Questions tagged [decision-making]

For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

30 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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8
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0answers
203 views

How do people choose at random?

This question is inspired by one asked at MathOverflow. (These questions at Cognitive Sciences and at Cross Validated might also be relevant.) Are there any studies on what choices humans commonly ...
7
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91 views

Is Autism associated with an increased drowning risk for adults?

I have found several popular articles (e.g. ScienceDaily, The Globe and Mail, and WebMD) indicating that children with Autism have a significantly elevated risk of drowning. The general theory seems ...
6
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114 views

Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in Bayesian decision theory a rational ...
6
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246 views

Online datasets for the disjunction effect and violations of the sure-thing principle

The disjunction effect (or violation of the sure-thing principle) is as follows: A dis­junc­tion effect occurs when peo­ple pre­fer x over y when they know that event A obtains, and they also pre­...
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109 views

Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
5
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65 views

How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
5
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48 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
5
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0answers
503 views

Is being less emotional a bad thing for motivation?

We know that emotions increase motivation. The stronger feelings, the more motivated we get to do something about it. We know that humans differ a lot in how emotional we are. In theory that should ...
5
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0answers
927 views

Need a definition of Cognitive Simplicity (or Complexity) that would appeal to a wide audience

Everyone in my organization wants to make our products & website as simple as possible for our customers. My concern is that "simple" means different things to different people. I'm looking for a ...
5
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1answer
123 views

Can one learn not to panic? How?

It's always impressive to listen to the professionalism of a commercial pilot communicating in a crisis situation, apparently remaining calm and in control in terrifying circumstances, with terrible ...
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50 views

Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
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57 views

Why are young girls writing love letters to the Parkland shooter?

Nikolas Cruz, now widely known as the shooter responsible for killing 17 students in Parkland, Florida and injuring another 17, is according to both CNN and the Sun Sentinel receiving piles of love ...
4
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86 views

False statement by a dominant person in a group survives even if that person leaves the group

Can someone point me to a source for this study: There was a group, in which a dominant person established a belief in a false statement by speaking with high confidence. The group still ...
4
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70 views

Do laypeople think lifestyle changes are effective at preventing and treating disease?

I'm curious about how laypeople think about healthy lifestyle changes (like eating well, not smoking, exercising) that are scientifically known to help prevent and treat a number of diseases. People ...
4
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46 views

Does a baby go for the most hard-to-get out of two presented objects?

I'm searching for some reliable source for the following experiment: A baby is placed in front of two identical fruits, one of which is covered by a transparent box. I think I've read that babies ...
4
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306 views

Test-retest reliability of Iowa gambling task performance and Expectancy Valence Model parameters

I've just been learning about the Expectancy Valence Model of the Iowa Gambling Task (see Busemeyer & Stout, 2002; Yechiam et al 2005). The model includes three parameters: motivation, learning-...
3
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87 views

payoff matrix design for games of chance

I am trying to get a foothold into a new area for me. In games of chance (e.g., the lottery or roulette) I would like to understand how to setup the payout matrix. For example, in roulette, there are ...
3
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43 views

Studies on games where optimal play involves losing for counterfactual gain

Apologies for not knowing the nomenclature; I'll try to describe what I mean. The optimal strategies for some imperfect information games involve purposefully doing badly in some cases, so that ...
3
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0answers
116 views

Any research on a concept of 'empathetic preferences' used in economics?

Some economists/political scientists/philosophers (it's sometimes hard to classify them) have used in their theories a concept of "empathetic preferences", also known as "extended sympathy preferences"...
2
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10 views

Probability distribution for a random variable related to self-assignment of a person's degree of belief

I am not a psychologist or neuroscientist. I am a mathematician wondering about how a person normally evaluate its own degree of belief in a given proposition. Suppose a person X is given a question ...
2
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47 views

Why do people seem to do the opposite of what they were told regardless if their actions have repercussions or not?

In My Country Uganda, we are put under total lockdown. a curfew was imposed that starts at 7 Pm, but on the contrary, when it clocked 7 PM, people were not in their houses but rather on the verandas ...
2
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0answers
59 views

What if MBTI differs a lot for short-term and long-term lifestyle?

Regarding the famous MBTI test, I am confused about how stable are the four indicators? As of my experience, most people are certain whether they are introverted or extroverted. For the other three ...
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458 views

Anchoring Heuristic: a type of heuristic or the mechanism of functioning of heuristics?

Heuristic is a mental shortcut that helps us to make decisions and judgments quickly, without spending time analyizing any aspect of reality. There are several different categories of heuristics, ...
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115 views

Random-dot kinematograms implementation in javascript/HTML

I am looking for a "random-dot kinematograms" implementation in javascript/HTML that I can use in web-based experiments. Something like this, where the user can specify the direction using a mouse or ...
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19 views

Choices and satisfaction

Say person A can choose from some items one to be his own. After some time he can come back and replace it with another. A person B can choose as well but cannot replace once chosen. Are both the ...
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28 views

Upper Bounds on Rat Maze Complexity

Suppose you make a rat run through a maze to find it's food. Every day, you put the rat into the same maze. The first few times this rat has to run the maze, it will probably take a little while to ...
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90 views

Is there a psychological term for enduring hardship to achieve a promised state?

I'm new to CogSci and to Psychology in general, so forgive me if this question has been answered before... I see a pattern in many sociological environments that goes like this: Someone promises a ...
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56 views

How to assess the rationality of real-life decisions?

I am looking for scales that measure the extent to which the process by which a person arrived at a real-life decision conformed to the principles of decision theory. I am specifically interested in ...
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127 views

What drives users to play Reddit's "The Button" game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
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15 views

Is anonymous unanimity result a good thing?

I watched this video explaining why unanimous decisions aren't always a good thing, because of the influence of external factors (like corruption). I was wondering if an anonymous unanimous agreement ...