Questions tagged [developmental-psychology]

For questions involving psychological changes taking place during the lifespan of an individual, not just during infancy or childhood, and using multiple approaches.

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6
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1answer
3k views

What happens to someone missing teenage years of development?

Hypothetically, let's say a person were to fall into a coma as an adolescent for several years, until they were a physical adult. Would that person, assuming the brain was still fully functional upon ...
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2answers
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Neural networks with biologically plausible accounts of neurogenesis

One of the reasons artificial neural net algorithms like cascade correlation (pdf) have been generating interest is because they start with a minimal topology (just input and output unit) and recruit ...
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5answers
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Perception of time as a function of age

For many people time seems to run faster as they get older. That is, for an old person an hour, a day or a year seems to be shorter than for a young person. Is there any hard data for such phenomenon?...
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1answer
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How to calculate IQ score based on raw score and adjust for age?

I am having a hard time grasping how IQ scores are calculated. I think it has something to do with their age score ratio multiplied by 100. Say I have a test that holds 30 questions. How would I ...
14
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1answer
471 views

How does neural spiking begin in the fetus?

I'm interested in modeling human brain spiking activity. How does the very first spiking activity begin in the fetus? I imagine all spiking activity is initiated by the senses and internal ...
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2answers
2k views

Innate personality tests: do they exist? If not, why?

A personality is developed by innate factors and by the things that happen in your life, but how would your personality be if you either had received the same amount of positive and negative stimuli ...
3
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1answer
106 views

Death caused by “Failure to Thrive” (FTT)

This question, whilst to a degree can be seen as "common sense" in some respects, has puzzled me in other ways. Looking at the situations where Failure to Thrive (FTT) can cause death, even ...
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3answers
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Why does neuroplasticity decrease in adults?

Although adult brains are malleable and even undergo limited neuorgenesis, the extent of the neuroplasticiy is much lower than in children. This is most obvious in language acquisition, and recovery ...
21
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2answers
4k views

What is the effect of viewing pornography on children?

It is generally accepted that porn shouldn't be seen by children, and we even sometimes punish parents who fail to stop their children from finding porn. How much are these laws based in science? Can ...
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1answer
310 views

Computational models of early learning in children

What are currently used biologically plausible computational models/frameworks of early learning in children? Personally, I have used cascade correlation neural nets to model pronoun acquisition in ...
18
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1answer
3k views

How is a young child able to learn language so easily?

It's a well known fact that the earlier children are exposed to languages the better, as young children have a better ability to learn new languages than adults. Why is this? At what age does a ...
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2answers
455 views

Conscious basis for gender identification

What conscious experiences lead a transgender person to identify with the opposite sex? Physiology is clearly not determining. Sexual orientation is not determining (homosexuality). Clothing ...
10
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1answer
287 views

Does classical music enhance intelligence in children more than other genres?

This question is based on a previous question I have written on Parenting SE: Does playing classical music for infants and young children make them smarter? Question: Are these claims actually ...
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3answers
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Classification of Attachment Styles

The concept of attachment and different attachment styles has a long tradition in developmental psychology. Mary Ainsworth developed a classification for three different attachment styles that she ...
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1answer
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How does raw IQ change over the lifespan at the group-level?

In the classic review of intelligence research (Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns), Neisser et al (1996) write the following Stability. Intelligence test scores are fairly stable during ...
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2answers
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Children's progression from counting to addition

How do children progress from counting to addition? I understand that an grasp of counting is achieved before an understanding of cardinality (size of a set of objects). Thus, there does seem to be ...
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1answer
92 views

Does individual understanding or perception, determine dream lucidity?

Does dream lucidity come with understanding the mechanisms of the world, age, or something else?
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1answer
164 views

How do children understand the concept of number size?

How do children understand that one number is larger than the other? For example, given the numbers "8" and "9", how do they learn that "9" is the larger one? This apparently develops as a precursor ...
12
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1answer
156 views

What is the role of traveling waves in circuit formation during cortical development?

Propagating waves of activity have been characterized in various regions of the brain such as the visual cortex (Nauhaus et al., 2012). Recently they have been reported for the first time to occur ...
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1answer
287 views

How similar are the brains of twins?

I am currently reading undergraduate essays on biological dysfunction and schizophrenia. The students put a lot of weight in the fact that studies of monozygotic twins show only a 50% rate of ...
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1answer
2k views

Is the decline of fluid IQ with age less severe for professors and scientists than it is for other people?

This article in Time magazine suggests that engaging in challenging mental tasks may be associated with lower rates of mental decline in older adults. The article states that: In one study, ...
9
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1answer
679 views

How does the personality of a successful leader influence the development of his children?

Successful leadership appears to depend on the personality of the leader. Judge et al. (2002) found the following correlations with the "big five" personality factors in a meta-analysis: ...
8
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1answer
203 views

Is there any evidence of a relationship between learning music and increased ability in Mathematics?

I've had more than one mathematics teacher say to me that they had heard of a link between music and maths ability. I thought I observed it informally myself, but it was difficult to tell if those ...
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2answers
45k views

What was the experiment where you pour liquid from a tall container to a short one and ask a child which has more?

From Developmental psychology 101 I remember an experiment where the person conducting the experiment would pour liquid from a tall, narrow container into a short, narrow container and ask a child if ...
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3answers
9k views

What are the possible causes of pettiness?

There is a question about pettiness Is it possible to quantify 'pettiness' in a personality? Which gives a good example of how some people can focus on seemingly unimportant issues, when ...
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1answer
182 views

Introductory resources on developmental psychology/neuroscience

I'd like to be able to answer questions such as: What neuro/psychological functions underly competences such as empathy (or others - see background below)? What neurotransmitters are of particular ...
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1answer
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Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

This question querying the authenticity of people's words and actions and the resulting commentary after this answer, has led me to ask this question. Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, ...
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1answer
108 views

What is the study that identified that kids growing up without fathers were angrier and more depressed?

I read in an article recently: This study identified that kids growing up without fathers had a higher proportion of people developing depression, increased tendency towards anger and a higher ...
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2answers
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How is age related change in IQ measured if tests use age specific norms?

In a comment to this question about age related IQ decline in professors and scientists, the following comment was left: I noticed that lot of IQ tests (RPM or California) have different norms ...
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3answers
413 views

Dynamical systems theory as a metaphor in psychology: is it useful or not?

Dynamical systems theory as it is used in the context of developmental psychology, and by some psychoanalysts as in this article or in this video by the first speaker can be described as an attempt to ...
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1answer
139 views

Do fetuses exhibit pattern recognition in utero?

I've heard that fetuses exhibit "likes", such as preferring sweeter amniotic fluid or the sound of their mother's voice. To show preference for specific voices as opposed to inborn stimuli like sweet, ...
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0answers
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Techniques to combat sexism at school level

I am from India, and if you take a glance at the daily news you will see a lot of gruesome gangrapes and murders. Nirbhaya, Kathua rape case and the Hathras gangrape There are other such incidents ...
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3answers
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Is it possible to increase the capacity of human brain like “Lucy”?

I saw the film "Lucy" in 2015. The film says that humans can use 100% percent of the capacity of their brains. According to my personal ideas, the capacity of the brain will changed based on the ...
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2answers
147 views

What is the most effective treatment for ADD and ADHD that excludes chemical prescriptions from a doctor?

Besides chemical medications that are prescribed that can increase the level of dopamine, and other important neurotransmitters in the brain. What is the most effective natural treatment method for ...
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1answer
809 views

Nature vs. Nurture

In the following I have 4 questions which I think are too interleaved to separate into 4 different posts. I hope it's not a duplicate, but I didn't find here similar posts. My understanding (as a ...
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What causes behavioural inhibition?

There are obvious consequences that prevent people from behaving anti-socially or criminally. However there are many behaviours that are within the bounds of social norms, yet there seems to be some "...