Questions tagged [experimental-psychology]

For questions about the application of specific experimental methods to study psychology.

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What are these spikes in the gaze trajectory?

And is it possible that they coincide with stimulus onset and offset not by chance alone?
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New methods of treatment of psychological trauma?

Classical methods of psychological treatment of trauma help many people, but there is always a percentage of the patients those are can’t be healed with classical methods like Drug interventions, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Curt Richter's rat hope experiment: Why did the first nine rats survive for days?

I can understand the part that the experimenter saved the rat just before it was about to die and then the rat lasted longer for the next drowning. But I do not understand what it means that before ...
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Question about writing effective experimental prompts

I am running a crowd-sourced experiment where two participants have to engage in a text-based conversation (about movies or TV shows). My goal is to understand linguistic dynamics of the conversation, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Are dedicated response boxes really better in precision than regular keyboards?

There are various (very pricey) commercial response boxes or pads (perhaps most notably Cedrus) that purportedly offer higher precision than regular keyboards. (Note that my question focuses on ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Using multilevel modeling to assess gender differences in intervention effects of an RCT, and how to look at mechanisms of change

I'm looking for some help here - so I'm a grad student and stats newbie (but trying to move on from newbie status!) and attempting to figure out how to conduct the analyses I'm interested in but I'm ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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"Polysemous heuristics": people trusts Tesla Inc more if they already trusted Nikola Tesla, even though those two are unrelated

For example, because of massive number of films and online short videos, the population is convinced that Tesla is a great inventor. The population is more likely to give a positive opinion (or ...
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What is 4 circular question technique or questions of it to keep conversation going from psychology or psychiatry research papers?

Once i found some profesional questions, that i tried just for talking with friends. I found them in research paper when looking, googling maybe for ADHD but i think i was googling PTSD coping ...
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1 answer
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Psychological analysis of diary data [closed]

I am using the app Daylio and I have already get 160 days and over 300 records. App itself has the ability to analyze data, very simple and weak. E.g, what activities take place together; how the mood ...
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Experiment changing strongly held attitudes or beliefs

Has there been an experiment replicating the change of a strongly held belief or attitude in the psychology literature? I understand that this is an extremely difficult phenomenon to replicate, and ...
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PhD in research psychology: Can I only do research and NOT teach at a university?

I have a master's and am now interested in getting my PhD in psychology with a concentration in cognitive science. Only, I don't want to teach or become a professor after graduation. I just want to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
105 views

What are the pros and cons of different programming languages for offline psychology experiments?

In terms of presenting and implementing experiments, which programming language is better? Note: What we are talking about is not data processing but experiment presentation. What I need: Experiments ...
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Does yoga affect music?

I am currently studying for a bachelor's degree in psychology, as part of the degree, I was asked to conduct a study during which I will examine the interaction effect of yoga and music and their ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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In an experiment with animated stimuli, should I accept answers during Animation Time and count it into the Response Time?

In an experimental task where the response time is an important variable to compare two groups with different conditions, and there are animated stimuli (movement), should the response be accepted ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
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What caused psychologists to be so wrong about the size of working memory?

They used to think that the size of working memory was 7 items, on average. Now, according to fMRI, it's believed to be only 4. Source: In his TED talk, around 5:20, Peter Doolittle says the estimate ...
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1 vote
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Is there a way to test psychological theories online? [closed]

There are some online simulations in physics and chemistry, nearly all fields of science can be simulated online. I wonder if psychology can be "simulated" too, and I wonder if there is ...
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1 vote
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Combining Discrete Choice Experiments with Theory of Planned Behavior

Topic background: How beliefs and personal values of a farmer influence his/her willingness to consider/adopt environmentally friendly innovations on-farm. I want to assess if relative preferences for ...
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41 views

Role play in laboratory experiments - literature hints?

I want to conduct a laboratory experiment with a cohort of students to assess the determinants of their willingness to adopt an environmentally friendly technology in farming. I want them to imagine ...
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0 answers
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Can you prove a psychological theory on a one-person research design?

Famous psychologists have proven their theories on a few subjects (really small sample sizes, like n = 3). Yet, now, we are taught that to prove any psychological theory right, we need to gather data ...
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2 votes
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27 views

How to make phrases in experimental conditions as similar as possible?

In behavioral economics and psychology, there are many experiments where participants receive variations of a piece of text depending on the experimental condition they are assigned to. For example, ...
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Practical Suggestions for Ambiguous Stimuli for Categorization Experiment

Does anyone have a suggestion of the kind of stimuli I could use for a categorization experiment that needs a range of clearly defined and a range of ambiguous stimuli? I need to produce both a range ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Reaction when light is turning on and off

This question comes from a personal experience I've had over the last few days, 'experimenting' on my own. I have a light bulb in a room that is turning on and off periodically, let's say per second. ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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The research on dishonesty

This question is in regard to the explanation power of the conducted experiments to prove the self-concept maintenance theory in Mazar et al.'s "The Dishonesty of Honest People?" (Verschuere,...
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1 vote
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What is the study design for 2 samples measured at different times that can be considered independent? [closed]

I am trying to figure out the name for a design study in the following scenario. Imagine a hospital where patients with a certain condition (say bacteria infection) are treated with a certain ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Nomenclature for mood, feelings and emotion in experimental-psychology

I'm studying music therapy and music-based interventions relating to Substance Use Disorder. Music therapy and music-based interventions are increasingly used for the treatment of substance use ...
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How to build a personal behavioural chart? [closed]

The question is realistically in two parts: how could a personal behavioural survey be constructed? are there any existing personal behavioural survey tools available? The behavioural survey may ...
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1 answer
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How to run a multiple hierarchical regression with both categorical and scale predictors in SPSS?

I'm currently carrying out research for my masters dissertation and i've run into a critical issue while trying to analyse my data. I'm a psychology student looking into predictors of male rape myth ...
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Are there mathematical models for multi-utility satisfaction?

In several places I have seen reference to the law of diminishing returns with regard to satisfaction. A common toy example is eating cookies. The first cookie gives some amount of satisfaction, the ...
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2 votes
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System 1 (fast and unconscious) thinking

Can you please recommend some literature about experiments used to study system 1 (fast and unconscious) decision making (Kahneman, 2011) in human or non-human animals? Reference Kahneman, D. (2011). ...
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2 votes
3 answers
97 views

What statistical tests should be performed to test effect of trials on response times where each subject has different number of data points?

I am running a behavioral experiment where a number of subjects (=20 in my case) perform a simple cognitive task. The experiment consists of a fixed number of trials (say, 40 in my case). During each ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Looking for a source for Valence/Arousal values Russell's advance circumplex model of emotion?

I've been looking for a chart/table of Valence and Arousal values from the advanced Russell's model such as the one referenced in this article https://www.researchgate.net/publication/...
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7 votes
2 answers
233 views

Is there evidence to support the Dunning-Kruger effect?

The well known Dunning-Kruger effect is oft cited as a general explanation for why people with limited expertise overestimate their abilities. Other than the initial research that described this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Has the Open-Source Psychometrics Project been well received by the community?

I am not a psychologist/psychology student, but I've just recently discovered the Open-Source Psychometrics Project, and I think it's great. To my untrained eyes, it seems like they have solid ...
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How does self-observation influence performance?

Assuming that the performance in performing a motor or mental task can be quantitatively measured (e.g. by measuring its duration, efficiency, and quality of the outcome) I wonder if there have been ...
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5 votes
1 answer
113 views

Terror management theory: Is this a valid conclusion based on the conducted experiment?

I am currently reading the book ‘The Worm at the Core: On the Role of Death in Life’. I have to say that I am a bit skeptical about many of the statements posed, and I’m trying to identify why that is,...
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1 vote
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Becoming an expert with accumulative hours of practice much less than the average expert?

Anders Ericsson's work is famous for creating the idea of "deliberate practice" and its creation of experts, but Anders also talks about how long hours are inevitable in becoming an expert. Let's ...
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Are there studies in psychology on how psychology researchers design experiments?

For example, give subjects a research topic, and observe how they conduct psychology experiments, in order to study the psychology of those who are asked to study psychology.
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1 vote
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How can I properly match subjects in my sample based on behavioral performance?

I have brain and behavioral data for which I am comparing two groups- younger and older adults. I would like to select a subset from the younger and older group that are matched for behavioral ...
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2 votes
2 answers
66 views

What important psychological results would not have been discovered without experiments on non-human animals?

Many psychological experiments involve shocking animals, playing loud sounds near them, depriving them of social contact, etc. For example, Martin Seligman's studies of learned helplessness in dogs ...
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3 votes
1 answer
211 views

Effects of subliminal messaging

From what I've read up thus far, subliminal messages do have some sort of 'influence' over our decisions or atleast our thought process, to some extent. To what extent if any is the human mind or ...
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2 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the difference between "target" and "foil" in experimental design?

What is the difference between "target" and "foil" in experimental design in psychology? And how is a foil different from a distractor?
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Are there any psychological studies of thirst following food that account for SFO-Nos1 activity?

Some studies up to 2015 surprising found that salty vs. non-salty food doesn't make much difference to thirst. E.g. a 2015 study found that: However, according to Prof. Leshem, despite our gut ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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In operant conditioning, how do you get the subject to "pull the lever" for the first time?

We're taught early on that the rat is placed within the following setup. In that diagram, there are no potential distractions for the rat. There's only a lever. 1) Does the rat simply 'discover' the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Open data for behavioral psychology experiment?

I have a model I'd like to compare to the Drift Diffusion model, which is commonly used to model response times and error rates in two-alternative forced-choice tasks. Lots of publications use the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Looking for a paper: Fear response in a computer generated VR environment

I am writing a paper on why people ascribe certain qualities to certain places. I seem to recall an experiment where the subjects used a virtual reality system to navigate a completely fictional ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between experience and knowledge and how could we make use of that in machine learning and AI applications?

Let's suppose that i am a blind person whom never had any experience with sight before. I will also suppose that i have started some courses to learn about the eyes and the way it function with ...
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1 vote
0 answers
44 views

Is there any empirical support to "chemical imbalance theory" for mental illness?

Has it been proved by measurement of chemicals in the brain that psychiatric disorders have either their origin or continuance due to chemical imbalance in the brain? I saw the documentary Diagnostic &...
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2 votes
0 answers
81 views

Is there any evidence that the Dunning-Kruger Effect applies to self-appraisals of soundness or reasonableness of judgement?

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is the peculiar phenomenon wherein those with the lowest ability also have impaired metacognition, resulting in a peculiar overestimation of their ability e.g. stupid person ...
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2 votes
0 answers
963 views

Has the John Calhoun's "Mouse Utopia experiment" been replicated? If so where, if no, why?

Here is a YouTube video summarizing his experiment. Over a number of years, the ethologist John B. Calhoun conducted over-population experiments on Norway rats (in 1958–1962) and mice (in 1968–1972)....
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3 votes
3 answers
482 views

How do psychologists measure malicious behaviour?

How do psychologists measure malicious behaviour in humans? Is there a definitive definition of what constitutes malicious behaviour? Are there varying scales of malicious behaviour? Is it possible do ...
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