Questions tagged [expertise]

For questions on expertise and expert performance and how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of their development, training, reasoning, knowledge, social support, and innate talent.

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Becoming an expert with accumulative hours of practice much less than the average expert?

Anders Ericsson's work is famous for creating the idea of "deliberate practice" and its creation of experts, but Anders also talks about how long hours are inevitable in becoming an expert. Let's ...
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What's the importance of reward on acquiring expert level skill?

I've been reading into Anders Ericssons work on expertise and as made popular by Malcom Gladwell(though quoted incorrectly) is the requirement of accumulating large amounts of "deliberate practice"(...
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Effects of expertise on mental condition?

As a search on Frontiers in Psychology shows, there a different articles and research topics about the topic of being an expert. But is there any literature or research about the effects of being an ...
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237 views

Does Golden Hammer really exist?

Note: I am not talking about Law of the instrument. I am referring to the following (anti-)pattern of behavior: A person very competent in one area (say, Philosophy) peremptorily expressing his ...
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1answer
551 views

Is there an effect of visual expertise on eye movements when examining an image?

In the following linked image, you can see the eye movement traces of a subject examining a bust of Nefertiti (I came across this image while reading the following blog). When I was in grade school, ...
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Any studies on authority influence in non-expertise area? (e.g., police captain giving medical advice)?

I'm just curious if authority influence, even if a little, carries over to areas in which the authority is not an expert. Like a doctor giving advice about fashion or best kind of car to buy, etc. ...
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1answer
60 views

What is the name of the phenomenon where a person abandons simplifying a complex system upon understanding the system?

What is the name of the phenomenon where a person abandons simplifying a complex system upon understanding the system? I provide examples of complex systems, so as not to get hung up on a specific ...
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1answer
88 views

Looking for the term for the relationship between “confidence” and “knowledge” [closed]

I'm looking for the name of an effect that relates confidence in your decisions (dependent variable) against your level of knowledge for a specific domain (independent variable). I don't remember ...
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1answer
204 views

The effect of learning/expertise on cognitive control

Rasmussen (1983) argued that with expertise, task are performed in different ways. He made a distinction between Rule- (least experience), Knowledge- and Skill-based behavior (most experience). The ...
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2answers
469 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. What ...
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1answer
126 views

Why do difficult-to-learn subjects seem easier in retrospect?

Background: I have recently noticed that in class, that after I finished a unit, it seems less difficult than I expected it to be. It has happened in math, physics and electronics. Is it possible ...
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1answer
293 views

What are the conditions of deliberate practice?

TL;DR: What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for deliberate practice? Longer version: I've read a number of books/articles on deliberate practice and its role in acquiring expertise. The ...
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1answer
122 views

What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
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1answer
196 views

Does personality imply an inclination to be an expert in one field or average in “all” fields?

The question of whether it is better to be an expert in one domain or average in many is too vague. However, instead, I'd like to focus on the following: Are individuals born to prefer being an ...
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3k views

What factors influence a person's perceived expertise?

For example, some people believe they are excellent human lie detectors. But, research shows that the average person is only able to detect deception about 54% of the time. What techniques could be ...
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300 views

Do expert computer gamers have unusual physiological or mental characteristics? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Any work being done on Perception, Action, and/or Cognition in Video games? Are there any research studies that show this? See a thread on Quora for some initial discussion, ...