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Questions tagged [depression]

For questions regarding depressed mood, whether in healthy individuals or those for which the condition manifests as a disorder.

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Do antidepressants cause violence?

Any thoughts on which might be the right interpretation of the scant evidence that antidepressants cause violence? Evidence for the case that antidepressants cause violence According to a study ...
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1answer
133 views

How does a person know if he should seek treatment for depression since feeling moody is unavoidable?

Life is not a bed of roses. All of us feel moody sometimes due to failures in life. This is perfectly normal. However, depression is abnormal. How does a person know if he needs to seek treatment for ...
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Is 'your mom will be sad' actually a good argument to pose to someone thinking of committing suicide?

I often come across people pointing out that the close relatives of someone who is thinking about committing suicide will grieve, as an argument against doing it. However, I've noticed that it is ...
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How do serotonin antagonist and reuptake inhibitors work as an antidepressant?

The monoamine hypothesis postulates that the deficit of certain neurotransmitters is responsible for depression, and even that certain neurotransmitters are linked to specific symptoms. If suppose ...
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Why does venlafaxine have lower incidence of sexual dysfunctions at higher doses?

Venlafaxine at low dosages strongly inhibits serotonin, at moderate dosages also norepinephrine and only high dosages it also inhibits dopamine. The ratio is the following. serotonin : ...
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Is it reasonable to leave a therapy session feeling worse? [closed]

I apologize for (possibly) violating the only rule that shows up when you're about to ask a question: ask questions that can be answered rather than discussed. But I'm hoping this question might ...
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1answer
44 views

What are the reactions to frustration?

Human beings constantly strive towards goals which gratify their biological and psychological needs but what happens when their needs are frustrated over a long period of time that is when they are ...
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1answer
162 views

Can listening to sad songs lead to depression?

When we listen to a sad song, we may experience sadness ourselves. Can this sadness lead to depression?
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37 views

What is a “psychological evaluation” for kids?

What does a psychological evaluation consist of for pre-teens and adolescents? I work with a child who has been abused (physically and emotionally) who is having suicidal ideations with one parent, ...
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Which mental illnesses are probably natural? [closed]

Which states of mind that are classified as mental illnesses might be a natural and useful part of our brains? For example, some evolutionary biologists have suggested that some types of depression ...
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161 views

Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
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1answer
581 views

Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
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Is a person who believe that their depression is curable more likely to overcome it?

According to the idea of the growth mindset a person is more likely to successfully change, when they believe that change is possible. To what extend does that apply to depression? Is a person who ...
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Probiotics and Mental Health

While trying to find research articles within the realm of Psychosynthesis, I have been looking at the "collective unconscious" Image Source: Wikipedia Commons - (CC BY-SA 3.0) Lower Unconscious ...
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Lowering people's serotonin levels does not change their mood?

I'm starting to pick off sub-topics from this omnibus question, which I think it's too broad to answer properly/directly in the SE format. So, let's start with one of the claims there: Lowering ...
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1answer
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Relation of serotonin level and mood/depression

Not a biologist. Not even related to science, however I read a lot of popular psychology stuff, plus read some info about antidepressants and a question tortures me :) Antidepressants arise amount of ...
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Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
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Evidence for existential depression as a distinct subtype?

Obviously the DSM doesn't see it as such, but the idea of Irvin D. Yalom appears to have some traction at least in magazines: Irving Yalom, in 1981, wrote about near necessity of an existential ...
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Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...
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Which is the most valid/validated scale for diagnosis of Major depression for an Indian population?

I am planning a study of an online intervention for depression in India. We were planning to use Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for assessing the depression symptom severity. One of our ...
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1answer
349 views

Why could too much BDNF be detrimental in terms of depression and memory?

I am interested in looking at the effects of too much BDNF and other proteins such as repressor element one silencing transcription factor (REST). Most research suggest that elevated levels are ...
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1answer
67 views

Does risk of developing depression continue to increase after age 60?

Age is a risk factor for depression when we look at the entire lifespan. Does that hold true in a population of >60 years old?
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4answers
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Why is depression a diagnosable issue?

To me, it seems strange that something such as depression, which anyone can feel at any given time, is diagnosed and treated medically as if it is a mental disorder. I believe depression should be ...
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174 views

Are psychologists more immune to psychological problems?

Does knowledge of a psychological problem prevent (or enable one to better defend) the development of psychological issues? For example, if a person has studied about depression and is familiar with ...
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1answer
73 views

Are stress, frustration and existentialism considered cognitive distortions? [closed]

I was given a list of cognitive distortions and ways to 'untwist' them. However I noticed the 3 big things that I encounter often were not listed. Are these considered cognitive distortions?
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What is the point of living a life if we're all going to eventually die? [closed]

So I've had this question over the past week since New Years. I am currently 21 years old and yea, time flies so fast. New years just feels like one year closer to death. Can you believe it? The ...
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Anti-depressant medicine and memory loss

Can anti depressant medicine cause memory loss ? Seen many suffering from cognitive problems after taking anti-depressants and for some , it went worse even after medicine was stopped.What can be the ...
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2answers
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Do antidepressants provide a permanent solution for depression and anxiety?

Antidepressants works temporarily (as long as you take them), and also affects the cognitive behaviour. Should they be seen as a permanent solution for depression? Shouldn't we find a solution at the ...
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Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
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How can a maternity refusal syndrome be prevented or treated?

Despite being rare, a maternal refusal syndrome can have devasting consequences on children, spouse, and the mother herself. It appears indeed that occasionally women don't bond that well to their ...
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1answer
83 views

What's the prevalence of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavior in the treatment of depression?

Is there any link, e-book, whitepaper that you can provide me to help me determine the prevalence of IPT and CBT amongst kids 7 - 12 years and adolescents 12 - 17 years who suffer from Major ...
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1answer
592 views

What exactly is Emotional Reasoning?

Emotional Reasoning, a cognitive distortion discovered by Aaron T. Beck, as stated on Wikipedia: Emotional reasoning is a cognitive process by which a person concludes that his/her emotional ...
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1answer
212 views

What effect can depression have on memory?

While a link has been shown that when a person is in a depressed episode there can be a negative effect on the individuals memory. (Hubbard et al, 2016). This shows that when a person is experiencing ...
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1answer
154 views

What is the prevalence of lifelong, early onset, chronic depression?

What is the prevalence in the general population?
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1answer
128 views

Severe depression/anxiety can't be treated with CBT

Is there any evidence that supports the idea that a severe depression/anxiety can't be treated with CBT? Since, it's in severe state, and one has to use anti-depressants to lower the level, and then ...
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Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

A friend of mine showed me a paper (Kirsch, 2014) where the author claims that antidepressants work mostly through a placebo effect (backed up with relevant citations). Antidepressants are generally ...
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478 views

Perfectionism, and approval addiction: how are these two generated from a trauma?

Depression and anxiety most of the time stem from a past trauma, but it is actually not the events, but the thoughts that create the symptoms of depression and anxiety. Out of those thoughts, ...
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Why do hallucinations appear in depression?

We all know the stories of people who saw a miracle in the deepist troubles like gangsters who turned to faith - or an older example could be the miracles in jail in the Bible (Acts: Peter and Paul). ...
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Can CBT cure any kind of depression?

CBT: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, no doubt is far better than medications while having long terms goals in mind, but the question is: can it cure any kind of depression, like Seasonal Affective ...
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1answer
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Are a lot of highly logical people (such as mathematicians) prone to depression? [closed]

In my math and physics classes, half the students are seeing or have seen psychologists because of depression. Based on my experiences I feel that there is a huge correlation between logical people ...
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1answer
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What do depressants treat? Are they used in bipolar to treat mania?

I don't understand the Wikipedia article on depressants. This is what I have gathered: Depression and anxiety disorders are treated by antidepressants. Narcolepsy, ADHD, obesity, smoking addiction, ...
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Can “acceptance” become a Defense Mechanism?

Most of the Defense Mechanisms are unconscious, but for those who know about them and still use then it somehow becomes conscious. They know they are using it, and not do anything about it. For ...
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2answers
67 views

What if he hates me for telling? [closed]

Why do people sometimes not understand that there are other ways of dealing with depression? I have done everything I know that I can do for this person. I've helped a few of my friends stop their ...
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Do cognitive distortions not exist at all in non-depressed people?

Cognitive distortions like All-or-nothing thinking, Fortune Teller Error; do they exist in non-depressed people with a low ...
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1answer
133 views

Are there mental states that make the mind more susceptible to other negative mental states?

I've recently read the following folk parable and am interested if there is any truth to it. It is originally in russian(full version here), so I will translate the gist of it: The devil displays ...
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Can I use Mechanical Turk for a longitudinal study?

My thesis looks at depression and social support. My design involves participants answering taking a survey every other day for a total of 10 times. Is is the same set of questions that they will ...
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1answer
96 views

Can one depressive episode be enough to prescribe antidepressants?

Suppose someone were to see a psychiatrist, explain their life problems and such and then their psychiatrist concludes they are currently in a depressive episode. Their psychiatrist doesn't yet know ...
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1answer
489 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
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3answers
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How do we know bipolar is one illness rather than two comorbid illnesses?

Based on my previous question about ADHD and OCD. Essentially, ADHD and OCD are kind of opposites in the sense that ADHD people (always? sometimes?) have dopamine deficiency and OCD people (always? ...
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Are ADHD and OCD under some type of mental illness?

Related to question. Mania, hypomania, depression and bipolar are mood disorders, from what I understand. Are ADHD and OCD under some category as well? From what I understand, the are opposite ends ...