Questions tagged [learning]

For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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6
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1answer
167 views

Does white noise impair studying, reading, recall/memory or learning?

I recently have been trying to look into whether or not white noise works as a means to block out external sounds so I can concentrate. However, I want to know whether it actually impairs studying and ...
4
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1answer
333 views

Classical or Operant Conditioning?

I'm working on a conditioning experiment for my psychology class in which I tap my finger three times on a table and then ask my friend to sharpen a pencil for me. If she finishes the task I give a ...
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1answer
91 views

Do children learn to play musical instrument more easily than adults?

People say that it is harder for adults to learn to play instrument, because their muscle became stiff. Is there evidence for this claim?
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1answer
2k views

What is there in learning to ride a bicycle? [closed]

Why do we need to learn to ride a bicycle? We just need to pedal and move the handle. I don't think balancing needs to be learnt. What is the thing we need to learn to ride a bicycle or is it just ...
4
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2answers
194 views

Which Machine Learning classifiers do humans use?

Background: In many situations, people use to classify objects without knowing Machine Learning theory. For example, if small children see an unknown animal in the wild, (s)he tries to classify it as ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Learning In Retina

Most of the sources studying retina seem to suggest that retinal connectome is hardwired and species dependent (like specialized vertical movement detector in small rodents). I couldn't find a single ...
4
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0answers
306 views

Discovery Learning vs. Inductive Learning vs. Active Learning vs. Engaged Learning [duplicate]

Discovery learning: Novak and Cañas (2008) define discovery learning as a type of learning in which the "individual discerns patterns or regularities in events or objects and recognizes these as the ...
5
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1answer
99 views

Is there a limit on the rate at which incoming information can be comprehended?

I recently started a course on "Speed Reading", which aim is to read faster whilst holding the level of comprehension constant (so not to its detriment, but not aimed at improving comprehension either)...
3
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1answer
425 views

What is the best time-effective study technique? [duplicate]

What is the most effective way to study? For instance, assume a student has the following 4 classes in parallel: 1- C++ & Data-structure 2- Logic Design 3- Linear Algebra 4- Integration Should ...
19
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1answer
563 views

Does dream recall interfere with "reverse learning"? (Crick and Mitchison's theory of REM sleep)

I've recently became aware of the idea of "reverse learning" that might happen during REM sleep - the brain's attempt to eliminate pathological attractors that might appear in neural networks. The ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Implicit Learning vs. Latent Learning

Sawyer (2005) defines "Implicit Learning" as: Implicit learning refers to situations in which complex information is acquired effortlessly (without a conscious effort), and the resulting knowledge ...
4
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1answer
206 views

Specification of SuperMemo 2

I'm confused about the exact specification of the SuperMemo2 algorithm for spaced repetition learning, as explained here. After each repetition, the E-Factor has to be updated like so: \begin{equation}...
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1answer
163 views

The Art of Teaching: What are the most effective & proven methods for successfully imparting a concept/idea to another

I'm aware this is a bit of a general question & subjectively broad. It's that way on purpose. It felt like cogsci was the best place for this question and I couldn't find anything really like it ...
6
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1answer
174 views

Does training affect the tactile oblique effect?

In the visual sciences it is known that the oblique effect can be reduced by means of training. The oblique effect is observed when testing subjects psychophysically with a grating acuity task (e.g., ...
5
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1answer
170 views

Why does paraphrasing result in failure to obtain the spacing effect?

Dempster, F. N. (1988). The spacing effect: A case study in the failure to apply the results of psychological research. American Psychologist, 43(8), 627 explains that: One implication of this ...
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0answers
93 views

Is there research on effectiveness of teaching with high extraneous cognitive load?

Background While researching a particular author's mathematical exposition, I found out (directly from a primary source) that the author was probably intentionally using overly complex syntax. ...
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0answers
3k views

Is the order of stimulus pairings in second order conditioning relevant? [closed]

In second order conditioning next to a CS1 + US also a CS2 + CS1 association is learned so that also CS2 will cause a CR. Is the order in which the stimuli associations are learned (CS1 + US and CS2 + ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the easiest way to memorize big amounts of information (a.k.a. learning for exams)?

I consider myself a person with above average intelligence, that is, I am able to understand complex systems with relative ease. My weak point however is that I've always struggled with memorizing. ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Which is more true about learning? [closed]

I think / guess using multiple sources for education / learning is much better than using one source; I mean by source, visual, auditory, etc... So at best I could learn from a person face-to-face, ...
3
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0answers
113 views

Development of logical thinking/problem solving/learning capacity associated with math/physics [closed]

I was wondering how logical thinking/problem solving ability/learning capacity evolves and develops in individuals that study math/physics.(that need a lot of logical thinking) So my question is ...
3
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1answer
143 views

What is the name of the "Things are more visible once you learn about them" phenomenon?

(Excuse the horrible title of this question. I just can't find the proper (?) words. Please edit as pleased.) It happens many times to me that when I learn about something (e.g. a word, a concept, ...
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2answers
7k views

Inducing long term low latent inhibition

From what I have gathered of low latent inhibition, it is an extreme increased level of dopamine in the brain.. dopamine is a neurotransmitter and hormone. Increasing it has many advantages and a ...
3
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1answer
149 views

Could the knowledge of the construct of self-efficacy affect the student's aptitude to a certain task?

I am a tutor for children with learning disabilities and i have read that they have lower levels of perceived self-efficacy than students without this learning disabilities. I decided to deepen the ...
12
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1answer
430 views

How do cooperative vs. competitive activities impact the learning patterns of an individual?

To what extent does cooperative versus competitive learning influence personality development or even pathological behaviors? If these activities need to be narrowed down to a specific category, I'm ...
12
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1answer
3k views

What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
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0answers
79 views

What can I study as a layman to develop practical knowledge of human psychology [closed]

What can I study as a layman to learn enough facets of psychology to develop better understanding of human behaviour? Unfortunately as I know nothing of the field I'm not really certain about what I ...
4
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1answer
110 views

Can you become "mentally" bilingual after 8?

Is it possible to learn a second language good enough to be able to think in it the same way we think in our first language after the critical language learning period?
2
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1answer
1k views

How does the brains "focused" and "diffused" modes facilitate learning?

I am insatiably curious about the topic of "accelerated learning". Think about that scene in the matrix where trinity downloads the skill of how to fly a helicopter into her brain in a few seconds. ...
5
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3answers
292 views

What terms describe "schema" at various stages of acceptance?

According to WordNet 3.0, quoted at TheFreeDictionary.com, in psychology, schema means "an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new ...
0
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1answer
268 views

Does language learning improve or worsen the ability to remember and process information?

In an interview with a Czech neurologist Syka, I've heard that much of the mental health (such as the ability to reason, communicate and process information) in older age mainly depends​ on the amount ...
3
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0answers
66 views

Effects of quantity and quality of breaks on learning

Are there papers which discuss the effects of quantity and quality of breaks during learning? Do state of the art papers have a common ground? So far I have found these papers: The Fourth R: Recess ...
3
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2answers
311 views

How does knowledge about a subject aid in its recall?

I've experienced it many times with my students and also with myself. Let me illustrate with example: When I'm teaching, I say something like this: Gastrointenstinal Track has following sections ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Does Lego intervention improve children's completion score compared to normal SALT interventions?

I'm working with a child who refuses to perform any SLT activities without the aid of Lego. I was wondering if anyone knew any interesting interventions involving Lego compared to standard SALT ...
12
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1answer
3k views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

The reasons for behaviourism as a philosophy and school of psychology to have fallen out of favour are well known and documented. However, when Newton's view of gravity was replaced by general ...
2
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1answer
118 views

How does the brain use old information to make new connections? [closed]

I assume that if my brain forms a new connection (registers a new information), it can't really know "where does the new element stand in the system of things". Nonetheless, it is being said that ...
3
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3answers
895 views

Do workers retain information from audio lectures when working in a physically demanding job? [closed]

If I were to start listening to lectures instead of music will I retain the information? I've attempted to do this myself once with Assembly Language but I worked in a loud environment (sand ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Does having wrong answers available while studying distract the mind from the correct answer? [closed]

I am studying for a big exam which will include 100 out of the 300 questions I was given as material for the exam. They are the exact questions that will be used on the exam, including answer choices. ...
11
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1answer
371 views

Cognitive models for transfer of skills

Recently a question was asked about the benefit of playing chess on cognitive abilities. More specifically, how chess would improve understanding technical texts. Many other questions are also focused ...
25
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2answers
3k views

Are spaced flashcards effective for learning?

Several apps and sites offer flashcard-based learning that repeat the cards you do poorly on over a period of time (the more inaccurate the answer the closer to each other the repetitions are). One ...
8
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2answers
3k views

What is the average amount of new vocabulary adults retain when learning a second language?

What are the realistic/optimal (or maximal) number of words of vocabulary that can be learned (retained and later successfully accessed) by an adult learner of a foreign/second language? (Unit: per ...
11
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1answer
247 views

Effects of Game-based Learning on Motivation for Learning

I have already asked this question here, but I did not receive my answer. I found this site a more appropriate place to ask it. I found many studies discovering the impacts of game-based learning on ...
1
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2answers
78 views

Could any kind of learning be framed as learning a language? [closed]

People learn (or actually acquire) languages naturally. As we grow up, we learn also multiple other skills which we then use in everyday life. A lot of these skills are often compared to a language, ...
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0answers
33 views

Studies about learning terms in your native language?

I've been thinking about how much time do the Czech biology teachers spend just teaching the Czech terms for the organisms which they probably won't encounter again with, considering the fact that ...
2
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1answer
217 views

The effect of learning/expertise on cognitive control

Rasmussen (1983) argued that with expertise, task are performed in different ways. He made a distinction between Rule- (least experience), Knowledge- and Skill-based behavior (most experience). The ...
11
votes
1answer
253 views

Are association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols: Our brains are able to understand that some things stand for other things. For example, the sound we make when we say "food" stands for things we can eat. And with writing, we can say that ...
5
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2answers
213 views

Can you practice and improve physical activities only by thinking?

By physical activities I mean any kind of task, work, sport, you have to use your body. Not always have the time to do some task or even the possibility (need some equipment, not great situation). I ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Are we trying to motivate ourselves by combinating safe stressful situations with pleasure regards? [closed]

When there's a stressful situation with no real danger like we need a hug or we stress-eat. Are we trying to develop in our brain networks a fear of actually dangerous situations instead of fear of ...
13
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4answers
4k views

Cognitive Science podcasts to follow

I'm currently trying to find interesting Cognitive Science related podcasts to follow. Only one I've found is You are not so smart. Does anyone know anything else? Preferably in English. If the ...
3
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0answers
54 views

Effectiveness of audio / video feedback

Hattie & Timperley (2007) mention a meta-analysis about video or audio feedback with a mean effective size of .64 (Table 2 on page 84). They state that this analysis was part of the meta-analysis ...
5
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1answer
287 views

Why is chess considered special for educating a mindful person?

I can find countless quotes like this In many countries chess is incorporated into the scholastic curriculum. Countless researchers and studies have shown over the years that chess does indeed ...

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