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Questions tagged [decision-making]

For questions regarding the cognitive processes which result in the selection of a course of action among several alternative scenarios.

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Can one learn not to panic? How?

It's always impressive to listen to the professionalism of a commercial pilot communicating in a crisis situation, apparently remaining calm and in control in terrifying circumstances, with terrible ...
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System 1 thinking and ADHD

I'm interested in learning if there is any connection between System 1/System 2 thinking and ADHD. The former is a theory about the process underlying decision making, and the latter is a mental ...
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14 views

How can we get rid of the confusion which is created by other [on hold]

I am newly married from India, My problem is that my husband keep misleading my understanding and made me confuse everything, and he is leaving me in that confusion by hurting me. Now i am in a ...
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1answer
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Asking for illogical things to make extreme views normal?

A couple of months back I was reading an article about how politicians were asking to make decisions that are way beyond possible (name it unreasonable, unacceptable, illogical) just as a medium of ...
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When reading a handwriting, is cognitive ease only based on the difficulty to read the letters or it also depends on how pretty they are?

In other words, does a pretty handwriting cause more cognitive ease on the reader than an ugly one even if the ugly one is easier to understand? What has a bigger influence on cognitive ease when ...
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1answer
76 views

Why do people bid on online auctions sooner than a few seconds before it ends? [closed]

This is something that has always puzzled me about human behavior on online auction platforms. I am talking about a specific platform where you can sell almost any item you want with a starting bid ...
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1answer
52 views

Does the subconscious mind communicate its analysis through emotions?

I'm reading this article by Marianne Cantwell, in the middle of the article, she quotes Jonah Lehrer's book How We Decide: “When a person is drawn to a specific item on the menu or a particular ...
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24 views

System 1 vs system 2 decision making and personality traits

Someone asked here a question which is probably too focused on a specific personality theory. What I want to ask is: has the inclination to favor one or the other of the dual cognitive processes (...
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1answer
52 views

What is the name of the phenomenon that would make me choose A over B because I was influenced by a trend?

I've looked at these 1,2,3 and I don't think they answer my question fully. Let's say it's election time and I'm on the fence about who to vote for. I see some survey on the news and seeing party A ...
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What if MBTI differs a lot for short-term and long-term lifestyle?

Regarding the famous MBTI test, I am confused about how stable are the four indicators? As of my experience, most people are certain whether they are introverted or extroverted. For the other three ...
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1answer
34 views

What research is there on how people go from examining/gathering evidence to executing on a decision?

I'm curious what research there is about when/how people decide to stop evaluating or gathering evidence, and actually begin executing on an action, and how the order of information presented could ...
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Studies validating “35k decisions/day” [duplicate]

I have been asked in my training class whether the internet quote "our brain makes 35,000 decisions a day" is true. Are there any studies to validate this claim?
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Why does having many options harm decision making?

I wonder what is the negative of having many possibilities. I sometimes find my self stagnate in some process when it comes to decision making. An the more opportunities I have the more I struggle. ...
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Are emotions needed to make decisions?

Oprah.com says: It turns out, though, that for most people there is no such thing as a purely rational self. Decision making is intrinsically linked to our emotions, so much so that when a person ...
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Why are young girls writing love letters to the Parkland shooter?

Nikolas Cruz, now widely known as the shooter responsible for killing 17 students in Parkland, Florida and injuring another 17, is according to both CNN and the Sun Sentinel receiving piles of love ...
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1answer
51 views

Preconditioning before asking a favor

Suppose I want to borrow an item, such as a phone charger from someone. Instead of directly asking them, "Could I borrow a charger?" I first ask this question: "Do you have a charger?" The act of ...
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How the questions must be asked in a survey to get genuine replies? [duplicate]

Should the questions be direct or indirect? For example, if I ask: Do you try to change yourself if people spot flaw in you? I may not get genuine replies as people often answer which is morally ...
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1answer
52 views

Intuition behind loss quadrant of prospect theory

This picture summarizes prospect theory by Daniel Kahneman. Looking at the gains part: The slope of the graph is getting smaller. I can understand this: If I own a million, then adding 100 euro's ...
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False statement by a dominant person in a group survives even if that person leaves the group

Can someone point me to a source for this study: There was a group, in which a dominant person established a belief in a false statement by speaking with high confidence. The group still ...
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Modeling of Interpersonal Violence by Mass Media and Video Games [duplicate]

Does modeling of interpersonal violence in mass media and video games facilitate violence in real life? I have been thinking about this during the last week. I even queried the APA as to whether ...
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1answer
850 views

What's the relationship between priming and availability heuristic?

As I have understood, availability heuristic means that things that are "available" in one's cognition (one has thought recently) are prone to influence one's perception. Priming has been explained ...
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payoff matrix design for games of chance

I am trying to get a foothold into a new area for me. In games of chance (e.g., the lottery or roulette) I would like to understand how to setup the payout matrix. For example, in roulette, there are ...
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69 views

A mind experiment about probability [closed]

Consider a mind experiment: you are stuck inside a trapped room. There are only two ways for you to go out and you have to choose one. Would you rather go through four traps each with 20% chance of ...
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Anchoring Heuristic: a type of heuristic or the mechanism of functioning of heuristics?

Heuristic is a mental shortcut that helps us to make decisions and judgments quickly, without spending time analyizing any aspect of reality. There are several different categories of heuristics, ...
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Random-dot kinematograms implementation in javascript/HTML

I am looking for a "random-dot kinematograms" implementation in javascript/HTML that I can use in web-based experiments. Something like this, where the user can specify the direction using a mouse or ...
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0answers
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Is there a psychological term for enduring hardship to achieve a promised state?

I'm new to CogSci and to Psychology in general, so forgive me if this question has been answered before... I see a pattern in many sociological environments that goes like this: Someone promises a ...
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3answers
231 views

Psychology of disrespect and being proud of law breaking. How does it work and how to combat it?

I'm gonna talk about Russia. :) I'm not interested in foreign policy, relations, for this question... maybe just a tiny bit. A little preamble. After the collapse of the Soviet Union (hereinafter S....
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2answers
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Why do some people refuse to wear their seat belt while being aware of the risks?

I have multiple friends that simply refuse to wear their seat belt whenever they ride in a car. I make them wear it when in my car, but in any other situation they choose to go without it. They are ...
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2answers
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Basis for “we make 35,000 decisions a day” statistic

In an advertisement by Microsoft for their To-Do product they use a statistic that we "make over 35,000" decisions a day. Unsurprisingly, they don't cite a source. Is there any scholarly basis for ...
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1answer
53 views

Why is it easier to neglect one's self than others? [closed]

If I am hungry, I often ignore my hunger because I'm more interested in continuing what I'm currently working on than getting myself food. However, if someone else (my girlfriend, a friend, a sibling, ...
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48 views

How to assess the rationality of real-life decisions?

I am looking for scales that measure the extent to which the process by which a person arrived at a real-life decision conformed to the principles of decision theory. I am specifically interested in ...
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1answer
47 views

Can we truly random choose which finger to raise by counting to 10 in your mind?

If a test person is asked to raise one of his 10 fingers at a given signal, is the choice truly random if he counts in his mind from 1 to 10 and associates with each number one of his fingers? The 1 ...
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1answer
235 views

Pros and Cons of PsychoPy for designing psychological experiments?

What are the advantages of using PsychoPy for making an experiment (beyond the fact that it is free and open source)? I do not use psychophysics stimuli (no Gabor for instance); my stimuli are static ...
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11answers
351 views

What experiment in a simple decision task should we run to obtain one million trials?

Context: Models of cognitive processes require very large datasets to be fitted. Sadly, it is difficult for a single laboratory to achieve this alone. I propose that we work collectively and ...
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2answers
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How long does it take to decide for an multiple choice option with increasing number of choices?

I am trying to estimate the duration of an empirical experiment. In that experiment, the participant has to progress through as many trials as possible, and every trial is a simple multiple choice ...
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1answer
92 views

Why I value celebrities opinion more than a person I have actually met? [closed]

I have been working on project with a person who is climate change activist, and after all those months I had a feeling he is on to something, but I was not convinced. Now comes Leonardo DiCaprio ...
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1answer
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How to induce procrastination in an online experiment?

I am designing an experiment to evaluate potential interventions for reducing procrastination. I am hence looking for one or more tasks to induce procrastination in an online experiment with ...
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2answers
186 views

Where are scientific references for the claims made in “Thinking Fast and Slow”

I am currently reading fast and slow and the author mentions the results of a lot of studies. However, these are not directly cited, although some can possibly be googled with the information given. ...
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1answer
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Looking for the term for the relationship between “confidence” and “knowledge” [closed]

I'm looking for the name of an effect that relates confidence in your decisions (dependent variable) against your level of knowledge for a specific domain (independent variable). I don't remember ...
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89 views

Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
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1answer
56 views

What stands behind the desire to want things now?

We've all heard the sayings that we would rather have half of a chocolate right now, than a whole chocolate in a month, because we, as wild animals, are constantly seeking for sources. But what's ...
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1answer
306 views

Do ALL decisions arouse cognitive dissonance?

I continue to see an oversimplification in the descriptions of the options available that arouse cognitive dissonance: some websites state that all decisions have positive and negative aspects that ...
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1answer
65 views

Caller's dilemma [closed]

A close friend, who is going through a mentally rough and disturbed period, just called me, and it made me come up with a question. You call a close friend and someone picks up; but you're not sure ...
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2answers
165 views

How to explain utility function from personality, beliefs and ongoing emotions?

Economists widely use utility function (and more broader approach called hedonistic regression) but are there explanations or derivations of utility function from the perspective of cognitive sciences ...
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3answers
306 views

Subliminal Persuasion: best chances of success

A lot of people are skeptic about the impact of subliminal messages. Good research and experiments on this topic are hard to find. Therefore, I want to execute an experiment on this topic. To do ...
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2answers
55 views

are statistic results of these two questions equal?

I am trying to make better user experience for my poll application and one of ideas I have for this is breaking multi choices poll to binary polls. Is statistical result of a question with these 4 ...
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2answers
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Anonymity creates an environment full of bullies?

The Stack Exchange websites has people anonymously up vote or down vote whether questions and answers are good or bad and everyone builds their reputation based on this alone. I saw a question on the ...
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1answer
102 views

Books about trust

Could you recommend me some books that cover trust and how it is developed, what helps us build trust and why we might or might not need it. I am not interested in the relationship self-help books ...
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1answer
52 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
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1answer
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Does limiting one's trivial decisions free more energy for bigger decisions?

I've read a number of times that "successful" people limit the number of trivial decisions they make on a day-to-day basis in order to have more energy for bigger decisions. A common example cited (e....