Questions tagged [long-term-memory]

For questions on the consolidation of short-term memories into long-term storage, which is comprised of explicit and procedural memory.

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28 views

How do we memorize ordered lists?

We have to memorize a lot of ordered lists in life and in our education period. In chemistry, we memorize the Metal Reactivity Series and Periodic Table. Being a table tennis player myself, I can ...
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In what order are details of a learnt subject forgotten over time?

Consider the following fairly common experience: You take a course on a subject in university or on an educational website such as Coursera. Immediately before or after taking the final exam or ...
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Why do some people have better memories than others?

Some people have great memories. Some people have horrible memories. There are even people with hyperthymesia who remember everything. I was told that anybody can have a good memory if they practice ...
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Is there a correlation between long-term memory and academic success in STEM?

There are underlying fundamentals and first principles, especially in STEM that continue to be built upon but can get neglected and forgotten over time without practice. Obviously having a great ...
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What are standardized and scalable methods to assess free recall?

In cognitive psychology and education literature, free recall test is usually compared with recognition test (through multiple-choice questions) and the former is favored as a more reliable measure of ...
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Is long term memory less a matter of "pure meaning" than short term stores usually are?

Fernyhough (2004) proposed that inner speech should take two distinct forms: expanded inner speech, in which internal dialogue retains many of the phonological properties and turn-taking qualities of ...
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Would you still be addicted to something if you lost your memory of being addicted to it? [duplicate]

If someone was addicted to something, it could be substances/gambling/sex etc... and then they lost their memory. It could be just losing the memory of the addiction or full blown global amnesia ...
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57 views

What part of the brain is different when you have a really good memory?

I wanted to know how the brain of someone with a great memory differs from that of an average memory. This memory does not have to be eidetic, or highly superior autographical or even hyperthymesia. ...
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118 views

Is there a benefit for humans to lose memory access when under elongated periods of stress?

Long term anxiety causes memory loss. Sources: https://www.calmclinic.com/anxiety/signs/memory-loss and https://now.uiowa.edu/2014/06/stress-hormone-linked-short-term-memory-loss-we-age Are there ...
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82 views

What do psychologists call the ability to quickly revise and remember things that a person had previously learnt

I am someone very far away from psychology, actually an engineering student, but I came up with this curiosity a few days ago. To be specific, let's assume someone is learning physics. He previously ...
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Long term memories - the molecular mechanism?

I know people who can instantaneously remember many events from 50 years ago. Moreover, there are savants who have memorized thousands of books and can instantly read off paragraphs from any page of ...
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77 views

Memory game - short or long-term memory?

There is a game where "a suitcase is packed" and you have to remember all the words or objects that are packed into the suitcase. Each participant adds a new word to the "chain of words&...
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How can we make the most of a cramming session?

While spaced repetition would be ideal, if we are forced into a situation requiring cramming, how can we maximize the short term benefit? Consider a hypothetical scenario: I am locked in an isolated ...
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Which are some good books to research spaced repetition and long term memory?

I am developing an application to help students remember what they learn. But I need deeper and more grounded research in topics of: Spaced repetition / Revision Forgetting Curve Long term memory ...
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Memory Retention : isolated information vs emphasized information in a heap

I have observed that when learning new words (vocabulary building), if we are presented with, say, 5 new words in these 2 manners: only 5 words presented in isolation 40 words presented, with 5 words ...
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188 views

Does learning by heart improve memorizing abilities?

Some people around me believe that if you learn poems by heart in childhood, it will help you to memorize things better further. They say about improvements in memory in general: things like ...
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53 views

Do categorically different short-term memories also compete for conversion into long-term memory?

This question is inspired by In Search of Memory by Eric Kandel where he references a study on long-term memory. I have searched for a study online which can answer my question, but have not been ...
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160 views

Why do we forget what we try to remember?

Almost everybody has had an experience where someone asks them what their favorite book is, and they immediately forget every single book they have ever read. This infuriating consequence of ...
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65 views

Is it fair to categorize the neurons in the output layer of artificial neural networks as grandmother cells?

I'm interested in how memory is distributed in the brain. That inevitably leads one to think about grandmother cells. Under my interpretation, a neuron (or a small ensemble) would classify as a ...
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151 views

Can dreams predict the future? [duplicate]

On Quora there is a discussion that dreams can predict the future. I have experienced the feeling that things happening to me in real-life had occurred in my dreams, before these events actually ...
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393 views

Is there a non-interactive alternative to the concept of SuperMemo/spaced repetition?

I recently wrote an open-source application that lets you practice Chinese writing and the decisions I made about its inner workings were related to my theories of how human memory works. I'm not sure ...
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155 views

Opposite of White Bear principle?

Is there any phrase/term to describe the opposite of White Bear principle (also known as ironic process principle)? I'm looking for a word to describe the process where something eludes you the more ...
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78 views

Memorization of incorrect math facts

Today I had a talk with a friend who told me that according to him, it is possible to "destroy" someone's ability to do math for his entire life by taking the person at age 5, telling him something ...
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151 views

How to detect which memory is being used when answering a yes or no question?

I am asking participants some questions on a form. I have to know which kind of memory they are using when answering these questions. I am having difficulty deciding this. Is there any special ...
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177 views

Does night-sleep-deprivation have any effect on cognitive performance?

Sleeping during the day might lead e.g. to vitamin D deficiency. But I am interested in what effects might night-sleep-deprivation have on cognitive faculties. Does sleeping during the day and ...
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270 views

Does language learning improve or worsen the ability to remember and process information?

In an interview with a Czech neurologist Syka, I've heard that much of the mental health (such as the ability to reason, communicate and process information) in older age mainly depends​ on the amount ...
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Is our memory accumulative or replacive? [closed]

While cramming, many times we tend to remember present experiences and to forget the past ones. It seems that our present experiences replace the past ones. However, in physical activities like ...
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293 views

Low crystalized intelligence- failure to transfer skill from Hippocampus to cortex?

We know that when we process some information or solve some problem, we need to pull information from long term memory to working memory. There are few factors known to me that can cause a failure ...
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2k views

Why do some memories stick out more than others?

I have noticed this in myself and in many autobiographies as well. Some memories tend to stick out really well even though there appears to be nothing special about them. For example, I vividly ...
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613 views

Does studying flashcards, both front to back and back to front, decrease retention opposed to only memorizing one way?

From this spaced repetition type flashcard user manual one can, "create cards that go in both directions (e.g., both “ookii”→“big” and “big”→“ookii”)." In other words, would studying two flashcards (...
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351 views

How accurate is this graph about learning curve and spaced repetition system?

This graph is taken from the article from Wired about Piotr Woźniak and his spaced repetition learning software SuperMemo: Want to Remember Everything You'll Ever Learn? Surrender to This Algorithm ...
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Interpretation of facts in dream [duplicate]

We learn facts in life from books or from experience, and we remember them. If later we ascertain a new fact about the same subject or phenomenon that contradicts the first impression, we can't erase ...
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370 views

How is information stored in the brain

I believe information in computer is physically stored as a lattice of "boxes". Each box is either magnetized or de-magnetized. The computer reads this to retrieve and consolidate useful information. ...
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613 views

Best ways to improve memory

I've once watched a movie in which CIA agent went into a room just for a few seconds and on the next day he could recall every detail of that room, including what was on the monitors. And I am ...
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How are real life events translated into dream symbolism?

I'm interested in how significant events from daily life get encoded or translated into dream content. A personal observation can help clarify my question: I've observed that for me, "significant, ...
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1answer
6k views

Why do I forget important things and remember things that I don't care about?

Why do I forget things that I want to remember? And when I forget them, I seem to remember small details that aren't so important. I might forget what the main topic of a YouTube video is, but I can ...
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3k views

Intentionally making ourselves remember things that never happened

I've been reading an interesting book which makes mostly founded claims. However, there is no reference to any studies in regards to one of the following claims: according to the author, visualizing ...
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75 views

Which format of authentication would be most efficient for human memory? [closed]

Introduction: There are many ways to authenticate when it comes to data access: passwords, numeric PIN-s, visual passwords, gestures, etc. A common form of authentication, an 8-character password over ...
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340 views

Can memorising a new thing erase existing memories?

Homer: But every time I learn something new, it pushes out something old. Remember that time I took a home wine-making course and forgot how to drive? Marge: That's because you were drunk. Yeah, but ...
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693 views

How long does the trace of a memory last in the brain?

With long-term plasticity one refers to the phenomen by which synapses are modified by neural activity and these modifications last for long times, a day perhaps of the order of days. This phenomenon ...
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Are new memories stored in new neurons generated in the hippocampus?

I heard recently from Demis Hassabis that if the hippocampus is damaged that new memories cannot be formed. I also heard recently that it has been discovered that new neurons continue to be produced ...
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167 views

Can a person remember so much details as the guy in the Camus' Stranger?

In the book, while in prison, he lives his days by his memories, thinking of his room, his furniture, the beach, each time recalling more details, imagining walking past it and this recalling took a ...
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102 views

How does the group that is not stressed and not reactivated act as a control for time in Schwabe & Wolf 2010?

Schwabe and Wolf (2010) Rodent studies suggest that memory reconsolidating is impaired by stress. Here we examined in healthy humans the effect of stress on the reconsolidation of autobiographical ...
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220 views

Long term effects of using modafinil on cognition [closed]

What are the Long term effects of using stimulant like modafinil on cognition abilty?
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56 views

Number of exercises and the learning of some subject?

For example, I show to my students that XY=Z, so I ask for them to do some exercises, so in the future, they will always know that XY=Z. Is there any known study relating the numbers of exercises ...
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What is the data structure used by the brain to store data?

As a computer science undergraduate I was wondering if there are any special data structures used by the brain to save data? I am especially interested in the hash tables data structure. If data are ...
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182 views

The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
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135 views

A type of long-term memory where I can remember full dialogues

My female colleague cannot remember a discussion (dialogue) from a couple days ago or even yesterday, much less the full, exact sentences spoken. She jokes about having sclerosis. I can remember many ...
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2k views

Why past events reappear in dreams after a certain delay?

I know that Freud in his "Interpretation of dreams" provides a number of examples of events influencing dreams several days to several months after the event has occurred. For example, a ...
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590 views

How long could Henry Molaison keep his memory of the present?

I'm talking about Henry Molaison (HM), the famous memory research patient. I hear that he could converse normally with a researcher until he "got distracted", at which point he no longer remembered ...