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Questions tagged [depression]

For questions regarding depressed mood, whether in healthy individuals or those for which the condition manifests as a disorder.

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Induced sexual dysfunctions: antipsychotics vs antidepressants

What is the difference in general between the newer AP and AD considering sexual dysfunctions. By difference I mean the order of magnitude when taking a suitable drug from the given class. Like ...
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Are suicidal thoughts and depression common among Thai ladyboys?

Transexual people in Western countries are reported to have a high depression and suicide rate. Some ascribe that to the information that there's little social and cultural acceptance to them. Is ...
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1answer
38 views

What are the reactions to frustration?

Human beings constantly strive towards goals which gratify their biological and psychological needs but what happens when their needs are frustrated over a long period of time that is when they are ...
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1answer
98 views

Can listening to sad songs lead to depression?

When we listen to a sad song, we may experience sadness ourselves. Can this sadness lead to depression?
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1answer
36 views

What is a “psychological evaluation” for kids?

What does a psychological evaluation consist of for pre-teens and adolescents? I work with a child who has been abused (physically and emotionally) who is having suicidal ideations with one parent, ...
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34 views

Resources on Cognitive Dissonance?

Not sure how long these are supposed to be, but I'm just curious if there are any highly cited/respected papers out there on cognitive dissonance and its relation to cross-dominance and mental ilness? ...
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62 views

Which mental illnesses are probably natural? [closed]

Which states of mind that are classified as mental illnesses might be a natural and useful part of our brains? For example, some evolutionary biologists have suggested that some types of depression ...
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2answers
120 views

Depression Causing Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Whilst trying to think of non-chemical/hormonal causes of low self-esteem when reading Is low self-esteem, a brain chemical imbalance problem, rather than a personality defect, and can't be fixed ...
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1answer
241 views

Use of Botulinum toxin A (botox) to treat depression and its effect on fight/flight repsonse

Over in Health.SE, @faustus provided a couple of references to papers which suggest the use of Botulinum toxin A (BTA) - otherwise known as botox - to treat depression — Magid, et al. (2015a) and ...
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122 views

Is a person who believe that their depression is curable more likely to overcome it?

According to the idea of the growth mindset a person is more likely to successfully change, when they believe that change is possible. To what extend does that apply to depression? Is a person who ...
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49 views

Probiotics and Mental Health

While trying to find research articles within the realm of Psychosynthesis, I have been looking at the "collective unconscious" Image Source: Wikipedia Commons - (CC BY-SA 3.0) Lower Unconscious ...
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23 views

Lowering people's serotonin levels does not change their mood?

I'm starting to pick off sub-topics from this omnibus question, which I think it's too broad to answer properly/directly in the SE format. So, let's start with one of the claims there: Lowering ...
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1answer
85 views

Relation of serotonin level and mood/depression

Not a biologist. Not even related to science, however I read a lot of popular psychology stuff, plus read some info about antidepressants and a question tortures me :) Antidepressants arise amount of ...
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2answers
150 views

Negative thoughts as cause or consequence of depression

Simplypsychology.org page on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy mentions that Lewinsohn (1981) studied a group of participants before any of them became depressed, and found that those who later became ...
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241 views

Evidence for existential depression as a distinct subtype?

Obviously the DSM doesn't see it as such, but the idea of Irvin D. Yalom appears to have some traction at least in magazines: Irving Yalom, in 1981, wrote about near necessity of an existential ...
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Assessments of depression: Does the rate of false positives vary between the qualification of those testing?

A friend recently asked me an interesting question to which I couldn't find the answer. Does the accuracy of depression assessments vary by the profession i.e. Nurse, GP Vs Clinical Psychologist, ...
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1answer
123 views

Which is the most valid/validated scale for diagnosis of Major depression for an Indian population?

I am planning a study of an online intervention for depression in India. We were planning to use Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for assessing the depression symptom severity. One of our ...
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1answer
226 views

Why could too much BDNF be detrimental in terms of depression and memory?

I am interested in looking at the effects of too much BDNF and other proteins such as repressor element one silencing transcription factor (REST). Most research suggest that elevated levels are ...
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1answer
53 views

Does risk of developing depression continue to increase after age 60?

Age is a risk factor for depression when we look at the entire lifespan. Does that hold true in a population of >60 years old?
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4answers
283 views

Why is depression a diagnosable issue?

To me, it seems strange that something such as depression, which anyone can feel at any given time, is diagnosed and treated medically as if it is a mental disorder. I believe depression should be ...
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164 views

Are psychologists more immune to psychological problems?

Does knowledge of a psychological problem prevent (or enable one to better defend) the development of psychological issues? For example, if a person has studied about depression and is familiar with ...
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1answer
69 views

Are stress, frustration and existentialism considered cognitive distortions? [closed]

I was given a list of cognitive distortions and ways to 'untwist' them. However I noticed the 3 big things that I encounter often were not listed. Are these considered cognitive distortions?
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899 views

What is the point of living a life if we're all going to eventually die? [closed]

So I've had this question over the past week since New Years. I am currently 21 years old and yea, time flies so fast. New years just feels like one year closer to death. Can you believe it? The ...
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90 views

Anti-depressant medicine and memory loss

Can anti depressant medicine cause memory loss ? Seen many suffering from cognitive problems after taking anti-depressants and for some , it went worse even after medicine was stopped.What can be the ...
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2answers
1k views

Do antidepressants provide a permanent solution for depression and anxiety?

Antidepressants works temporarily (as long as you take them), and also affects the cognitive behaviour. Should they be seen as a permanent solution for depression? Shouldn't we find a solution at the ...
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2answers
158 views

Effects of treatment versus psychotherapy on mental health of transgender people

Has any reliable study been done to compare mental health (e.g. depression or suicide rate) of transgender people before and after procedures (hormone or surgery) intended to change their bodies to ...
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29 views

How can a maternity refusal syndrome be prevented or treated?

Despite being rare, a maternal refusal syndrome can have devasting consequences on children, spouse, and the mother herself. It appears indeed that occasionally women don't bond that well to their ...
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1answer
58 views

What's the prevalence of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive behavior in the treatment of depression?

Is there any link, e-book, whitepaper that you can provide me to help me determine the prevalence of IPT and CBT amongst kids 7 - 12 years and adolescents 12 - 17 years who suffer from Major ...
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1answer
531 views

What exactly is Emotional Reasoning?

Emotional Reasoning, a cognitive distortion discovered by Aaron T. Beck, as stated on Wikipedia: Emotional reasoning is a cognitive process by which a person concludes that his/her emotional ...
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1answer
197 views

What effect can depression have on memory?

While a link has been shown that when a person is in a depressed episode there can be a negative effect on the individuals memory. (Hubbard et al, 2016). This shows that when a person is experiencing ...
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1answer
144 views

What is the prevalence of lifelong, early onset, chronic depression?

What is the prevalence in the general population?
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1answer
119 views

Severe depression/anxiety can't be treated with CBT

Is there any evidence that supports the idea that a severe depression/anxiety can't be treated with CBT? Since, it's in severe state, and one has to use anti-depressants to lower the level, and then ...
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2answers
211 views

Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

A friend of mine showed me a paper (Kirsch, 2014) where the author claims that antidepressants work mostly through a placebo effect (backed up with relevant citations). Antidepressants are generally ...
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2answers
446 views

Perfectionism, and approval addiction: how are these two generated from a trauma?

Depression and anxiety most of the time stem from a past trauma, but it is actually not the events, but the thoughts that create the symptoms of depression and anxiety. Out of those thoughts, ...
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1answer
90 views

Why do hallucinations appear in depression?

We all know the stories of people who saw a miracle in the deepist troubles like gangsters who turned to faith - or an older example could be the miracles in jail in the Bible (Acts: Peter and Paul). ...
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127 views

Can CBT cure any kind of depression?

CBT: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, no doubt is far better than medications while having long terms goals in mind, but the question is: can it cure any kind of depression, like Seasonal Affective ...
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1answer
493 views

Are a lot of highly logical people (such as mathematicians) prone to depression? [closed]

In my math and physics classes, half the students are seeing or have seen psychologists because of depression. Based on my experiences I feel that there is a huge correlation between logical people ...
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1answer
201 views

What do depressants treat? Are they used in bipolar to treat mania?

I don't understand the Wikipedia article on depressants. This is what I have gathered: Depression and anxiety disorders are treated by antidepressants. Narcolepsy, ADHD, obesity, smoking addiction, ...
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109 views

Can “acceptance” become a Defense Mechanism?

Most of the Defense Mechanisms are unconscious, but for those who know about them and still use then it somehow becomes conscious. They know they are using it, and not do anything about it. For ...
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2answers
63 views

What if he hates me for telling? [closed]

Why do people sometimes not understand that there are other ways of dealing with depression? I have done everything I know that I can do for this person. I've helped a few of my friends stop their ...
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102 views

Do cognitive distortions not exist at all in non-depressed people?

Cognitive distortions like All-or-nothing thinking, Fortune Teller Error; do they exist in non-depressed people with a low ...
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1answer
123 views

Are there mental states that make the mind more susceptible to other negative mental states?

I've recently read the following folk parable and am interested if there is any truth to it. It is originally in russian(full version here), so I will translate the gist of it: The devil displays ...
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2answers
474 views

Can I use Mechanical Turk for a longitudinal study?

My thesis looks at depression and social support. My design involves participants answering taking a survey every other day for a total of 10 times. Is is the same set of questions that they will ...
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1answer
92 views

Can one depressive episode be enough to prescribe antidepressants?

Suppose someone were to see a psychiatrist, explain their life problems and such and then their psychiatrist concludes they are currently in a depressive episode. Their psychiatrist doesn't yet know ...
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1answer
424 views

What's the opposite of major depressive disorder?

Bipolar disorder, BD, involves manic episodes and depressive episodes. If someone has a depressive episode, that person may have major depressive disorder, MDD or BD. If someone has a manic episode, ...
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245 views

How do we know bipolar is one illness rather than two comorbid illnesses?

Based on my previous question about ADHD and OCD. Essentially, ADHD and OCD are kind of opposites in the sense that ADHD people (always? sometimes?) have dopamine deficiency and OCD people (always? ...
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2answers
210 views

Are ADHD and OCD under some type of mental illness?

Related to question. Mania, hypomania, depression and bipolar are mood disorders, from what I understand. Are ADHD and OCD under some category as well? From what I understand, the are opposite ends ...
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1answer
609 views

Can adhd and ocd coexist? Is it in the same way mania and depression can coexist (in bipolar disorder)?

Is it really possible for someone to have both ADHD and OCD? I was thinking that ADHD is the opposite of OCD: 1 2 from 1: alexThePotato: With ADHD you may be forgetful, distracted, make ...
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2answers
143 views

Is there a less colloquial term for the phenomenon known as “brain zaps”?

There is an unpleasant phenomenon, colloquially known as "brain zaps". It is generally associated with withdrawal from antidepressants, but this isn't always the trigger - I sometimes have it even ...
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173 views

Is depression caused by life events?

If we look at physical illnesses we could put them on a spectrum of 'Happened spontaneously/no choice in the matter' to 'Was clearly created by something that happened in their life'. From less ...