Questions tagged [decision-making]

For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

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17 views

Choices and satisfaction

Say person A can choose from some items one to be his own. After some time he can come back and replace it with another. A person B can choose as well but cannot replace once chosen. Are both the ...
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Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
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Probability distribution for a random variable related to self-assignment of a person's degree of belief

I am not a psychologist or neuroscientist. I am a mathematician wondering about how a person normally evaluate its own degree of belief in a given proposition. Suppose a person X is given a question ...
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Performance of a group solving a cognitive task: How does it scale?

Some intellectual, cognitive and perceptual tasks can be solved collaboratively. It is common knowledge that group performance is better than that of each single individual due to exchange of ...
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Do people have an innate preference to take matters into their own hands?

People usually want to make their own decisions. Those looking for spouses often listen to their inner romantic instincts and reject advice from more experienced people. Drivers are skeptical about ...
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598 views

Do ALL decisions arouse cognitive dissonance?

I continue to see an oversimplification in the descriptions of the options available that arouse cognitive dissonance: some websites state that all decisions have positive and negative aspects that ...
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1answer
29 views

How can we overcome positional bias when selecting an option on a screen/document?

I think the question is best described by an example: You are at a doctors office and are about to have a conversation about you birth control prescription. Before you can enter you have to decide if ...
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187 views

How do people choose at random?

This question is inspired by one asked at MathOverflow. (These questions at Cognitive Sciences and at Cross Validated might also be relevant.) Are there any studies on what choices humans commonly ...
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Is Autism associated with an increased drowning risk for adults?

I have found several popular articles (e.g. ScienceDaily, The Globe and Mail, and WebMD) indicating that children with Autism have a significantly elevated risk of drowning. The general theory seems ...
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Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in Bayesian decision theory a rational ...
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348 views

Why do some people seem to disregard the choice of doing nothing (The Zero Choice)?

In many areas of life we have a choice between multiple options: if we are hungry and we want to go out to eat, we have a number of places to choose from (McDonalds, etc). However, we also still have ...
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Why does asking opinion helps making choices? [closed]

You probably notice that you have have choice to make but you feel no preference for a certain option, you tend to ask for others opinion. When they give their opinion, you certainly noticed that you ...
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Why do people seem to do the opposite of what they were told regardless if their actions have repercussions or not?

In My Country Uganda, we are put under total lockdown. a curfew was imposed that starts at 7 Pm, but on the contrary, when it clocked 7 PM, people were not in their houses but rather on the verandas ...
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113 views

Why is toilet paper out of stock around the world during the coronavirus outbreak?

Ok, I am not going to fuss around the issue. The question is simple, but the internet is oozing with self-proclaimed behavioral scientists answering the question and it's hard to find a good, ...
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How can humans tell when something diverges from the norm

With this I mean the notion of humans being able to, for example, look at a painting and tell that something doesn't belong in there. For example sun glasses on the Mona Lisa, without prior knowledge ...
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System 1 and unconsious

Kahneman (2011) apparently suggests there is system 1 and system 2 in decision making. If I am not wrong he says system 1 is more prone to errors because it is automatic. Is this correct assumption ...
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Who was the first to use Softmax to model decision making?

Softmax is a mathematical function frequently used to model probabilistic choice between multiple alternatives associated with different values, e.g. two arms in a bandit task; See for example [1] and ...
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1answer
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On a variation of Trolley's problem. How to explain the survey's results?

It is not long since a friend of mine reported about an experiment they would do in their philosophy class, or rather, in their philosophy classes. At that time, his and the parallel class were ...
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What is the best way to overcome: Why facts don't change our minds? [duplicate]

What is the best way to overcome: Why facts don't change our minds? https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/02/27/why-facts-dont-change-our-minds I want to get climate change deniers to seriously ...
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Why do people press elevator call buttons repeatedly?

Many people, particularly those in a rush, keep on pressing the elevator call button despite the light clearly indicating that it was previously pressed, and the knowledge that such action will have ...
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1answer
2k views

Explanation of "I never thought I'd get this far" [closed]

There's a phenomenon where people get to a stage in life they never thought they'd see it and they don't know what to do. Why is that? Why is that when we're faced with a non-foreseeable dilemma we ...
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2answers
72 views

Do people always decide to do things that they believe will provide them the maximum amount of positive feelings in their conscious life?

Is there any scientific study or theory which supports the following claim? - People always decide to act in accordance with things they believe will guarantee them the maximum amount of positive ...
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179 views

Books about trust

Could you recommend me some books that cover trust and how it is developed, what helps us build trust and why we might or might not need it. I am not interested in the relationship self-help books ...
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Could human decision making have evolved from food finding?

One of the things human's do (and possibly other animals) is consider various options, imagine what they would be like, and then make a choice. This is called a "tree search". For example, "should I ...
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Psychology of disrespect and being proud of law breaking. How does it work and how to combat it?

I'm gonna talk about Russia. :) I'm not interested in foreign policy, relations, for this question... maybe just a tiny bit. A little preamble. After the collapse of the Soviet Union (hereinafter S....
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How does our brain allow us to commit suicide?

How does our brain allow us to commit suicide? Our brain and everything in our body has developed to ensure our survival. At the prospect of a threat to our life, our brain does everything to save us ...
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Upper Bounds on Rat Maze Complexity

Suppose you make a rat run through a maze to find it's food. Every day, you put the rat into the same maze. The first few times this rat has to run the maze, it will probably take a little while to ...
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67 views

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one?

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one? Is there a name for this phenomenon and research supporting it?
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Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
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Correct term for realistic user behaviour and decision making

Describing the limitations of my study surrounding the modeling of domestic hot water storage tanks, I want to find a precise term to describe realistic user behavior, which was disregarded in my ...
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free will studies in long term decisoin making [duplicate]

this wikidepia article has a list of experiments and discussion around free will in neuroscience. One thing it notes is that there aren't studies focused on long term decision making in relation to ...
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123 views

Can one learn not to panic? How?

It's always impressive to listen to the professionalism of a commercial pilot communicating in a crisis situation, apparently remaining calm and in control in terrifying circumstances, with terrible ...
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405 views

Are people more likely to pick the odd one out?

I was wondering if there has been any research to suggest that when given a list of options to choose from, people are more likely to pick an option if it looks different to the other options? My ...
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341 views

System 1 thinking and ADHD

I'm interested in learning if there is any connection between System 1/System 2 thinking and ADHD. The former is a theory about the process underlying decision making, and the latter is a mental ...
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39 views

Asking for illogical things to make extreme views normal?

A couple of months back I was reading an article about how politicians were asking to make decisions that are way beyond possible (name it unreasonable, unacceptable, illogical) just as a medium of ...
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What are “Stimulus locked” and “Response locked” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)

While going through the below-mentioned paper, I came across some plots which were said to be "locked" with reference to either response or stimulus. Does the locking refer to the initiation of the ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do people bid on online auctions sooner than a few seconds before it ends? [closed]

This is something that has always puzzled me about human behavior on online auction platforms. I am talking about a specific platform where you can sell almost any item you want with a starting bid ...
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108 views

Does the subconscious mind communicate its analysis through emotions?

I'm reading this article by Marianne Cantwell, in the middle of the article, she quotes Jonah Lehrer's book How We Decide: “When a person is drawn to a specific item on the menu or a particular ...
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What if MBTI differs a lot for short-term and long-term lifestyle?

Regarding the famous MBTI test, I am confused about how stable are the four indicators? As of my experience, most people are certain whether they are introverted or extroverted. For the other three ...
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1answer
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What is the name of the phenomenon that would make me choose A over B because I was influenced by a trend?

I've looked at these 1,2,3 and I don't think they answer my question fully. Let's say it's election time and I'm on the fence about who to vote for. I see some survey on the news and seeing party A ...
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27k views

What is the term for when too many choices results in inability to decide?

A common problem is that when offered too many choices, consumers give up and make no choice. Too many options results in no sale where fewer options might have resulted in more sales. It's like the ...
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What research is there on how people go from examining/gathering evidence to executing on a decision?

I'm curious what research there is about when/how people decide to stop evaluating or gathering evidence, and actually begin executing on an action, and how the order of information presented could ...
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152 views

Are emotions needed to make decisions?

Oprah.com says: It turns out, though, that for most people there is no such thing as a purely rational self. Decision making is intrinsically linked to our emotions, so much so that when a person ...
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payoff matrix design for games of chance

I am trying to get a foothold into a new area for me. In games of chance (e.g., the lottery or roulette) I would like to understand how to setup the payout matrix. For example, in roulette, there are ...
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Basis for "we make 35,000 decisions a day" statistic

In an advertisement by Microsoft for their To-Do product they use a statistic that we "make over 35,000" decisions a day. Unsurprisingly, they don't cite a source. Is there any scholarly basis for ...
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What is the term for human beings' tendency to obey without thinking?

I'm wanting to read more about a certain human behavior, but I am not sure what the proper term for it is, so some of the things I am finding aren't what I am looking for. I'm interested in how Humans ...
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401 views

Subliminal Persuasion: best chances of success

A lot of people are skeptic about the impact of subliminal messages. Good research and experiments on this topic are hard to find. Therefore, I want to execute an experiment on this topic. To do ...
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Why does having many options harm decision making?

I wonder what is the negative of having many possibilities. I sometimes find my self stagnate in some process when it comes to decision making. An the more opportunities I have the more I struggle. ...
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Preconditioning before asking a favor

Suppose I want to borrow an item, such as a phone charger from someone. Instead of directly asking them, "Could I borrow a charger?" I first ask this question: "Do you have a charger?" The act of ...
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Why are young girls writing love letters to the Parkland shooter?

Nikolas Cruz, now widely known as the shooter responsible for killing 17 students in Parkland, Florida and injuring another 17, is according to both CNN and the Sun Sentinel receiving piles of love ...