Questions tagged [language]

For questions about the psychology and neuroscience of the production and perception of oral and written language.

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2answers
70 views

Consciousness without language

It seems that consciousness can only be investigated through self-report, i.e. language/communication of some kind. Is it believed that consciousness could nonetheless exist without language? Yes, it ...
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1answer
61 views

When delivering a bad news to someone, why shouldn't we show empathy at the beginning?

I've been preparing for a job as a customer service agent recently and there's a common topic called "delivering bad news". A bad news can be a delay in order or a delayed payment on the ...
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6answers
327 views

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of the world?

Philosopher Wittgenstein says that "the limit of my language means the limit of my world". One theory that supports this statement is that people couldn't see the blue colour until they have the word ...
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1answer
988 views

Does a split brain affect the inner voice?

In the Nature link provided, split brain reportedly alters the processing of sensory input (e.g., an aberrant performance on monocular visual tasks under laboratory conditions), and impairs motor ...
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2answers
169 views

Can an autistic have very advance language skills?

Can an autistic have very advanced language skills (Verbal communication, not about tonal nor body language skill, nor the written verbal language, I keep dyslexia out of this discussion for sake of ...
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0answers
47 views

Are people more likely to use words they've heard recently in conversation?

I have noticed before that if I use a somewhat uncommon word like "doubtlessly" in conversation, my conversation partner is more likely to say the word again later. Am I falling prey to a ...
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3answers
50k views

Difficulty of expressing thoughts verbally

Some people find it difficult to express their thoughts verbally. They may often feel that their words don't give their thoughts enough justice, and that their thoughts could've been verbalized better....
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1answer
34 views

how does our brain know how to provide the right instructions to pronounce words?

Children learn to speak by hearing others and then trying to pronounce these words. What I don't understand is: how does their brain know the right instructions to give to the tongue, lips and the ...
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0answers
42 views

Are well-written warnings more likely to be heeded?

I claim that "warnings are more likely to be read and taken seriously, if they are well-written, without errors". Is this claim supported by psychological science? Like, a warning on a ...
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0answers
48 views

Is there any research connected with typing/writing to help in creativity or focus?

In my personal experience, typing my thoughts when I am working through creative problems seem to help. But it's subjective and would like to have some confirmation. Atkin in "The Phenomenological ...
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0answers
136 views

Learning vocabulary: Is it better to learn the word through translations?

Suppose that you have a student that is bilingual. Take for example that the student speaks Chinese and English. Suppose that said student is very fluent in Chinese, but not so fluent in English. He/...
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10 views

thinking of a word but writing a different word (only on my second language) [duplicate]

My first language is French. When I write in english (online chat), I often think of a word but write a different word. For example I just did it again tonight. I was thinking "who are you ...
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14 views

Why do we anthromorphize genes, evolution, and nature?

Books sometimes say, "Our genes want us to have as many children as possible", or "Evolution wants the fittest to survive". But genes are not conscious entities who can want things....
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3answers
16k views

If babies were isolated, would they develop their own language?

Let’s say that two or more babies/infants from the age of 0 were put in an environment without the affection of adults to teach them how to speak. Would the babies after 13 or so years develop their ...
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0answers
38 views

Would Newspeak actually work for what the Party intends it for?

In George Orwell's novel 1984 the ruling Party is creating a "new version" of English, called Newspeak, which focuses on removing any and all parts of the language which can be used to express any ...
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1answer
13k views

Why does the brain skip over repeated “the” words in sentences?

For example, in this sentence by the the time you are done reading you will have already skipped over the double "the". I have searched this on the internet a little, but I have found nothing that ...
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0answers
30 views

Any studies about the effect of listening to audio in a foreign language while studying?

Note: this is my first question on this site. If my question is not clear enough, lacks context or I forgot some rule, please tell it in the comments so I can edit my question appropriately. ...
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2answers
48 views

Books on Statistics in R for behavioral data analysis

Are there any statistics books geared towards teaching behavioral data analysis especially in psycholinguistics?
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0answers
104 views

Is there evidence that individuals consistently prefer entities according to their animacy?

It is evident from language that everyone can distinguish the living entities from the otherwise, or, rather, that there is a scale between two poles that is widely agreed upon. This observation is ...
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2answers
706 views

Why do people who stutter have less difficulty singing than speaking?

From what I have read, stutterers tend to have much less trouble singing than speaking. Do we know why this is the case?
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2answers
225 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
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2answers
13k views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
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4answers
10k views

Is it better to say “Don't forget” or “Remember” in written encouragement?

This is more of a subtlety and goes beyond general English Language & Usage and is more about the cognitive process surrounding the use of language. It seems like I heard once that, while it is ...
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1answer
62 views

Chomskian view on grammar

The Chomskian view asserts that certain structural components of grammar are innate to all humans. To support the Chomskian view, the observation that we are able to omit certain pronouns in the ...
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2answers
1k views

The effects of online chat on written language skills

With the advent of texting and online social networking. There has been a dictionary of new words and acronyms, based on abbreviations. I have noticed that I will misuse there, they're and their, hear ...
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3answers
12k views

Body Language: Why do we give each other the grumpy/frowning fake smile?

I've recently become aware of this - I kinda knew I was always doing it, but just now it got me self conscious and thinking about it: When crossing paths with a stranger, you are supposed to be ...
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4answers
51k views

Why do you sometimes write down one word while actually intending to write another?

I've caught myself writing (typing) "possible" instead of "possibly" a few times over the past few days, while I do intend to write "possibly". Only upon rereading the sentence I notice my mistake. ...
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1answer
113 views

Involuntary misspelling while writing

I'm a native Spanish speaker. In Spanish, the verb "to accept" is "aceptar". When I write it down, or type it on my phone, I tend to write "haceptar" (the H in Spanish is mute, so it'd be pronounced ...
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1answer
35 views

Is there any research of spelling errors from a dual-process theory perspective?

Checking the rather comprehensive but somewhat dated 2008 review of Evans on dual-process theories, I didn't see anything about [mis]spelling. But it seems to me an obvious thing to investigate ...
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1answer
35 views

Looking for a paper: AI in human host

I am searching for a paper where participants were confronted with a (female) person, who gave answers according to a computer algorithm. She had an earpiece that gave her the answers and was trained ...
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0answers
72 views

Do we think in language?

Can we think i.e. process the input data without relying on linguistic structures? All knowledge between human is either spoken or written. When we see something, it contributes towards the ...
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1answer
37 views

Asking for illogical things to make extreme views normal?

A couple of months back I was reading an article about how politicians were asking to make decisions that are way beyond possible (name it unreasonable, unacceptable, illogical) just as a medium of ...
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1answer
112 views

What makes words (entities) positive or negative?

I am conducting a lexicon study asking people to classify words as being positive, negative, or neutral. It seems to be a very natural ability for us to perform such classifications. The next step is ...
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4answers
1k views

Why do people have different personalities when speaking different languages?

Edit: This study is much more relevant in terms of the question. This study suggests (according to article linked below) that a multilingual person can have multiple personalities, each tied to one ...
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2answers
12k views

Why might a stutterer not stutter when talking to themselves, whispering, or singing?

Background: I'm a stutterer myself and have always wondered what caused my stuttering. There have been reports of the effects of certain genes and environmental factors that causes stuttering. But ...
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1answer
91 views

Is mapping sound frequencies to the vertical axis universal?

Shrill notes are said to be "high", and rumbles are said to be "low". Humans seem to metaphorically map frequency to the vertical axis, and in the cultures that I know of, high frequency is ...
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1answer
182 views

Do pictures help young children read (understand meaning) better or does it give them a delayed sense of imagination when decoding information?

I have started to read a book called "Vexed Texts: How Children's Picture Books Promote Illiteracy" by Pamela Protheroe and her belief is that images promotes illiteracy. There seems far too much ...
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0answers
45 views

Bilingualism and cognitive decline (or dementia risk)

There's apparently a fairly contested research area of bilingualism being neuroprotective against cognitive decline in old age, such as dementia. What are the main points for and against this ...
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0answers
27 views

Is theory of mind formation accelerated by bilingualism?

Kovács (2009) reported that bilingual children were better at solving a false belief task critical to the fully developed theory of mind (ToM). Has this study been replicated or criticized by others? ...
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1answer
93 views

Can't we teach other intelligent animals “complex” languages?

I assume I'm not the first person to think about this, but I find this idea very useful, and if it works it would really be a major breakthrough (IMO, more important than getting to space). Animals ...
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1answer
248 views

Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? Nowadays,...
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1answer
68 views

What happens if you lie to a child during language acquisition?

During language acquisition a child can learn 20 words a day. What would happen if the parent decided to lie to the child during this time so that whenever the child said "what that?" the parent made ...
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4answers
79k views

What causes some people to unconsciously imitate the accents of others?

Background: I often notice that when I talk with someone with an accent that I often unconsciously start to imitate their accent. Similarly, you see some people that very quickly after moving to a ...
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0answers
153 views

Are there any cutting edge techniques that would enable one to acquire a foreign language at a relatively fast pace?

I am aware of immersion methods as well as mnemonics such as the one Daniel Tammet mentioned in Born on a Blue Day. I read that Kim Peek's lack of corpus callosum enabled his brain to absorb ...
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1answer
76 views

What makes something relevant to an argument and how can people improve in determining relevance?

Are there any books that examine questions about relevance in general like the following? Relevance Theory seems something else and inapplicable. What makes something (ir)relevant to an argument or ...
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0answers
28 views

Other studies of animals with sign language

Dr. Francine Patterson taught a modified form of sign language to Koko, a western lowland gorilla. Much media attention has been focused on Koko, especially after her death, and Patterson herself ...
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0answers
25 views

Is it an issue to use a model for stimulus selection, when the same model is later tested against fMRI data based on those stimuli?

I am planning an fMRI experiment which looks at similarity of human brain activation when prompted with known words. The goal of the experiment is to compare the similarity of activation with ...
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0answers
84 views

How the Brain Does Garbage Collection in Real Time [duplicate]

When we read a sentence we don't "pay attention to" each letter and the structure of each letter and the placement of the letter and color and lighting and all that. We just "end up with" the meaning ...
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0answers
37 views

Are there universal facial expressions for asking questions? [closed]

"Dog." "Dog!" "Dog?" We know the first is a statement. The second a warning maybe. And the third a question. Like facial expressions for emotions. Are there universal human facial expressions or ...
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1answer
64 views

neurolinguistics: origin of language

Taking the definition of language a symbolic way to represent an object, is there any explanation for its origin? Is it dependent of any part of the brain? Scientific info about this issue will be ...