Questions tagged [language]

For questions about the psychology and neuroscience of the production and perception of oral and written language.

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67 views

neurolinguistics: origin of language

Taking the definition of language a symbolic way to represent an object, is there any explanation for its origin? Is it dependent of any part of the brain? Scientific info about this issue will be ...
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6answers
3k views

is it possible to think without language?

I'm trying to fathom what it might be like for a person with aphasia and for one with agnosia. For a person with a visual agnosia I wonder this: if two unrecognizable objects are shown to them, and ...
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109 views

Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
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0answers
210 views

What's the most effective way to learn and revise foreign language vocabulary?

Google searches have suggested to me that some sort of spaced repetition should work best, keeping in mind Ebbinghaus's "Forgetting Curve". However, it is not clear to me exactly when I should ...
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1answer
65 views

What is understanding of natural language and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? Natural language understanding is neglected part of natural language ...
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0answers
254 views

What are the differences between Cognitive, Psycho-linguistic, and Behavioral approaches to learning?

I'm having trouble wrapping my head around cognitive, psycholinguistic, and behaviorist learning acquisition methods in the context of second language acquisition. I don't really understand their ...
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0answers
83 views

Is there a way for a man to be as sensitive as women in understanding other's thoughts and emotions?

If women are better than men at reading thoughts and emotions by looking at eyes, because they are born for this, then is there a way to make a man to be as sensitive as women? Is it similar to ...
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0answers
28 views

What is the term covering psychology disorders and language acquiring?

I have a research article aimed for popular audience, whose bibliography contains: 3 works on borderline personality disorder 1 works on language (Hirsh, David, and Paul Nation. “What Vocabulary Size ...
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2answers
18k views

Why does repeating one word over and over again sound weird to us after some time?

This effect seems to be observed with almost any word. I would say this phenomenon 'works' for longer and complex words better. When we repeat a word over and over again, it starts to sound very ...
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2answers
133 views

What are the different theories about how the brain processes speech?

When we heard speech the brain needs to go through a series of steps to go from the received sounds to a mainly conceptual meaning that follows from the words involved. This involves solving a series ...
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1answer
214 views

Does the brain generate identical words in different languages similarly?

Saying (or even just thinking) a word or phrase results from activity in multiple regions of your brain. Of course, we can measure/'map' this activity to some degree; From wikipedia: EEG measures ...
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145 views

Measuring attitude towards learning another language?

Does a validated scale to asses a person's attitude towards learning a new language exist? So far I have only found the following questionnaires: Language Learning Attitudes Questionnaire Readiness ...
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1answer
135 views

What is the name of the “Things are more visible once you learn about them” phenomenon?

(Excuse the horrible title of this question. I just can't find the proper (?) words. Please edit as pleased.) It happens many times to me that when I learn about something (e.g. a word, a concept, ...
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26 views

does speakers exhibit change of behavior when switching from one language to another? [duplicate]

I have a strong belief that being a bilingual or multilingual when we switch from one language to another our behavior change accordingly. For example, my native language is Urdu, I feel comfortable, ...
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33 views

Polylinguistic Competition [closed]

I'm unsure if there's another exchange that would be more appropriate for this, but I'm curious about my own experiences and wanted to see what this community had to say. Context being that I really ...
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1answer
108 views

Can you become “mentally” bilingual after 8?

Is it possible to learn a second language good enough to be able to think in it the same way we think in our first language after the critical language learning period?
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36 views

What is the basic memory-making algorithm? [closed]

What are the fundamental criteria that determine the hierarchy of saved information in the brain? I've discovered that our languages reflect some of those factors. One of them can be sex ...
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1answer
57 views

What are the limits of language with respect to communicating the actual reasons that go in making a decision? [closed]

Simon Sinek in his book 'Start With Why' claims how the brain might fail to communicate the actual reasons behind a made decision and instead at best rationalize it in retrospect (post hoc), due to ...
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2answers
785 views

Is there a lot of redundancy in written and spoken language?

I read years ago in a pop science book that written and spoken language can be shown to have a high level of redundancy. The speculation was that this served to allow error correction because language ...
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0answers
94 views

Do grammatical differences in language affect politics?

I tried very hard to find references on this in Google Scholar and Web of Science, but I fear I don't have enough experience with this area. My partner is great at Spanish, and informed me that in ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the average amount of new vocabulary adults retain when learning a second language?

What are the realistic/optimal (or maximal) number of words of vocabulary that can be learned (retained and later successfully accessed) by an adult learner of a foreign/second language? (Unit: per ...
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2answers
76 views

Could any kind of learning be framed as learning a language? [closed]

People learn (or actually acquire) languages naturally. As we grow up, we learn also multiple other skills which we then use in everyday life. A lot of these skills are often compared to a language, ...
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1answer
48 views

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more to their infants and toddlers?

Which research article showed that East Asian parents used verbs more while White parents used adjectives more and had implications for causal and math learning? Please give the citation of the ...
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0answers
30 views

Is there a medical name for transient word recognition problems?

I experience, with infrequency (every year or so), problems identifying specific words as "correct". I will read it, I immediately think it is misspelled, or isn't a word, but then after confirming ...
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0answers
850 views

What percentage of people are literal thinkers?

I have been told that only a small percentage of the population think literally but I can find no studies or statistics. This question is not about Lateral thinking (Edward de Bono- solving problems ...
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1answer
93 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
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0answers
85 views

What are the pros and cons of teaching a toddler two languages simultaneously versus sequentially?

Would it cause any speech issues if I decide to teach my toddler English and Spanish at the same time? Or should I teach one language first and then the other one?
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1answer
133 views

Does knowing a word for an emotion cause a person to feel the emotion more frequently?

I am aware of the Frequency Illusion which makes it more likely for us to notice a new word if we just heard about it recently, but I was wondering if this is true for emotions as well. Logically, I ...
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3answers
180 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce speech?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
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2answers
2k views

What if people understand or interpret words differently in their mind?

Let's think about it, we have all adopted to learn the meaning of words through experiences or emotions. We didn't learn each and every word from a dictionary. What if I understand a word slightly ...
9
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1answer
179 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
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0answers
40 views

What is the phenomenon where a person inexplicably feels that a word is spelled wrong? [closed]

Sometimes, I get the inexplicable feeling, which also happens to be maddening, that the word why is spelled wrong. In my mind, for a few seconds at least, the spelling doesn't match with the word at ...
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0answers
44 views

How is it called when we explicitly quantify a letter or digit instead of spelling it out multiple times?

When we need to repeat a letter or digit several times (for example when spelling out a number or an acronym) it is easier to explicitly quantify it instead of spelling it out repeatedly: for example ...
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2answers
57 views

Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
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3answers
2k views

Why do we say, “Oh!” when we are surprised?

I have noticed that I and many of my peers tend to say "Oh!" whenever we are surprised or think of an answer to a question. This "Oh!" is not only prevalent in English, but also in Korean and German. ...
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0answers
35 views

Contemporary Resources on Cognitive Science of Typing

[Apologies if this is too general.] I'm doing research on language production during the computer keyboard typing process. There are some great classic articles like Rumelhart & Norman, 1982 and ...
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2answers
510 views

What is the neurobiological basis of the “inner voice” used for thought or reading?

I've recently experienced a number of hypnogogic near sleep states characterized by change in thinking (stage 1-2 sleep). I noticed that if I let go and get absorbed in the state, I can follow it. I ...
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1answer
54 views

Do subjects with a missing cerebellum have a superior ability to verbalize motion sequences?

Since the function of the cerebellum in patients with cerebellar hypoplasia needs to be taken over by other brain components such as the motor cortex, and since the cortex is the source of language, ...
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1answer
248 views

Do people low on agreeableness swear more?

Reading through a scientific report on Big 5 characteristics in everyday life, I found a -.28 correlation for Agreaableness and swearing. http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~mehl/eReprints/EARlensmodelJPSP....
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1answer
772 views

How does a language deprived person think?

Question Let us say a person is deprived of language (of any form, including verbal and non-verbal) since birth to an age where normal adult brain functioning would be expected. Then how would they ...
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0answers
100 views

What's the difference between metaphor and conceptual blending? [closed]

A "metaphor" seems to be just the discourse-level result of a conceptual blend. If you're more of a Lakoff-guy, I could see you claiming "metaphor", especially a "conceptual metaphor" to be the same ...
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3answers
978 views

Is it easy in languages other than English to read a paragraph where all but the first and last letters of every word have been rearranged?

I was really surprised how fast I was able to read and comprehend following text: I cnduo't bvleiee taht I culod aulaclty uesdtannrd waht I was rdnaieg. Unisg the icndeblire pweor of the hmuan ...
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3answers
263 views

How much information is lost when conveying an experience or emotion to another person?

Certain languages have words that do not literally translate into any another language. There is already a small loss of information in this sense. Emotions are a personal experience and the ...
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1answer
224 views

Reading words without pronunciation

I have been trying to practice speed reading, and found the removal of subvocalization technique, but it seems almost impossible to understand words without pronouncing them in my head. I think our ...
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0answers
72 views

How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the mood/emotion/...
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0answers
85 views

What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
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1answer
534 views

Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
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2answers
646 views

Do women talk more than men?

If you believe the stereotype, women are much more talkative then men. Is there a kernel of truth to this stereotype? I have seen media reports of studies trying to debunk this as a myth. However, ...
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1answer
3k views

How did the concepts of left and right direction develop in the human mind?

I hope this is the correct forum to ask; if not, please migrate to a better place. How did humans came to agree on a distinction between the directions "right" and "left"? I could think of two ...
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1answer
115 views

Does 3rd person reference to self change perception of self?

If you refer to yourself in the third person for a day how does your understanding of self change? For example are you more inclined to consider your actions and motivations from and external ...