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Questions tagged [decision-making]

For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

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How are the ideas of Karl Weick on sensemaking and George Kelly on the "naive scientist"/Personal Construct Theory regarded currently?

I am looking into ideas on personal sensemaking in relation to the ideas of Karl Weick (originally corporate collective sensemaking in organization theory) and George Kelly's notion of the "naive ...
iSeeker's user avatar
  • 23
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

Does anyone know if research has been conducted about the Influence of peer presence on object choice? Specifically with elementary school children?

I need to create a two page research proposal for my perception class and it is very important that our research idea has not been used/published before. This is the extremely barebones idea I've come ...
Josh_ispsyched's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
18 views

Is Google's Project Aristotle based on a published study?

Google's Project Aristotle (wayback machine) is relatively well known in the tech world. It emphasizes the important relationship between psychological safety and team productivity. On a few occasions,...
Daniel Kaplan's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Is there any research on how to use the "put yourself in the other person's shoes" method effectively?

I recently read "How to win friends and influence people" by Dale Carnegie. One important piece of advice in the book was the ability to understand the other person's perspective. For ...
kyopa's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Replication or conceptual replication of card trick in Mind Field Ep 8?

In Mind Field S1 E8 Michael Stevens presents a magician performing a trick with participants. Each participant is shown pairs of photographs of people and are given the forced choice of which one they ...
Galen's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
308 views

Wisdom of crowds vs group polarization

I'm having a hard time understanding two concepts: wisdom of crowds and group polarization, at the same time. Wisdom of crowds states that aggregation of information or prediction, in groups, are ...
Maul Seil's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
133 views

What do experts consider best mental techniques to avoid succumbing to temptations?

The Internet offers conflicting advice on how to resist temptations. For example, this article stresses the importance of willpower: Animals appear to obey their appetites in the moment; people — at ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
21 views

Alternative to the Beads Task for the role of emotion in belief revision

Context I'm interested in understanding how emotion / affect is linked to belief revision. My supervisor suggested I use the classic beads task or something similar to it to get at this problem. ...
PsychCat's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
30 views

Choices and satisfaction

Say person A can choose from some items one to be his own. After some time he can come back and replace it with another. A person B can choose as well but cannot replace once chosen. Are both the ...
Kashmiri's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
14 views

Probability distribution for a random variable related to self-assignment of a person's degree of belief

I am not a psychologist or neuroscientist. I am a mathematician wondering about how a person normally evaluate its own degree of belief in a given proposition. Suppose a person X is given a question ...
João Alves Jr.'s user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
137 views

Do people have an innate preference to take matters into their own hands?

People usually want to make their own decisions. Those looking for spouses often listen to their inner romantic instincts and reject advice from more experienced people. Drivers are skeptical about ...
J Li's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How can we overcome positional bias when selecting an option on a screen/document?

I think the question is best described by an example: You are at a doctors office and are about to have a conversation about you birth control prescription. Before you can enter you have to decide if ...
alex's user avatar
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6 votes
0 answers
153 views

Bayesian models of conspiracy theorists

Are there any theories in cognitive psychology that try to model the belief in conspiracy theories through the lens of Bayesian decision theory? For reference, in Bayesian decision theory a rational ...
Amelio Vazquez-Reina's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
213 views

Why do people seem to do the opposite of what they were told regardless if their actions have repercussions or not?

In My Country Uganda, we are put under total lockdown. a curfew was imposed that starts at 7 Pm, but on the contrary, when it clocked 7 PM, people were not in their houses but rather on the verandas ...
Barungi Stephen's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
126 views

Why is toilet paper out of stock around the world during the coronavirus outbreak?

Ok, I am not going to fuss around the issue. The question is simple, but the internet is oozing with self-proclaimed behavioral scientists answering the question and it's hard to find a good, ...
thymaro's user avatar
  • 143
0 votes
2 answers
72 views

How can humans tell when something diverges from the norm

With this I mean the notion of humans being able to, for example, look at a painting and tell that something doesn't belong in there. For example sun glasses on the Mona Lisa, without prior knowledge ...
Charles Nough's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
102 views

Who was the first to use Softmax to model decision making?

Softmax is a mathematical function frequently used to model probabilistic choice between multiple alternatives associated with different values, e.g. two arms in a bandit task; See for example [1] and ...
Ohad Dan's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
172 views

On a variation of Trolley's problem. How to explain the survey's results?

It is not long since a friend of mine reported about an experiment they would do in their philosophy class, or rather, in their philosophy classes. At that time, his and the parallel class were ...
Dr. Mathva's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
50 views

What is the best way to overcome: Why facts don't change our minds? [duplicate]

What is the best way to overcome: Why facts don't change our minds? https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/02/27/why-facts-dont-change-our-minds I want to get climate change deniers to seriously ...
polcott's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
4k views

Explanation of "I never thought I'd get this far" [closed]

There's a phenomenon where people get to a stage in life they never thought they'd see it and they don't know what to do. Why is that? Why is that when we're faced with a non-foreseeable dilemma we ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
77 views

Do people always decide to do things that they believe will provide them the maximum amount of positive feelings in their conscious life?

Is there any scientific study or theory which supports the following claim? - People always decide to act in accordance with things they believe will guarantee them the maximum amount of positive ...
TKN's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
116 views

Could human decision making have evolved from food finding?

One of the things human's do (and possibly other animals) is consider various options, imagine what they would be like, and then make a choice. This is called a "tree search". For example, "should I ...
zooby's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
2k views

How does our brain allow us to commit suicide?

How does our brain allow us to commit suicide? Our brain and everything in our body has developed to ensure our survival. At the prospect of a threat to our life, our brain does everything to save us ...
Mohan's user avatar
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7 votes
0 answers
138 views

Is Autism associated with an increased drowning risk for adults?

I have found several popular articles (e.g. ScienceDaily, The Globe and Mail, and WebMD) indicating that children with Autism have a significantly elevated risk of drowning. The general theory seems ...
Robert Columbia's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Upper Bounds on Rat Maze Complexity

Suppose you make a rat run through a maze to find it's food. Every day, you put the rat into the same maze. The first few times this rat has to run the maze, it will probably take a little while to ...
boxcartenant's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
78 views

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one?

Do humans really feel that a \$99 price tag is significantly lower than a \$100 one? Is there a name for this phenomenon and research supporting it?
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
139 views

System 1 and unconsious

Kahneman (2011) apparently suggests there is system 1 and system 2 in decision making. If I am not wrong he says system 1 is more prone to errors because it is automatic. Is this correct assumption ...
don's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
136 views

Is decision making inference?

Inference is the process of generating further premises from information. Sperber et al (2012) write: 'An inference, as the term is used in psychology, is a process that, given some input information ...
Poul's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
19 views

Correct term for realistic user behaviour and decision making

Describing the limitations of my study surrounding the modeling of domestic hot water storage tanks, I want to find a precise term to describe realistic user behavior, which was disregarded in my ...
cheesus's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
19 views

free will studies in long term decisoin making [duplicate]

this wikidepia article has a list of experiments and discussion around free will in neuroscience. One thing it notes is that there aren't studies focused on long term decision making in relation to ...
Anton's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
142 views

Can one learn not to panic? How?

It's always impressive to listen to the professionalism of a commercial pilot communicating in a crisis situation, apparently remaining calm and in control in terrifying circumstances, with terrible ...
emrys57's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

System 1 thinking and ADHD

I'm interested in learning if there is any connection between System 1/System 2 thinking and ADHD. The former is a theory about the process underlying decision making, and the latter is a mental ...
Herr K.'s user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
1 answer
51 views

Asking for illogical things to make extreme views normal?

A couple of months back I was reading an article about how politicians were asking to make decisions that are way beyond possible (name it unreasonable, unacceptable, illogical) just as a medium of ...
AvidReader's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Why do people bid on online auctions sooner than a few seconds before it ends? [closed]

This is something that has always puzzled me about human behavior on online auction platforms. I am talking about a specific platform where you can sell almost any item you want with a starting bid ...
someone's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
147 views

Does the subconscious mind communicate its analysis through emotions?

I'm reading this article by Marianne Cantwell, in the middle of the article, she quotes Jonah Lehrer's book How We Decide: “When a person is drawn to a specific item on the menu or a particular ...
starikcetin's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
365 views

Does studying formal logic improve logical reasoning?

I am looking to see if there is any good empirical evidence or study that shows or suggests that studying formal logic, or maybe informal logic, would actually improve skills at logical reasoning (...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
83 views

What is the name of the phenomenon that would make me choose A over B because I was influenced by a trend?

I've looked at these 1,2,3 and I don't think they answer my question fully. Let's say it's election time and I'm on the fence about who to vote for. I see some survey on the news and seeing party A ...
curious's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
74 views

What if MBTI differs a lot for short-term and long-term lifestyle? [closed]

Regarding the famous MBTI test, I am confused about how stable are the four indicators? As of my experience, most people are certain whether they are introverted or extroverted. For the other three ...
Ali's user avatar
  • 121
3 votes
1 answer
59 views

What research is there on how people go from examining/gathering evidence to executing on a decision?

I'm curious what research there is about when/how people decide to stop evaluating or gathering evidence, and actually begin executing on an action, and how the order of information presented could ...
verybadatthis's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
147 views

Why does having many options harm decision making?

I wonder what is the negative of having many possibilities. I sometimes find my self stagnate in some process when it comes to decision making. An the more opportunities I have the more I struggle. ...
L. Heider's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
226 views

Are emotions needed to make decisions?

Oprah.com says: It turns out, though, that for most people there is no such thing as a purely rational self. Decision making is intrinsically linked to our emotions, so much so that when a person ...
against very long user names's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
61 views

Why are young girls writing love letters to the Parkland shooter?

Nikolas Cruz, now widely known as the shooter responsible for killing 17 students in Parkland, Florida and injuring another 17, is according to both CNN and the Sun Sentinel receiving piles of love ...
TheEnvironmentalist's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
145 views

Preconditioning before asking a favor

Suppose I want to borrow an item, such as a phone charger from someone. Instead of directly asking them, "Could I borrow a charger?" I first ask this question: "Do you have a charger?" The act of ...
Angle Qian's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
200 views

Intuition behind loss quadrant of prospect theory

This picture summarizes prospect theory by Daniel Kahneman. Looking at the gains part: The slope of the graph is getting smaller. I can understand this: If I own a million, then adding 100 euro's ...
GambitSquared's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
99 views

False statement by a dominant person in a group survives even if that person leaves the group

Can someone point me to a source for this study: There was a group, in which a dominant person established a belief in a false statement by speaking with high confidence. The group still ...
Chris's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes
1 answer
3k views

What's the relationship between priming and availability heuristic?

As I have understood, availability heuristic means that things that are "available" in one's cognition (one has thought recently) are prone to influence one's perception. Priming has been explained ...
Antti Hemilä's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
90 views

payoff matrix design for games of chance

I am trying to get a foothold into a new area for me. In games of chance (e.g., the lottery or roulette) I would like to understand how to setup the payout matrix. For example, in roulette, there are ...
StrongBad's user avatar
  • 2,633
1 vote
0 answers
76 views

A mind experiment about probability [closed]

Consider a mind experiment: you are stuck inside a trapped room. There are only two ways for you to go out and you have to choose one. Would you rather go through four traps each with 20% chance of ...
cr001's user avatar
  • 119
2 votes
0 answers
480 views

Anchoring Heuristic: a type of heuristic or the mechanism of functioning of heuristics?

Heuristic is a mental shortcut that helps us to make decisions and judgments quickly, without spending time analyizing any aspect of reality. There are several different categories of heuristics, ...
Fil's user avatar
  • 1,524
3 votes
0 answers
216 views

Random-dot kinematograms implementation in javascript/HTML

I am looking for a "random-dot kinematograms" implementation in javascript/HTML that I can use in web-based experiments. Something like this, where the user can specify the direction using a mouse or ...
amaatouq's user avatar
  • 193