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Questions tagged [eeg]

Electroencephalography (EEG) is the recording of the brain's spontaneous electrical activity electrical activity from multiple electrodes placed on the scalp.

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ERP = EEG - noise?

As I understand it, ERPs can be reliably identified only after the noise (inherent to EEG signals, regardless of the task used to evoke the response) has been largely removed, which is done by ...
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99 views

Can an EEG be re-sampled to fix a poor voltage resolution? [migrated]

I’ve made quite a bad mistake in ca. 14 EEG recordings – I recorded at 10uV resolution @ 5000 Hz instead of 0.1 uV @ 500 Hz. I’m conducting an ERP experiment, and the signals of interest are on the ...
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25 views

Intrinsic relevance of ERP polarity: 'negativity' vs 'positivity'

I know that polarity in a EEG signal is arbitrary, and a matter of convention, as clearly explained in this past question. However, assuming said conventions are well-followed, I wonder whether is ...
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62 views

Connection problem with PsychoPy to EGI netstation for EEG experiment

I posted the issue to the PsychoPy forum already, but was wondering if I could get more input from StackExchange. So I’m having difficulty establishing connection between the Psychopy running ...
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23 views

Reference signal when measuring EEG

When performing EEG, a number of electrodes are placed on the scalp to measure the electric potential difference between those locations and a reference. In the unipolar configuration, the reference ...
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1answer
28 views

Readiness Potential vs. Lateralized Readiness Potential in ERP

Readiness Potential (RP) has been obviously discovered before Lateralized Readiness Potential (LRP). I wonder, is simple RP still used for something today? Is the LRP preferable over RP because of ...
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32 views

How do I interpret an effect of electrode position in ERP research?

The example I have in my research is that both conditions show greater amplitude and latency in the parietal electrode sites than in the occipital ones. I'm not sure how meaningful this is for my ...
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172 views

What does “diffuse slowing” mean in the context of EEG and Alzheimer's?

Horvath et al. (2018) mention that: The disappearance of posterior dominant alpha rhythm and the diffuse slowing in AD (alzheimer disease) are easily detectable EEG signs for the experienced ...
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101 views

Brain computer interface Final year project [closed]

My professor told me to collect data for the states we want to to use to control the movement of our robot i.e., thinking, meditation and other emotional or physical states using an Emotiv EEG headset ...
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30 views

Inducing error-related negativity

Which tasks induce the strongest error-related negativity? I'm trying to build a classifier that measures EEG signals to detect when a subject observes an error being committed by another subject. It ...
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21 views

Somatosensory evoked potentials

I am wondering what the best EEG recording montage is to use for recording of electrically evoked somatosensory evoked potentials after median nerve stimulation?
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54 views

Doing PCA and ICA analysis on EEG data with 24 channels

I am very new to this type of neuroscience research and I am trying to do some automatic artifact detection. I am having trouble understanding how I should work with my data. I have data recorded from ...
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53 views

Statistic analysis on EEG data - how to deal with it properly?

Let's assume that I have a datasheet looking like that: ...
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20 views

EEG in fMRI: High frequency “deltas” in EEG after gradient artifact removal

EEG was taken inside an fMRI, including ECG, EXG and eye tracking system. Sampling rate was 5000 Hz. Sync box was used. After running Brain Product Analyzer gradient artifact removal (using markers ...
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64 views

Features for blink detection in real-time single channel EEG

I am looking to detect blink events in real-time single channel EEG. Classification of a moving window of samples to determine whether a blink artifact exists requires feature extraction (except when ...
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1answer
49 views

EEG segmentation and denoising which one should done first?

Because of EEG nature, in EEG analysis often researcher use Windowing/segmentation method. As i currently work on sleep study, and in my study i need to analysis EEG data, i came to a problem. ...
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66 views

How do I determine whether my EEG signal needs denoising?

I recently start to work on sleep study. For my research i download sleep EEG data from physionet. The EEG data has 100 HZ sampling rate and was recorded from 2 bipolar EEG site. When i start the ...
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200 views

Why are EEG markers usually sent over the parallel port?

Usually, a study participant is viewing stimuli on a computer screen while their EEG is recorded through the hardware provided by a manufacturer. To later synchronize the EEG data to stimuli, an ...
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190 views

Can a bipolar EEG signal be converted to a monopolar (unipolar) one?

I have bipolar EEG signal of Fpz-Cz of EEG sleep data which I have downloaded from physionet. I would like to have Fpz signal for my sleep study. Is there any way I could convert a bipolar EEG signal ...
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89 views

How to analyse EEG files recorded from Brain Products V-Amp (Brain Vision Recorder)?

I have 3 files recorded from Brain Vision Recorder. They are in the following formats: .eeg .amrk ...
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33 views

Splitting EEG signal by marker using BrainVisionAnalyser

I have recorded a long EEG experiment with BrainVision equipment and I want to split it into smaller chunks based on marker numbers. For example, I want to have the chunk of recording between markers ...
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1answer
63 views

How do I measure ratio of EEG frequency band for a few electrodes in decibels?

I wanted to calculate the ratio of Theta/Beta ($\Theta$/$\beta$) in decibels for a couple of electrodes in AF3 AF4 and Cz I was able to get these in microvolts, but would like to convert them to ...
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1answer
506 views

Can brain zaps be demonstrated by EEG?

Brain zaps are explained as an electrical buzz in the head and the symptoms occur while withdrawing slowly from an SSRI antidepressant medication. Is it possible to detect brain zaps by placing EEG ...
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239 views

EEGlab: power spectral density from a single eeg lead

I was trying to get FFT power of an interval in a record. The sleep recording software we use doesn't allow to export EDF format of an interval, only of the whole record, but it allows to extract an ...
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86 views

Noise free EEG signal data base

I am working on a research paper regarding EEG signal preprocessing. The first stage includes denoising the signal. However, since I need to evaluate the performance of the method I am using, I ...
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45 views

Which filter should be applied to the EEG signal for the stress stimulus? [closed]

I am a student in electrical and electronics engineering. I just started working with EEG. I perform a stress test on subjects and record EEG activities with a 5-sensor headset. I use Matlab for ...
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113 views

Window and noverlap values in pwelch function of Matlab

Could anyone please suggest what values to be used for Window and noverlap inputs of pwelch function in Matlab. I am using a 200 ms EEG signal with sampling frequency 1000 (so total samples 200) to ...
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72 views

Associating EEG frequencies to meditative states

Lately, I came across this research article "Case Study of Ecstatic Meditation: fMRI and EEG Evidence of Self-Stimulating a Reward System" about the brainwaves when a Yogi went into a meditative level....
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2k views

How to calculate absolute power for EEG from power spectra density?

For example, I have power spectrum density calculated by pwelch ...
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1answer
114 views

How to denoise and get rid of 1/f trend of a PSD in an EEG synchronization experiment

I'd appreciate some help from you guys. I'm currently analyzing an experiment where I've entrained participants to these frequencies: Condition 1: 4.16Hz-8.33Hz Condition 2: 2.77Hz-8.33Hz ...
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1answer
258 views

Classification of EEG Signals

I am working on a project related to Brain-Computer Interface & I came across this problem. What are the tools and techniques used to classify the EEG signals which are extracted from the ...
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1answer
49 views

Why are the ERP amplitudes recorded and analyzed from different software so different in voltage?

Here are the two ERPs from the same study design, though different subjects. The largest amplitude in the 1st one goes up to 25 uv, while only goes up to 6 in the 2nd figure. Differences: The 1st ...
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2answers
105 views

Does stimulus-independent ERP make sense/ exist?

Is anyone aware of any concept of stimulus independent ERP (an apparent oxymororn, an event related potential that is neither sensory, cognitive nor motor elicited) ...or a procedure that looks ...
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38 views

What are the methods to reject ocular artifacts in the EEG?

Is there any way to remove ocular artifacts from an EEG signal, other than applying independent component analysis, or manual rejection?
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24 views

Syncing up CPT device with EEG recording

I'm working on setting up an EEG experiment that will be going through a battery of various cognitive tasks. One of the tests is a Continuous Performance Task and to conduct that we'll be using a ...
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126 views

Is it possible to send event markers via Emotiv epoc using Inquisit 5?

I am trying to employ Emotiv for my research project. Emotiv is a mobile EEG instrument (click here to see more) Unlike other EEG recording systems, I am not able to send a marker to the EEG ...
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1answer
325 views

What is the meaning of the peak polarity in EEG data?

I wish to define neuronal activities by analyzing the peaks of each channel in EEG signals. Some papers use the negative peaks as a measure of neuronal activity and others deploy the positive peaks. ...
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1answer
104 views

How do you form a rationale to justify choice of time windows in ERP analysis?

Event-related potentials (ERPs) can reflect the electrophysiological phenomena behind perception & attention. Often, certain time windows are applied for the analysis of ERP peaks (components). I ...
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32 views

Library (or manual creation) of ERP components

I'm looking to test some computational models using ERP components as inputs (eg. p300, n170) I'm wondering if there is an existing library anywhere that would have a bank of wave/component examples ...
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332 views

Physiology behind EEG measurements

Many questions were asked about general procedures of Electroencephalography (EEG), which were phrased in a rather specific context. Not only were these questions hard to find, they might also be ...
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137 views

What are other methods for adjusting latency jitter in event-related potentials (ERPs) (P300 in particular) besides Woody filter and peak-picking?

Latency jitter refers to the phenomenon that an ERP component appears at various time in different trials, without adjusting this difference when averaging across trials will lead to diminished ERP (...
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121 views

Is there a reasonably easy way to get emotions from EEG?

I am building a project to visualise brain data from EEG, specifically emotions. I have found a significant numbers of papers that describe methods that include pre-processing, feature extraction and ...
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2answers
126 views

Method/Unit for measuring activity in specific frequency band for EEG

This may be more of a signal processing question but I'm looking to measure and compare activity in different frequency bands for each sensor. Unfortunately, all papers I've looked at simply refer to "...
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4answers
346 views

Isolating stable EEG data across all channels in EEGLAB

I'm working on some EEG data we collected using the Emotiv Epoc headset using 14 channel sensors. I need to isolate chunks of data where all 14 channels are stable (non-noisy) for a given length of ...
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1answer
390 views

How to use EEG on dogs?

I need to take EEG readings on dogs for BCI and seizure prediction research. To do so do I need special equipment? Is there an accepted approach in terms of frequency, electrode size and placement, ...
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8k views

Are brain waves electromagnetic waves?

Depending upon its activity, the brain emits waves, which represent the summation of individual neurons firing. Are these waves electromagnetic waves?
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182 views

Is it possible to read words a person thinking about via EEG headsets?

There are now a number of EEG headsets that can capture bran signals and give you raw EEG data from brain. EPOC Emotiv is one the famous one with I guess 14 channel. Now as the title of this post ...
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93 views

EEG electrode cluster selection

Is there a good review paper on electrode selection in EEG analysis to avoid the problem of double dipping (Kilner, 2013)? This is a well documented issue in neuroimaging (Kriegeskorte et al, 2009; ...
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1answer
77 views

Importing EGI eeg binary format data into R?

Are there R packages/functions for importing EGI eeg data format into R?