Questions tagged [depression]

For questions regarding depressed mood, whether in healthy individuals or those for which the condition manifests as a disorder.

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About awareness extra calculating data psychological methods to be more online [closed]

This one part of some discussion in private group chat about how to understand what is the reality and how much we could be far from it: In Dr. Holakouee's talk, I have seen there is one need to ...
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Causality regarding neurotransmitter imbalance and depression

Neurotransmitter imbalances are blamed for various psychiatric conditions (depression, ADHD, etc). Clearly plasma levels of neurotransmitters are confirmed to be abnormal in some people with such ...
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Probiotics and Mental Health

While trying to find research articles within the realm of Psychosynthesis, I have been looking at the "collective unconscious" Image Source: Wikipedia Commons - (CC BY-SA 3.0) Lower Unconscious ...
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Reducing smoking and mental health benefits

Recently I noticed improved mental health (better mood, better cognition? more energy) after reducing smoking.Is it backed up by research? I know stopping smoking is, but reducing? http://www....
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Why do people commit suicide?

I don't understand why people commit suicide. If I imagine myself in a really bad situation and make a list of what kind of things I would do in that situation, I don't have suicide even in my top-...
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What can happen if a human takes SB-243213?

SB-243213 acts as a selective inverse agonist for the 5-HT2C receptor. The 5-HT2C receptor is one of many 5-HT receptors which are receptors that bind serotonin, and seems to play a major role in ...
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Does belief in an afterlife play a role in suicide rates?

Religious beliefs, in particular views on the afterlife, could plausibly influence suicide. Is there some study which tries to look at how belief systems play a role in the number of suicides in some ...
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why we failed to convince our own mind by reasoning and rational arguments over mental illness like depression, anxiety, phobia?

For example, one of my friend has fear of heights, even if there is a strong glass window and no reason for him to fall off. He is even aware and admits his fear is irrational. Many may say it’s in ...
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How does psychiatry judge suicide by military and political leaders?

Peru's ex-president Garcia's suicide to avoid arrest reminded me of general officers and politicians who, although wicked, were foxy but rational. They ought've been punished, but they cunningly ...
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Triptans and SSRIs

When talking about triptans used for migraines such as Zolimitriptan, such drugs are selective serotonin receptor agonists. SSRIs, as their function states, are Selective Serotonin Reuptake ...
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How much ashwagandha to relieve depression?

I've read this article, where is the herb ashwagandha which could treat depression. Particularly: In one controlled 60-day study in 64 stressed adults, those ...
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Is depression part of who a person is? [closed]

I have been diagnosed with major depressive disorder, commonly known as depression. Some days ago I had a discussion with my therapist about whether or not depression is part of the person I am. She ...
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Neuralink in depression treatment

In this article there is a statement that Neuralink can help people with Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, and depression by promptly sending electric pulses into the areas responsible for their ...
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Can SSRI make things worse in the long term or cause delayed depression?

I found two articles that mention that taking SSRI for depression can actually make the depression worse. "Now Antidepressant-Induced Chronic Depression Has a Name: Tardive Dysphoria" on Psychology ...
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What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
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Recovery of memory especially working memory after depression

The impact of depression on memory and working memory has been discussed extensively in the thread below. I can't seem to find information about rehabilitation and recovery of memory after depression....
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Post alcoholic depression and mental health

We all might have experienced a post-alcoholic hangover after heavy drinking. I think this includes a depressive state, which doesn't last long and wears off once we take rest. My question is whether ...
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How strong is the evidence for the effectiveness of psychoanalysis in the treatment of depression?

I often hear claims that psychoanalysis is ineffective, takes too long, is just pseudo-science, that other therapies such as cognitive-behavioural should be preferred or even that it should be ...
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What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy?

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy? I am especially interested why this outside-in word was used but please provide me a wider context of this type of therapy. ...
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Do psychiatrists and researchers themselves don't have an idea how antidepressants work?

This question may be seen as an extension of my previous question, here. I was talking to a person online where s/he mentioned that psychiatrists themselves don't have an idea as to how SSRIs work. ...
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Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
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Does amnesia cure depression?

If someone has a miserable childhood and has Dysthymia, but then they suffer from amnesia and forget everything, are they cured of their depression?
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What are some examples of psychosis in people who have major depression?

What are some examples of psychosis in people who have major depression? Especially how do delusions show up? "Experiencing psychosis can be frightening and confusing, and psychosis can present ...
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Why could too much BDNF be detrimental in terms of depression and memory?

I am interested in looking at the effects of too much BDNF and other proteins such as repressor element one silencing transcription factor (REST). Most research suggest that elevated levels are ...
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Are there ways to accelerate the recovery from depression via novel pharmacological antidepressants?

Are there any scientists making substantial progress in the development of far more effective antidepressants? Are there any groups of people interested in developing antidepressants based on genetic ...
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Ritalin for treating attention and lack of focus in depression

I’d like to know if there’s research about the use of ritalin for treating attention deficit in Major Depression Disorder.
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Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
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Can listening to sad songs lead to depression?

When we listen to a sad song, we may experience sadness ourselves. Can this sadness lead to depression?
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Can changing attitude cure depression?

There's a proverb: "everything's decided in mind" - changing attitude of thing may help going through things. Does it also mean that if someone is depressed then there'd be enough to change how he ...
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How does a person know if he should seek treatment for depression since feeling moody is unavoidable?

Life is not a bed of roses. All of us feel moody sometimes due to failures in life. This is perfectly normal. However, depression is abnormal. How does a person know if he needs to seek treatment for ...
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Is 'your mom will be sad' actually a good argument to pose to someone thinking of committing suicide?

I often come across people pointing out that the close relatives of someone who is thinking about committing suicide will grieve, as an argument against doing it. However, I've noticed that it is ...
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How do serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors work as an antidepressant?

The monoamine hypothesis postulates that the deficit of certain neurotransmitters is responsible for depression, and even that certain neurotransmitters are linked to specific symptoms. If suppose ...
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Why does venlafaxine have lower incidence of sexual dysfunctions at higher doses?

Venlafaxine at low dosages strongly inhibits serotonin, at moderate dosages also norepinephrine and only high dosages it also inhibits dopamine. The ratio is the following. serotonin : ...
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Is it reasonable to leave a therapy session feeling worse? [closed]

I apologize for (possibly) violating the only rule that shows up when you're about to ask a question: ask questions that can be answered rather than discussed. But I'm hoping this question might ...
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How can depression and fear be effectively managed in people who know they will die soon?

Are there any efficient ways to overcome the fear and depression before death (supposing you know you are going to die soon) ?
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How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
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What is a “psychological evaluation” for kids?

What does a psychological evaluation consist of for pre-teens and adolescents? I work with a child who has been abused (physically and emotionally) who is having suicidal ideations with one parent, ...
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Which mental illnesses are probably natural? [closed]

Which states of mind that are classified as mental illnesses might be a natural and useful part of our brains? For example, some evolutionary biologists have suggested that some types of depression ...
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Do antidepressants provide a permanent solution for depression and anxiety?

Antidepressants works temporarily (as long as you take them), and also affects the cognitive behaviour. Should they be seen as a permanent solution for depression? Shouldn't we find a solution at the ...
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Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as “brain zaps”?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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Is a person who believe that their depression is curable more likely to overcome it?

According to the idea of the growth mindset a person is more likely to successfully change, when they believe that change is possible. To what extend does that apply to depression? Is a person who ...
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What causes people to feel depressed without there being a problem?

I have noticed that some people have lives that appear perfectly fine, yet they feel depressed. In my specific case the feeling typically lasts for a few days and then magically disappears, only to ...
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Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
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Is serotonin conclusively linked to depression?

Some highlights from the article "The Depressing News about Anti-Depressants": ever since a seminal study in 1998, whose findings were reinforced by landmark research in The Journal of the American ...
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Relation of serotonin level and mood/depression

Not a biologist. Not even related to science, however I read a lot of popular psychology stuff, plus read some info about antidepressants and a question tortures me :) Antidepressants arise amount of ...
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Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

A friend of mine showed me a paper (Kirsch, 2014) where the author claims that antidepressants work mostly through a placebo effect (backed up with relevant citations). Antidepressants are generally ...
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Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
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Lowering people's serotonin levels does not change their mood?

I'm starting to pick off sub-topics from this omnibus question, which I think it's too broad to answer properly/directly in the SE format. So, let's start with one of the claims there: Lowering ...
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Evidence for existential depression as a distinct subtype?

Obviously the DSM doesn't see it as such, but the idea of Irvin D. Yalom appears to have some traction at least in magazines: Irving Yalom, in 1981, wrote about near necessity of an existential ...
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Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...