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Questions tagged [executive-function]

For questions about the processes underpinning our ability to update information, inhibit behavior and changing strategy adaptively.

5
votes
1answer
88 views

Volition v.s. Cognitive Control v.s. Motivational Salience

The concepts of volition, cognitive control, and motivational salience, seem quite similar. From the perspective of layman, they all seem to mean "the extent to which your goals influence your ...
2
votes
0answers
297 views

Cognitive control tasks

What are the tasks that can be employed to measure cognitive control of an individual (proactive and reactive control). I have read about AX-CPT task [1]. In this task, they use letters. But I am ...
4
votes
1answer
896 views

Does the digit span test draw on any executive functions besides working memory, if “chunking” is not used?

Does the digit span test draw on any executive functions besides working memory, if "chunking" is not used? This answer neatly explains what chunking is This ["chunking"] is much easier explained ...
7
votes
1answer
392 views

In the digit span test, why do some strategies work and others don't?

I got a free copy of PEBL, psych experiment software, which includes a couple of standard working memory tests. When I perform the digit span working memory test, I can repeat the numbers as they ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What are common parameters for the Eriksen flanker task? [closed]

I'm looking to create a flanker task for an upcoming experiment. I'm wondering if there are any papers/websites that outline what the "standard" flanker task contains? Specifically, I'm trying to ...
6
votes
2answers
9k views

Basis for “we make 35,000 decisions a day” statistic

In an advertisement by Microsoft for their To-Do product they use a statistic that we "make over 35,000" decisions a day. Unsurprisingly, they don't cite a source. Is there any scholarly basis for ...
-1
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1answer
47 views

Best way to modeling ADHD? [closed]

...with computer models? ( hacking the executive functions of something like this, for making the algorithm more "impulsive", or "inattentive".) ...with animal models? ( using "SHR rat-like", ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

The effect of learning/expertise on cognitive control

Rasmussen (1983) argued that with expertise, task are performed in different ways. He made a distinction between Rule- (least experience), Knowledge- and Skill-based behavior (most experience). The ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

What are there neuroanatomical mappings of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task?

I know that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task is used to diagnose various mental disfunctions such as schizophrenia and drug addiction. However, has it been specified what brain regions or structures ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...