Questions tagged [depression]

For questions regarding depressed mood, whether in healthy individuals or those for which the condition manifests as a disorder.

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22 views

How strong is the evidence for the effectiveness of psychoanalysis in the treatment of depression?

I often hear claims that psychoanalysis is ineffective, takes too long, is just pseudo-science, that other therapies such as cognitive-behavioural should be preferred or even that it should be ...
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1answer
17 views

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy?

What is the meaning of behaviorally oriented outside-in nature of therapy? I am especially interested why this outside-in word was used but please provide me a wider context of this type of therapy. ...
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1answer
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Do psychiatrists and researchers themselves don't have an idea how antidepressants work?

This question may be seen as an extension of my previous question, here. I was talking to a person online where s/he mentioned that psychiatrists themselves don't have an idea as to how SSRIs work. ...
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225 views

Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
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Does amnesia cure depression?

If someone has a miserable childhood and has Dysthymia, but then they suffer from amnesia and forget everything, are they cured of their depression?
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Many military leaders died by suicide to avoid punishment, but weren't judged irrational. Does this evidence rational suicide? [closed]

Peru's ex-president Garcia's suicide to avoid arrest reminded me of general officers and politicians who, although unethical and wicked, were foxy but rational. They ought've been punished, but they ...
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22 views

What are some examples of psychosis in people who have major depression?

What are some examples of psychosis in people who have major depression? Especially how do delusions show up? "Experiencing psychosis can be frightening and confusing, and psychosis can present ...
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2answers
457 views

Why could too much BDNF be detrimental in terms of depression and memory?

I am interested in looking at the effects of too much BDNF and other proteins such as repressor element one silencing transcription factor (REST). Most research suggest that elevated levels are ...
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1answer
48 views

Are there ways to accelerate the recovery from depression via novel pharmacological antidepressants?

Are there any scientists making substantial progress in the development of far more effective antidepressants? Are there any groups of people interested in developing antidepressants based on genetic ...
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1answer
28 views

Ritalin for treating attention and lack of focus in depression

I’d like to know if there’s research about the use of ritalin for treating attention deficit in Major Depression Disorder.
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220 views

Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
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1answer
175 views

Can listening to sad songs lead to depression?

When we listen to a sad song, we may experience sadness ourselves. Can this sadness lead to depression?
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1k views

Can changing attitude cure depression?

There's a proverb: "everything's decided in mind" - changing attitude of thing may help going through things. Does it also mean that if someone is depressed then there'd be enough to change how he ...
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1answer
663 views

How does a person know if he should seek treatment for depression since feeling moody is unavoidable?

Life is not a bed of roses. All of us feel moody sometimes due to failures in life. This is perfectly normal. However, depression is abnormal. How does a person know if he needs to seek treatment for ...
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1answer
78 views

Is 'your mom will be sad' actually a good argument to pose to someone thinking of committing suicide?

I often come across people pointing out that the close relatives of someone who is thinking about committing suicide will grieve, as an argument against doing it. However, I've noticed that it is ...
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80 views

How do serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors work as an antidepressant?

The monoamine hypothesis postulates that the deficit of certain neurotransmitters is responsible for depression, and even that certain neurotransmitters are linked to specific symptoms. If suppose ...
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Why does venlafaxine have lower incidence of sexual dysfunctions at higher doses?

Venlafaxine at low dosages strongly inhibits serotonin, at moderate dosages also norepinephrine and only high dosages it also inhibits dopamine. The ratio is the following. serotonin : ...
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Is it reasonable to leave a therapy session feeling worse? [closed]

I apologize for (possibly) violating the only rule that shows up when you're about to ask a question: ask questions that can be answered rather than discussed. But I'm hoping this question might ...
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2answers
106 views

How can depression and fear be effectively managed in people who know they will die soon?

Are there any efficient ways to overcome the fear and depression before death (supposing you know you are going to die soon) ?
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3answers
258 views

How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
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1answer
37 views

What is a “psychological evaluation” for kids?

What does a psychological evaluation consist of for pre-teens and adolescents? I work with a child who has been abused (physically and emotionally) who is having suicidal ideations with one parent, ...
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Which mental illnesses are probably natural? [closed]

Which states of mind that are classified as mental illnesses might be a natural and useful part of our brains? For example, some evolutionary biologists have suggested that some types of depression ...
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2answers
2k views

Do antidepressants provide a permanent solution for depression and anxiety?

Antidepressants works temporarily (as long as you take them), and also affects the cognitive behaviour. Should they be seen as a permanent solution for depression? Shouldn't we find a solution at the ...
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199 views

Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as “brain zaps”?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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179 views

Is a person who believe that their depression is curable more likely to overcome it?

According to the idea of the growth mindset a person is more likely to successfully change, when they believe that change is possible. To what extend does that apply to depression? Is a person who ...
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What causes people to feel depressed without there being a problem?

I have noticed that some people have lives that appear perfectly fine, yet they feel depressed. In my specific case the feeling typically lasts for a few days and then magically disappears, only to ...
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1answer
701 views

Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
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Is serotonin conclusively linked to depression?

Some highlights from the article "The Depressing News about Anti-Depressants": ever since a seminal study in 1998, whose findings were reinforced by landmark research in The Journal of the American ...
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Probiotics and Mental Health

While trying to find research articles within the realm of Psychosynthesis, I have been looking at the "collective unconscious" Image Source: Wikipedia Commons - (CC BY-SA 3.0) Lower Unconscious ...
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1answer
138 views

Relation of serotonin level and mood/depression

Not a biologist. Not even related to science, however I read a lot of popular psychology stuff, plus read some info about antidepressants and a question tortures me :) Antidepressants arise amount of ...
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2answers
404 views

Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

A friend of mine showed me a paper (Kirsch, 2014) where the author claims that antidepressants work mostly through a placebo effect (backed up with relevant citations). Antidepressants are generally ...
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339 views

Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
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Lowering people's serotonin levels does not change their mood?

I'm starting to pick off sub-topics from this omnibus question, which I think it's too broad to answer properly/directly in the SE format. So, let's start with one of the claims there: Lowering ...
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334 views

Evidence for existential depression as a distinct subtype?

Obviously the DSM doesn't see it as such, but the idea of Irvin D. Yalom appears to have some traction at least in magazines: Irving Yalom, in 1981, wrote about near necessity of an existential ...
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Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...
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157 views

Which is the most valid/validated scale for diagnosis of Major depression for an Indian population?

I am planning a study of an online intervention for depression in India. We were planning to use Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for assessing the depression symptom severity. One of our ...
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1answer
70 views

Does risk of developing depression continue to increase after age 60?

Age is a risk factor for depression when we look at the entire lifespan. Does that hold true in a population of >60 years old?
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2answers
515 views

Perfectionism, and approval addiction: how are these two generated from a trauma?

Depression and anxiety most of the time stem from a past trauma, but it is actually not the events, but the thoughts that create the symptoms of depression and anxiety. Out of those thoughts, ...
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4answers
361 views

Why is depression a diagnosable issue?

To me, it seems strange that something such as depression, which anyone can feel at any given time, is diagnosed and treated medically as if it is a mental disorder. I believe depression should be ...
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2k views

Why do people commit suicide?

I don't understand why people commit suicide. If I imagine myself in a really bad situation and make a list of what kind of things I would do in that situation, I don't have suicide even in my top-...
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2answers
184 views

Are psychologists more immune to psychological problems?

Does knowledge of a psychological problem prevent (or enable one to better defend) the development of psychological issues? For example, if a person has studied about depression and is familiar with ...
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1answer
74 views

Are stress, frustration and existentialism considered cognitive distortions? [closed]

I was given a list of cognitive distortions and ways to 'untwist' them. However I noticed the 3 big things that I encounter often were not listed. Are these considered cognitive distortions?
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What is the point of living a life if we're all going to eventually die? [closed]

So I've had this question over the past week since New Years. I am currently 21 years old and yea, time flies so fast. New years just feels like one year closer to death. Can you believe it? The ...
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102 views

Anti-depressant medicine and memory loss

Can anti depressant medicine cause memory loss ? Seen many suffering from cognitive problems after taking anti-depressants and for some , it went worse even after medicine was stopped.What can be the ...
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32 views

How can a maternity refusal syndrome be prevented or treated?

Despite being rare, a maternal refusal syndrome can have devasting consequences on children, spouse, and the mother herself. It appears indeed that occasionally women don't bond that well to their ...
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1answer
220 views

What effect can depression have on memory?

While a link has been shown that when a person is in a depressed episode there can be a negative effect on the individuals memory. (Hubbard et al, 2016). This shows that when a person is experiencing ...
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1answer
103 views

What's the prevalence of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavior in the treatment of depression?

Is there any link, e-book, whitepaper that you can provide me to help me determine the prevalence of IPT and CBT amongst kids 7 - 12 years and adolescents 12 - 17 years who suffer from Major ...
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1answer
640 views

What exactly is Emotional Reasoning?

Emotional Reasoning, a cognitive distortion discovered by Aaron T. Beck, as stated on Wikipedia: Emotional reasoning is a cognitive process by which a person concludes that his/her emotional ...
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Severe depression/anxiety can't be treated with CBT

Is there any evidence that supports the idea that a severe depression/anxiety can't be treated with CBT? Since, it's in severe state, and one has to use anti-depressants to lower the level, and then ...