need wearable EEG headset with raw data output accessible from various platforms. I heard that devices like that have commonly the output encoded and available adapters are designed for one or just ...
7
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0answers
208 views

Accuracy and precision of wearable devices to measure galvanic skin response? [closed]

How accurate and precise are wearable devices to measure galvanic skin response compared to laboratory quality equipment? This discussion includes some details on the accuracy of wrist-based ...
6
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2answers
2k views

How is age related change in IQ measured if tests use age specific norms?

In a comment to this question about age related IQ decline in professors and scientists, the following comment was left: I noticed that lot of IQ tests (RPM or California) have different norms ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Reducing ceiling effect with a Likert scale measure

I am designing a psychology study in which the main endpoint is the perceived effectiveness of various medical treatments. In pilot trials, we used a bipolar Likert scale to measure perceived ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

At what time in a psychophysical test are catch trials preferably presented?

I am designing a tone-in-noise detection task (specifically a high frequency N0Spi task). For various reasons I need to use a yes-no paradigm and the method of constant stimuli. I am severely limited ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How to measure emotional intensity?

This is a follow-up question to: Do people feel emotions less strongly as they grow older? Basically - I'm wondering - has anyone ever made an empirical measurement of how strongly someone felt ...
4
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0answers
292 views

Measuring short-term, long-term and sensory memory in adolescents?

I would like to measure the short-term memory, long-term memory and sensory memory of children between 10 and 15. If possible, I would prefer a single test or battery. What tests are used to measure ...