Questions tagged [conditioning]

For questions about the systematic modification of behavior in response to external stimuli (classical conditioning) or as a consequence of own behavior (operant conditioning).

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ABC Model of Behaviour: What is an antecedent?

In the context of the three-term contigency what is meant by an antecedent and are there two types of antecendent - stimulus delta and stimulus discriminative? Why is it called the three-term ...
charl2.718's user avatar
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1 answer
95 views

Does intention matter for positive reinforcement?

What makes something positive reinforcement: The intention or the outcome? I have two examples I'm trying to understand. First, if I am teaching my dog a trick and I give her a treat whenever I say &...
sklearning's user avatar
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1 answer
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punishment vs. negative reinforcement

I'm having trouble understanding negative reinforcement because from different POVs, it just seems like punishment My teacher gave the example of the seatbelt alarm in the car that sounds off when you ...
NFeruch - FreePalestine's user avatar
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80 views

What Classical Conditioning says about multiple or multimodal stimuli?

I would like to know if classical conditioning somehow predicts/approaches scenarios where multiple or multimodal stimuli associate with a response. I do not have much knowledge on the topic, but it ...
Ágatha's user avatar
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Can you use harmful addictions to build good habits?

I am reading the Pavlov's dog experiments, from it I learn that associating a dopamine high event with a neutral event will lead to later that neutral event triggering the same receptors in absence of ...
tryst with freedom's user avatar
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Rescorla Wagner and Classical Conditioning

I have one question regarding Classical Conditioning versus Operant Conditioning. I guess I do understand the difference but there are some things that are not quite clear: Why is the Rescorla-Wagner ...
Laurie's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does the "learned" in "learned helplessness" refer specifically to behaviorism's conditioning?

I was said that because the experiment of Seligman that gave birth the theory of learned helplessness was an expansion of Pavlov's experiment, hence the word "learned" in the term should be ...
Ooker's user avatar
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Does the brain possess mechanisms to spot a feedback loop of self-induced negative sensation and relief?

Imagine a person has random psychosomatic itching and applies an ointment which brings relief. Could their brain wrongly assosiate the process that causes the itching as good as it brought relief? As ...
Probably's user avatar
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Contextual freezing decline after exposure to CS (Fear Conditioning)

I am trying to find the literature or a phenomenon name to explain the following condition, Animals are trained with cued fear conditioning (Context A), then at testing, they have two consecutive ...
Malaz Kreiker's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does it mean by "the resulting behavior doesn't produce the consequence"?

A lecture slide says: classical conditioning causes a stimulus to signal a positive or negative consequence; the resulting behavior doesn't produce the consequence. What does it mean by the ...
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To what degree do fetishes differ from conventional sexual orientation?

If a person can develop - through some function of psychology/imprinting - an explicit attraction to some object (objectophilia - and in some cases, such individuals go so far as to have fully ...
John's user avatar
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In operant conditioning, how do you get the subject to "pull the lever" for the first time?

We're taught early on that the rat is placed within the following setup. In that diagram, there are no potential distractions for the rat. There's only a lever. 1) Does the rat simply 'discover' the ...
ARMATAV's user avatar
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Operant Conditioning for reducing Rumination

Has operating conditioning been a useful tool for extinguishing rumination? If so, what is a typical training procedure for extinguishing rumination? I'm looking for something like, first train the ...
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To what extent is control over when a substance is used relevant to addiction?

For example, let's say someone uses X amount of heroin a week, and no more than Y a day. If somehow their arm is connected to a device that randomly (unpredictably, but within their "waking leisure ...
paizhaulski's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
224 views

Is it possible to effect both positive and negative reinforcement through the same action?

Consider the following scenario: a rhesus monkey is being put under severe duress somehow (isolation, sense of physical threat, whathaveyou). It is desired that a behavior, like pressing a lever, is ...
readyready15728's user avatar
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How do cults indoctrinate people? [closed]

You hear stories about cults and the like brainwashing people all the time. How do they psychologically break people down so that they'll join up?
Preg-Fan's user avatar
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Fetish development through classical conditioning?

In an older, now deleted answer to another question, it's been said that classical conditioning is a posited mechanism for fetish development. A bit more googling found a popsci article claiming ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
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1 answer
108 views

What's the psychological concept behind mobile game design and marketing?

I see a very common trend in how every mobile game is being designed and advertised on the market. The common features are (not limited to): Very cartoony graphics (big heads small bodies) ...
Allahjane's user avatar
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Name of sound-induced-hunger condition

When I was a student I used to notice that towards supper time, whenever I would go from my quiet study space to a place where people were talking, it people started to tell in my quiet space, i would ...
Joselin Jocklingson's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

How does one escape learned helplessness?

I've been researching learned helplessness lately, an idea that seems to be responsible for much of the negative behavior observed in humans. Basically, the idea is that once repeatedly exposed to an ...
TheEnvironmentalist's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
123 views

Is it possible to condition oneself to not be bothered by distressing sounds?

It is my (layman's) understanding that a domestic cat learns to meow in a specific tone (I've even read that it can resemble a human baby crying) in order to get the owner's attention. Regardless of ...
Marc.2377's user avatar
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Why is conditioned taste aversion an example of classical conditioning (rather than operant)?

The internet seems to be in complete agreement that conditioned taste aversion is an example of classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. My (admittedly limited) understanding of classical conditioning is ...
Andrew LaPrise's user avatar
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1 answer
309 views

Episodic-memory amnesia preserving fear conditioning

Are there any experiments in humans where despite episodic-memory amnesia they still preserve (associative) fear conditioning developed during the episode/event that is lost from episodic memory? I'm ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
394 views

Classical or Operant Conditioning?

I'm working on a conditioning experiment for my psychology class in which I tap my finger three times on a table and then ask my friend to sharpen a pencil for me. If she finishes the task I give a ...
Amy's user avatar
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Fear Conditioning and Hippocampal Remapping

Have there been any studies that explore how much generalization across contexts occurs with fear conditioning? The "context" that the animal thinks it is in can be observed through the "map" that ...
honi's user avatar
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Understanding fear as a response in classical conditioning

I have difficulties to understand fear as a response to a stimuli. In my view fear occurs as a anticipation of a possible threat in the (nearby) future. Fear prepares the organism so that it can react ...
Stephan Kulla's user avatar
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Is the order of stimulus pairings in second order conditioning relevant? [closed]

In second order conditioning next to a CS1 + US also a CS2 + CS1 association is learned so that also CS2 will cause a CR. Is the order in which the stimuli associations are learned (CS1 + US and CS2 + ...
Stephan Kulla's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

how can the development of sexual preferences be influenced?

I am wondering about the development of sexual fetishes, not necessarily in its meaning of having a sexual affection for inanimate objects, but in its broader meaning of any type of sexual abnormality....
Reizo's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Biofeedback and Neurofeedback: Scams or Real? [closed]

I'm currently taking an AP Psychology course which just discussed biofeedback and neurofeedback very briefly. All I can say is that I'm entirely skeptical that either one works by any mechanism other ...
Aleksandr Hovhannisyan's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
450 views

Derren Brown: "Paying with paper". Assuming legitimacy, is this simply ideomotor suggestion?

Illusionist Derren Brown's video "Paying with Paper" supposedly demonstrates real-world instances whereby Brown pays for several items in cash: the rub being, the "cash" is blank paper. It's quite ...
Aussie Cryptocurrency's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
452 views

Conditioning and Contingency

I've learned, that spatiotemporal neighborhood among the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli is a presupposition of conditioning (classical or operant). A second presupposition is called "...
Johnny's user avatar
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What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his work ...
HBeel's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
126 views

Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
Hector Berlioz's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?
RECURSIVE FARTS's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
64 views

Conditioning/training value of objects in experiment

In visual attention and decision making, how do experiments teach participants the value of specific objects (high vs low vs none)? Does anyone know of studies that done this which go into ...
Martin Petri Bagger's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
810 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
Corelation's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
3k views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

The reasons for behaviourism as a philosophy and school of psychology to have fallen out of favour are well known and documented. However, when Newton's view of gravity was replaced by general ...
Arnon Weinberg's user avatar
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13 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why do many people play Candy Crush without ever buying anything while some spend all their money on it?

I'm trying to understand how free-to-play games like Candy Crush Saga use existing knowledge of the human brain to keep people engaged and how they convince players to pay money for in-game goods. ...
Pieter's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
132 views

Can placebo effect be increased by modifying the perception about prescription/intake setting?

I've noticed the following pattern within my own thinking - multiple unrelated events "combine" to produce a certain action, particularly creativity and innovation. I'm trying to understand if this ...
Alex Stone's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
69 views

Is there any evidence to suggest telling puns to a child makes them enjoy it when they are older?

My own experience was that my father and grandfather retold many puns as I was in my childhood and teens; at the time, I thought it was abysmal. Now I think they're the funniest things ever. Is ...
hawkeye's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Audio Inculcation and Learning

Suppose I have an audio file of a lecture of a professor explaining something to be learned - a physics concept for example, and I listen to the audio file over and over again, much like how people ...
Chris Ford's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
309 views

Are association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols: Our brains are able to understand that some things stand for other things. For example, the sound we make when we say "food" stands for things we can eat. And with writing, we can say that ...
Tyler Langan's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
290 views

Research on "probabilistic thinking" in non-human animals?

We all seem to have a "probabilistic sense", which manifests itself in certain types of expectations (e.g. even if one has never used a bow to shoot an arrow, one expects that hitting a small target ...
kjo's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
408 views

Is there cognizance or meta-awareness of classical conditioning?

Behaviorism's initial popularity was largely due to it's ability to take cognition and consciousness out of the equation; bringing it close to something that could be tested completely objectively by ...
Ben Brocka's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Which type of stimulus results in an optimal learning curve for rats and mice?

When using operant conditioning to train mice or rats, what type of stimulus is most effective? For example, does a negative reinforcement of a loud noise have a more profound effect than a negative ...
Josh's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
179 views

Does teaching a bird an artificial task like eating from a feeder hurt its performance in the wild?

Can training a wild animal through operant conditioning somehow cause the animal to forget or be unable to perform tasks which it had perviously learned? Is it likely that training wild animals ...
Josh's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is "Karmic Punishment" more effective?

When I was young, my parents consistently used "Karmic Punishments", punishments that had a strong relationship to the misbehavior. They believed that this was more effective. Examples: ...
Lawton's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
772 views

Does not consistently providing a reward strengthen operant conditioning?

When learning about Operant Conditioning, I remember being taught that not consistently rewarding the desired behavior could (seemingly counterintuitively) actually increase the strength of learning ...
Josh's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
154 views

What salient features of a {conditioned stimulus,unconditioned stimulus} pair are represented in the lateral amygdala?

In classical conditioning, a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g., a tone) is presented just before an unconditioned stimulus (UCS, e.g., a mild toe pinch) in repeated trials, such that the CS will ...
Chuck Sherrington's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
442 views

How can one find out if he/she is brainwashed?

By brainwashed I mean indoctrinated with some political, religious or other type of propaganda. I assume that you can't be aware of this, because the lack of that awareness is the point of propaganda ...
Alex's user avatar
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