Questions tagged [consciousness]

For questions that have to do with a sense of being awake and aware in the literal sense, but also those having to do with the nature of the mind and the formation of the individual.

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How can I learn Integrated information Theory

I'm looking for a syllabus for Integrated Information Theory that could help a non-scientists learn all the fundamental concepts required to fully understand IIT It looks like it involves statistics, ...
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System 1 and unconsious

Kahneman (2011) apparently suggests there is system 1 and system 2 in decision making. If I am not wrong he says system 1 is more prone to errors because it is automatic. Is this correct assumption ...
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is it unconcious?

Roughly speaking, I as well as some other people probably have observer following. (1) Sometimes ideas start to come to me out of nowhere, (2) then we sometimes analyze it further and either reject or ...
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Relaxing your concepts in meditation

I am using the app Waking up from Sam Harris. A lot of his guided meditations tell you to perceive the world as the raw data of experience, instead of perceiving objects and concepts. To illustrate ...
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At what point does a human become self-aware?

What are the conditions for being self-aware? If this answer can not be answered by naming specific traits, behavior unique to a self-aware being, complexity of development or other tangible concepts, ...
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Is there a name for the experience/ phenomenon of dreaming while being partially awake?

Is there a name for the experience/ phenomenon of dreaming while being partially awake, being able to decide to wake up when dreaming, having control of the self character in a dream, etc?
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Is there consciouness when a person is sleeping and not dreaming?

According to Consciouness Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness or of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. I suppose dreaming qualifies as "being aware ...
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What is the psychology behind blind spots? Why do we fail to see, what others see so clearly about us?

It’s absolutely imperative to identify our blind spots. I believe that they are impediment for one to reach his full potential. But how does one, see his blind spot - #oxymoron? What is the ...
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Why are civic duties part of Competence (C1) in the NEO-PI-R

In the Revised NEO Personality Inventory, one of the questions used to score C1 ("Competence"), is 35. I don't take civic duties like voting very seriously. Why ...
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Is passive-aggressive behavior conscious or unconscious?

It is my experience that people who show passive aggressive behavior do not realize it or at least do not admit it. Which leads me to the question whether passive-aggressive behavior can be ...
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Integrated Information Theory - If correct could humans create artificial consciousness?

First off please keep in mind I am self-learning and am learning about this for fun, I have no end goal. I'm trying to make predictions about what I am learning implies or means, so I can ask better ...
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Can you self-induce a derealization episode?

From The experimental induction of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) in panic disorder and nonanxious subjects (Miller, et al., 1994) DP and DR induction procedures were the following: ...
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Exact Medical situation name for Guided Meditation/Visualization to “Re-live a moment”

There are lots of videos & audios for Guided Visualization for particular things like forest, beach, sky etc.. But what should I exactly search to get result for "ReLive past Moment". Is there ...
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If reality is just hallucination, how come different people see same objects

I wanted to ask this question for a long time but couldnt find any thing to support my argument. Today i found this https://www.ted.com/talk/...
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Study purportedly proving psychedelics induce a “heightened state of consciousness”

The Guardian headlines on 28 Nov 2017: "Psychedelic drugs induce 'heightened state of consciousness', brain scans show". Healthy volunteers who received LSD, ketamine or psilocybin, a compound ...
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Is hypnosis really concentration/focus?

It's widely claimed that hypnosis is a state of highly focused attention. But I've also seen many claims that the hypnotic state is about accessing the subconscious mind directly, essentially "...
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Is the phenomenom of “subjective consciousness” or “qualia” formally captured by any state-of-the-art Theoretical Model in Neuroscience?

Is the phenomenon of "subjective consciousness" or "qualia" formally captured or defined by any state-of-the-art Theoretical Model in Neuroscience? If so, can you share a brief summary of such ...
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Can a person do things against their own will and be conscious of it at the same time? [duplicate]

I am a firm believer of the principle of free-will, but wanted to see if there was any examples(or case examples) of people knowingly doing things against their own will. I know that we can be ...
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PTSD recovery / prefrontal cortex blood flow [closed]

I am studying a case of PTSD where the patient has lost "crispness of consciousness" and is in a zombie-like state often found among soldiers where only programmed behavior is possible. The patient ...
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Consciousness as sufficient complexity [duplicate]

First of all, let me state that I am a newcomer to cognitive science in general and this community in particular, so feel free to chew me out if this question is inappropriate in some way. I have ...
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Is there time in dreams?

Thanks to his studies on schizophrenic thoughts, Matte Blanco (The Unconscious as Infinite Sets. An essay in Bi-Logic, 1975) introduced an important modification of Freud's notion of the unconscious. ...
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Is there any animal, which knows it will die?

In light of the Cambridge Declaration of Consciousness, are there any animals, which are aware that they will die?
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What might explain a rush of euphoria before enduring physical pain?

What neurological or physiological response would work fast enough to anesthetize or provide a euphoric sensation during or in advance of a body trauma event such as being involved in a car or bike ...
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Is the feeling of consciousness simply a perceived effect of a functional working memory and focus? [closed]

I do not have much knowledge, if any, on cognitive sciences so bare with me if this question is trivial or absurd. I wonder this question because, personally, I feel less or more conscious during ...
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Books on Neurological functions?

Are there any books anyone can recommend that do not have any or much in the way of prerequisites but go through the anatomy of the central nervous system while laying out in detail the functions of ...
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How sound is the psychology of Westworld?

Disclaimer: I am very much a layman in these areas of research, so please do amend the question in order to conform to conventional usage of terminology and definitions thereof. In the series ...
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Is there a fundamental difference in the way we think while writing when compared to speaking?

I had a discussion with my friend recently about slip-ups in speech - the ones where you intented a gramatically correct sentence but somewhere between the conscious mind and your mouth a (usually ...
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Is satisficing conceptualised as being unconscious/automatic, or conscious/volitional?

I haven't found anything that speaks directly to this question, but here is the account Simon (1990) p9 provides of satisficing If the task domain has little structure or the structure is unknown ...
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Can a sufficiently complex ANN simulate consciousness? [closed]

Current Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are capable of doing variational inference and learning representations and factors to explain the inputs, the outside world. When the network gets bigger ...
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Can a test subject undo the predictions (concerning the movement of fingers), made by a researcher? [closed]

I read about an experiment in which the researcher could predict the movements of the test person´s fingers. Already before the test person was conscious about which finger to raise, the researcher ...
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Why is IIT “unmotivated”?

I'm trying to understand Searle's reply to Tononi and Koch's objections to Searle's characterization of their Intergrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness. Although I do understand why IIT ...
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Do we have a sub- or super-unconscious? [closed]

Being conscious (awake) and unconscious (asleep) are two mutually exclusive states. The boundary between them ("falling asleep") is very pleasant. Why? Conscious => Unconscious Some people say ...
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Do many people have an “Accompanying Voice” - an equal they converse with?

A hypnosis professional told me this is true, so I am asking: is it a fact of psychology that many people have a voice that they talk with "in their head" which talks back to them and helps solve ...
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Consciousness and neural grafting [closed]

You have two friends: Alice and Bob. Suppose you have a way to remove a healthy neuron from Alice's brain and conserve it in some safe place. And, viceversa, suppose you have a way to graft this ...
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Do dreams improve upon memory and understanding by making the sensory experience MORE LIKE thought? [closed]

It is certainly a great fact/truth that the ability of thought to describe or reconfigure sensory experience is ultimately dependent upon the extent to which thought is similar to sensory experience. ...
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Conscious versus Visual Representation Update

In their paper "A cortical network that marks the moment when conscious representations are updated" Stottinger et al claim that there is a network in the anterior insula, medial and inferior frontal ...
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What is the effect of Binaural Beats on an Autistic brain?

I understand a fare bit about autism, and Binaural Beats. Autism is the result of synaptic pathways becoming malformed during the fetal stage of pregnancy. A Binaural Beat is a collection of two ...
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136 views

Why do we say that some animals have consciousness and some don't?

For example, I have heard many say that ants don't have consciousness but humans do. I have always thought that our bodies/brain works more like computers (inputs and outputs). An analogy I can give (...
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Is the heart conscious?

I have read that our heart can think like our brain. Of course it doesn't have complete functionality of brain but it has its own consciousness. Is it true?
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Way to influence readers subconscious to memorize technical data?

I'm writing a technical book. Is there any studies/books on how can I influence the readers subconscious to help them memorize the technical data easier? Preferably ways that do not involve images, ...
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Can “acceptance” become a Defense Mechanism?

Most of the Defense Mechanisms are unconscious, but for those who know about them and still use then it somehow becomes conscious. They know they are using it, and not do anything about it. For ...
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Why do we wake up when we die in our dreams?

A lot of people had some experience with dying in their dreams. They all confirm they remember the whole story until the precise moment of death and it is the death itself what woke them up - not ...
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Could brainwaves be the fenomena gives rise to consciousness [closed]

I have speculated for a long time that brain waves could be the "location" of human consciousness or indeed the "soul". My argument for this is the following: They vary with different states of ...
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Threshold time for stimulus to be consciously perceived. Why?

A visual stimulus must last longer than some threshold duration to be perceived consciously. For example, a light dot flashed for a duration of 10ms can't be consciously perceived. Why? What prevents ...
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Color and shape arriving together in visual system

I know that in the visual cortex there are separate visual pathways for both color and shape. Do these separate pathways imply that human beings become consciously aware of these features separately ...
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How exactly do “you” think and interact with your body?

It has been established that our brains control many processes that your body carries out autonomously and involuntarily. However, other actions are controlled by you. (e.g. you lift an arm, you walk)....
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67 views

How can automatic processing be estimated in an editing task?

Is there a way of measuring/estimating the amount of controlled vs. automatic processes that takes place during a text editing task? I know that asking participants to verbalise their actions and ...
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372 views

Why do we talk unconsciously while sleeping

Somniloquy is very fascinating. It is unclear what are the causes, but most of the time it is not seen as a medical condition. "Sleep talking usually occurs by itself and is most often harmless. ...
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Why does even the most rational brain forget logic in a dream?

Scenario 1) Now we all know gravity is real. Yet when we dream that we are flying we forget/or are oblivious to the entire concept of gravity as if you have never experienced gravity. Scenario 2) ...
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Why is my mind working against me? [closed]

I have recently read that most of the thoughts in our head are automatically produced by our subconscious mind and that the conscious mind is there to focus on those thoughts or not. I wanted to ...