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Questions tagged [linguistics]

For questions regarding the study of language, its representation in the mind, its role in psychological development, and its processing by the brain in applied tasks like reading.

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Is there any research on whether primates with sign language use same fronto-temporal language networks observed in humans?

I have been reading up on research carried out at Ev Fedorenko's MIT Language Lab on localising the high-level language processing regions in humans using fMRI and was wondering if any comparative ...
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1answer
45 views

neurolinguistics: origin of language

Taking the definition of language a symbolic way to represent an object, is there any explanation for its origin? Is it dependent of any part of the brain? Scientific info about this issue will be ...
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58 views

Counterfactual thinking and the origin of language

I want to apologize in advance for my dearth of knowledge concerning cognitive science research and history, I'm an AI student. I've been reading up on cognitive science/linguistics literature mostly ...
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1answer
102 views

Can you become “mentally” bilingual after 8?

Is it possible to learn a second language good enough to be able to think in it the same way we think in our first language after the critical language learning period?
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What is the basic memory-making algorithm? [closed]

What are the fundamental criteria that determine the hierarchy of saved information in the brain? I've discovered that our languages reflect some of those factors. One of them can be sex ...
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1answer
140 views

Do pictures help young children read (understand meaning) better or does it give them a delayed sense of imagination when decoding information?

I have started to read a book called "Vexed Texts: How Children's Picture Books Promote Illiteracy" by Pamela Protheroe and her belief is that images promotes illiteracy. There seems far too much ...
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0answers
81 views

Do grammatical differences in language affect politics?

I tried very hard to find references on this in Google Scholar and Web of Science, but I fear I don't have enough experience with this area. My partner is great at Spanish, and informed me that in ...
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30 views

Studies about learning terms in your native language?

I've been thinking about how much time do the Czech biology teachers spend just teaching the Czech terms for the organisms which they probably won't encounter again with, considering the fact that ...
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1answer
177 views

What is the rationale behind filler words?

When we talk, we tend to use filler words like "ehm", "um", "uh", etc. What is the rationale behind those constructs from a neurolinguistic point of view? It seems this happens while we are thinking ...
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2answers
235 views

Why do we need to break down long sentences to understand them?

Why do we need to break down long sentences that won't immediately scan? Is it an attention thing? Working memory, executive function? For example: Studies show that if there are many stimuli ...
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24 views

White/Black Metaphor in African Societies?

I don't think this is an entirely appropriate forum for this question, but as there is no general sociocultural (or even better African studies) forum on StackExchange it seemed like the best ...
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1answer
125 views

Does knowing a word for an emotion cause a person to feel the emotion more frequently?

I am aware of the Frequency Illusion which makes it more likely for us to notice a new word if we just heard about it recently, but I was wondering if this is true for emotions as well. Logically, I ...
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1answer
41 views

How does the brain encode order of information in sentences/stories?

When memorizing a sentence or a full story: then, how does the brain encode the order of the words of the sentence or the sentences in the story?
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29 views

Incomplete sentences

I am looking for studies which looks at understanding and preference of incomplete sentences. For example, is there a higher workload for (in)complete sentences or even though the sentence might be ...
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1answer
167 views

Does the brain generate identical words in different languages similarly?

Saying (or even just thinking) a word or phrase results from activity in multiple regions of your brain. Of course, we can measure/'map' this activity to some degree; From wikipedia: EEG measures ...
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1answer
50 views

Neuronal differences of linguistic statements [closed]

Assuming that the brain (structure) is only constructed using neurons and synapses, then what is the difference between the following linguistic statements from a 'mechanical point of view'? Bob is a ...
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0answers
44 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
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1answer
134 views

Does nlp have a dependency on a subject having strong visualisation skills?

I have read a few books on Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP) and, it seems that a corner stone of NLP is strong inner visualisation skills. Is there any research that looks at the correlation between ...
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1answer
29 views

relation of substantive/verb to declarative/procedural memory

Is there a relation between "declarative vs. procedural memory" and "substantive vs. verb"? For example, are substantives (as a kind of information entities) stored in the declarative memory whereas ...
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1answer
119 views

How do we learn to count syllables?

When I was young, I was told that to count syllables in a word, you could clap them. One clap for each syllable. You would say it aloud like this: cu-shion. I was not taught rules about how to pick ...
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1answer
120 views

Chunking and learning vocabulary

Learning vocabulary seems to be efficient if the words are learned in a fixed sequence, but it seems to be harder to recall these words in a different sequence then the learning sequence. I wonder ...
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0answers
41 views

Effect of enactive cognition on gender

I'm doing a PhD in archaeology and assyriology (cuneiform writing; Sumerian language), exploring the process of gendering that deities underwent during the 3rd millennium BC. I'm looking into using ...
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1answer
54 views

Processing Inverted English Script

I was sitting in a restaurant when I realized that it was relatively easy to read this list of a few locations in inverted English script. It made me curious about how it is possible to read this with ...
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0answers
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What skills or mental proceses improve understanding of longer written sentences? [closed]

This question concerns only written sentences, and presumes that longer sentences are more difficult to understand, a presumption which consists with the formula behind the Flesch–Kincaid readability ...
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0answers
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Contemporary Resources on Cognitive Science of Typing

[Apologies if this is too general.] I'm doing research on language production during the computer keyboard typing process. There are some great classic articles like Rumelhart & Norman, 1982 and ...
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3answers
532 views

Qualitative scoring for responses to design fluency task

Before I can ask my questions, I have to give a little background information. I'm involved in a study using a measure of design fluency. Subjects are shown a page full of squares, like the one ...
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1answer
191 views

Is there evidence for cross-cultural differences in problem solving skills?

Does the thought process in our mind for solving a problem or bringing out a solution to a problem depend on culture or language? If so, how can these skills be represented and addressed?
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1answer
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Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? Nowadays,...
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1answer
65 views

Why is it easier to search memory for words starting with a particular letter than for words with that letter in a later position?

Tversky & Kahneman (1974) asserts that it is so, and some scrabble-playing experience convinces me that it's true. However, I've never seen an explanation of why it is true. I assume it has ...
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3answers
138 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce speech?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
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1answer
94 views

Why would someone seek treatment for Apraxia of speech?

People with Apraxia of speech have two basic problems: monotone pronunciation and slow speech. (1) Might someone with Apraxia of speech who does not seek treatment have psychological problems? They ...
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1answer
118 views

Technical term for the loss of words in your mother-tongue when speaking a different language

I am basically looking for two words which are, though, related to some degree. It might even be that ultimately the same word is the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two ...
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1answer
135 views

Technical term for the temporary loss of understanding a word

I am basically looking for two words which are related to some degree. Ultimately the same word might even be the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two questions (see also ...
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0answers
50 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
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2answers
516 views

Cost of EEG devices suitable for neurolinguistic research

What is the cost of an EEG device (electrodes and other indispensable hardware, software if available for standard office computers, or a whole package with a dedicated computer and software) that is ...
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28 views

Conceptual blending

Is there a mathematical formalization of conceptual blending? I know that feature structures in linguistics or frames in AI can be combined using unification which is a special (simple) case of ...
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3answers
246 views

To what extent does bilingualism help in education?

There has been a lot of debate over bilingualism in education. I have read a bit on the website of the National Association for Bilingual Education and some other links to read about bilingualism. ...
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0answers
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What are the most well-understood vocal animal languages? [closed]

There are many examples of animal language that involve vocal pattens or "grammar". For example, there is the the Bee dance, bird songs, whale songs, dogs. Bird vocalization includes both bird calls ...
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2answers
480 views

Lexical Decision (Web-)App

I want to make a lexical decision experiment, is there any freely available software for this? A Javascript-based webapp would suit me best, as it would run in the browser without the need to install ...
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0answers
97 views

Why do we seem to have an internal drive to use different expressions(mostly when writing)? [closed]

How come we have so many words/phrases that share the same meaning? I suppose the most obvious answer to this would be that through communication between people with accent/language A and B, new ...
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0answers
125 views

Causal reasoning(implicit models?) vs grammar of native language [closed]

I was reading about linguistic relativity and it struck me that there could also be differences in multilingual individuals and mono/bi-lingual individuals on how they derive/reason/create structure ...
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1answer
141 views

Judgments of similarity between samples of writing

I was thinking last night about the possibility of an experiment that investigates the factors contributing to peoples' judgments of 'stylistic similarity' between two samples of writing. For example, ...
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1answer
370 views

How do emotions influence the language structures we use?

What are the verbal signs of subjectivity? I am doing research about the linguistic content of media (debates, talk-show, sport comments). It occurs that once the participant gets nervous or excited, ...
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1answer
774 views

The effects of bilingualism on colour perception

Peltola et al. (2012) showed that there are two types of bilinguals. Balanced bilinguals mix their two languages and are effected by linguistic categories from both. Dominant bilinguals seem to ...
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1answer
2k views

When counting a given letter in sentences, why do people tend to omit occurrences in certain common words?

I have noticed that when I, and presumably others, count the number of times the letter F appears in the following passage: ...
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4answers
3k views

How long does it take to read a sentence with X number of characters?

How does the time needed to read a sentence scale with the number of characters? Or does this time scaling depend on something more than just character count? For example, let $X$ be the number of ...
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3answers
2k views

What is the effect of motherese on development?

Most cultures (Falk, 2009) have a special type of language that is used to talk to children: infant-directed-speech (IDL; or informally, motherese, baby talk). For instance, Fernald (1992) argues that ...
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1answer
658 views

Does the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis apply to artificial (specifically programming) languages?

As a computer programmer, I have an intuition that the idea "language influences thought" is very relevant to programmers and programming languages. Is there any research that examines whether ...
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1answer
6k views

How to get rid of subvocalization?

When I read a text written in latin alphabet and I want to understand what it means I usually transform each word into spoken word (internal speech) and then I transform it into meaning. I can't get ...