Questions tagged [long-term-memory]

For questions on the consolidation of short-term memories into long-term storage, which is comprised of explicit and procedural memory.

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How to forget faster? To free up neural real estate

How to speed up the unlearning process? In regard to a specific cluster of skills, environments and other types of memories, all relating to a specific thing (a competitive game I played too long) ...
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Memory Retention : isolated information vs emphasized information in a heap

I have observed that when learning new words (vocabulary building), if we are presented with, say, 5 new words in these 2 manners: only 5 words presented in isolation 40 words presented, with 5 words ...
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Does learning by heart improve memorizing abilities?

Some people around me believe that if you learn poems by heart in childhood, it will help you to memorize things better further. They say about improvements in memory in general: things like ...
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38 views

Do categorically different short-term memories also compete for conversion into long-term memory?

This question is inspired by In Search of Memory by Eric Kandel where he references a study on long-term memory. I have searched for a study online which can answer my question, but have not been ...
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105 views

Why do we forget what we try to remember?

Almost everybody has had an experience where someone asks them what their favorite book is, and they immediately forget every single book they have ever read. This infuriating consequence of ...
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41 views

Is it fair to categorize the neurons in the output layer of artificial neural networks as grandmother cells?

I'm interested in how memory is distributed in the brain. That inevitably leads one to think about grandmother cells. Under my interpretation, a neuron (or a small ensemble) would classify as a ...
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84 views

Can dreams predict the future? [duplicate]

On Quora there is a discussion that dreams can predict the future. I have experienced the feeling that things happening to me in real-life had occurred in my dreams, before these events actually ...
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183 views

Is there a non-interactive alternative to the concept of SuperMemo/spaced repetition?

I recently wrote an open-source application that lets you practice Chinese writing and the decisions I made about its inner workings were related to my theories of how human memory works. I'm not sure ...
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105 views

Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
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67 views

Memorization of incorrect math facts

Today I had a talk with a friend who told me that according to him, it is possible to "destroy" someone's ability to do math for his entire life by taking the person at age 5, telling him something ...
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83 views

How to detect which memory is being used when answering a yes or no question?

I am asking participants some questions on a form. I have to know which kind of memory they are using when answering these questions. I am having difficulty deciding this. Is there any special ...
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141 views

Does night-sleep-deprivation have any effect on cognitive performance?

Sleeping during the day might lead e.g. to vitamin D deficiency. But I am interested in what effects might night-sleep-deprivation have on cognitive faculties. Does sleeping during the day and ...
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229 views

Does language learning improve or worsen the ability to remember and process information?

In an interview with a Czech neurologist Syka, I've heard that much of the mental health (such as the ability to reason, communicate and process information) in older age mainly depends​ on the amount ...
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Is our memory accumulative or replacive? [closed]

While cramming, many times we tend to remember present experiences and to forget the past ones. It seems that our present experiences replace the past ones. However, in physical activities like ...
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257 views

Low crystalized intelligence- failure to transfer skill from Hippocampus to cortex?

We know that when we process some information or solve some problem, we need to pull information from long term memory to working memory. There are few factors known to me that can cause a failure ...
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2k views

Why do some memories stick out more than others?

I have noticed this in myself and in many autobiographies as well. Some memories tend to stick out really well even though there appears to be nothing special about them. For example, I vividly ...
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333 views

Does studying flashcards, both front to back and back to front, decrease retention opposed to only memorizing one way?

From this spaced repetition type flashcard user manual one can, "create cards that go in both directions (e.g., both “ookii”→“big” and “big”→“ookii”)." In other words, would studying two flashcards (...
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293 views

How accurate is this graph about learning curve and spaced repetition system?

This graph is taken from the article from Wired about Piotr Woźniak and his spaced repetition learning software SuperMemo: Want to Remember Everything You'll Ever Learn? Surrender to This Algorithm ...
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84 views

Interpretation of facts in dream

We learn facts in life from books or from experience, and we remember them. If later we ascertain a new fact about the same subject or phenomenon that contradicts the first impression, we can't erase ...
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247 views

How is information stored in the brain

I believe information in computer is physically stored as a lattice of "boxes". Each box is either magnetized or de-magnetized. The computer reads this to retrieve and consolidate useful information. ...
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Best ways to improve memory

I've once watched a movie in which CIA agent went into a room just for a few seconds and on the next day he could recall every detail of that room, including what was on the monitors. And I am ...
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116 views

How are real life events translated into dream symbolism?

I'm interested in how significant events from daily life get encoded or translated into dream content. A personal observation can help clarify my question: I've observed that for me, "significant, ...
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1answer
5k views

Why do I forget important things and remember things that I don't care about?

Why do I forget things that I want to remember? And when I forget them, I seem to remember small details that aren't so important. I might forget what the main topic of a YouTube video is, but I can ...
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3k views

Intentionally making ourselves remember things that never happened

I've been reading an interesting book which makes mostly founded claims. However, there is no reference to any studies in regards to one of the following claims: according to the author, visualizing ...
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Which format of secret would be the most efficient for human memory? [closed]

In information security a shared secret is often used to authenticate users. (so-called sth-you-know authentication factor; examples include passwords, passphrases, numeric pin-s, graphical passwords (...
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280 views

Can memorising a new thing erase existing memories?

Homer: But every time I learn something new, it pushes out something old. Remember that time I took a home wine-making course and forgot how to drive? Marge: That's because you were drunk. Yeah, ...
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616 views

How long does the trace of a memory last in the brain?

With long-term plasticity one refers to the phenomen by which synapses are modified by neural activity and these modifications last for long times, a day perhaps of the order of days. This phenomenon ...
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Are new memories stored in new neurons generated in the hippocampus?

I heard recently from Demis Hassabis that if the hippocampus is damaged that new memories cannot be formed. I also heard recently that it has been discovered that new neurons continue to be produced ...
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141 views

Can a person remember so much details as the guy in the Camus' Stranger?

In the book, while in prison, he lives his days by his memories, thinking of his room, his furniture, the beach, each time recalling more details, imagining walking past it and this recalling took a ...
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95 views

How does the group that is not stressed and not reactivated act as a control for time in Schwabe & Wolf 2010?

Schwabe and Wolf (2010) Rodent studies suggest that memory reconsolidating is impaired by stress. Here we examined in healthy humans the effect of stress on the reconsolidation of autobiographical ...
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210 views

Long term effects of using modafinil on cognition [closed]

What are the Long term effects of using stimulant like modafinil on cognition abilty?
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53 views

Number of exercises and the learning of some subject?

For example, I show to my students that XY=Z, so I ask for them to do some exercises, so in the future, they will always know that XY=Z. Is there any known study relating the numbers of exercises ...
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822 views

What is the data structure used by the brain to store data?

As a computer science undergraduate I was wondering if there are any special data structures used by the brain to save data? I am especially interested in the hash tables data structure. If data are ...
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The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
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126 views

A type of long-term memory where I can remember full dialogues

My female colleague cannot remember a discussion (dialogue) from a couple days ago or even yesterday, much less the full, exact sentences spoken. She jokes about having sclerosis. I can remember many ...
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865 views

Why past events reappear in dreams after a certain delay?

I know that Freud in his "Interpretation of dreams" provides a number of examples of events influencing dreams several days to several months after the event has occurred. For example, a person sees a ...
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How long could Henry Molaison keep his memory of the present?

I'm talking about Henry Molaison (HM), the famous memory research patient. I hear that he could converse normally with a researcher until he "got distracted", at which point he no longer remembered ...
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Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
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763 views

Is there difference between a memory of a dream and memory of waking experience?

I'm very interested in dreaming and have pretty good dream recall. This makes me able to recall and distinguish hundreds of experience within my memory and label them as "dreams". I'm trying to ...
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930 views

Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
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117 views

Enhance recollection abilites

I hope this is a good way of asking this question. I am not generally the guy with the best memory out there, so I looked a bit into it and I am concluding my recollection phase is the weakest. It's ...
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Is remembering a list of words an example of semantic or episodic memory?

I'm having a hard time making a clear distinction between semantic and episodic memory. When presented with idealized examples, I find the breakdown clear; describing a trip to Paris is an example of ...
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762 views

Is implicit and explicit memory a useful distinction?

In principle I understand the distinction. Implicit memory is not consciously recollected but has an automatic character i.e. while I'm solving a task in math, I'm automatically using the concept of ...
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544 views

What is the typical relationship between time and remembering details of events from the past?

When I try to recall details for the past few days, I can recall today's events well, yesterday's events less well, and when it comes to the day before, things start to be fuzzy and this is as fuzzy ...
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Is photographic memory possible?

Photographic memory is a fairly well known phenomena, but is it theoretically possible? In Marvin Minsky's The Society of Mind claims it is a myth: "...we often hear about people with '...
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Why do we not remember things from the first couple of years of childhood?

As parents of a soon-to-be three-year-old, my wife and I spend a lot of time planning activities and trips for our son. However, my wife wanted to hold off on some of the big ones (i.e. Disney World),...
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Does a person's brain still contain a record of daily events?

Does a person's brain have a record of every event that happened during a person's lifetime? Is it possible to recall any of those events and is it possible to recall those events in detail? For ...
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831 views

How much time is required to relearn a subject after x years?

I'm searching for research answering or giving any form of insight to this question: How long does it take a person to relearn something (any type of learning) when relearning happens x, x+1, x+2...x+...
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What is the scientific term for unexpected, spontaneous dream recall?

I'm interested if there's a term for spontaneous dream recall. I will try to define the phenomenon I'm talking about. Over 10 years ago, I started to notice that I can spontaneously recall dreams, ...
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Will Our Brain Speed Reduce As Our Memory “Mail Boxes” Fill Up?

I recently stumbled accross the article "When the Brain's Mailbox Is Full", which can be found here: http://www.nytimes.com/1999/07/27/health/when-the-brain-s-mailbox-is-full.html. The article ...