Questions tagged [color]

For questions regarding the underpinnings of the perception of color by the brain.

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Cognitive dimensions of sound perception and “tonal space”

I was wondering if there is something similar HSV color-space for representing tonal perception. Also, I'm not sure about which are the psychological dimensions of sound perception. I believe that &...
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129 views

Is the symbolic meaning of dark/black and light/white innate in humans?

Dark/black and light/white have symbolic meanings(1, 2). Dark/black represents, among others: Grief, evil, mystery (often with hidden threats), lack of knowledge, etc. Light/white represtents, among ...
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Effects of Red vs. Green ambient lighting on sleep

I would like to know if there has been study on the difference of effect of red vs green ambient light on human sleep. This is specifically in the interest of choosing between red or green alarm clock ...
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1answer
57 views

Equalize/balance brightness and saturation of different colors using RGB (across various monitors)

We want to present different colors to participants in an online experiment (in an HTML/CSS-based application, hence we'll use RGB values). More in specific, we ...
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Three basic emotions (colors analogy) [duplicate]

Every color seeable by human eye can be defined as a mixture of three basic colors - red, green and blue. Is it possible to analogically describe every emotion with three basic emotions? If yes, what ...
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41 views

Are there any definitions of the perception & JND of the colour of light approximately like how the Weber Law defines it for the brightness of light?

As I understand it, the greater light levels are the more we require in order to detect a difference. I've also read this holds true for colour saturation. However, I can't seem to find any ...
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29 views

Neurologic coherence between numbers and colors?

I came across a magic trick on YouTube that made me curious (starting from 10m15s). Maybe it has something to do with synesthesia? But let me first describe the trick in short. It involves two ...
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7 views

Correlations between symbol color, viewer response and viewer mood

Consider the image shown below Are there any studies that look at how the viewer's response to such images - simple monocolor outline symbols - varies depending on their mood. For instance Tense ...
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Looking for a specific Lüscher Test implementation

There's many online Lüscher Test implementations over the internet, I'm looking for a specific one. In the end of the test it gives you your mood very precisely as usually you can feel 2-3 aspects (...
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1answer
49 views

Why does “bulk” yellow ink look red? [closed]

A transparent blue inkjet cartridge looks deep blue, a red one looks deep red, but a yellow one looks red. Tea also looks yellowish when it's shallow and reddish otherwise. Red is another colour, a ...
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57 views

Why some people can't see color in memory or dreams

Some of my friends told me they never see color in memory or dreams, is this some kind of symptom? Does it have a name in psychology? I did some search on internet, but seems most pages did not ...
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32 views

What is the “perceptually correct” range or map of negative (inverted) colors?

When using software to invert the colors of a picture or screen, the software just blindly (literally) uses a mathematical formula to calculate the inverted color of each pixel. For example, in RGB, ...
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49 views

Why is deltaE not used as a measure of error?

I've recently read a few articles pertaining to visual memory. Most of them (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1167/9.10.7) use the continuous color recall task where they ask participants to recall the color ...
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1answer
64 views

How do we know what colors animals perceive?

Humans have three kinds of photoreceptors corresponding to different wavelength-spectra: If say photons with wavelengths of around 530 nanometers hit the human retina, this would lead to the ...
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1answer
61 views

Are there contemporary buildings that have been designed based on colour psychology?

I am writing my thesis on how environmental psychology has influenced architecture and i am focusing on colour. I am looking for buildings that have been designed based on how colour affects the human ...
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143 views

Is Paul's Churchland claim about qualia supported by science?

Knowledge argument: Mary is a brilliant scientist who is, for whatever reason, forced to investigate the world from a black and white room via a black and white television monitor. She specializes ...
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1answer
48 views

Is synesthesia tied to experience?

For example, do color blind people only able to perceive experienced colors through synesthesia? E.g. if a person both has synesthesia (like grapheme-color synesthesia or chromesthesia) and some kind ...
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82 views

Importance of colors in learning process?

I am starting a graduating project that is an interactive software for learning programming with an animated interface. To be more specific, it's a software that should help students learning how to ...
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200 views

Why do colors affect emotion?

The paper "Color Psychology: Effects of Perceiving Color on Psychological Functioning in Humans" by Andrew J. Elliot and Markus A. Maier shows color effects emotion, but what property of them cause ...
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1answer
2k views

Can color blindness be treated with image filtering technology?

Using image color-filtering techniques we can simulate the way colorblind people see: The aim of this question is to know whether the opposite process could be possible, namely can a colorblind ...
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69 views

Is fear of darker skinned people a shared psychological maladaptation brought on by subconscious childhood Achluophobia?

Let me be clear that my intentions here are peaceful in light of recent race relation issues in the United States; I want to bring this issue to the forefront, because fear of dark skinned people is ...
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1answer
74 views

Does color constancy overestimate?

Consider I have a few references from white to yellowish, and I look at them in 2 different lights: a cool-coloured light (white/~6500k) and a warm-coloured light (yellow/~3500k). Firstly, intuitively,...
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68 views

psychologically , which color for which lesson?

Imagine I have an educational website which hosts high school students and presents lessons like chemistry, physics, mathematics, etc. Now I want to give each one of my lessons a unique color. I ...
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How do I convert RGB indexes under luminance condition L (from photometry) to a perceptually scaled equivalent (e.g. CIECAM02)? [closed]

I would like to determine the similarity of a set of RGB colors that are displayed on a monitor using CIECAM02 (or CIEDE2000). I have access to a photometer. How do I go about this? The goal is ...
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570 views

Quantifying chromatic adaptations made by the brain

What are the ways one can use to measure the kind of adaptations done by the brain to provide colour constancy? Has this been done before?
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4k views

Are there gender differences in color discrimination ability?

There appears to be a prevalent stereotype that girls seem to have "heightened" color perception. By this term, I mean that they can identify the salient features of different shades of color. However,...
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185 views

Has the inverted spectrum thought experiment ever been conducted (and if not, why)?

The inverted spectrum thought experiment posits that you (the subject) wake up one morning to find that your colour spectrum (or some part of it anyway) has inverted. This experiment has important ...
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Do people perceive opacity of a color linearly?

I am trying to create a visualization for some numbers, each ranging from 0 to 1. I was thinking of representing each number by a color (say red) of a certain opacity corresponding to its value. For ...
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1answer
6k views

What is the psychological effect of wearing black clothes?

Background: I read that black is usually favored by people who are dominant. I read that the black color projects dominance, and also hides the person's feelings. Police, for example, adopt black as a ...
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What color is this dress? — And why do some see it as white and gold and others see it as black and blue?

Here's the dress (and keep reading, this is actually a serious question): This question about this image has apparently become quite a rapidly spreading meme on the internet. And after conducting my ...
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3answers
156 views

Why clothes' color is different than it appeared in stores?

This is my first time askin on Cog Sci board, not sure this is a right place to ask but I think it's something relates to Psychology and Cognitive Science. So yesterday I bought a shirt that looked ...
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189 views

Acoustic and light wave coherency?

I know how some music notes combinations sound pleasing, yet others do not. Does the same occur with different frequencies of light (colors)? Since spectral color and acoustic pitch are both defined ...
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206 views

The accuracy & malleability of memory for color

How accurate is colour memory for the standard person? It would seem most people are quite good at remembering the colour of objects by visualising the object. But in some cases peoples visualisation ...
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1k views

How do the blind dream?

Lately, a friend of mine has been telling me that he's been having recurring dreams involving a certain rabbi, who died around a hundred years ago. Since there's been some controversy surrounding the ...
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565 views

Has there been a neuroscientific explanation of the color phi phenomenon?

The color phi phenomenon is a perceptual illusion in the visual domain which was demonstrated in an experiment by Kolers and von Grunau (1976). The experiment is as follows. A sequence of coloured (...
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1answer
250 views

Is there an explanation of why some colors seem to move forward/backward on a 2D plane?

I am a painter and digital artist working with color and colorimetry. Recently I noticed HUGE "illusions" (impressions of depths) in a print composed of very saturated colors, that I programmed to ...
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1answer
98 views

What is the optimal combination of text and background color for EEG experiments?

Most studies that I know of use yellow text on blue background (though with different hues). This choice is mostly motivated by tradition ("We always did it like that. Never touch a running system")....
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1answer
405 views

12 percent of our dreams are in black and white?

Pavan Teja says on Psychtronics: Did you know that ... 12 percent of our dreams are in black and white? Is this true? EDIT The 12% even split up between young and old. From "Do we only dream in ...
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2answers
504 views

What effect does the colour of an “Open” sign have on people's behavior?

I am in the process of designing a nice OPEN sign, and I noticed that the vast majority of them are red. This seems bizarre to me, yet green open signs look odd. I just wondered if anybody knew why ...
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2k views

Sensitivity of human eye to luminance

I heard once that the human eye has a logarithmic scale for luminance, e.g. to "feel" that a surface is three times as luminous compared to another, the former emits a light 8 times more powerful than ...
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390 views

How does syntax highlighting affect the learning of a new programming language?

What impact does syntax highlighting have on students' progress in learning a new programming language? I'm looking for studies along the lines of the following hypothetical experiment, which ...
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1answer
121 views

What would be the result if a color-sound synesthete were to go color blind due to diabetes?

Color blindness may be caused by diabetes. Would a color-sound synesthete lose her/his ability to hear two different tones when he/she is watching, let's say, magnets: ?
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2k views

Are colors real?

We know that we distinguish colors when they fall on our photo receptors in our eyes and neurons pass its signals to our brain to recognise them as the specific colors. How accurate is it? For ...
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1answer
3k views

Why do “cool” colors, which are actually warmer, look cool, and vice versa?

Why do cool colors look cool that are in fact warmer, and why do warm colors look warm when they are actually cooler? Blue wavelength has higher energy than red, i.e, blue flame is hotter than red ...
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1answer
94 views

Source for turning cone cell opponent process diagram into equations

There is a diagram on wikipedia that is part of the article on the opponent process. I assume practical equations have been developed, at least reasonable approximations, but they appear to be missing ...
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224 views

Do eyes accommodate to color?

I've heard that our eyes accommodate between colors too far from each other in the visible spectrum. I imagine it's not a true focal point accommodation, but rather linked with how brain processes the ...
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3k views

Why people choose “boring” colors for new cars?

I've been interested in this question for a few years, sorry if this is not the right place to ask it. As I've been driving around the US for the last few years, I noticed that some community parking ...
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772 views

Is there any chromatic analogue of the Shepard tone?

Is there any chromatic analogue of the Shepard tone? I am imagining that each pure tone would correspond to a pure wavelength of light, transformed in such a way that the middle of three consecutive ...
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148 views

What is the name of a test presenting words in different colors?

What's the name of this psychological test where you. Read and pronounce words in three colors (red, blue, green). - Words and colors match. - Say word and color (which are the same). As above - ...
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963 views

Is it possible for certain people to perceive colors differently?

What if someone perceives a color as 'red' when it is actually 'green'? Since different people have preferences for different colors, and colors are perhaps constructed in the mind, is it possible ...