Questions tagged [experimental-psychology]

For questions about the application of specific experimental methods to study psychology.

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5
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2answers
91 views

Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
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0answers
14 views

Ebbinghaus forgetting curve on experiences [closed]

Are there any studies that examine Ebbinghaus forgetting curve on participants experience?
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0answers
11 views

About runtime error

Whenever we manage to turn on the TPLOpen1 after calibrating the eye-tracker, it keeps broadcasting the following error message. "Runtime Error!" The following runtime error occurred: Client ...
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0answers
22 views

Practical Suggestions for Ambiguous Stimuli for Categorization Experiment

Does anyone have a suggestion of the kind of stimuli I could use for a categorization experiment that needs a range of clearly defined and a range of ambiguous stimuli? I need to produce both a range ...
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0answers
15 views

Educational Resources on construction of Unstructure/Information Integration categorization experiments?

I am currently trying reproduce, for learning purposes only, an experiment on the procedural learning of unstructured categories[1]. I have read the article reporting the experiment and some other ...
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2answers
884 views

How to know whether a methodological technique is quantitative or qualitative?

How do you classify NASA TLX, ANOVA, Matched Pair T-Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and System Usability Scale? Are these types of data analysis considered quantitative or qualitative? Please answer ...
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1answer
28 views

Reaction when light is turning on and off

This question comes from a personal experience I've had over the last few days, 'experimenting' on my own. I have a light bulb in a room that is turning on and off periodically, let's say per second. ...
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2answers
134 views

How to use QUEST in a discrimination task

Similar to the question "How to use a QUEST staircase in 2-AFC”. I also have a question about using QUEST. In fact, I too tried to find an answer in Psychophysics: A Practical Introduction by Kingdom ...
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0answers
25 views

The research on dishonesty

This question is in regard to the explanation power of the conducted experiments to prove the self-concept maintenance theory in Mazar et al.'s "The Dishonesty of Honest People?" (Verschuere,...
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1answer
24 views

What statistical tests should be performed to test effect of trials on response times where each subject has different number of data-points?

I am running a behavioral experiment where a number of subjects (=20 in my case) perform a simple cognitive task. The experiment consists of a fixed number of trials (say, 40 in my case). During each ...
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0answers
24 views

What is the study design for 2 samples measured at different times that can be considered independent? [closed]

I am trying to figure out the name for a design study in the following scenario. Imagine a hospital where patients with a certain condition (say bacteria infection) are treated with a certain ...
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2answers
920 views

How does this experiment prove a causal relation between coherence and good feelings?

I'm reading Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman and I came across the following text: The Remote Association Test has more to tell us about the link between cognitive ease and positive effect. ...
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3answers
250 views

How do psychologists measure malicious behaviour?

How do psychologists measure malicious behaviour in humans? Is there a definitive definition of what constitutes malicious behaviour? Are there varying scales of malicious behaviour? Is it possible do ...
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1answer
50 views

Looking for a source for Valence/Arousal values Russell's advance circumplex model of emotion?

I've been looking for a chart/table of Valence and Arousal values from the advanced Russell's model such as the one referenced in this article https://www.researchgate.net/publication/...
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0answers
11 views

Nomenclature for mood, feelings and emotion in experimental-psychology

I'm studying music therapy and music-based interventions relating to Substance Use Disorder. Music therapy and music-based interventions are increasingly used for the treatment of substance use ...
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0answers
25 views

How to build a personal behavioural chart? [closed]

The question is realistically in two parts: how could a personal behavioural survey be constructed? are there any existing personal behavioural survey tools available? The behavioural survey may ...
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1answer
57 views

How to run a multiple hierarchical regression with both categorical and scale predictors in SPSS?

I'm currently carrying out research for my masters dissertation and i've run into a critical issue while trying to analyse my data. I'm a psychology student looking into predictors of male rape myth ...
12
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2answers
9k views

Do people (under)value free stuff?

I recently saw this Ted talk by Esther Duflo, and in it Duflo tells of how she tackled the question in the title head on, in the context of health and disease prevention. I would like to know what ...
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0answers
20 views

Does Human Brain signal of same task in different time have the same characteristics?

I am currently doing some research about human emotion based on EEG classification. I do an experiment in that I show subject a picture about 3 state of emotion and record their EEG signal. I split my ...
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0answers
32 views

Are there mathematical models for multi-utility satisfaction?

In several places I have seen reference to the law of diminishing returns with regard to satisfaction. A common toy example is eating cookies. The first cookie gives some amount of satisfaction, the ...
12
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1answer
2k views

Do people “subvocalize” during thinking or “internal monologue”?

I've recently became aware of the concept of subvocalization, where people make tiny motions with their vocal cords when reading. I'm looking for a clarification on the subject: Does subvocalization ...
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0answers
34 views

System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
3
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1answer
184 views

Effects of subliminal messaging

From what I've read up thus far, subliminal messages do have some sort of 'influence' over our decisions or atleast our thought process, to some extent. To what extent if any is the human mind or ...
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0answers
17 views

Multiplayer online experiment software with speech?

I am trying to make an inventory of online experiment software for someone in my department. Ive been looking online and there seem to be a multitude of options regarding "classical" reaction time ...
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0answers
21 views

How does self-observation influence performance?

Assuming that the performance in performing a motor or mental task can be quantitatively measured (e.g. by measuring its duration, efficiency, and quality of the outcome) I wonder if there have been ...
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1answer
1k views

Has the Open-Source Psychometrics Project been well received by the community?

I am not a psychologist/psychology student, but I've just recently discovered the Open-Source Psychometrics Project, and I think it's great. To my untrained eyes, it seems like they have solid ...
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8answers
1k views

Software for online psychological experiments that don't require users to download anything

We are currently using Inquisit to conduct Internet experiments. Ideally, we would like to implement something that is strictly browser-based, without any extra plug-ins or downloads. We also ...
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1answer
101 views

Terror management theory: Is this a valid conclusion based on the conducted experiment?

I am currently reading the book ‘The Worm at the Core: On the Role of Death in Life’. I have to say that I am a bit skeptical about many of the statements posed, and I’m trying to identify why that is,...
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0answers
35 views

Can a test subject make the predictions (concerning the movement of fingers), made by a researcher, invalid or invisible? [closed]

I read about an experiment in which the researcher could predict which finger a test person would raise at a given signal. Already before the test person was conscious about which finger to raise, the ...
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0answers
28 views

Becoming an expert with accumulative hours of practice much less than the average expert?

Anders Ericsson's work is famous for creating the idea of "deliberate practice" and its creation of experts, but Anders also talks about how long hours are inevitable in becoming an expert. Let's ...
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Are there studies in psychology on how psychology researchers design experiments?

For example, give subjects a research topic, and observe how they conduct psychology experiments, in order to study the psychology of those who are asked to study psychology.
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0answers
14 views

How can I properly match subjects in my sample based on behavioral performance?

I have brain and behavioral data for which I am comparing two groups- younger and older adults. I would like to select a subset from the younger and older group that are matched for behavioral ...
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2answers
52 views

What important psychological results would not have been discovered without experiments on non-human animals?

Many psychological experiments involve shocking animals, playing loud sounds near them, depriving them of social contact, etc. For example, Martin Seligman's studies of learned helplessness in dogs ...
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2answers
803 views

What is the difference between “target” and “foil” in experimental design?

What is the difference between "target" and "foil" in experimental design in psychology? And how is a foil different from a distractor?
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Are there any psychological studies of thirst following food that account for SFO-Nos1 activity?

Some studies up to 2015 surprising found that salty vs. non-salty food doesn't make much difference to thirst. E.g. a 2015 study found that: However, according to Prof. Leshem, despite our gut ...
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1answer
42 views

In operant conditioning, how do you get the subject to “pull the lever” for the first time?

We're taught early on that the rat is placed within the following setup. In that diagram, there are no potential distractions for the rat. There's only a lever. 1) Does the rat simply 'discover' the ...
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0answers
19 views

Looking for a paper: Fear response in a computer generated VR environment

I am writing a paper on why people ascribe certain qualities to certain places. I seem to recall an experiment where the subjects used a virtual reality system to navigate a completely fictional ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Open data for behavioral psychology experiment?

I have a model I'd like to compare to the Drift Diffusion model, which is commonly used to model response times and error rates in two-alternative forced-choice tasks. Lots of publications use the ...
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1answer
11 views

What is the difference between experience and knowledge and how could we make use of that in machine learning and AI applications?

Let's suppose that i am a blind person whom never had any experience with sight before. I will also suppose that i have started some courses to learn about the eyes and the way it function with ...
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0answers
35 views

Is there any empirical support to “chemical imbalance theory” for mental illness?

Has it been proved by measurement of chemicals in the brain that psychiatric disorders have either their origin or continuance due to chemical imbalance in the brain? I saw the documentary Diagnostic &...
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2answers
1k views

Heart rate monitor for scientific study

I want to measure heart rate as part of a controlled experiment I am setting up. I've been trying to find information on which heart rate monitor to buy, but it's unclear to me which heart rate ...
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0answers
65 views

Is there any evidence that the Dunning-Kruger Effect applies to self-appraisals of soundness or reasonableness of judgement?

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the peculiar phenomenon wherein those with the lowest ability also have impaired metacognition, resulting in a peculiar overestimation of their ability e.g. stupid person ...
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3answers
188 views

Is there a research on correlation between honesty and success?

Did anyone do a research on corelation between honesty and success, establishing individual's honesty through a provocative experiment and comparing it with his/her salary amount, satisfaction of ...
2
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0answers
484 views

Has the John Calhoun's “Mouse Utopia experiment” been replicated? If so where, if no, why?

Here is a YouTube video summarizing his experiment. Over a number of years, the ethologist John B. Calhoun conducted over-population experiments on Norway rats (in 1958–1962) and mice (in 1968–1972)....
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0answers
80 views

Are all personalities divisive?

Most people like the smell of oranges. You might say that the distribution of reactions to the smell of oranges leans to the right. Most people dislike the smell of sewage. You might say that the ...
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0answers
61 views

How many moving objects can a person count (on average)?

I wonder if experiments in perceptual or cognitive psychology have been performed following these considerations: Standard experiment: Present small numbers of simple items to a test subject, for the ...
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1answer
393 views

Put a fixation cross on top of a image in Expyriment?

I wanted to try to put a fixation cross on top of images presented to avoid subject eye movements as much as possible. I am using Python's Expyriment package and thought that after ...
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1answer
17 views

What speaker is commonly used for low-latency audio stimulation

We need to purchase a new speaker for audio ERP study, so the sound should be played in lowest possible latency with lowest possible jitter. I have seen quite a few suggestion on the OS/driver/sound ...
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0answers
261 views

Does Golden Hammer really exist?

Note: I am not talking about Law of the instrument. I am referring to the following (anti-)pattern of behavior: A person very competent in one area (say, Philosophy) peremptorily expressing his ...
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1answer
5k views

Why do people love nature?

I wonder why we feel happy and comfortable when seeing the view of trees, green plants and flowers. Why do we admire sea, waves, fishes inside pure water and sun set? why do we love seeing the view of ...

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