Questions tagged [language]

For questions about the psychology and neuroscience of the production and perception of oral and written language.

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4answers
10k views

Is it better to say “Don't forget” or “Remember” in written encouragement?

This is more of a subtlety and goes beyond general English Language & Usage and is more about the cognitive process surrounding the use of language. It seems like I heard once that, while it is ...
5
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1answer
82 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
5
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2answers
1k views

The effects of online chat on written language skills

With the advent of texting and online social networking. There has been a dictionary of new words and acronyms, based on abbreviations. I have noticed that I will misuse there, they're and their, hear ...
5
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1answer
61 views

When delivering a bad news to someone, why shouldn't we show empathy at the beginning?

I've been preparing for a job as a customer service agent recently and there's a common topic called "delivering bad news". A bad news can be a delay in order or a delayed payment on the ...
5
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1answer
187 views

Learned dyslexia? adult predicament from childhood teacher´s incompetence? [closed]

I have a friend, over 30, who is convinced she cannot really read. Of course; she can read, but she struggles so much with sorting letters into words that she cannot absorb the content. Playing - say ...
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0answers
47 views

Are people more likely to use words they've heard recently in conversation?

I have noticed before that if I use a somewhat uncommon word like "doubtlessly" in conversation, my conversation partner is more likely to say the word again later. Am I falling prey to a ...
5
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0answers
28 views

Other studies of animals with sign language

Dr. Francine Patterson taught a modified form of sign language to Koko, a western lowland gorilla. Much media attention has been focused on Koko, especially after her death, and Patterson herself ...
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0answers
109 views

Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
5
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0answers
85 views

What are the pros and cons of teaching a toddler two languages simultaneously versus sequentially?

Would it cause any speech issues if I decide to teach my toddler English and Spanish at the same time? Or should I teach one language first and then the other one?
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0answers
72 views

How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the mood/emotion/...
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0answers
208 views

What's the most effective way to learn and revise foreign language vocabulary?

Google searches have suggested to me that some sort of spaced repetition should work best, keeping in mind Ebbinghaus's "Forgetting Curve". However, it is not clear to me exactly when I should ...
5
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0answers
96 views

What are the most well-understood vocal animal languages? [closed]

There are many examples of animal language that involve vocal pattens or "grammar". For example, there is the the Bee dance, bird songs, whale songs, dogs. Bird vocalization includes both bird calls ...
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1answer
48 views

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more to their infants and toddlers?

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more while White parents used adjectives more and had implications for causal and math learning? Please give the citation of the ...
4
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4answers
1k views

What is the fastest language to think in?

If you think in any language you're never misstaken on what word you mean even if there are many words that are spelled/pronounced the same. This causes a language with only one word meaning every ...
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1answer
107 views

Can you become “mentally” bilingual after 8?

Is it possible to learn a second language good enough to be able to think in it the same way we think in our first language after the critical language learning period?
4
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1answer
65 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
4
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1answer
133 views

Does knowing a word for an emotion cause a person to feel the emotion more frequently?

I am aware of the Frequency Illusion which makes it more likely for us to notice a new word if we just heard about it recently, but I was wondering if this is true for emotions as well. Logically, I ...
4
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1answer
182 views

Do pictures help young children read (understand meaning) better or does it give them a delayed sense of imagination when decoding information?

I have started to read a book called "Vexed Texts: How Children's Picture Books Promote Illiteracy" by Pamela Protheroe and her belief is that images promotes illiteracy. There seems far too much ...
4
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1answer
93 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
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0answers
48 views

Is there any research connected with typing/writing to help in creativity or focus?

In my personal experience, typing my thoughts when I am working through creative problems seem to help. But it's subjective and would like to have some confirmation. Atkin in "The Phenomenological ...
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0answers
145 views

Measuring attitude towards learning another language?

Does a validated scale to asses a person's attitude towards learning a new language exist? So far I have only found the following questionnaires: Language Learning Attitudes Questionnaire Readiness ...
4
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0answers
88 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
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0answers
54 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
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0answers
67 views

Why do people remember things when they stop trying to remember? [duplicate]

I posted this question on SE English: Antonym for ameliorate I had been trying to recall a word and it's recollection kept evading me. I remembered the word as soon as I posted the question; which ...
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0answers
59 views

Is the eye direction language dependent on the direction of writing?

I've read from various sources about the eye direction language. What is of my special interest now, is: looking right means thinking (about future, new ideas etc.) looking left means remembering (...
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0answers
97 views

Why do we seem to have an internal drive to use different expressions(mostly when writing)? [closed]

How come we have so many words/phrases that share the same meaning? I suppose the most obvious answer to this would be that through communication between people with accent/language A and B, new ...
3
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1answer
134 views

What is the name of the “Things are more visible once you learn about them” phenomenon?

(Excuse the horrible title of this question. I just can't find the proper (?) words. Please edit as pleased.) It happens many times to me that when I learn about something (e.g. a word, a concept, ...
3
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1answer
215 views

What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
3
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1answer
68 views

What happens if you lie to a child during language acquisition?

During language acquisition a child can learn 20 words a day. What would happen if the parent decided to lie to the child during this time so that whenever the child said "what that?" the parent made ...
3
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2answers
133 views

What are the different theories about how the brain processes speech?

When we heard speech the brain needs to go through a series of steps to go from the received sounds to a mainly conceptual meaning that follows from the words involved. This involves solving a series ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Why do people get syllables mixed up when trying to recall words?

This question is related to this question. It could be a dupe, but I am more interested in whether this is a form of "dyslexic" thinking (for want of a better expression)? I posted this question on ...
3
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1answer
76 views

What makes something relevant to an argument and how can people improve in determining relevance?

Are there any books that examine questions about relevance in general like the following? Relevance Theory seems something else and inapplicable. What makes something (ir)relevant to an argument or ...
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3answers
2k views

Why do we say, “Oh!” when we are surprised?

I have noticed that I and many of my peers tend to say "Oh!" whenever we are surprised or think of an answer to a question. This "Oh!" is not only prevalent in English, but also in Korean and German. ...
3
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1answer
196 views

What is the linguistic equivalent of functional fixedness?

Recently, I saw a crossword clue: (5 letters) "They help you after a crash." After going through the list of EMTs, firemen, police officers, etc. I realized that the answer was "IT Guy." This seems to ...
3
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1answer
57 views

What are the limits of language with respect to communicating the actual reasons that go in making a decision? [closed]

Simon Sinek in his book 'Start With Why' claims how the brain might fail to communicate the actual reasons behind a made decision and instead at best rationalize it in retrospect (post hoc), due to ...
3
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2answers
554 views

Can a self-paced-reading & grammaticality judgment task be programmed in PsychPy or Open Sesame?

I want to know if it is possible to design an experiment on PsychoPy or Open Sesame in which the subject does a self-paced reading (with measuring the reading times for each word), and then after they'...
3
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0answers
25 views

Is it an issue to use a model for stimulus selection, when the same model is later tested against fMRI data based on those stimuli?

I am planning an fMRI experiment which looks at similarity of human brain activation when prompted with known words. The goal of the experiment is to compare the similarity of activation with ...
3
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0answers
843 views

What percentage of people are literal thinkers?

I have been told that only a small percentage of the population think literally but I can find no studies or statistics. This question is not about Lateral thinking (Edward de Bono- solving problems ...
3
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0answers
44 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
3
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0answers
100 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending? [closed]

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
3
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0answers
136 views

Learning vocabulary: Is it better to learn the word through translations?

Suppose that you have a student that is bilingual. Take for example that the student speaks Chinese and English. Suppose that said student is very fluent in Chinese, but not so fluent in English. He/...
3
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0answers
22 views

What is the name of text analysis where emotional tone of words is analyzed? [duplicate]

I'm interested in knowing what can be learned about people by analyzing the emotional content of the words they use in casual speech or writing. I've heard it being referred to as " ... analysis". ...
2
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2answers
169 views

Can an autistic have very advance language skills?

Can an autistic have very advanced language skills (Verbal communication, not about tonal nor body language skill, nor the written verbal language, I keep dyslexia out of this discussion for sake of ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Chomskian view on grammar

The Chomskian view asserts that certain structural components of grammar are innate to all humans. To support the Chomskian view, the observation that we are able to omit certain pronouns in the ...
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2answers
48 views

Books on Statistics in R for behavioral data analysis

Are there any statistics books geared towards teaching behavioral data analysis especially in psycholinguistics?
2
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1answer
35 views

Looking for a paper: AI in human host

I am searching for a paper where participants were confronted with a (female) person, who gave answers according to a computer algorithm. She had an earpiece that gave her the answers and was trained ...
2
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1answer
229 views

What is the opposite of an insult for the purposes of triggering lasting positive affect?

Over the centuries, western cultures have developed dozens of swear words, insults and curse words that are intended to trigger acute negative affect in the recipient. If one particular word does not ...
2
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1answer
106 views

In measuring preferences, is the magnitude of the question wording effect topic-dependent?

I just read that in a survey on legalizing abortions: Responses depended strongly on the question wording. But I have also seen cases where question wording is largely irrelevant. As long as ...
2
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1answer
102 views

Is there sub-conscious error correction in interpreting heard language?

My personal experience suggests there is a background process taking place when interpreting a partially heard utterance. The sound is taken in, the conscious part of my mind begins the process of ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Is there any research of spelling errors from a dual-process theory perspective?

Checking the rather comprehensive but somewhat dated 2008 review of Evans on dual-process theories, I didn't see anything about [mis]spelling. But it seems to me an obvious thing to investigate ...