Questions tagged [experimental-psychology]

For questions about the application of specific experimental methods to study psychology.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Name of sound-induced-hunger condition

When I was a student I used to notice that towards supper time, whenever I would go from my quiet study space to a place where people were talking, it people started to tell in my quiet space, i would ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

What is a “norming experiment”?

I am a non-psychologist reading some papers from psychology. I keep seeing the term "norming experiment" (e.g. "Normative Representation of Objects: Evidence for an Ecological Bias in Object ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Is it recommendable to put participants in different conditions across trials?

In a pilot study we want to give participants 3 different problems. Those come in two versions, one (supposedly) easier than the other. Participants will randomly be assigned one version of the ...
5
votes
3answers
106 views

Should I look at the data of an experiment before the dataset is complete?

For a research internship I am running psychological experiments online. As it takes a while until the experiment is done (meaning that enough people participated, so that a sufficient sample size is ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Quasi-experiment: If I change some procedures from my pilot experiment, can I still compare post-intervention results to the pilot results?

I am running a quasi-experiment with English proficiency as a factor (native speakers=9, ESL speakers=10) I just completed a pilot and fully plan to conduct the intervention as closely to the pilot's ...
3
votes
0answers
13 views

Is there research that estimates when people think something supposedly random is rigged?

Let’s say you flip a coin three thousand times. If it comes up heads two thousand times, I think it’s safe to say that people will assume this is a rigged coin in spite of the fact that each outcome ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

saccadic countermanding task

The saccadic countermanding task is used to measure response inhibition (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698999000115). It is basically the stop-signal task that makes use of ...
8
votes
2answers
819 views

How does this experiment prove a causal relation between coherence and good feelings?

I'm reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman and I came across the following text: The Remote Association Test has more to tell us about the link between cognitive ease and positive effect. ...
2
votes
0answers
381 views

How to prevent falling for Jingle-Jangle fallacies?

What are some ways to avoid the Jingle-Jangle fallacies when it comes to choosing a form of measurement in psychology research?
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Shipbuilding experiment about leader selection

I heard about an international research that was conducted more than 25 years ago. The following was the experiment: 25 teams, eight members per team, each team member with the same nationality had ...
1
vote
2answers
396 views

Platforms to make online experiments with counterbalancing

There are a number of different interfaces to make an place experiments online, e.g. in questions Software for online psychological experiments that don't require users to download anything or ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Long term effects of a high self monitor who voluntarily chooses a contradictory self-presentation

Are there any cases or studies of a high self monitor who intuitively chooses to act "by impulse" in order to reform said impulse? In other words when the HSM ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Innateness of perceiving music as happy or sad

From John Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, book 2, chapter 9: I shall here insert a problem of that very ingenious and studious promoter of real knowledge, the learned and worthy ...
5
votes
2answers
100 views

What are the benefits of giving feedback to subjects during a discrimination task?

Context I am planning an experiment where the subjects would need to determine the language of the stimulus after listening to it once, given two alternatives, L1 or L2. In total I have 500 trials ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

What is the consequences to be a person who works in theory of science?

this question rises into my head this day. First I read the comment by @mikeazo he says Do you learn best by reading or doing? That will make a difference. Also, today I had a class in ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Is anyone aware of any cognitive models that appraises interior design preferences?

The goal is to evaluate someone's interior design preference based on some text/image based questions. Can the personality and aesthetic profile extracted from the answers be used as inputs for a ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Share of happy marriages [closed]

I have googled quite alot to find any scientific statistics on any estimates of what share of all marriages consider themselves successfull. I understand that happiness is hard to measure, but is ...
7
votes
1answer
522 views

In the digit span test, why do some strategies work and others don't?

I got a free copy of PEBL, psych experiment software, which includes a couple of standard working memory tests. When I perform the digit span working memory test, I can repeat the numbers as they ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Are chatbots based on deceased loved ones healthy? [closed]

I recently read an article about a journalist who created a chatbot to ensure that a conversational entity with elements of his dying father's personality would exist even after his father--terminally ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How much evidence is needed to support a claim? [closed]

Let's say that I hypothesised that if I behave in a certain way (X) then the people I interact with will respond with behaviour (Y). How much evidence do I need to make such claim ?
1
vote
0answers
68 views

What are common parameters for the Eriksen flanker task? [closed]

I'm looking to create a flanker task for an upcoming experiment. I'm wondering if there are any papers/websites that outline what the "standard" flanker task contains? Specifically, I'm trying to ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How to use a QUEST staircase in 2-AFC?

Firstly, I need to declare that I am not psychologyst, however I am currently working on visual recognition research. To be precise, I working on face recognition deficits in Autism Spectrum Disorder. ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What variables allow one to empirically and scientifically quantify trends for learning curves?

Specifically, I am trying to quantify trends in learning for certain mediums of audio-visual communication, and what I've gathered so far suggests that there are 4 distinguishable types, being linear, ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

What is the reason behind terrorist attacks?

From psychology point of view, what is the reason behind terrorist attacks? What is the motivation for the leaders of terrorists? What is the motivation for the person who performs terrorist attacks?
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Understanding a negative correlation between Pc and signal strength

When I present two signals in paired comparison and ask the respondent to select the stronger signal in the pair, I find that it is the signal strength of the second signal that more so determines ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Is psychology equivalent to physics of the 1900s? [closed]

I read that psychological inquiry can be analogized to the work done by physicists long ago before modern sophisticated theories, such as electromagnetism. According to the argument, psychologists ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

How to record mouse-pointer fixations? [closed]

I'm planning an experiment in which participants will respond to a stimulus by using a mouse to click somewhere on a computer screen. I'm interested in analyzing the strategies participants use to ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How do you decide how many trials to have in an experiment? [duplicate]

I'm currently designing an experiment with several conditions - how do I decide how many repetitions / stimuli within each condition? I know that I can justify sample size with an a priori power ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why are the ERP amplitudes recorded and analyzed from different software so different in voltage?

Here are the two ERPs from the same study design, though different subjects. The largest amplitude in the 1st one goes up to 25 uv, while only goes up to 6 in the 2nd figure. Differences: The 1st ...
5
votes
1answer
430 views

John Calhoun's Mouse Utopia and Genetic Diversity

I learned about John Calhoun's Mouse Utopia experiment from this Youtube video. The corresponding 1962 paper isn't readily available. What I want to know is, did Calhoun account for genetic diversity ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is there a central collection of information about the often called right brain phenomena? [closed]

There are mental states that some have termed right brain e.g. "Drawing on the right side of the brain" but which may be incorrectly described. Is there a site that specializes in information on ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Is there a script to measure face width to height ratio? [closed]

I´d be interested whether you know a script or anything automated to measure the face width to height ratio of a set of pictures depicting faces. Otherwise, your experience how to do that ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

How does timing of pleasure / dopamine / reward influence the formation of positive association? [closed]

Suppose the following idealized experiment: Setup: A pill/medication which simply induces pleasure. Perhaps something like a perfect dopamine antagonist with no side-effects. Call it P A task which ...
5
votes
1answer
364 views

What is considered an error in the sustained attention to response task (SART)?

The traditional SART task requires key presses to all digits appearing on the screen. However, the key press should be withheld if the digit is a 3 When aggregating the collected data, what is ...
4
votes
1answer
968 views

What are the advantages of 2AFC in a psychophysical discrimination task?

As far as I understand. In the task of Two alternative forced choice (2AFC), given two possible stimuli, $S1$ or $S2$, the subject has to decide weather he\she (it) saw the sequence $(S1,S2)$ or the ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Measuring emotion [closed]

I'm doing a quasi-experiment for an assignment, and the dependent variable is emotional response. FMRI is not a feasible option, so is there another good and reliable way to measure emotion without ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Quantifying the Dunning-Kruger Effect

The Dunning-Kruger effect states that people unexperienced in a certain field or subject generally perceive themselves as having greater aptitude than in reality they do. Dunning and Kruger were able ...
3
votes
0answers
210 views

Exercise and physical activity questionnaire

I'm wondering if there exists a validated questionnaire designed to assess the duration/intensity/type of physical activity someone has taken part in over the past 1-3 days? I've seen many ...
5
votes
1answer
425 views

Have there been followups to the Rosenhan Experiment?

The famous Rosenhan experiment of 1973 showed that doctors in asylums routinely misdiagnosed normal people with various psychiatric disorders. Have any followup studies been done to confirm these ...
7
votes
2answers
307 views

Where are scientific references for the claims made in “Thinking Fast and Slow”

I am currently reading fast and slow and the author mentions the results of a lot of studies. However, these are not directly cited, although some can possibly be googled with the information given. ...
1
vote
0answers
719 views

How to determine percentile rankings for responses to for Big5 Mini-Markers test?

I'm writing a big 5 personality test using Big 5 Mini Markers by Saucier, as described here: http://pages.uoregon.edu/prsnlty/SAUCIER/Saucier.Minimarkers.Full.pdf Given that most markers have about 0....
8
votes
0answers
256 views

Does Golden Hammer really exist?

Note: I am not talking about Law of the instrument. I am referring to the following (anti-)pattern of behavior: A person very competent in one area (say, Philosophy) peremptorily expressing his ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Manipulating the difficulty of guessing a correlation

I am trying to generate correlations between random variables (two dimensional) with a defined linear relationship (in the $r$ sense), but with different visual patterns when plotted. I am trying to ...
4
votes
1answer
516 views

Where can I obtain a button box for reaction-time measurements under a Windows OS?

I need a button box / response box to hook up with a laptop computer and Windows Operating System for a reaction time study. A simple box will suffice and I do not need more than two buttons. I need a ...
7
votes
2answers
869 views

Do children inherit intelligence from their mothers and not their fathers?

This article, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/children-intelligence-iq-mother-inherit-inheritance-genetics-genes-a7345596.html?cmpid=facebook-post, suggests that children inherit ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How to convince subjects that the computer is playing fairly

We are planning an experiment using the odds-and-evens game. The rules of the game are simple: player A selects either "1" or "2"; player B selects simultaneously either "1" or "2"; if both select the ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

When many laws are too many laws? [closed]

Let's consider an experiment: Take a baby and have it raise in a very law-strict environment (his parents are very strict and follow any rules, be it legal, be it religious, be it moral) but ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Can a test subject make the predictions (concerning the movement of fingers), made by a researcher, invalid or invisible? [closed]

I read about an experiment in which the researcher could predict which finger a test person would raise at a given signal. Already before the test person was conscious about which finger to raise, the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How do you call a study in which subjects were deceived about the real purpose?

Is there any “official” term to describe a study in which subjects were deceived about the real purpose of the research? I am talking about studies that purposefully hide the real research questions ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Is there any study about the impact on the continuous use of predictive keyboard by neurologically and psychologically health individuals?

As there is evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks, I'd like to know if any study has been made regarding predictive keyboards. Given the popularity of predictive ...