Questions tagged [learning]

For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

77 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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17
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598 views

Is abstract knowledge incompatible with literal memorization?

Let me describe 2 interesting cases : Solomon Shereshevsky (Luria, 1968) had an almost perfect literal memory. He remembers strings of hundreds of digits for years after only having read them once. I ...
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110 views

What is the correlation between self and other ratings of goal orientation?

In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies ...
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51 views

Is there a correlation between long-term memory and academic success in STEM?

There are underlying fundamentals and first principles, especially in STEM that continue to be built upon but can get neglected and forgotten over time without practice. Obviously having a great ...
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84 views

What is the relationship between practice and performance of telephone call centre workers?

I am interested in modelling the relationship between practice and performance both in laboratory tasks and field settings. I was interested in what existing research has examined how the performance ...
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96 views

Can extrinsic rewards successfully sustain habits in the long-term?

With 2019 right around the corner, I've been reading about forming successful habits. Many non-academic sources (and Charles Duhigg's popular book The Power of Habit) have advocated for pairing a cue ...
5
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95 views

Learning Reading without Speech?

I have this question from wandering how a person, who does not have speech capability or is isolated from people who speaks, could learn how to read? Will a language (A) like English or (B) like ...
5
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144 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
5
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1answer
124 views

Can one learn not to panic? How?

It's always impressive to listen to the professionalism of a commercial pilot communicating in a crisis situation, apparently remaining calm and in control in terrifying circumstances, with terrible ...
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72 views

Can any person develop an interest in anything?

As a more specific version of my previous question, I'd like to know if an interest in anything can be developed in any person. Let us assume the person has the following: Sufficient motivation to ...
4
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172 views

Importance of memory on learning?

I've been studying into the important of memory and learning. I think it's undeniable that part of learning is requiring the retrieval of information at the relevant times, but the counter argument I'...
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103 views

Is the perception of drawings an acquired skill?

Most descriptions of visual perception explain how our brains interpret incoming visual stimuli (via feature detection, monocular depth cues, etc.). They then assume that the same process works for ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

I have difficulties to understand fear as a response to a stimuli. In my view fear occurs as a anticipation of a possible threat in the (nearby) future. Fear prepares the organism so that it can react ...
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75 views

Effects of quantity and quality of breaks on learning

Are there papers which discuss the effects of quantity and quality of breaks during learning? Do state of the art papers have a common ground? So far I have found these papers: The Fourth R: Recess ...
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88 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
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105 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
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56 views

Frequency estimation in binary prediction task

In a binary prediction task, people often match choice probabilities to outcome probabilities (a phenomenon known as probability matching). However, under certain circumstances (eg, existence of a ...
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194 views

Does the self-reference effect extend to improved recall of 2nd-person text vs. 3rd-person text?

The self-reference effect has been widely researched in marketing for its ability to improve how favorably consumers remember a message, but less so for its ability to improve recall and learning of ...
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54 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
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78 views

What's the impact of studying learning theory in actual learning?

Are there any studies showing the impacts of learning about learning theory on someone's learning? Moreover, at which point learning about learning first makes an impact on you learning a new subject? ...
3
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36 views

Is there a neurological explanation of acquired tastes?

People acquire tastes through exposure. This includes the "mere exposure effect" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mere-exposure_effect). Also, music heard more often are more likely to sound ...
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27 views

Alternative hypotheses to Hebb's rule

I was reading on wikipedia that there are exceptions to the hebbian rule, and I was curious about the possibilities of other hypotheses of how learning occur in the brain. So I would like to know: ...
3
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28 views

Since we know the 5ht2a receptor impacts learning efficiency why has stimulating it not been tried for alleviating learning disabilities?

If you go on wikipedia or do a search on Google you can quickly find a bunch of articles on the importance of serotonin for impacting the efficacy of learning. Experiments have been run in mice for ...
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57 views

If demyelination doesn't typically occur, what happens when a musician doesn't practice for a month?

In "The Talent Code," the author makes this statement: What's the simplest way to diminish the skills of a superstar talent? The answer: don't let them practice for a month. Causing skill to ...
3
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290 views

What are the differences between Cognitive, Psycho-linguistic, and Behavioral approaches to learning?

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around cognitive, psycholinguistic, and behaviorist learning acquisition methods in the context of second language acquisition. I don't really understand their ...
3
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99 views

Is there research on effectiveness of teaching with high extraneous cognitive load?

Background While researching a particular author's mathematical exposition, I found out (directly from a primary source) that the author was probably intentionally using overly complex syntax. ...
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55 views

Effectiveness of audio / video feedback

Hattie & Timperley (2007) mention a meta-analysis about video or audio feedback with a mean effective size of .64 (Table 2 on page 84). They state that this analysis was part of the meta-analysis ...
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54 views

Ebbinghaus like model for retention of details from experience

I've come across the Ebbinghaus Curve (forgetting curve) showing the retention of learned knowledge over time, but I wondered if there was the same kind of model for the retention of details from ...
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65 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
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45 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
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28 views

Where and why would "skill" not increase monotonically with time invested?

I'm a fan of games and activities with steep learning curves and high skill ceilings, and very precarious lines between success and failure. Such success may not be strictly linear or predictable (e.g....
2
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35 views

A self-motivational technique - authorization of results - looking for origins

I have recently read an article that describes a technique called "authorization of results". The technique suggests a particular protocol of self-reviewing any achieved result of a ...
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30 views

When learning a subject by working on a problem set, what is the optimal amount of time to spend on a problem?

In STEM courses, students solve problems in problem sets, as a way to learn through practice. Answers are often provided for some problems (e.g., the odd numbered problems in a textbook) and not for ...
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22 views

What's the importance of reward on acquiring expert level skill?

I've been reading into Anders Ericssons work on expertise and as made popular by Malcom Gladwell(though quoted incorrectly) is the requirement of accumulating large amounts of "deliberate practice"(...
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126 views

Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Cognitive Function and Causing someone to Learn

Children may elicit, either through active engagement or some feature of their personality or appearance, a response from their environment that might protect them from deprivation-related risk either ...
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40 views

Which neurodevelopmental disorders constitute learning disabilities?

I am actually looking at DSM-5 but I cannot find any exhaustive or otherwise comprehensive list or explicit association of which neurodevelopmental disorders are also learning disabilities.
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78 views

Do we think in language?

Can we think i.e. process the input data without relying on linguistic structures? All knowledge between human is either spoken or written. When we see something, it contributes towards the ...
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24 views

Does Lego intervention improve children's completion score compared to normal SALT interventions?

I'm working with a child who refuses to perform any SLT activities without the aid of Lego. I was wondering if anyone knew any interesting interventions involving Lego compared to standard SALT ...
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85 views

Is there a name for "loopback teaching" technique (explaining something to yourself to learn it)?

Here's the description of a process which I call "loopback teaching": First, I learn something the "normal" way, e.g. by reading or watching. I imagine a person or multiple people which I think may ...
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31 views

After focusing for a long time, why do certain activities have the effect of refreshing or rejuvenating your mind?

If you've been studying or otherwise engaging in mental work, there are certain activities which are often recommended to "refresh your mind" when you are tired. Here are some common ...
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18 views

At what age does logical reasoning typically develop?

Mathematics appears to be almost entirely neglected in early childhood learning. As both a mathematics teacher and father home-schooling his four-year-old daughter, I am particularly focused on ...
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19 views

Is there any white noise available while learning?

I personally found that it may be useful to use white noise while studying. Although there are many available white noise over sever websites in internet. I can't access their credibility. Is there ...
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1answer
79 views

Why is the last part(transmit) of the Feynman learning technique optional?

I read some articles about The Feynman Learning Technique but I don't know why the fourth part, transmit, is optional? From my perspective, the implementation part should be more important because the ...
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67 views

Fluid Intelligence vs Crystallized Intelligence

I understand that there are two kinds of intelligence, and I had figured that out even without learning about it in Psychology. One that you pick-up or learn from your experiences and education etc......
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28 views

Is there any relevance of diet on learning?

I'm curious about the current research and literature on the effects of diet on learning. Cause myelin is supposed important for myelination, which is relevant for learning according to "The ...
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41 views

Can Krashen's Input Hypotheses be applied to areas other than Language Acquisition?

Background Stephen Krashen and Tracy Tarrell have given an interesting approach to learning new languages which they call Natural Approach. In this approach, they bring the naturalistic approach of ...
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1answer
103 views

Calculating Significantly Above Chance for 3-AFC Test

I am trying to figure out which participants who took a 18-item multiple choice test scored significantly above chance. Each item has 3 choices, so the probability of getting each question correct is ...
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27 views

Which are some good books to research spaced repetition and long term memory?

I am developing an application to help students remember what they learn. But I need deeper and more grounded research in topics of: Spaced repetition / Revision Forgetting Curve Long term memory ...
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27 views

Are there psychological traits that predict that a person will be good at acting?

I'd like to know if there are psychological traits that predict that a person will be good at acting. And, if psychology can say something about this , which aspects of acting can mostly be taught and ...
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0answers
32 views

Common latent feature among all "memory techniques"

So I've been delving into "memory techniques" and people who compete in memory competitions(memorizing and reciting a poem in a small amount of time, memorizing a deck of cards, memorizing pi, etc). I'...
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32 views

Which features of concept mapping are more helpful than outlining, or vice versa? and why?

Please let us know any studies that compare features of concept mapping with outlining. Many studies have reported both outlining and concept mapping helpful for learning and assessment, but they ...