Questions tagged [cross-cultural-psychology]

For questions regarding the study of psychology with an aim to discover cross-cultural differences and invariance.

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World Value Survey, trust, and China

The World Values Survey includes information on trust. My question is thus: how the heck is China measured that high? Experts on China view China as a low-trust society, people are always suspicious ...
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7 votes
0 answers
87 views

Are there culture-specific personality disorders?

According to Wikipedia, personality disorders are "characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, [...] deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.". The APA also ...
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1 answer
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Reference for a particular anecdote about the cultural basis of the ethics of homicide

I recently had a conversation with a friend about the psychology of ethics, and it reminded me of an anecdote that I read perhaps 10-15 years ago. The anecdote supposedly originates in the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Are there studies on politeness towards machines?

I noticed in several places (usually on web forms, but also with virtual assistants) that there is sometimes (or usually) an expectation of being polite towards the computer or device. An example ...
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Analytic thinking of the western individual versus the holistic thinking of most people

I am reading a book called the righteous mind by the moral psychologist Jonathan Haidt, and in one of the chapters he discusses how the perception and thinking style of Westerners is different from ...
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4 votes
0 answers
193 views

Is there any evidence for/against the existence of Jungian archetypes?

I was shocked to be unable to find any systematic reviews on the relevance of Jung and particulary his archetypes. In my search, I usually encountered criticism based on definitions too loose to be ...
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Reliable sources for society trust score?

It seems like that the general public [1,2,3] and some academics [4,5] believe that China is an exemplar society of low-trust. Most of my friends share the same beliefs. However, one data source ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Are University Graduated WEIRD people psychologically different to Generally Educated WEIRD people?

A recent question was asking around the subject of WEIRD psychology [WEIRD standing for Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic — an acronym seemingly coined by Henrich, et al (2010)] ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Sublimation & Cathexis

I was aware about a term called Sublimation. Recently, I came along a word called Cathexis. After looking for its meaning in the dictionary, I realised, that it is not the synonym of Sublimation ...
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4 votes
1 answer
91 views

Handedness bias in Raven's Matrices

A few years ago I tried a Raven's Matrices IQ test on the Internet. In every test the bottom right element had to be deduced and this could always be done by scanning the first two rows to determine ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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Is the perception of drawings an acquired skill?

Most descriptions of visual perception explain how our brains interpret incoming visual stimuli (via feature detection, monocular depth cues, etc.). They then assume that the same process works for ...
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1 answer
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What does "dimensionality of power distance" mean?

The BBC's article Cracking India's mystifying nod code is an interesting read and contains the paragraph: However, there is more to the Indian head wobble than just a cultural quirk passed through ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What statistics can compare individual survey responses & others that were measured as a group (from which we need to extract individual responses)?

The organization I belong to studies indigenous populations through primarily survey research. One study for example aims to identify the relationship between culture and the evaluation of odors. We ...
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4 votes
1 answer
100 views

Paper finding that explicitly welcomed minorities felt less welcome

I'm trying to track down a research paper that I have lost the details for. Any help tracking it down would be very, very welcome! It described an experiment where a US college showed prospective ...
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1 vote
1 answer
109 views

Why is cultural understanding often wrong?

One common set of beliefs that I time and time again find wrong are the 'cultural norms' that are taught to people as if to make them more educated about differences in behaviors across cultures. In ...
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3 votes
0 answers
40 views

The impact of adverse historical event on individual time preference

I am a Development Economist, I recently get interested in time preference reading several insightful economic papers (Godoy 1998, Godoy 2001, Holden et al 1998, Holden 2013, Galor and Ozak 2015). I ...
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2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Does the percieved attraction of peers change significantly when living in a foreign culture? [closed]

Observation: After living 10 month in India me and other exchange students (subjectively) rated the attractiveness of Indians far higher than at the beginning of the stay. Hypothesis: It (...
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2 votes
0 answers
133 views

Culture and/or personality influences on asking feeler questions

Are there studies looking at what influences the propensity for asking feeler questions, e.g. how much does personality (trait of some kind) influence this and how much does culture affect it? It ...
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6 votes
1 answer
202 views

Which is the most valid/validated scale for diagnosis of Major depression for an Indian population?

I am planning a study of an online intervention for depression in India. We were planning to use Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) for assessing the depression symptom severity. One of our ...
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4 votes
1 answer
176 views

Cultural psychology: Japanese culture and meaning systems [closed]

I'm writing a paper for my cultural psychology course. The paper is about Japanese child care, focused on the moral and cognitive development of Japanese children from their own traditional/cultural ...
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3 votes
0 answers
38 views

Differences between baseline trust of stranger across cultures

When encountering a new person, does the baseline level of trust (thinking the new person is "good") and it's change as result of new evidence, vary across cultures? I can imagine controlling for ...
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1 answer
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Why do western people's orientation/navigation differ from non-western cultures?

We show western orientated people the picture above: A line which represents a trip from A to B. Then we ask them to turn 90 degrees to the right and look at the image below: Most people who think ...
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2 votes
0 answers
102 views

Do grammatical differences in language affect politics?

I tried very hard to find references on this in Google Scholar and Web of Science, but I fear I don't have enough experience with this area. My partner is great at Spanish, and informed me that in ...
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1 vote
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White/Black Metaphor in African Societies?

I don't think this is an entirely appropriate forum for this question, but as there is no general sociocultural (or even better African studies) forum on StackExchange it seemed like the best ...
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9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why do people have different personalities when speaking different languages?

Edit: This study is much more relevant in terms of the question. This study suggests (according to article linked below) that a multilingual person can have multiple personalities, each tied to one ...
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1 answer
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Why do people want to have children? [closed]

Sooner or later most people will want to have children. What are some of the most common psychological reasons leading people to want to have children? What are their motivations and expectations?
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2 votes
1 answer
86 views

Self-study guide for translating a psychological scale

I am conducting research on Arab homosexual men. I want to translate to Arabic and validate psychological scales like scales for gender dysphoria, internalized homophobia scales ..etc first, How to ...
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2 votes
0 answers
254 views

Are polytheistic society more peaceful than monotheistic ones? [closed]

News last day have brought some thoughts in my mind, if a religion is a good choice for peace and when yes which one. My conclusion was at this step, that maybe polytheistic religions are more ...
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4 votes
1 answer
495 views

Is there evidence for cross-cultural differences in problem solving skills?

Does the thought process in our mind for solving a problem or bringing out a solution to a problem depend on culture or language? If so, how can these skills be represented and addressed?
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3 votes
0 answers
389 views

Optical illusions : human universal vs environmental influences [closed]

It's well known today that the susceptibility to optical illusions are influenced by the environment: multiple studies with the Müller-Lyer illusion conducted in Zambia proved this environmental ...
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4 votes
2 answers
9k views

Why are some people attracted to people of other races?

Is it true that we were evolved to dislike people of other races genetically? If so, why are some people attracted to people of races other than their own?
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4 votes
1 answer
159 views

Morita therapy - does it have a western counterpart?

I have recently read interesting article about Morita therapy. I have a hard time finding articles,books or research on this subject, and how it works in the West since this therapy was developed and ...
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4 votes
1 answer
688 views

Are there studies on international differences on sexualization?

With sexualization, I mean the reaction that one has when seeing the desired sexual object. I guess that in some countries, their cultures may have softer reactions, while in others, a stronger ...
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4 votes
1 answer
362 views

Correlation between anorexia and mass media stereotypes

I know anorexia is a complex phenomenon. I've been reading on Wikipedia that: Sociocultural studies have highlighted the role of cultural factors, such as the promotion of thinness as the ideal ...
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2 votes
1 answer
776 views

Are there international differences on how people react when they are guilty of something?

I talked about this with a friend: he told me that there are differences on how people react when they are accused of something. He mentioned that in some countries, people try to avoid it at any cost....
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2 votes
2 answers
79 views

Is there evidence that "people in Eastern societies are more in touch with their communities while Western societies value uniqueness more"?

In a lecture, a prof claimed that in Western societies, people tend to value independence and uniqueness, whereas Eastern cultures tend to value helping each other and living harmoniously. In a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What's the percentage of people that are mental calculator prodigies?

I want to reply to this comment: What's the percentage of people that are mental calculator prodigies? How do they spread over the different parts of the world?
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7 votes
3 answers
4k views

Would the Milgram Experiment results be replicated in Eastern cultures?

When the Milgram Experiment was performed in the 1960s and replicated multiple times up until the 1980s, it was performed in Western cultures. When it was replicated in 2006, it was again performed in ...
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6 votes
1 answer
336 views

Are Satoshi Kanazawa's findings about racial differences in attractiveness valid?

This post discusses a study published in a blog post by an evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa. The study suggested that black women were rated less attractive than women of other races. There ...
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7 votes
2 answers
794 views

To what extent does culture affect emotion perception?

In a globalized world, in spite of cultural differences, we share, at least at the symbolic level (language level), lots of things. Considering pictures that display emotions (affect), such as those ...
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

How good are people at guessing the ages of their respective ethnic group?

I have a Chinese friend and she says that she has a much harder time guessing Western people's ages than Eastern people's ages. No particular surprise here. For me it's the opposite. I have the ...
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17 votes
1 answer
620 views

Do cultures differ in the perception of emotions from body expression?

In their classic study, Ekman and Friesen (1971) identified seven facial expressions recognised by people universally across all cultures as depicting certain emotions: happiness, sadness, surprise, ...
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

How do responses to Likert type response scales vary across countries and cultures?

I gave an answer here on stats.stackexchange.com about how to analyse ordinal items, such as those on Likert type response scales (e.g., Strongly disagree to Strongly agree). Someone asked whether ...
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7 votes
1 answer
367 views

What is the correlation between objective indexes and aggregated self-report measures of life satisfaction?

The Better Life Index and other indices seek to overcome the limitations of GDP in assessing social progress. They provide a composite score with which to rank nations on a range of indicators such as ...
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12 votes
4 answers
426 views

Can experience alter one's preferences for beauty?

My friend (a woman) is convinced that all men who find those posters of "women scantily clad in their bathing suits or thongs and big breasts (often fake)" attractive are simply brainwashed by society....
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