Questions tagged [learning]

For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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1answer
327 views

How did Hermann Ebbinghaus conduct memory experiments on himself?

I was reading about Hermann Ebbinghaus. He became interested in experimental psychology which led him to conduct memory experiments on himself which then resulted in the publication of his book: "...
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0answers
34 views

Has the optimal learning speed been studied?

My question is whether learning at "supernatural" speeds has been studied, in particular in relation to content retention and what are some research papers on this topic. To clarify, one example of ...
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2answers
402 views

Research on teaching / learning methods for personality types

I was reading research on learning approaches and the big five personality traits, and was wondering if anyone can recommend existing research on the most effective learning methods for each ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do I perform better at rhythm games after a long period of not playing?

Every once in a while I decide to play Phase Shift (very similar to Guitar Hero). I might go weeks or months between plays, but when I return, I often break a high score within the first few songs I ...
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1answer
55 views

Resources for learning how best to learn fine motor skills

I am interested in learning how best to learn a fine motor skill, in this case, playing a musical instrument. Presumably there are more or less effective ways to go about it. Possible factors that I ...
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2answers
86 views

Importance of colors in learning process?

I am starting a graduating project that is an interactive software for learning programming with an animated interface. To be more specific, it's a software that should help students learning how to ...
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0answers
57 views

If demyelination doesn't typically occur, what happens when a musician doesn't practice for a month?

In "The Talent Code," the author makes this statement: What's the simplest way to diminish the skills of a superstar talent? The answer: don't let them practice for a month. Causing skill to ...
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0answers
15 views

Mirror neurons in different ape & child rearing

Somewhere in the the past I saw a study talking about a type of ape that raises it's young in creches, unlike chimpanzees which at most carefully choose occasional babysitters. The study made the case ...
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2answers
4k views

Why is conditioned taste aversion an example of classical conditioning (rather than operant)?

The internet seems to be in complete agreement that conditioned taste aversion is an example of classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. My (admittedly limited) understanding of classical conditioning is ...
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0answers
290 views

What are the differences between Cognitive, Psycho-linguistic, and Behavioral approaches to learning?

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around cognitive, psycholinguistic, and behaviorist learning acquisition methods in the context of second language acquisition. I don't really understand their ...
3
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1answer
283 views

Why is Biological plausibility in Machine Learning important?

I have found that many authors of machine learning papers, that employ the Hebbian learning rule, refer to the biological plausibility of it, as one of the arguments to use it instead of the well ...
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3answers
18k views

If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

Let’s say that two or more babies/infants from the age of 0 were put in an environment without the affection of adults to teach them how to speak. Would the babies after 13 or so years develop their ...
6
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1answer
168 views

Does white noise impair studying, reading, recall/memory or learning?

I recently have been trying to look into whether or not white noise works as a means to block out external sounds so I can concentrate. However, I want to know whether it actually impairs studying and ...
4
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1answer
342 views

Classical or Operant Conditioning?

I'm working on a conditioning experiment for my psychology class in which I tap my finger three times on a table and then ask my friend to sharpen a pencil for me. If she finishes the task I give a ...
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1answer
94 views

Do children learn to play musical instrument more easily than adults?

People say that it is harder for adults to learn to play instrument, because their muscle became stiff. Is there evidence for this claim?
5
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1answer
984 views

Can One Have a Temporary Manifestation of Dyslexia? [closed]

I have a friend who said he was taking a test in college that involved many calculations (similar to a math test). He inexplicable mixed up numbers, for example, he switched 16 to be 61. Although he ...
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1answer
2k views

What is there in learning to ride a bicycle? [closed]

Why do we need to learn to ride a bicycle? We just need to pedal and move the handle. I don't think balancing needs to be learnt. What is the thing we need to learn to ride a bicycle or is it just ...
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2answers
2k views

Does mindful meditation inhibit diffuse thinking (aka default mode network), creativity and make studying less effective?

Barbara Oakley's "Learning how to Learn" and "Mindshift" courses claim that having some break time in which diffuse mode thinking (afaik it's the same as default mode network) is ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Learning In Retina

Most of the sources studying retina seem to suggest that retinal connectome is hardwired and species dependent (like specialized vertical movement detector in small rodents). I couldn't find a single ...
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0answers
321 views

Discovery Learning vs. Inductive Learning vs. Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning [duplicate]

Discovery learning: Novak and Cañas (2008) define discovery learning as a type of learning in which the "individual discerns patterns or regularities in events or objects and recognizes these as the ...
3
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1answer
432 views

What is the best time-effective study technique? [duplicate]

What is the most effective way to study? For instance, assume a student has the following 4 classes in parallel: 1- C++ & Data-structure 2- Logic Design 3- Linear Algebra 4- Integration Should ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Implicit Learning vs. Latent Learning

Sawyer (2005) defines "Implicit Learning" as: Implicit learning refers to situations in which complex information is acquired effortlessly (without a conscious effort), and the resulting knowledge ...
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1answer
163 views

The Art of Teaching: What are the most effective & proven methods for successfully imparting a concept/idea to another

I'm aware this is a bit of a general question & subjectively broad. It's that way on purpose. It felt like cogsci was the best place for this question and I couldn't find anything really like it ...
5
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1answer
170 views

Why does paraphrasing result in failure to obtain the spacing effect?

Dempster, F. N. (1988). The spacing effect: A case study in the failure to apply the results of psychological research. American Psychologist, 43(8), 627 explains that: One implication of this ...
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1answer
100 views

Is there a limit on the rate at which incoming information can be comprehended?

I recently started a course on "Speed Reading", which aim is to read faster whilst holding the level of comprehension constant (so not to its detriment, but not aimed at improving comprehension either)...
5
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1answer
455 views

Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning

I have seen both of these in different research publications, but after searching for a while, I was not able to find the difference. I'll appreciate it if you explain the difference and give me some ...
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0answers
36 views

Which is more true about learning? [closed]

I think / guess using multiple sources for education / learning is much better than using one source; I mean by source, visual, auditory, etc... So at best I could learn from a person face-to-face, ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

I have difficulties to understand fear as a response to a stimuli. In my view fear occurs as a anticipation of a possible threat in the (nearby) future. Fear prepares the organism so that it can react ...
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0answers
3k views

Is the order of stimulus pairings in second order conditioning relevant? [closed]

In second order conditioning next to a CS1 + US also a CS2 + CS1 association is learned so that also CS2 will cause a CR. Is the order in which the stimuli associations are learned (CS1 + US and CS2 + ...
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0answers
117 views

Development of logical thinking/problem solving/learning capacity associated with math/physics [closed]

I was wondering how logical thinking/problem solving ability/learning capacity evolves and develops in individuals that study math/physics.(that need a lot of logical thinking) So my question is ...
3
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1answer
148 views

What is the name of the "Things are more visible once you learn about them" phenomenon?

(Excuse the horrible title of this question. I just can't find the proper (?) words. Please edit as pleased.) It happens many times to me that when I learn about something (e.g. a word, a concept, ...
3
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1answer
149 views

Could the knowledge of the construct of self-efficacy affect the student's aptitude to a certain task?

I am a tutor for children with learning disabilities and i have read that they have lower levels of perceived self-efficacy than students without this learning disabilities. I decided to deepen the ...
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4answers
2k views

Is an avoidance of incest/inbreeding learned or instinctive?

Is the natural avoidance of incest something that is learned or is the human brain programmed by instinct to have a negative response to incest? This of course would have an evolutionary advantage and ...
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0answers
81 views

What can I study as a layman to develop practical knowledge of human psychology [closed]

What can I study as a layman to learn enough facets of psychology to develop better understanding of human behaviour? Unfortunately as I know nothing of the field I'm not really certain about what I ...
2
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1answer
330 views

Does the brain's reward system also work when the reward comes before the experience?

Here's how I understand how the brain rewarding system works, as described by behaviorism: When I eat a chocolate after learning, there's a chance that I'll connect the learning with the pleasurable ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Can you become "mentally" bilingual after 8?

Is it possible to learn a second language good enough to be able to think in it the same way we think in our first language after the critical language learning period?
5
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1answer
4k views

How do congenitally deaf and mute people think?

If a person is born deaf and dumb, how can they think? In "what language" do these people think? Do they develop their own inner language? Unfortunately I have not found an answer, and I actually ...
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1answer
270 views

Does language learning improve or worsen the ability to remember and process information?

In an interview with a Czech neurologist Syka, I've heard that much of the mental health (such as the ability to reason, communicate and process information) in older age mainly depends​ on the amount ...
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0answers
99 views

Is there research on effectiveness of teaching with high extraneous cognitive load?

Background While researching a particular author's mathematical exposition, I found out (directly from a primary source) that the author was probably intentionally using overly complex syntax. ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Effects of quantity and quality of breaks on learning

Are there papers which discuss the effects of quantity and quality of breaks during learning? Do state of the art papers have a common ground? So far I have found these papers: The Fourth R: Recess ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Does Lego intervention improve children's completion score compared to normal SALT interventions?

I'm working with a child who refuses to perform any SLT activities without the aid of Lego. I was wondering if anyone knew any interesting interventions involving Lego compared to standard SALT ...
4
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1answer
210 views

Specification of SuperMemo 2

I'm confused about the exact specification of the SuperMemo2 algorithm for spaced repetition learning, as explained here. After each repetition, the E-Factor has to be updated like so: \begin{equation}...
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1answer
39 views

Does having wrong answers available while studying distract the mind from the correct answer? [closed]

I am studying for a big exam which will include 100 out of the 300 questions I was given as material for the exam. They are the exact questions that will be used on the exam, including answer choices. ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Do workers retain information from audio lectures when working in a physically demanding job? [closed]

If I were to start listening to lectures instead of music will I retain the information? I've attempted to do this myself once with Assembly Language but I worked in a loud environment (sand ...
4
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1answer
188 views

Do pictures help young children read (understand meaning) better or does it give them a delayed sense of imagination when decoding information?

I have started to read a book called "Vexed Texts: How Children's Picture Books Promote Illiteracy" by Pamela Protheroe and her belief is that images promotes illiteracy. There seems far too much ...
2
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1answer
118 views

How does the brain use old information to make new connections? [closed]

I assume that if my brain forms a new connection (registers a new information), it can't really know "where does the new element stand in the system of things". Nonetheless, it is being said that ...
6
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1answer
175 views

Does training affect the tactile oblique effect?

In the visual sciences it is known that the oblique effect can be reduced by means of training. The oblique effect is observed when testing subjects psychophysically with a grating acuity task (e.g., ...
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2answers
94 views

Is there a way to test brain activity/aptitude on a measurable scale in order to identify a suitable occupational aptitude?

It seems individuals are able to adjust their cognitive aptitude to some degree through nurture, which is controlled by various elements such as environment and conditioning. However, they're stuck ...
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0answers
36 views

Studies about learning terms in your native language?

I've been thinking about how much time do the Czech biology teachers spend just teaching the Czech terms for the organisms which they probably won't encounter again with, considering the fact that ...
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2answers
78 views

Could any kind of learning be framed as learning a language? [closed]

People learn (or actually acquire) languages naturally. As we grow up, we learn also multiple other skills which we then use in everyday life. A lot of these skills are often compared to a language, ...

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