Questions tagged [depression]

For questions regarding depressed mood, whether in healthy individuals or those for which the condition manifests as a disorder.

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1answer
74 views

Why does suicide risk increase just after starting an antidepressant?

There are many ways of treating depression, one of which is administering antidepressants. From this site, and several others, I read that risk of suicide increases after starting an antidepressant. ...
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11 views

What is the approximate average duration of a SCID-5 interview for diagnosing winter depression?

What is the approximate average duration of a DSM-V structured clinical interview for diagnosing winter depression? I would be very grateful for the answer!
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1answer
31 views

Causality regarding neurotransmitter imbalance and depression

Neurotransmitter imbalances are blamed for various psychiatric conditions (depression, ADHD, etc). Clearly plasma levels of neurotransmitters are confirmed to be abnormal in some people with such ...
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58 views

What can happen if a human takes SB-243213?

SB-243213 acts as a selective inverse agonist for the 5-HT2C receptor. The 5-HT2C receptor is one of many 5-HT receptors which are receptors that bind serotonin, and seems to play a major role in ...
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64 views

Reducing smoking and mental health benefits

Recently I noticed improved mental health (better mood, better cognition? more energy) after reducing smoking.Is it backed up by research? I know stopping smoking is, but reducing? http://www....
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1answer
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why we failed to convince our own mind by reasoning and rational arguments over mental illness like depression, anxiety, phobia?

For example, one of my friend has fear of heights, even if there is a strong glass window and no reason for him to fall off. He is even aware and admits his fear is irrational. Many may say it’s in ...
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1answer
41 views

Triptans and SSRIs

When talking about triptans used for migraines such as Zolimitriptan, such drugs are selective serotonin receptor agonists. SSRIs, as their function states, are Selective Serotonin Reuptake ...
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108 views

How much ashwagandha to relieve depression?

I've read this article, where is the herb ashwagandha which could treat depression. Particularly: In one controlled 60-day study in 64 stressed adults, those ...
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1answer
69 views

Is depression part of who a person is? [closed]

I have been diagnosed with major depressive disorder, commonly known as depression. Some days ago I had a discussion with my therapist about whether or not depression is part of the person I am. She ...
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48 views

Neuralink in depression treatment

In this article there is a statement that Neuralink can help people with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and depression by promptly sending electric pulses into the areas responsible for their ...
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1answer
73 views

Does belief in an afterlife play a role in suicide rates?

Religious beliefs, in particular views on the afterlife, could plausibly influence suicide. Is there some study which tries to look at how belief systems play a role in the number of suicides in some ...
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60 views

Recovery of memory especially working memory after depression

The impact of depression on memory and working memory has been discussed extensively in the thread below. I can't seem to find information about rehabilitation and recovery of memory after depression....
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1answer
49 views

Post alcoholic depression and mental health

We all might have experienced a post-alcoholic hangover after heavy drinking. I think this includes a depressive state, which doesn't last long and wears off once we take rest. My question is whether ...
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42 views

How strong is the evidence for the effectiveness of psychoanalysis in the treatment of depression?

I often hear claims that psychoanalysis is ineffective, takes too long, is just pseudo-science, that other therapies such as cognitive-behavioural should be preferred or even that it should be ...
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1answer
27 views

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy?

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy? I am especially interested why this outside-in word was used but please provide me a wider context of this type of therapy. ...
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1answer
117 views

Do psychiatrists and researchers themselves don't have an idea how antidepressants work?

This question may be seen as an extension of my previous question, here. I was talking to a person online where s/he mentioned that psychiatrists themselves don't have an idea as to how SSRIs work. ...
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36 views

Does amnesia cure depression?

If someone has a miserable childhood and has Dysthymia, but then they suffer from amnesia and forget everything, are they cured of their depression?
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1answer
61 views

How does psychiatry judge suicide by military and political leaders?

Peru's ex-president Garcia's suicide to avoid arrest reminded me of general officers and politicians who, although wicked, were foxy but rational. They ought've been punished, but they cunningly ...
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28 views

What are some examples of psychosis in people who have major depression?

What are some examples of psychosis in people who have major depression? Especially how do delusions show up? "Experiencing psychosis can be frightening and confusing, and psychosis can present ...
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1answer
66 views

Are there ways to accelerate the recovery from depression via novel pharmacological antidepressants?

Are there any scientists making substantial progress in the development of far more effective antidepressants? Are there any groups of people interested in developing antidepressants based on genetic ...
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1answer
45 views

Ritalin for treating attention and lack of focus in depression

I’d like to know if there’s research about the use of ritalin for treating attention deficit in Major Depression Disorder.
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1answer
707 views

How does a person know if he should seek treatment for depression since feeling moody is unavoidable?

Life is not a bed of roses. All of us feel moody sometimes due to failures in life. This is perfectly normal. However, depression is abnormal. How does a person know if he needs to seek treatment for ...
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1answer
97 views

Is 'your mom will be sad' actually a good argument to pose to someone thinking of committing suicide?

I often come across people pointing out that the close relatives of someone who is thinking about committing suicide will grieve, as an argument against doing it. However, I've noticed that it is ...
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114 views

How do serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors work as an antidepressant?

The monoamine hypothesis postulates that the deficit of certain neurotransmitters is responsible for depression, and even that certain neurotransmitters are linked to specific symptoms. If suppose ...
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63 views

Why does venlafaxine have lower incidence of sexual dysfunctions at higher doses?

Venlafaxine at low dosages strongly inhibits serotonin, at moderate dosages also norepinephrine and only high dosages it also inhibits dopamine. The ratio is the following. serotonin : ...
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37 views

Is it reasonable to leave a therapy session feeling worse? [closed]

I apologize for (possibly) violating the only rule that shows up when you're about to ask a question: ask questions that can be answered rather than discussed. But I'm hoping this question might ...
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1answer
191 views

Can listening to sad songs lead to depression?

When we listen to a sad song, we may experience sadness ourselves. Can this sadness lead to depression?
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1answer
38 views

What is a “psychological evaluation” for kids?

What does a psychological evaluation consist of for pre-teens and adolescents? I work with a child who has been abused (physically and emotionally) who is having suicidal ideations with one parent, ...
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0answers
75 views

Which mental illnesses are probably natural? [closed]

Which states of mind that are classified as mental illnesses might be a natural and useful part of our brains? For example, some evolutionary biologists have suggested that some types of depression ...
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2answers
254 views

Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
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1answer
767 views

Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
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2answers
192 views

Is a person who believe that their depression is curable more likely to overcome it?

According to the idea of the growth mindset a person is more likely to successfully change, when they believe that change is possible. To what extend does that apply to depression? Is a person who ...
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1answer
109 views

Probiotics and Mental Health

While trying to find research articles within the realm of Psychosynthesis, I have been looking at the "collective unconscious" Image Source: Wikipedia Commons - (CC BY-SA 3.0) Lower Unconscious ...
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34 views

Lowering people's serotonin levels does not change their mood?

I'm starting to pick off sub-topics from this omnibus question, which I think it's too broad to answer properly/directly in the SE format. So, let's start with one of the claims there: Lowering ...
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1answer
151 views

Relation of serotonin level and mood/depression

Not a biologist. Not even related to science, however I read a lot of popular psychology stuff, plus read some info about antidepressants and a question tortures me :) Antidepressants arise amount of ...
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2answers
255 views

Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
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383 views

Evidence for existential depression as a distinct subtype?

Obviously the DSM doesn't see it as such, but the idea of Irvin D. Yalom appears to have some traction at least in magazines: Irving Yalom, in 1981, wrote about near necessity of an existential ...
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49 views

Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...
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1answer
171 views

Which is the most valid/validated scale for diagnosis of Major depression for an Indian population?

I am planning a study of an online intervention for depression in India. We were planning to use Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for assessing the depression symptom severity. One of our ...
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2answers
696 views

Why could too much BDNF be detrimental in terms of depression and memory?

I am interested in looking at the effects of too much BDNF and other proteins such as repressor element one silencing transcription factor (REST). Most research suggest that elevated levels are ...
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1answer
71 views

Does risk of developing depression continue to increase after age 60?

Age is a risk factor for depression when we look at the entire lifespan. Does that hold true in a population of >60 years old?
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4answers
417 views

Why is depression a diagnosable issue?

To me, it seems strange that something such as depression, which anyone can feel at any given time, is diagnosed and treated medically as if it is a mental disorder. I believe depression should be ...
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2answers
209 views

Are psychologists more immune to psychological problems?

Does knowledge of a psychological problem prevent (or enable one to better defend) the development of psychological issues? For example, if a person has studied about depression and is familiar with ...
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1answer
82 views

Are stress, frustration and existentialism considered cognitive distortions? [closed]

I was given a list of cognitive distortions and ways to 'untwist' them. However I noticed the 3 big things that I encounter often were not listed. Are these considered cognitive distortions?
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3k views

What is the point of living a life if we're all going to eventually die? [closed]

So I've had this question over the past week since New Years. I am currently 21 years old and yea, time flies so fast. New years just feels like one year closer to death. Can you believe it? The ...
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113 views

Anti-depressant medicine and memory loss

Can anti depressant medicine cause memory loss ? Seen many suffering from cognitive problems after taking anti-depressants and for some , it went worse even after medicine was stopped.What can be the ...
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2answers
2k views

Do antidepressants provide a permanent solution for depression and anxiety?

Antidepressants works temporarily (as long as you take them), and also affects the cognitive behaviour. Should they be seen as a permanent solution for depression? Shouldn't we find a solution at the ...
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2answers
412 views

Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
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32 views

How can a maternity refusal syndrome be prevented or treated?

Despite being rare, a maternal refusal syndrome can have devasting consequences on children, spouse, and the mother herself. It appears indeed that occasionally women don't bond that well to their ...
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1answer
116 views

What's the prevalence of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavior in the treatment of depression?

Is there any link, e-book, whitepaper that you can provide me to help me determine the prevalence of IPT and CBT amongst kids 7 - 12 years and adolescents 12 - 17 years who suffer from Major ...